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#include "../config.h"

/*! \addtogroup socket
 *  @{
 */

/*! \file socket.c
 *  \brief Osmocom socket convenience functions
 */

#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H

#include <osmocom/core/logging.h>
#include <osmocom/core/select.h>
#include <osmocom/core/socket.h>

#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#include <netinet/in.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <ifaddrs.h>

/*! \brief Initialize a socket (including bind/connect)
 *  \param[in] family Address Family like AF_INET, AF_INET6, AF_UNSPEC
 *  \param[in] type Socket type like SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_STREAM
 *  \param[in] proto Protocol like IPPROTO_TCP, IPPROTO_UDP
 *  \param[in] host remote host name or IP address in string form
 *  \param[in] port remote port number in host byte order
 *  \param[in] flags flags like \ref OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT
 *
 * This function creates a new socket of the designated \a family, \a
 * type and \a proto and optionally binds or connects it, depending on
 * the value of \a flags parameter.
 */
int osmo_sock_init(uint16_t family, uint16_t type, uint8_t proto,
		   const char *host, uint16_t port, unsigned int flags)
{
	struct addrinfo hints, *result, *rp;
	int sfd, rc, on = 1;
	char portbuf[16];

	if ((flags & (OSMO_SOCK_F_BIND | OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT)) ==
		     (OSMO_SOCK_F_BIND | OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT))
		return -EINVAL;

	sprintf(portbuf, "%u", port);
	memset(&hints, 0, sizeof(struct addrinfo));
	hints.ai_family = family;
	hints.ai_socktype = type;
	hints.ai_flags = 0;
	hints.ai_protocol = proto;

	if (flags & OSMO_SOCK_F_BIND)
		hints.ai_flags |= AI_PASSIVE;

	rc = getaddrinfo(host, portbuf, &hints, &result);
	if (rc != 0) {
		perror("getaddrinfo returned NULL");
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	for (rp = result; rp != NULL; rp = rp->ai_next) {
		sfd = socket(rp->ai_family, rp->ai_socktype, rp->ai_protocol);
		if (sfd == -1)
			continue;
		if (flags & OSMO_SOCK_F_NONBLOCK) {
			if (ioctl(sfd, FIONBIO, (unsigned char *)&on) < 0) {
				perror("cannot set this socket unblocking");
				close(sfd);
				return -EINVAL;
			}
		}
		if (flags & OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT) {
			rc = connect(sfd, rp->ai_addr, rp->ai_addrlen);
			if (rc != -1 || (rc == -1 && errno == EINPROGRESS))
				break;
		} else {
			rc = setsockopt(sfd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR,
							&on, sizeof(on));
			if (rc < 0) {
				perror("cannot setsockopt socket");
				break;
			}
			if (bind(sfd, rp->ai_addr, rp->ai_addrlen) != -1)
				break;
		}
		close(sfd);
	}
	freeaddrinfo(result);

	if (rp == NULL) {
		perror("unable to connect/bind socket");
		return -ENODEV;
	}

	setsockopt(sfd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on));

	/* Make sure to call 'listen' on a bound, connection-oriented sock */
	if (flags & OSMO_SOCK_F_BIND) {
		switch (type) {
		case SOCK_STREAM:
		case SOCK_SEQPACKET:
			listen(sfd, 10);
			break;
		}
	}
	return sfd;
}

/*! \brief Initialize a socket and fill \ref osmo_fd
 *  \param[out] osmocom file descriptor (will be filled in)
 *  \param[in] family Address Family like AF_INET, AF_INET6, AF_UNSPEC
 *  \param[in] type Socket type like SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_STREAM
 *  \param[in] proto Protocol like IPPROTO_TCP, IPPROTO_UDP
 *  \param[in] host remote host name or IP address in string form
 *  \param[in] port remote port number in host byte order
 *  \param[in] flags flags like \ref OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT
 *
 * This function creates (and optionall binds/connects) a socket using
 * \ref osmo_sock_init, but also fills the \a ofd structure.
 */
int osmo_sock_init_ofd(struct osmo_fd *ofd, int family, int type, int proto,
			const char *host, uint16_t port, unsigned int flags)
{
	int sfd, rc;

	sfd = osmo_sock_init(family, type, proto, host, port, flags);
	if (sfd < 0)
		return sfd;

	ofd->fd = sfd;
	ofd->when = BSC_FD_READ;

	rc = osmo_fd_register(ofd);
	if (rc < 0) {
		close(sfd);
		return rc;
	}

	return sfd;
}

/*! \brief Initialize a socket and fill \ref sockaddr
 *  \param[out] ss socket address (will be filled in)
 *  \param[in] type Socket type like SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_STREAM
 *  \param[in] proto Protocol like IPPROTO_TCP, IPPROTO_UDP
 *  \param[in] flags flags like \ref OSMO_SOCK_F_CONNECT
 *
 * This function creates (and optionall binds/connects) a socket using
 * \ref osmo_sock_init, but also fills the \a ss structure.
 */
int osmo_sock_init_sa(struct sockaddr *ss, uint16_t type,
		      uint8_t proto, unsigned int flags)
{
	char host[NI_MAXHOST];
	uint16_t port;
	struct sockaddr_in *sin;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6;
	int s, sa_len;

	/* determine port and host from ss */
	switch (ss->sa_family) {
	case AF_INET:
		sin = (struct sockaddr_in *) ss;
		sa_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
		port = ntohs(sin->sin_port);
		break;
	case AF_INET6:
		sin6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *) ss;
		sa_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
		port = ntohs(sin6->sin6_port);
		break;
	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	s = getnameinfo(ss, sa_len, host, NI_MAXHOST,
			NULL, 0, NI_NUMERICHOST);
	if (s != 0) {
		perror("getnameinfo failed");
		return s;
	}

	return osmo_sock_init(ss->sa_family, type, proto, host, port, flags);
}

static int sockaddr_equal(const struct sockaddr *a,
			  const struct sockaddr *b, unsigned int len)
{
	struct sockaddr_in *sin_a, *sin_b;
	struct sockaddr_in6 *sin6_a, *sin6_b;

	if (a->sa_family != b->sa_family)
		return 0;

	switch (a->sa_family) {
	case AF_INET:
		sin_a = (struct sockaddr_in *)a;
		sin_b = (struct sockaddr_in *)b;
		if (!memcmp(&sin_a->sin_addr, &sin_b->sin_addr,
			    sizeof(struct in_addr)))
			return 1;
		break;
	case AF_INET6:
		sin6_a = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)a;
		sin6_b = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)b;
		if (!memcmp(&sin6_a->sin6_addr, &sin6_b->sin6_addr,
			    sizeof(struct in6_addr)))
			return 1;
		break;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*! \brief Determine if the given address is a local address
 *  \param[in] addr Socket Address
 *  \param[in] addrlen Length of socket address in bytes
 *  \returns 1 if address is local, 0 otherwise.
 */
int osmo_sockaddr_is_local(struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t addrlen)
{
	struct ifaddrs *ifaddr, *ifa;

	if (getifaddrs(&ifaddr) == -1) {
		perror("getifaddrs");
		return -EIO;
	}

	for (ifa = ifaddr; ifa != NULL; ifa = ifa->ifa_next) {
		if (!ifa->ifa_addr)
			continue;
		if (sockaddr_equal(ifa->ifa_addr, addr, addrlen))
			return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

#endif /* HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H */

/*! }@ */