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-rw-r--r--src/libabis/input/hsl.c460
1 files changed, 460 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/src/libabis/input/hsl.c b/src/libabis/input/hsl.c
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+++ b/src/libabis/input/hsl.c
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+/* OpenBSC Abis input driver for HSL Femto */
+
+/* (C) 2011 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
+ * (C) 2011 by On-Waves
+ *
+ * All Rights Reserved
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ */
+
+/* HSL uses a much more primitive/simplified version of the IPA multiplex.
+ *
+ * They have taken out the nice parts like the ID_GET / ID_RESP for resolving
+ * the UNIT ID, as well as the keepalive ping/pong messages. Furthermore, the
+ * Stream Identifiers are fixed on the BTS side (RSL always 0, OML always 0xff)
+ * and both OML+RSL share a single TCP connection.
+ *
+ * Other oddities include the encapsulation of BSSGP messages in the L3_INFO IE
+ * of RSL
+ */
+
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <sys/fcntl.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/socket.h>
+#include <sys/ioctl.h>
+#include <arpa/inet.h>
+
+#include <osmocore/select.h>
+#include <osmocore/tlv.h>
+#include <osmocore/msgb.h>
+#include <openbsc/debug.h>
+#include <openbsc/gsm_data.h>
+#include <openbsc/abis_nm.h>
+#include <openbsc/abis_rsl.h>
+#include <openbsc/subchan_demux.h>
+#include <openbsc/e1_input.h>
+#include <openbsc/ipaccess.h>
+#include <openbsc/socket.h>
+#include <openbsc/signal.h>
+#include <osmocore/talloc.h>
+
+#define HSL_TCP_PORT 2500
+#define HSL_PROTO_DEBUG 0xdd
+
+#define PRIV_OML 1
+#define PRIV_RSL 2
+
+/* data structure for one E1 interface with A-bis */
+struct hsl_e1_handle {
+ struct bsc_fd listen_fd;
+ struct gsm_network *gsmnet;
+};
+
+static struct hsl_e1_handle *e1h;
+
+
+#define TS1_ALLOC_SIZE 900
+
+#define OML_UP 0x0001
+#define RSL_UP 0x0002
+
+int hsl_drop_oml(struct gsm_bts *bts)
+{
+ struct gsm_bts_trx *trx;
+ struct e1inp_ts *ts;
+ struct e1inp_line *line;
+ struct bsc_fd *bfd;
+
+ if (!bts || !bts->oml_link)
+ return -1;
+
+ /* send OML down */
+ ts = bts->oml_link->ts;
+ line = ts->line;
+ e1inp_event(ts, S_INP_TEI_DN, bts->oml_link->tei, bts->oml_link->sapi);
+
+ bfd = &ts->driver.ipaccess.fd;
+ bsc_unregister_fd(bfd);
+ close(bfd->fd);
+ bfd->fd = -1;
+
+ /* clean up OML and RSL */
+ e1inp_sign_link_destroy(bts->oml_link);
+ bts->oml_link = NULL;
+ e1inp_sign_link_destroy(bts->c0->rsl_link);
+ bts->c0->rsl_link = NULL;
+ bts->ip_access.flags = 0;
+
+ /* kill the E1 line now... as we have no one left to use it */
+ talloc_free(line);
+
+ return -1;
+}
+
+static int hsl_drop_ts_fd(struct e1inp_ts *ts, struct bsc_fd *bfd)
+{
+ struct e1inp_sign_link *link, *link2;
+ int bts_nr = -1;
+
+ llist_for_each_entry_safe(link, link2, &ts->sign.sign_links, list) {
+ bts_nr = link->trx->bts->bts_nr;
+ e1inp_sign_link_destroy(link);
+ }
+
+ bsc_unregister_fd(bfd);
+ close(bfd->fd);
+ bfd->fd = -1;
+
+ talloc_free(ts->line);
+
+ return bts_nr;
+}
+
+struct gsm_bts *find_bts_by_serno(struct gsm_network *net, unsigned long serno)
+{
+ struct gsm_bts *bts;
+
+ llist_for_each_entry(bts, &net->bts_list, list) {
+ if (bts->type != GSM_BTS_TYPE_HSL_FEMTO)
+ continue;
+
+ if (serno == bts->hsl.serno)
+ return bts;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+
+static int process_hsl_rsl(struct msgb *msg, struct e1inp_line *line)
+{
+ char serno_buf[16];
+ uint8_t serno_len;
+ unsigned long serno;
+ struct gsm_bts *bts;
+
+ switch (msg->l2h[1]) {
+ case 0x80:
+ /*, contains Serial Number + SW version */
+ if (msg->l2h[2] != 0xc0)
+ break;
+ serno_len = msg->l2h[3];
+ if (serno_len > sizeof(serno_buf)-1)
+ serno_len = sizeof(serno_buf)-1;
+ memcpy(serno_buf, msg->l2h+4, serno_len);
+ serno_buf[serno_len] = '\0';
+ serno = strtoul(serno_buf, NULL, 10);
+ bts = find_bts_by_serno(e1h->gsmnet, serno);
+ if (!bts) {
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_ERROR, "Unable to find BTS config for "
+ "serial number %lu(%s)\n", serno, serno_buf);
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+
+ DEBUGP(DINP, "Identified HSL BTS Serial Number %lu\n", serno);
+
+ /* we shouldn't hardcode it, but HSL femto also hardcodes it... */
+ bts->oml_tei = 255;
+ bts->c0->rsl_tei = 0;
+ bts->oml_link = e1inp_sign_link_create(&line->ts[PRIV_OML - 1],
+ E1INP_SIGN_OML, bts->c0,
+ bts->oml_tei, 0);
+ bts->c0->rsl_link = e1inp_sign_link_create(&line->ts[PRIV_OML - 1],
+ E1INP_SIGN_RSL, bts->c0,
+ bts->c0->rsl_tei, 0);
+ e1inp_event(&line->ts[PRIV_OML-1], S_INP_TEI_UP, 255, 0);
+ e1inp_event(&line->ts[PRIV_OML-1], S_INP_TEI_UP, 0, 0);
+ bts->ip_access.flags |= OML_UP;
+ bts->ip_access.flags |= (RSL_UP << 0);
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ return 1; /* == we have taken over the msg */
+ case 0x82:
+ /* FIXME: do something with BSSGP, i.e. forward it over
+ * NSIP to OsmoSGSN */
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int handle_ts1_read(struct bsc_fd *bfd)
+{
+ struct e1inp_line *line = bfd->data;
+ unsigned int ts_nr = bfd->priv_nr;
+ struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts = &line->ts[ts_nr-1];
+ struct e1inp_sign_link *link;
+ struct msgb *msg;
+ struct ipaccess_head *hh;
+ int ret = 0, error;
+
+ msg = ipaccess_read_msg(bfd, &error);
+ if (!msg) {
+ if (error == 0) {
+ int ret = hsl_drop_ts_fd(e1i_ts, bfd);
+ if (ret >= 0)
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_NOTICE, "BTS %u disappeared, dead socket\n",
+ ret);
+ else
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_NOTICE, "unknown BTS disappeared, dead socket\n");
+ }
+ return error;
+ }
+
+ DEBUGP(DMI, "RX %u: %s\n", ts_nr, hexdump(msgb_l2(msg), msgb_l2len(msg)));
+
+ hh = (struct ipaccess_head *) msg->data;
+ if (hh->proto == HSL_PROTO_DEBUG) {
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_NOTICE, "HSL debug: %s\n", msg->data + sizeof(*hh));
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* HSL proprietary RSL extension */
+ if (hh->proto == 0 && (msg->l2h[0] == 0x81 || msg->l2h[0] == 0x80)) {
+ ret = process_hsl_rsl(msg, line);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ /* FIXME: close connection */
+ hsl_drop_ts_fd(e1i_ts, bfd);
+ return ret;
+ } else if (ret == 1)
+ return 0;
+ /* else: continue... */
+ }
+#ifdef HSL_SR_1_0
+ /* HSL for whatever reason chose to use 0x81 instead of 0x80 for FOM */
+ if (hh->proto == 255 && msg->l2h[0] == (ABIS_OM_MDISC_FOM | 0x01))
+ msg->l2h[0] = ABIS_OM_MDISC_FOM;
+#endif
+ link = e1inp_lookup_sign_link(e1i_ts, hh->proto, 0);
+ if (!link) {
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_ERROR, "no matching signalling link for "
+ "hh->proto=0x%02x\n", hh->proto);
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ return -EIO;
+ }
+ msg->trx = link->trx;
+
+ switch (link->type) {
+ case E1INP_SIGN_RSL:
+ if (!(msg->trx->bts->ip_access.flags & (RSL_UP << msg->trx->nr))) {
+ e1inp_event(e1i_ts, S_INP_TEI_UP, link->tei, link->sapi);
+ msg->trx->bts->ip_access.flags |= (RSL_UP << msg->trx->nr);
+ }
+ ret = abis_rsl_rcvmsg(msg);
+ break;
+ case E1INP_SIGN_OML:
+ if (!(msg->trx->bts->ip_access.flags & OML_UP)) {
+ e1inp_event(e1i_ts, S_INP_TEI_UP, link->tei, link->sapi);
+ msg->trx->bts->ip_access.flags |= OML_UP;
+ }
+ ret = abis_nm_rcvmsg(msg);
+ break;
+ default:
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_NOTICE, "Unknown HSL protocol class 0x%02x\n", hh->proto);
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ break;
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int ts_want_write(struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts)
+{
+ e1i_ts->driver.ipaccess.fd.when |= BSC_FD_WRITE;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void timeout_ts1_write(void *data)
+{
+ struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts = (struct e1inp_ts *)data;
+
+ /* trigger write of ts1, due to tx delay timer */
+ ts_want_write(e1i_ts);
+}
+
+static int handle_ts1_write(struct bsc_fd *bfd)
+{
+ struct e1inp_line *line = bfd->data;
+ unsigned int ts_nr = bfd->priv_nr;
+ struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts = &line->ts[ts_nr-1];
+ struct e1inp_sign_link *sign_link;
+ struct msgb *msg;
+ u_int8_t proto;
+ int ret;
+
+ bfd->when &= ~BSC_FD_WRITE;
+
+ /* get the next msg for this timeslot */
+ msg = e1inp_tx_ts(e1i_ts, &sign_link);
+ if (!msg) {
+ /* no message after tx delay timer */
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ switch (sign_link->type) {
+ case E1INP_SIGN_OML:
+ proto = IPAC_PROTO_OML;
+#ifdef HSL_SR_1_0
+ /* HSL uses 0x81 for FOM for some reason */
+ if (msg->data[0] == ABIS_OM_MDISC_FOM)
+ msg->data[0] = ABIS_OM_MDISC_FOM | 0x01;
+#endif
+ break;
+ case E1INP_SIGN_RSL:
+ proto = IPAC_PROTO_RSL;
+ break;
+ default:
+ msgb_free(msg);
+ bfd->when |= BSC_FD_WRITE; /* come back for more msg */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ msg->l2h = msg->data;
+ ipaccess_prepend_header(msg, sign_link->tei);
+
+ DEBUGP(DMI, "TX %u: %s\n", ts_nr, hexdump(msg->l2h, msgb_l2len(msg)));
+
+ ret = send(bfd->fd, msg->data, msg->len, 0);
+ msgb_free(msg);
+
+ /* set tx delay timer for next event */
+ e1i_ts->sign.tx_timer.cb = timeout_ts1_write;
+ e1i_ts->sign.tx_timer.data = e1i_ts;
+
+ /* Reducing this might break the nanoBTS 900 init. */
+ bsc_schedule_timer(&e1i_ts->sign.tx_timer, 0, e1i_ts->sign.delay);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* callback from select.c in case one of the fd's can be read/written */
+static int hsl_fd_cb(struct bsc_fd *bfd, unsigned int what)
+{
+ struct e1inp_line *line = bfd->data;
+ unsigned int ts_nr = bfd->priv_nr;
+ unsigned int idx = ts_nr-1;
+ struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts;
+ int rc = 0;
+
+ /* In case of early RSL we might not yet have a line */
+
+ if (line)
+ e1i_ts = &line->ts[idx];
+
+ if (!line || e1i_ts->type == E1INP_TS_TYPE_SIGN) {
+ if (what & BSC_FD_READ)
+ rc = handle_ts1_read(bfd);
+ if (what & BSC_FD_WRITE)
+ rc = handle_ts1_write(bfd);
+ } else
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_ERROR, "unknown E1 TS type %u\n", e1i_ts->type);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+struct e1inp_driver hsl_driver = {
+ .name = "HSL",
+ .want_write = ts_want_write,
+ .default_delay = 0,
+};
+
+/* callback of the OML listening filedescriptor */
+static int listen_fd_cb(struct bsc_fd *listen_bfd, unsigned int what)
+{
+ int ret;
+ int idx = 0;
+ int i;
+ struct e1inp_line *line;
+ struct e1inp_ts *e1i_ts;
+ struct bsc_fd *bfd;
+ struct sockaddr_in sa;
+ socklen_t sa_len = sizeof(sa);
+
+ if (!(what & BSC_FD_READ))
+ return 0;
+
+ ret = accept(listen_bfd->fd, (struct sockaddr *) &sa, &sa_len);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ perror("accept");
+ return ret;
+ }
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_NOTICE, "accept()ed new HSL link from %s\n",
+ inet_ntoa(sa.sin_addr));
+
+ line = talloc_zero(tall_bsc_ctx, struct e1inp_line);
+ if (!line) {
+ close(ret);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+ line->driver = &hsl_driver;
+ //line->driver_data = e1h;
+ /* create virrtual E1 timeslots for signalling */
+ e1inp_ts_config(&line->ts[1-1], line, E1INP_TS_TYPE_SIGN);
+
+ /* initialize the fds */
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(line->ts); ++i)
+ line->ts[i].driver.ipaccess.fd.fd = -1;
+
+ e1i_ts = &line->ts[idx];
+
+ bfd = &e1i_ts->driver.ipaccess.fd;
+ bfd->fd = ret;
+ bfd->data = line;
+ bfd->priv_nr = PRIV_OML;
+ bfd->cb = hsl_fd_cb;
+ bfd->when = BSC_FD_READ;
+ ret = bsc_register_fd(bfd);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ LOGP(DINP, LOGL_ERROR, "could not register FD\n");
+ close(bfd->fd);
+ talloc_free(line);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+ //return e1inp_line_register(line);
+}
+
+int hsl_setup(struct gsm_network *gsmnet)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ /* register the driver with the core */
+ /* FIXME: do this in the plugin initializer function */
+ ret = e1inp_driver_register(&hsl_driver);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ e1h = talloc_zero(tall_bsc_ctx, struct hsl_e1_handle);
+ if (!e1h)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ e1h->gsmnet = gsmnet;
+
+ /* Listen for connections */
+ ret = make_sock(&e1h->listen_fd, IPPROTO_TCP, 0, HSL_TCP_PORT,
+ listen_fd_cb);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return 0;
+}