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Protocols Around the Home Node B Gateway
========================================

        +------------+           +--------+          +----------+
 UE <-->| hNodeB     |<--Iuh---->| HNB-GW |<--IuCS-->| OsmoCSCN |
 UE <-->| femto cell |     ...-->|        |    ...-->|          |
        |            |           |        |          +----------+
        +------------+<--GTP-U   |        |
                              \  |        |          +------+           +------+
                              |  |        |<--IuPS-->| SGSN |<--GTP-C-->| GGSN |
                              |  +--------+    ...-->|      |   GTP-U-->|      |
                              |                      +------+  /        +------+
                              \_______________________________/



                      Iuh                         IuCS/IuPS

NAS                   +----+----+                 +----+----+
Non-Access Stratum    | CC | MM |                 | CC | MM |
- - - - - - - - - - - +----+----+-------+         +----+----+
                      | RANAP   |       |    H    | RANAP   |
Access Stratum        +---------+ HNBAP |    N    +---------+ - - SCCP USER SAP
                      | RUA     |       |    B    | SUA     |  \
                      +---------+-------+    -    +---------+  |
                      |        SCTP     |    G    | SCTP    |  } SIGTRAN
                      +-----------------+    W    +---------+  |
                      |        IP       |         | IP      |  /
                      +-----------------+         +---------+


Various SIGTRAN implementations:

                IuCS/IuPS
                  usual
                   |     simplest
                   |       |
                   v       v
  +------+------+------+-----+
  | SCCP | SCCP |      |     |
  +------+------+ SCCP |     |
  | MTP3 | MTP3 |      |     |
  +------+------+------+ SUA |
  | MTP2 |      |      |     |
  +------+ M2UA | M3UA |     |
  | M2PA |      |      |     |
  +------+------+------+-----+
  |           SCTP           |
  +--------------------------+
  |            IP            |
  +--------------------------+

UE (User Endpoint) == MS (Mobile Subscriber) == mobile device
CSCN (Circuit Switched Core Network) == OsmoNITB without BSC