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path: root/src/osmo_gsm_tester/process.py
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# osmo_gsm_tester: process management
#
# Copyright (C) 2016-2017 by sysmocom - s.f.m.c. GmbH
#
# Author: Neels Hofmeyr <neels@hofmeyr.de>
#
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
# published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the
# License, or (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

import os
import time
import subprocess
import signal
from abc import ABCMeta, abstractmethod
from datetime import datetime

from . import log
from .event_loop import MainLoop
from .util import Dir

class TerminationStrategy(log.Origin, metaclass=ABCMeta):
    """A baseclass for terminating a collection of processes."""

    def __init__(self):
        self._processes = []

    def add_process(self, process):
        """Remembers a process that needs to be terminated."""
        self._processes.append(process)

    @abstractmethod
    def terminate_all(self):
        "Terminates all scheduled processes and waits for the termination."""
        pass


class ParallelTerminationStrategy(TerminationStrategy):
    """Processes will be terminated in parallel."""

    def _prune_dead_processes(self, poll_first):
        """Removes all dead processes from the list."""
        # Remove all processes that terminated!
        self._processes = list(filter(lambda proc: proc.is_running(poll_first), self._processes))

    def _build_process_map(self):
        """Builds a mapping from pid to process."""
        self._process_map = {}
        for process in self._processes:
            pid = process.pid()
            if pid is None:
                continue
            self._process_map[pid] = process

    def _poll_once(self):
        """Polls for to be collected children once."""
        pid, result = os.waitpid(0, os.WNOHANG)
        # Did some other process die?
        if pid == 0:
            return False
        proc = self._process_map.get(pid)
        if proc is None:
            self.dbg("Unknown process with pid(%d) died." % pid)
            return False
        # Update the process state and forget about it
        self.log("PID %d died..." % pid)
        proc.result = result
        proc.cleanup()
        self._processes.remove(proc)
        del self._process_map[pid]
        return True

    def _poll_for_termination(self, time_to_wait_for_term=5):
        """Waits for the termination of processes until timeout|all ended."""

        wait_step = 0.001
        waited_time = 0
        while len(self._processes) > 0:
            # Collect processes until there are none to be collected.
            while True:
                try:
                    if not self._poll_once():
                        break
                except ChildProcessError:
                    break

            # All processes died and we can return before sleeping
            if len(self._processes) == 0:
                break
            waited_time += wait_step
            # make wait_step approach 1.0
            wait_step = (1. + 5. * wait_step) / 6.
            if waited_time >= time_to_wait_for_term:
                break
            time.sleep(wait_step)

    def terminate_all(self):
        self.dbg("Scheduled to terminate %d processes." % len(self._processes))
        self._prune_dead_processes(True)
        self._build_process_map()

        # Iterate through all signals.
        for sig in [signal.SIGTERM, signal.SIGINT, signal.SIGKILL]:
            self.dbg("Starting to kill with %s" % sig.name)
            for process in self._processes:
                process.kill(sig)
            if sig == signal.SIGKILL:
                continue
            self._poll_for_termination()


class Process(log.Origin):

    def __init__(self, name, run_dir, popen_args, **popen_kwargs):
        super().__init__(log.C_RUN, name)
        self.process_obj = None
        self.result = None
        self.killed = None
        self.name_str = name
        self.run_dir = run_dir
        self.popen_args = popen_args
        self.popen_kwargs = popen_kwargs
        self.outputs = {}
        if not isinstance(self.run_dir, Dir):
            self.run_dir = Dir(os.path.abspath(str(self.run_dir)))

    def set_env(self, key, value):
        env = self.popen_kwargs.get('env') or {}
        env[key] = value
        self.popen_kwargs['env'] = env

    def make_output_log(self, name):
        '''
        create a non-existing log output file in run_dir to pipe stdout and
        stderr from this process to.
        '''
        path = self.run_dir.new_child(name)
        f = open(path, 'w')
        self.dbg(path)
        f.write('(launched: %s)\n' % datetime.now().strftime(log.LONG_DATEFMT))
        f.flush()
        self.outputs[name] = (path, f)
        return f

    def launch(self):
        log.dbg('cd %r; %s %s' % (
                os.path.abspath(str(self.run_dir)),
                ' '.join(['%s=%r'%(k,v) for k,v in self.popen_kwargs.get('env', {}).items()]),
                ' '.join(self.popen_args)))

        self.process_obj = subprocess.Popen(
            self.popen_args,
            stdout=self.make_output_log('stdout'),
            stderr=self.make_output_log('stderr'),
            stdin=subprocess.PIPE,
            shell=False,
            cwd=self.run_dir.path,
            **self.popen_kwargs)
        self.set_name(self.name_str, pid=self.process_obj.pid)
        self.log('Launched')

    def launch_sync(self, raise_nonsuccess=True):
        '''
        calls launch() method and block waiting for it to finish, serving the
        mainloop meanwhile.
        '''
        try:
            self.launch()
            self.wait()
        except Exception as e:
            self.terminate()
            raise e
        if raise_nonsuccess and self.result != 0:
            log.ctx(self)
            raise log.Error('Exited in error %d' % self.result)
        return self.result

    def respawn(self):
        self.dbg('respawn')
        assert not self.is_running()
        self.result = None
        self.killed = None
        self.launch()

    def _poll_termination(self, time_to_wait_for_term=5):
        wait_step = 0.001
        waited_time = 0
        while True:
            # poll returns None if proc is still running
            self.result = self.process_obj.poll()
            if self.result is not None:
                return True
            waited_time += wait_step
            # make wait_step approach 1.0
            wait_step = (1. + 5. * wait_step) / 6.
            if waited_time >= time_to_wait_for_term:
                break
            time.sleep(wait_step)
        return False

    def send_signal(self, sig):
        os.kill(self.process_obj.pid, sig)

    def pid(self):
        if self.process_obj is None:
            return None
        return self.process_obj.pid

    def kill(self, sig):
        """Kills the process with the given signal and remembers it."""
        self.log('Terminating (%s)' % sig.name)
        self.send_signal(sig)
        self.killed = sig

    def terminate(self):
        if self.process_obj is None:
            return
        if self.result is not None:
            return

        while True:
            # first try SIGINT to allow stdout+stderr flushing
            self.kill(signal.SIGINT)
            if self._poll_termination():
                break

            # SIGTERM maybe?
            self.kill(signal.SIGTERM)
            if self._poll_termination():
                break

            # out of patience
            self.kill(signal.SIGKILL)
            break;

        self.process_obj.wait()
        self.cleanup()

    def cleanup(self):
        self.dbg('Cleanup')
        self.close_output_logs()
        if self.result == 0:
            self.log('Terminated: ok', rc=self.result)
        elif self.killed:
            self.log('Terminated', rc=self.result)
        else:
            self.err('Terminated: ERROR', rc=self.result)
            #self.log_stdout_tail()
            self.log_stderr_tail()

    def log_stdout_tail(self):
        m = self.get_stdout_tail(prefix='| ')
        if not m:
            return
        self.log('stdout:\n', m, '\n')

    def log_stderr_tail(self):
        m = self.get_stderr_tail(prefix='| ')
        if not m:
            return
        self.log('stderr:\n', m, '\n')

    def close_output_logs(self):
        for k, v in self.outputs.items():
            path, f = v
            if f:
                f.flush()
                f.close()
            self.outputs[k] = (path, None)

    def poll(self):
        if self.process_obj is None:
            return
        if self.result is not None:
            return
        self.result = self.process_obj.poll()
        if self.result is not None:
            self.cleanup()

    def is_running(self, poll_first=True):
        if poll_first:
            self.poll()
        return self.process_obj is not None and self.result is None

    def get_output(self, which):
        v = self.outputs.get(which)
        if not v:
            return None
        path, f = v
        with open(path, 'r') as f2:
            return f2.read()

    def get_output_tail(self, which, tail=10, prefix=''):
        out = self.get_output(which)
        if not out:
            return None
        out = out.splitlines()
        tail = min(len(out), tail)
        return prefix + ('\n' + prefix).join(out[-tail:])

    def get_stdout(self):
        return self.get_output('stdout')

    def get_stderr(self):
        return self.get_output('stderr')

    def get_stdout_tail(self, tail=10, prefix=''):
        return self.get_output_tail('stdout', tail, prefix)

    def get_stderr_tail(self, tail=10, prefix=''):
        return self.get_output_tail('stderr', tail, prefix)

    def terminated(self, poll_first=True):
        if poll_first:
            self.poll()
        return self.result is not None

    def wait(self, timeout=300):
        MainLoop.wait(self, self.terminated, timeout=timeout)


class RemoteProcess(Process):

    def __init__(self, name, run_dir, remote_user, remote_host, remote_cwd, popen_args, **popen_kwargs):
        super().__init__(name, run_dir, popen_args, **popen_kwargs)
        self.remote_user = remote_user
        self.remote_host = remote_host
        self.remote_cwd = remote_cwd

        # hacky: instead of just prepending ssh, i.e. piping stdout and stderr
        # over the ssh link, we should probably run on the remote side,
        # monitoring the process remotely.
        if self.remote_cwd:
            cd = 'cd "%s"; ' % self.remote_cwd
        else:
            cd = ''
        # We need double -t to force tty and be able to forward signals to
        # processes (SIGHUP) when we close ssh on the local side. As a result,
        # stderr seems to be merged into stdout in ssh client.
        self.popen_args = ['ssh', '-t', '-t', self.remote_user+'@'+self.remote_host,
                           '%s%s' % (cd,
                                     ' '.join(self.popen_args))]
        self.dbg(self.popen_args, dir=self.run_dir, conf=self.popen_kwargs)

class NetNSProcess(Process):
    NETNS_EXEC_BIN = 'osmo-gsm-tester_netns_exec.sh'
    def __init__(self, name, run_dir, netns, popen_args, **popen_kwargs):
        super().__init__(name, run_dir, popen_args, **popen_kwargs)
        self.netns = netns

        self.popen_args = ['sudo', self.NETNS_EXEC_BIN, self.netns] + list(popen_args)
        self.dbg(self.popen_args, dir=self.run_dir, conf=self.popen_kwargs)

    # HACK: Since we run under sudo, only way to kill root-owned process is to kill as root...
    # This function is overwritten from Process.
    def send_signal(self, sig):
        kill_cmd = ('kill', '-%d' % int(sig), str(self.process_obj.pid))
        run_local_netns_sync(self.run_dir, self.name()+"-kill", self.netns, kill_cmd)


def run_local_sync(run_dir, name, popen_args):
    run_dir =run_dir.new_dir(name)
    proc = Process(name, run_dir, popen_args)
    proc.launch_sync()

def run_local_netns_sync(run_dir, name, netns, popen_args):
    run_dir =run_dir.new_dir(name)
    proc = NetNSProcess(name, run_dir, netns, popen_args)
    proc.launch_sync()

def run_remote_sync(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, name, popen_args, remote_cwd=None):
    run_dir = run_dir.new_dir(name)
    proc = RemoteProcess(name, run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, remote_cwd, popen_args)
    proc.launch_sync()

def scp(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, name, local_path, remote_path):
    run_local_sync(run_dir, name, ('scp', '-r', local_path, '%s@%s:%s' % (remote_user, remote_addr, remote_path)))

def copy_inst_ssh(run_dir, inst, remote_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, remote_rundir_append, cfg_file_name):
    remote_inst = Dir(remote_dir.child(os.path.basename(str(inst))))
    remote_dir_str = str(remote_dir)
    run_remote_sync(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, 'rm-remote-dir', ('test', '!', '-d', remote_dir_str, '||', 'rm', '-rf', remote_dir_str))
    run_remote_sync(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, 'mk-remote-dir', ('mkdir', '-p', remote_dir_str))
    scp(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, 'scp-inst-to-remote', str(inst), remote_dir_str)

    remote_run_dir = remote_dir.child(remote_rundir_append)
    run_remote_sync(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, 'mk-remote-run-dir', ('mkdir', '-p', remote_run_dir))

    remote_config_file = remote_dir.child(os.path.basename(cfg_file_name))
    scp(run_dir, remote_user, remote_addr, 'scp-cfg-to-remote', cfg_file_name, remote_config_file)
    return remote_inst

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