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/* Driver for AT91SAM7 USART0 in ISO7816-3 mode for passive sniffing
 * (C) 2010 by Harald Welte <hwelte@hmw-consulting.de>
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 *
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <AT91SAM7.h>
#include <lib_AT91SAM7.h>
#include <openpcd.h>

#include <simtrace_usb.h>

#include <os/usb_handler.h>
#include <os/dbgu.h>
#include <os/pio_irq.h>

#include "../simtrace.h"
#include "../openpcd.h"

#define ARRAY_SIZE(x) (sizeof(x) / sizeof((x)[0]))

static const AT91PS_USART usart = AT91C_BASE_US0;

enum iso7816_3_state {
	ISO7816_S_RESET,	/* in Reset */
	ISO7816_S_WAIT_ATR,	/* waiting for ATR to start */
	ISO7816_S_IN_ATR,	/* while we are receiving the ATR */
	ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU,	/* waiting for start of new APDU */
	ISO7816_S_IN_APDU,	/* inside a single APDU */
	ISO7816_S_IN_PTS,	/* while we are inside the PTS / PSS */
};

/* detailed sub-states of ISO7816_S_IN_ATR */
enum atr_state {
	ATR_S_WAIT_TS,
	ATR_S_WAIT_T0,
	ATR_S_WAIT_TA,
	ATR_S_WAIT_TB,
	ATR_S_WAIT_TC,
	ATR_S_WAIT_TD,
	ATR_S_WAIT_HIST,
	ATR_S_WAIT_TCK,
	ATR_S_DONE,
};

/* detailed sub-states of ISO7816_S_IN_PTS */
enum pts_state {
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTSS,
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS0,
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS1,
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS2,
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS3,
	PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PCK,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTSS = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTSS | 0x10,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS0 = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS0 | 0x10,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS1 = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS1 | 0x10,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS2 = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS2 | 0x10,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS3 = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS3 | 0x10,
	PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PCK = PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PCK | 0x10,
};

#define _PTSS	0
#define _PTS0	1
#define _PTS1	2
#define _PTS2	3
#define _PTS3	4
#define _PCK	5

struct iso7816_3_handle {
	enum iso7816_3_state state;

	u_int8_t fi;
	u_int8_t di;
	u_int8_t wi;
	u_int32_t waiting_time;

	enum atr_state atr_state;
	u_int8_t atr_idx;
	u_int8_t atr_hist_len;
	u_int8_t atr_last_td;
	u_int8_t atr[64];

	u_int16_t prot_t_supported;

	enum pts_state pts_state;
	u_int8_t pts_req[6];
	u_int8_t pts_resp[6];

	struct simtrace_hdr sh;

	int rctx_must_be_sent;
	struct req_ctx *rctx;
};

struct iso7816_3_handle isoh;


/* Table 6 from ISO 7816-3 */
static const u_int16_t fi_table[] = {
	372, 372, 558, 744, 1116, 1488, 1860, 0,
	0, 512, 768, 1024, 1536, 2048, 0, 0
};

/* Table 7 from ISO 7816-3 */
static const u_int8_t di_table[] = {
	0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64,
	12, 20, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64,
};

/* compute the F/D ratio based on Fi and Di values */
static int compute_fidi_ratio(u_int8_t fi, u_int8_t di)
{
	u_int16_t f, d;
	int ret;

	if (fi >= ARRAY_SIZE(fi_table) ||
	    di >= ARRAY_SIZE(di_table))
		return -EINVAL;

	f = fi_table[fi];
	if (f == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	d = di_table[di];
	if (d == 0)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (di < 8) 
		ret = f / d;
	else
		ret = f * d;

	return ret;
}

static void refill_rctx(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih)
{
	struct req_ctx *rctx;

	rctx = req_ctx_find_get(0, RCTX_STATE_FREE,
				    RCTX_STATE_LIBRFID_BUSY);
	if (!rctx) {
		ih->rctx = NULL;
		return;
	}

	ih->sh.cmd = SIMTRACE_MSGT_DATA;

	/* reserve spece at start of rctx */
	rctx->tot_len = sizeof(struct simtrace_hdr);

	ih->rctx = rctx;
}

static void send_rctx(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih)
{
	struct req_ctx *rctx = ih->rctx;

	if (!rctx)
		return;

	/* Put Fi and Di into res[2] array */
	ih->sh.res[0] = ih->fi;
	ih->sh.res[1] = ih->di;

	/* copy the simtrace header */
	memcpy(rctx->data, &ih->sh, sizeof(ih->sh));

	req_ctx_set_state(rctx, RCTX_STATE_UDP_EP2_PENDING);

	memset(&ih->sh, 0, sizeof(ih->sh));
	ih->rctx = NULL;
}


/* Update the ATR sub-state */
static void set_atr_state(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, enum atr_state new_atrs)
{
	if (new_atrs == ATR_S_WAIT_TS) {
		ih->atr_idx = 0;
		ih->atr_hist_len = 0;
		ih->atr_last_td = 0;
		ih->prot_t_supported = (1 << 0);
		memset(ih->atr, 0, sizeof(ih->atr));
	} else if (ih->atr_state == new_atrs)
		return;

	//DEBUGPCR("ATR state %u -> %u", ih->atr_state, new_atrs);
	ih->atr_state = new_atrs;
}

#define ISO7816_3_INIT_WTIME		9600
#define ISO7816_3_DEFAULT_WI		10

static void update_fidi(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih)
{
	int rc;

	rc = compute_fidi_ratio(ih->fi, ih->di);
	if (rc > 0 && rc < 0x400) {
		DEBUGPCR("computed Fi(%u) Di(%u) ratio: %d", ih->fi, ih->di, rc);
		/* make sure UART uses new F/D ratio */
		usart->US_CR |= AT91C_US_RXDIS | AT91C_US_RSTRX;
		usart->US_FIDI = rc & 0x3ff;
		usart->US_CR |= AT91C_US_RXEN | AT91C_US_STTTO;
		/* notify ETU timer about this */
		tc_etu_set_etu(rc);
	} else
		DEBUGPCRF("computed FiDi ratio %d unsupported", rc);
}

/* Update the ISO 7816-3 APDU receiver state */
static void set_state(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, enum iso7816_3_state new_state)
{
	if (new_state == ISO7816_S_RESET) {
		usart->US_CR |= AT91C_US_RXDIS | AT91C_US_RSTRX;
	} else if (new_state == ISO7816_S_WAIT_ATR) {
		/* Reset to initial Fi / Di ratio */
		ih->fi = 1;
		ih->di = 1;
		update_fidi(ih);
		/* initialize todefault WI, this will be overwritten if we
		 * receive TC2, and it will be programmed into hardware after
		 * ATR is finished */
		ih->wi = ISO7816_3_DEFAULT_WI;
		/* update waiting time to initial waiting time */
		ih->waiting_time = ISO7816_3_INIT_WTIME;
		tc_etu_set_wtime(ih->waiting_time);
		/* Set ATR sub-state to initial state */
		set_atr_state(ih, ATR_S_WAIT_TS);
		/* Notice that we are just coming out of reset */
		ih->sh.flags |= SIMTRACE_FLAG_ATR;
	}

	if (ih->state == new_state)
		return;

	//DEBUGPCR("7816 state %u -> %u", ih->state, new_state);
	ih->state = new_state;
}

static enum iso7816_3_state
transition_to_tck(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih)
{
	if (ih->prot_t_supported == 0x01) {
		/* If only T=0 supported, there is no TCK but we
		 * immediately transition to APDUs */
		set_atr_state(ih, ATR_S_DONE);
		return ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU;
	} else {
		set_atr_state(ih, ATR_S_WAIT_TCK);
		return ISO7816_S_IN_ATR;
	}
}

/* determine the next ATR state based on received interface byte */
static enum atr_state next_intb_state(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, u_int8_t ch)
{
	switch (ih->atr_state) {
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TD:
		ih->prot_t_supported |= (1 << (ch & 0xf));
	case ATR_S_WAIT_T0:
		ih->atr_last_td = ch;
		goto from_td;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TC:
		if ((ih->atr_last_td & 0x0f) == 0x02) {
			/* TC2 contains WI */
			ih->wi = ch;
		}
		goto from_tc;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TB:
		goto from_tb;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TA:
		goto from_ta;
	default:
		DEBUGPCR("something wrong, old_state != TA");
		return ATR_S_WAIT_TCK;
	}

from_td:
	if (ih->atr_last_td & 0x10)
		return ATR_S_WAIT_TA;
from_ta:
	if (ih->atr_last_td & 0x20)
		return ATR_S_WAIT_TB;
from_tb:
	if (ih->atr_last_td & 0x40)
		return ATR_S_WAIT_TC;
from_tc:
	if (ih->atr_last_td & 0x80)
		return ATR_S_WAIT_TD;

	/* Historical bytes are common, but optional! */
	if (ih->atr_hist_len)
		return ATR_S_WAIT_HIST;
	else
		return transition_to_tck(ih);
}

/* process an incomng ATR byte */
static enum iso7816_3_state
process_byte_atr(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, u_int8_t byte)
{
	/* add byte to ATR buffer */
	ih->atr[ih->atr_idx] = byte;
	ih->atr_idx++;

	switch (ih->atr_state) {
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TS:
		/* FIXME: if we don't have the RST line we might get this */
		if (byte == 0) {
			ih->atr_idx--;
			break;
		}
		/* FIXME: check inverted logic */
		set_atr_state(ih, ATR_S_WAIT_T0);
		break;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_T0:
		/* obtain the number of historical bytes */
		ih->atr_hist_len = byte & 0xf;
		/* Mask out the hist-byte-length to indiicate T=0 */
		set_atr_state(ih, next_intb_state(ih, byte & 0xf0));
		break;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TA:
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TB:
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TC:
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TD:
		set_atr_state(ih, next_intb_state(ih, byte));
		break;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_HIST:
		ih->atr_hist_len--;
		/* after all historical bytes are recieved, go to TCK */
		if (ih->atr_hist_len == 0)
			return transition_to_tck(ih);
		break;
	case ATR_S_WAIT_TCK:
		/* FIXME: process and verify the TCK */
		set_atr_state(ih, ATR_S_DONE);
		/* send off the USB context */
		ih->rctx_must_be_sent = 1;
		/* update the waiting time */
		ih->waiting_time = 960 * di_table[ih->di] * ih->wi;
		tc_etu_set_wtime(ih->waiting_time);
		return ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU;
	}

	return ISO7816_S_IN_ATR;
}

/* Update the ATR sub-state */
static void set_pts_state(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, enum pts_state new_ptss)
{
	//DEBUGPCR("PTS state %u -> %u", ih->pts_state, new_ptss);
	ih->pts_state = new_ptss;
}

/* Determine the next PTS state */
static enum pts_state next_pts_state(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih)
{
	u_int8_t is_resp = ih->pts_state & 0x10;
	u_int8_t sstate = ih->pts_state & 0x0f;
	u_int8_t *pts_ptr;

	if (!is_resp)
		pts_ptr = ih->pts_req;
	else
		pts_ptr = ih->pts_resp;

	switch (sstate) {
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTSS:
		goto from_ptss;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS0:
		goto from_pts0;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS1:
		goto from_pts1;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS2:
		goto from_pts2;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS3:
		goto from_pts3;
	}

	if (ih->pts_state == PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PCK)
		return PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTSS;

from_ptss:
	return PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS0 | is_resp;
from_pts0:
	if (pts_ptr[_PTS0] & (1 << 4))
		return PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS1 | is_resp;
from_pts1:
	if (pts_ptr[_PTS0] & (1 << 5))
		return PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS2 | is_resp;
from_pts2:
	if (pts_ptr[_PTS0] & (1 << 6))
		return PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS3 | is_resp;
from_pts3:
	return PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PCK | is_resp;
}

static enum iso7816_3_state
process_byte_pts(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, u_int8_t byte)
{
	switch (ih->pts_state) {
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTSS:
		ih->pts_req[_PTSS] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS0:
		ih->pts_req[_PTS0] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS1:
		ih->pts_req[_PTS1] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS2:
		ih->pts_req[_PTS2] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTS3:
		ih->pts_req[_PTS3] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PCK:
		/* FIXME: check PCK */
		ih->pts_req[_PCK] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTSS:
		ih->pts_resp[_PTSS] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS0:
		ih->pts_resp[_PTS0] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS1:
		/* This must be TA1 */
		ih->fi = byte >> 4;
		ih->di = byte & 0xf;
		DEBUGPCR("found Fi=%u Di=%u", ih->fi, ih->di);
		ih->sh.flags |= SIMTRACE_FLAG_PPS_FIDI;
		ih->pts_resp[_PTS1] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS2:
		ih->pts_resp[_PTS2] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PTS3:
		ih->pts_resp[_PTS3] = byte;
		break;
	case PTS_S_WAIT_RESP_PCK:
		ih->pts_resp[_PCK] = byte;
		/* FIXME: check PCK */
		set_pts_state(ih, PTS_S_WAIT_REQ_PTSS);
		/* update baud rate generator with Fi/Di */
		update_fidi(ih);
		/* Wait for the next APDU */
		return ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU;
	}
	/* calculate the next state and set it */
	set_pts_state(ih, next_pts_state(ih));

	return ISO7816_S_IN_PTS;
}

static void process_byte(struct iso7816_3_handle *ih, u_int8_t byte)
{
	int new_state = -1;
	struct req_ctx *rctx;

	if (!ih->rctx)
		refill_rctx(ih);

	switch (ih->state) {
	case ISO7816_S_RESET:
		break;
	case ISO7816_S_WAIT_ATR:
	case ISO7816_S_IN_ATR:
		new_state = process_byte_atr(ih, byte);
		break;
	case ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU:
		if (byte == 0xff) {
			new_state = process_byte_pts(ih, byte);
			goto out_silent;
		}
	case ISO7816_S_IN_APDU:
		new_state = ISO7816_S_IN_APDU;
		break;
	case ISO7816_S_IN_PTS:
		new_state = process_byte_pts(ih, byte);
		goto out_silent;
	}

	/* The USB buffer could be gone in case the timer expired or code above
	 * this line explicitly sent it off */
	if (!ih->rctx)
		refill_rctx(ih);

	rctx = ih->rctx;
	if (!rctx) {
		DEBUGPCR("==> Lost byte, missing rctx");
		return;
	}

	/* store the byte in the USB request context */
	rctx->data[rctx->tot_len] = byte;
	rctx->tot_len++;

	if (rctx->tot_len >= rctx->size || ih->rctx_must_be_sent) {
		ih->rctx_must_be_sent = 0;
		send_rctx(ih);
	}

out_silent:
	if (new_state != -1)
		set_state(ih, new_state);
}

/* timeout of work waiting time during receive */
void iso7816_wtime_expired(void)
{
	/* Always flush the URB at Rx timeout as this indicates end of APDU */
	if (isoh.rctx) {
		isoh.sh.flags |= SIMTRACE_FLAG_WTIME_EXP;
		send_rctx(&isoh);
	}
	if (isoh.state == ISO7816_S_IN_PTS) {
		/* Timout during PTS: Card does not support PTS */
	}
	set_state(&isoh, ISO7816_S_WAIT_APDU);
}

static __ramfunc void usart_irq(void)
{
	u_int32_t csr = usart->US_CSR;
	u_int8_t octet;

	//DEBUGP("USART IRQ, CSR=0x%08x\n", csr);

	if (csr & AT91C_US_RXRDY) {
		/* at least one character received */
		octet = usart->US_RHR & 0xff;
		//DEBUGP("%02x ", octet);
		process_byte(&isoh, octet);
	}

	if (csr & AT91C_US_TXRDY) {
		/* nothing to transmit anymore */
	}

	if (csr & (AT91C_US_PARE|AT91C_US_FRAME|AT91C_US_OVRE)) {
		u_int8_t nb_err = usart->US_NER;
		/* FIXME: some error has occurrerd */
		//DEBUGP("NER=%02x ", nb_err);
		/* clear the status */
		usart->US_CR |= AT91C_US_RSTSTA;
	}

	if (csr & AT91C_US_INACK) {
		/* we would have sent a NACK if INACK was not set */
		usart->US_CR |= AT91C_US_RSTNACK;
	}
}

/* handler for the RST input pin state change */
static void reset_pin_irq(u_int32_t pio)
{
	if (!AT91F_PIO_IsInputSet(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, pio)) {
		DEBUGPCR("nRST");
		set_state(&isoh, ISO7816_S_RESET);
	} else {
		DEBUGPCR("RST");
		set_state(&isoh, ISO7816_S_WAIT_ATR);
	}
}

void iso_uart_dump(void)
{
	u_int32_t csr = usart->US_CSR;

	DEBUGPCR("USART CSR=0x%08x", csr);
}

void iso_uart_rst(unsigned int state)
{
	DEBUGPCR("USART set nRST set state=%u", state);
	switch (state) {
	case 0:
		AT91F_PIO_ClearOutput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
		AT91F_PIO_CfgOutput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
		break;
	case 1:
		AT91F_PIO_SetOutput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
		AT91F_PIO_CfgOutput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
		break;
	default:
		AT91F_PIO_CfgInput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
		break;
	}
}

void iso_uart_rx_mode(void)
{
	DEBUGPCR("USART Entering Rx Mode");
	/* Enable receive interrupts */
	usart->US_IER = AT91C_US_RXRDY | AT91C_US_OVRE | AT91C_US_FRAME |
			AT91C_US_PARE | AT91C_US_NACK | AT91C_US_ITERATION;

	/* call interrupt handler once to set initial state RESET / ATR */
	reset_pin_irq(SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
}

void iso_uart_clk_master(unsigned int master)
{
	DEBUGPCR("USART Clock Master %u", master);
	if (master) {
		usart->US_MR = AT91C_US_USMODE_ISO7816_0 | AT91C_US_CLKS_CLOCK |
				AT91C_US_CHRL_8_BITS | AT91C_US_NBSTOP_1_BIT |
				AT91C_US_CKLO | AT91C_US_INACK;
		usart->US_BRGR = (0x0000 << 16) | 16;
	} else {
		usart->US_MR = AT91C_US_USMODE_ISO7816_0 | AT91C_US_CLKS_EXT |
				AT91C_US_CHRL_8_BITS | AT91C_US_NBSTOP_1_BIT |
				AT91C_US_CKLO | AT91C_US_INACK;
		usart->US_BRGR = (0x0000 << 16) | 0x0001;
	}
}

void iso_uart_init(void)
{
	DEBUGPCR("USART Initializing");

	refill_rctx(&isoh);

	/* make sure we get clock from the power management controller */
	AT91F_US0_CfgPMC();

	/* configure all 3 signals as input */
	AT91F_PIO_CfgPeriph(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_IO, SIMTRACE_PIO_CLK);
	AT91F_PIO_CfgInput(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);

	AT91F_AIC_ConfigureIt(AT91C_BASE_AIC, AT91C_ID_US0,
			      OPENPCD_IRQ_PRIO_USART,
			      AT91C_AIC_SRCTYPE_INT_HIGH_LEVEL, &usart_irq);
	AT91F_AIC_EnableIt(AT91C_BASE_AIC, AT91C_ID_US0);

	usart->US_CR = AT91C_US_RXDIS | AT91C_US_TXDIS |
					(AT91C_US_RSTRX | AT91C_US_RSTTX);
	/* FIXME: wait for some time */
	usart->US_CR = AT91C_US_RXDIS | AT91C_US_TXDIS;

	/* ISO7816 T=0 mode with external clock input */
	usart->US_MR = AT91C_US_USMODE_ISO7816_0 | AT91C_US_CLKS_EXT | 
			AT91C_US_CHRL_8_BITS | AT91C_US_NBSTOP_1_BIT |
			AT91C_US_CKLO | AT91C_US_INACK;

	/* Disable all interrupts */
	usart->US_IDR = 0xff;
	/* Clock Divider = 1, i.e. no division of SCLK */
	usart->US_BRGR = (0x0000 << 16) | 0x0001;
	/* Disable Receiver Time-out */
	usart->US_RTOR = 0;
	/* Disable Transmitter Timeguard */
	usart->US_TTGR = 0;

	pio_irq_register(SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST, &reset_pin_irq);
	AT91F_PIO_CfgInputFilter(AT91C_BASE_PIOA, SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
	pio_irq_enable(SIMTRACE_PIO_nRST);
}