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/*! \file gsm_utils.h
 * GSM utility functions, e.g. coding and decoding. */
/*
 * (C) 2008 by Daniel Willmann <daniel@totalueberwachung.de>
 * (C) 2009 by Holger Hans Peter Freyther <zecke@selfish.org>
 * (C) 2009-2010 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
 *
 * All Rights Reserved
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 * with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 * 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 */

#pragma once

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdint.h>

#include <osmocom/core/defs.h>
#include <osmocom/core/utils.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/protocol/gsm_08_08.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/protocol/gsm_04_08.h>

#define ADD_MODULO(sum, delta, modulo) do {	\
	if ((sum += delta) >= modulo)		\
		sum -= modulo;			\
	} while (0)

#define GSM_MAX_FN	(26*51*2048)

/* Max length of random identifier which can be requested via osmo_get_rand_id() */
#define OSMO_MAX_RAND_ID_LEN 16

struct gsm_time {
	uint32_t	fn;	/* FN count */
	uint16_t	t1;	/* FN div (26*51) */
	uint8_t		t2;	/* FN modulo 26 */
	uint8_t		t3;	/* FN modulo 51 */
	uint8_t		tc;
};

enum gsm_band {
	GSM_BAND_850	= 1,
	GSM_BAND_900	= 2,
	GSM_BAND_1800	= 4,
	GSM_BAND_1900	= 8,
	GSM_BAND_450	= 0x10,
	GSM_BAND_480	= 0x20,
	GSM_BAND_750	= 0x40,
	GSM_BAND_810	= 0x80,
};

const char *gsm_band_name(enum gsm_band band);
enum gsm_band gsm_band_parse(const char *mhz);

int osmo_get_rand_id(uint8_t *out, size_t len);

/*!
 * Decode a sequence of GSM 03.38 encoded 7 bit characters.
 *
 * \param decoded	The destination buffer for the decoded characters.
 * \param n		A maximum of n chars is written (incl. terminating \0).
 * 			Requires n >= 1.
 * \param user_data	A pointer to the start of the packed 7bit character
 *			sequence.
 * \param length	The length of the input sequence in septets, for
 *			example pass octet_length*8/7.
 *
 * \returns the number of (8 bit) chars written excluding the terminating \0.
 * 	    This is the same like strlen(decoded).
 */
int gsm_7bit_decode_n(char *decoded, size_t n, const uint8_t *user_data, uint8_t length);

/*!
 * Decode a sequence of 7 bit characters (USSD encoding).
 *
 * \see gsm_7bit_encode_n()
 */
int gsm_7bit_decode_n_ussd(char *decoded, size_t n, const uint8_t *user_data, uint8_t length);

/*!
 * Encode a text string into GSM 03.38 encoded 7 bit characters.
 *
 * \param result	The destination buffer for the packed 7 bit sequence.
 * \param n		A maximum of n octets is written.
 * \param data		A pointer to the start of the \0 terminated 8 bit character
 *			string.
 * \param octets_written  Iff not NULL, *octets_written will be set to the
 *			number of octets written to the result buffer.
 *
 * \returns the number of septets that have been created.
 */
int gsm_7bit_encode_n(uint8_t *result, size_t n, const char *data, int *octets_written);

/*!
 * Encode a text string into GSM 03.38 encoded 7 bit characters (USSD encoding).
 *
 * \see gsm_7bit_decode_n()
 */
int gsm_7bit_encode_n_ussd(uint8_t *result, size_t n, const char *data, int *octets_written);

/* the four functions below are helper functions and here for the unit test */
int gsm_septets2octets(uint8_t *result, const uint8_t *rdata, uint8_t septet_len, uint8_t padding);
int gsm_septet_encode(uint8_t *result, const char *data);
uint8_t gsm_get_octet_len(const uint8_t sept_len);
int gsm_7bit_decode_n_hdr(char *decoded, size_t n, const uint8_t *user_data, uint8_t length, uint8_t ud_hdr_ind);

unsigned int ms_class_gmsk_dbm(enum gsm_band band, int ms_class);

int ms_pwr_ctl_lvl(enum gsm_band band, unsigned int dbm);
int ms_pwr_dbm(enum gsm_band band, uint8_t lvl);

/* According to TS 05.08 Chapter 8.1.4 */
int rxlev2dbm(uint8_t rxlev);
uint8_t dbm2rxlev(int dbm);

/* According to GSM 04.08 Chapter 10.5.1.6 */
static inline int ms_cm2_a5n_support(uint8_t *cm2, unsigned n) {
	switch (n) {
		case 0: return 1;
		case 1: return (cm2[0] & (1<<3)) ? 0 : 1;
		case 2: return (cm2[2] & (1<<0)) ? 1 : 0;
		case 3: return (cm2[2] & (1<<1)) ? 1 : 0;
		default:
			return 0;
	}
}

/* According to GSM 04.08 Chapter 10.5.1.7 */
static inline int ms_cm3_a5n_support(uint8_t *cm3, unsigned n) {
	switch (n) {
		case 4: return (cm3[0] & (1<<0)) ? 1 : 0;
		case 5: return (cm3[0] & (1<<1)) ? 1 : 0;
		case 6: return (cm3[0] & (1<<2)) ? 1 : 0;
	        case 7: return (cm3[0] & (1<<3)) ? 1 : 0;
		default:
			return 0;
	}
}

/* According to GSM 04.08 Chapter 10.5.2.29 */
static inline int rach_max_trans_val2raw(int val) { return (val >> 1) & 3; }
static inline int rach_max_trans_raw2val(int raw) {
	const int tbl[4] = { 1, 2, 4, 7 };
	return tbl[raw & 3];
}

#define	ARFCN_PCS	0x8000
#define	ARFCN_UPLINK	0x4000
#define	ARFCN_FLAG_MASK	0xf000	/* Reserve the upper 5 bits for flags */

int gsm_arfcn2band_rc(uint16_t arfcn, enum gsm_band *band);
enum gsm_band gsm_arfcn2band(uint16_t arfcn) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_arfcn2band_rc() instead");

/* Convert an ARFCN to the frequency in MHz * 10 */
uint16_t gsm_arfcn2freq10(uint16_t arfcn, int uplink);

/* Convert a Frequency in MHz * 10 to ARFCN */
uint16_t gsm_freq102arfcn(uint16_t freq10, int uplink);

/* Convert from frame number to GSM time */
void gsm_fn2gsmtime(struct gsm_time *time, uint32_t fn);

/* Parse GSM Frame Number into printable string */
char *gsm_fn_as_gsmtime_str(uint32_t fn);

/* Convert from GSM time to frame number */
uint32_t gsm_gsmtime2fn(struct gsm_time *time);

/* Returns static buffer with string representation of a GSM Time */
char *osmo_dump_gsmtime(const struct gsm_time *tm);

/* GSM TS 03.03 Chapter 2.6 */
enum gprs_tlli_type {
	TLLI_LOCAL,
	TLLI_FOREIGN,
	TLLI_RANDOM,
	TLLI_AUXILIARY,
	TLLI_RESERVED,
	TLLI_G_RNTI,
	TLLI_RAND_G_RNTI,
};

/* TS 03.03 Chapter 2.6 */
int gprs_tlli_type(uint32_t tlli);

uint32_t gprs_tmsi2tlli(uint32_t p_tmsi, enum gprs_tlli_type type);

/* Osmocom internal, not part of any gsm spec */
enum gsm_phys_chan_config {
	GSM_PCHAN_NONE,
	GSM_PCHAN_CCCH,
	GSM_PCHAN_CCCH_SDCCH4,
	GSM_PCHAN_TCH_F,
	GSM_PCHAN_TCH_H,
	GSM_PCHAN_SDCCH8_SACCH8C,
	GSM_PCHAN_PDCH,		/* GPRS PDCH */
	GSM_PCHAN_TCH_F_PDCH,	/* TCH/F if used, PDCH otherwise */
	GSM_PCHAN_UNKNOWN,
	GSM_PCHAN_CCCH_SDCCH4_CBCH,
	GSM_PCHAN_SDCCH8_SACCH8C_CBCH,
	GSM_PCHAN_TCH_F_TCH_H_PDCH,
	_GSM_PCHAN_MAX
};

/* Osmocom internal, not part of any gsm spec */
enum gsm_chan_t {
	GSM_LCHAN_NONE,
	GSM_LCHAN_SDCCH,
	GSM_LCHAN_TCH_F,
	GSM_LCHAN_TCH_H,
	GSM_LCHAN_UNKNOWN,
	GSM_LCHAN_CCCH,
	GSM_LCHAN_PDTCH,
	GSM_LCHAN_CBCH,
	_GSM_LCHAN_MAX
};

extern const struct value_string gsm_chan_t_names[];
static inline const char *gsm_chan_t_name(enum gsm48_chan_mode val)
{ return get_value_string(gsm_chan_t_names, val); }

/* Deprectated functions */
/* Limit encoding and decoding to use no more than this amount of buffer bytes */
#define GSM_7BIT_LEGACY_MAX_BUFFER_SIZE  0x10000

int gsm_7bit_decode(char *decoded, const uint8_t *user_data, uint8_t length) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_7bit_decode_n() instead");
int gsm_7bit_decode_ussd(char *decoded, const uint8_t *user_data, uint8_t length) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_7bit_decode_n_ussd() instead");
int gsm_7bit_encode(uint8_t *result, const char *data) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_7bit_encode_n() instead");
int gsm_7bit_encode_ussd(uint8_t *result, const char *data, int *octets_written) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_7bit_encode_n_ussd() instead");
int gsm_7bit_encode_oct(uint8_t *result, const char *data, int *octets_written) OSMO_DEPRECATED("Use gsm_7bit_encode_n() instead");

enum osmo_rat_type {
	OSMO_RAT_UNKNOWN = 0,
	OSMO_RAT_GERAN_A,
	OSMO_RAT_UTRAN_IU,

	/* keep this last */
	OSMO_RAT_COUNT
};

extern const struct value_string osmo_rat_type_names[];
inline static const char *osmo_rat_type_name(enum osmo_rat_type val)
{ return get_value_string(osmo_rat_type_names, val); }