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path: root/sound/usb/pcm.c
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/*
 *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *   (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *   GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 *   Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307 USA
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usb/audio.h>
#include <linux/usb/audio-v2.h>

#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/pcm.h>
#include <sound/pcm_params.h>

#include "usbaudio.h"
#include "card.h"
#include "quirks.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "endpoint.h"
#include "helper.h"
#include "pcm.h"
#include "clock.h"
#include "power.h"

#define SUBSTREAM_FLAG_DATA_EP_STARTED	0
#define SUBSTREAM_FLAG_SYNC_EP_STARTED	1

/* return the estimated delay based on USB frame counters */
snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_usb_pcm_delay(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
				    unsigned int rate)
{
	int current_frame_number;
	int frame_diff;
	int est_delay;

	current_frame_number = usb_get_current_frame_number(subs->dev);
	/*
	 * HCD implementations use different widths, use lower 8 bits.
	 * The delay will be managed up to 256ms, which is more than
	 * enough
	 */
	frame_diff = (current_frame_number - subs->last_frame_number) & 0xff;

	/* Approximation based on number of samples per USB frame (ms),
	   some truncation for 44.1 but the estimate is good enough */
	est_delay =  subs->last_delay - (frame_diff * rate / 1000);
	if (est_delay < 0)
		est_delay = 0;
	return est_delay;
}

/*
 * return the current pcm pointer.  just based on the hwptr_done value.
 */
static snd_pcm_uframes_t snd_usb_pcm_pointer(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs;
	unsigned int hwptr_done;

	subs = (struct snd_usb_substream *)substream->runtime->private_data;
	spin_lock(&subs->lock);
	hwptr_done = subs->hwptr_done;
	substream->runtime->delay = snd_usb_pcm_delay(subs,
						substream->runtime->rate);
	spin_unlock(&subs->lock);
	return hwptr_done / (substream->runtime->frame_bits >> 3);
}

/*
 * find a matching audio format
 */
static struct audioformat *find_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, unsigned int format,
				       unsigned int rate, unsigned int channels)
{
	struct list_head *p;
	struct audioformat *found = NULL;
	int cur_attr = 0, attr;

	list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
		struct audioformat *fp;
		fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
		if (!(fp->formats & (1uLL << format)))
			continue;
		if (fp->channels != channels)
			continue;
		if (rate < fp->rate_min || rate > fp->rate_max)
			continue;
		if (! (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)) {
			unsigned int i;
			for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
				if (fp->rate_table[i] == rate)
					break;
			if (i >= fp->nr_rates)
				continue;
		}
		attr = fp->ep_attr & USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE;
		if (! found) {
			found = fp;
			cur_attr = attr;
			continue;
		}
		/* avoid async out and adaptive in if the other method
		 * supports the same format.
		 * this is a workaround for the case like
		 * M-audio audiophile USB.
		 */
		if (attr != cur_attr) {
			if ((attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC &&
			     subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
			    (attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE &&
			     subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE))
				continue;
			if ((cur_attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC &&
			     subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) ||
			    (cur_attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE &&
			     subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)) {
				found = fp;
				cur_attr = attr;
				continue;
			}
		}
		/* find the format with the largest max. packet size */
		if (fp->maxpacksize > found->maxpacksize) {
			found = fp;
			cur_attr = attr;
		}
	}
	return found;
}

static int init_pitch_v1(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int iface,
			 struct usb_host_interface *alts,
			 struct audioformat *fmt)
{
	struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
	unsigned int ep;
	unsigned char data[1];
	int err;

	ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;

	data[0] = 1;
	if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC_SET_CUR,
				   USB_TYPE_CLASS|USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT|USB_DIR_OUT,
				   UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL << 8, ep,
				   data, sizeof(data))) < 0) {
		snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set enable PITCH\n",
			   dev->devnum, iface, ep);
		return err;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int init_pitch_v2(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int iface,
			 struct usb_host_interface *alts,
			 struct audioformat *fmt)
{
	struct usb_device *dev = chip->dev;
	unsigned char data[1];
	unsigned int ep;
	int err;

	ep = get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bEndpointAddress;

	data[0] = 1;
	if ((err = snd_usb_ctl_msg(dev, usb_sndctrlpipe(dev, 0), UAC2_CS_CUR,
				   USB_TYPE_CLASS | USB_RECIP_ENDPOINT | USB_DIR_OUT,
				   UAC2_EP_CS_PITCH << 8, 0,
				   data, sizeof(data))) < 0) {
		snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d: cannot set enable PITCH (v2)\n",
			   dev->devnum, iface, fmt->altsetting);
		return err;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * initialize the pitch control and sample rate
 */
int snd_usb_init_pitch(struct snd_usb_audio *chip, int iface,
		       struct usb_host_interface *alts,
		       struct audioformat *fmt)
{
	struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);

	/* if endpoint doesn't have pitch control, bail out */
	if (!(fmt->attributes & UAC_EP_CS_ATTR_PITCH_CONTROL))
		return 0;

	switch (altsd->bInterfaceProtocol) {
	case UAC_VERSION_1:
	default:
		return init_pitch_v1(chip, iface, alts, fmt);

	case UAC_VERSION_2:
		return init_pitch_v2(chip, iface, alts, fmt);
	}
}

static int start_endpoints(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
{
	int err;

	if (!subs->data_endpoint)
		return -EINVAL;

	if (!test_and_set_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_DATA_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags)) {
		struct snd_usb_endpoint *ep = subs->data_endpoint;

		snd_printdd(KERN_DEBUG "Starting data EP @%p\n", ep);

		ep->data_subs = subs;
		err = snd_usb_endpoint_start(ep);
		if (err < 0) {
			clear_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_DATA_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags);
			return err;
		}
	}

	if (subs->sync_endpoint &&
	    !test_and_set_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_SYNC_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags)) {
		struct snd_usb_endpoint *ep = subs->sync_endpoint;

		snd_printdd(KERN_DEBUG "Starting sync EP @%p\n", ep);

		ep->sync_slave = subs->data_endpoint;
		err = snd_usb_endpoint_start(ep);
		if (err < 0) {
			clear_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_SYNC_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags);
			return err;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

static void stop_endpoints(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
			   int force, int can_sleep, int wait)
{
	if (test_and_clear_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_SYNC_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags))
		snd_usb_endpoint_stop(subs->sync_endpoint,
				      force, can_sleep, wait);

	if (test_and_clear_bit(SUBSTREAM_FLAG_DATA_EP_STARTED, &subs->flags))
		snd_usb_endpoint_stop(subs->data_endpoint,
				      force, can_sleep, wait);
}

static int activate_endpoints(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
{
	if (subs->sync_endpoint) {
		int ret;

		ret = snd_usb_endpoint_activate(subs->sync_endpoint);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;
	}

	return snd_usb_endpoint_activate(subs->data_endpoint);
}

static int deactivate_endpoints(struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
{
	int reta, retb;

	reta = snd_usb_endpoint_deactivate(subs->sync_endpoint);
	retb = snd_usb_endpoint_deactivate(subs->data_endpoint);

	if (reta < 0)
		return reta;

	if (retb < 0)
		return retb;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * find a matching format and set up the interface
 */
static int set_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs, struct audioformat *fmt)
{
	struct usb_device *dev = subs->dev;
	struct usb_host_interface *alts;
	struct usb_interface_descriptor *altsd;
	struct usb_interface *iface;
	unsigned int ep, attr;
	int is_playback = subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK;
	int err, implicit_fb = 0;

	iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, fmt->iface);
	if (WARN_ON(!iface))
		return -EINVAL;
	alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
	altsd = get_iface_desc(alts);
	if (WARN_ON(altsd->bAlternateSetting != fmt->altsetting))
		return -EINVAL;

	if (fmt == subs->cur_audiofmt)
		return 0;

	subs->data_endpoint = snd_usb_add_endpoint(subs->stream->chip,
						   alts, fmt->endpoint, subs->direction,
						   SND_USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_DATA);
	if (!subs->data_endpoint)
		return -EINVAL;

	/* we need a sync pipe in async OUT or adaptive IN mode */
	/* check the number of EP, since some devices have broken
	 * descriptors which fool us.  if it has only one EP,
	 * assume it as adaptive-out or sync-in.
	 */
	attr = fmt->ep_attr & USB_ENDPOINT_SYNCTYPE;

	switch (subs->stream->chip->usb_id) {
	case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2080): /* M-Audio FastTrack Ultra */
	case USB_ID(0x0763, 0x2081):
		if (is_playback) {
			implicit_fb = 1;
			ep = 0x81;
			iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(dev, 2);

			if (!iface || iface->num_altsetting == 0)
				return -EINVAL;

			alts = &iface->altsetting[1];
			goto add_sync_ep;
		}
	}

	if (((is_playback && attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ASYNC) ||
	     (!is_playback && attr == USB_ENDPOINT_SYNC_ADAPTIVE)) &&
	    altsd->bNumEndpoints >= 2) {
		/* check sync-pipe endpoint */
		/* ... and check descriptor size before accessing bSynchAddress
		   because there is a version of the SB Audigy 2 NX firmware lacking
		   the audio fields in the endpoint descriptors */
		if ((get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_XFERTYPE_MASK) != 0x01 ||
		    (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
		     get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bSynchAddress != 0 &&
		     !implicit_fb)) {
			snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
				   dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
			return -EINVAL;
		}
		ep = get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bEndpointAddress;
		if (get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bLength >= USB_DT_ENDPOINT_AUDIO_SIZE &&
		    (( is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress | USB_DIR_IN)) ||
		     (!is_playback && ep != (unsigned int)(get_endpoint(alts, 0)->bSynchAddress & ~USB_DIR_IN)) ||
		     ( is_playback && !implicit_fb))) {
			snd_printk(KERN_ERR "%d:%d:%d : invalid synch pipe\n",
				   dev->devnum, fmt->iface, fmt->altsetting);
			return -EINVAL;
		}

		implicit_fb = (get_endpoint(alts, 1)->bmAttributes & USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_MASK)
				== USB_ENDPOINT_USAGE_IMPLICIT_FB;

add_sync_ep:
		subs->sync_endpoint = snd_usb_add_endpoint(subs->stream->chip,
							   alts, ep, !subs->direction,
							   implicit_fb ?
								SND_USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_DATA :
								SND_USB_ENDPOINT_TYPE_SYNC);
		if (!subs->sync_endpoint)
			return -EINVAL;

		subs->data_endpoint->sync_master = subs->sync_endpoint;
	}

	if ((err = snd_usb_init_pitch(subs->stream->chip, subs->interface, alts, fmt)) < 0)
		return err;

	subs->cur_audiofmt = fmt;

	snd_usb_set_format_quirk(subs, fmt);

#if 0
	printk(KERN_DEBUG
	       "setting done: format = %d, rate = %d..%d, channels = %d\n",
	       fmt->format, fmt->rate_min, fmt->rate_max, fmt->channels);
	printk(KERN_DEBUG
	       "  datapipe = 0x%0x, syncpipe = 0x%0x\n",
	       subs->datapipe, subs->syncpipe);
#endif

	return 0;
}

/*
 * hw_params callback
 *
 * allocate a buffer and set the given audio format.
 *
 * so far we use a physically linear buffer although packetize transfer
 * doesn't need a continuous area.
 * if sg buffer is supported on the later version of alsa, we'll follow
 * that.
 */
static int snd_usb_hw_params(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
			     struct snd_pcm_hw_params *hw_params)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;
	struct audioformat *fmt;
	unsigned int channels, rate, format;
	int ret, changed;

	ret = snd_pcm_lib_alloc_vmalloc_buffer(substream,
					       params_buffer_bytes(hw_params));
	if (ret < 0)
		return ret;

	format = params_format(hw_params);
	rate = params_rate(hw_params);
	channels = params_channels(hw_params);
	fmt = find_format(subs, format, rate, channels);
	if (!fmt) {
		snd_printd(KERN_DEBUG "cannot set format: format = %#x, rate = %d, channels = %d\n",
			   format, rate, channels);
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	changed = subs->cur_audiofmt != fmt ||
		subs->period_bytes != params_period_bytes(hw_params) ||
		subs->cur_rate != rate;
	if ((ret = set_format(subs, fmt)) < 0)
		return ret;

	if (subs->cur_rate != rate) {
		struct usb_host_interface *alts;
		struct usb_interface *iface;
		iface = usb_ifnum_to_if(subs->dev, fmt->iface);
		alts = &iface->altsetting[fmt->altset_idx];
		ret = snd_usb_init_sample_rate(subs->stream->chip, subs->interface, alts, fmt, rate);
		if (ret < 0)
			return ret;
		subs->cur_rate = rate;
	}

	if (changed) {
		mutex_lock(&subs->stream->chip->shutdown_mutex);
		/* format changed */
		stop_endpoints(subs, 0, 0, 0);
		deactivate_endpoints(subs);

		ret = activate_endpoints(subs);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto unlock;

		ret = snd_usb_endpoint_set_params(subs->data_endpoint, hw_params, fmt,
						  subs->sync_endpoint);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto unlock;

		if (subs->sync_endpoint)
			ret = snd_usb_endpoint_set_params(subs->sync_endpoint,
							  hw_params, fmt, NULL);
unlock:
		mutex_unlock(&subs->stream->chip->shutdown_mutex);
	}

	if (ret == 0) {
		subs->interface = fmt->iface;
		subs->altset_idx = fmt->altset_idx;
	}

	return ret;
}

/*
 * hw_free callback
 *
 * reset the audio format and release the buffer
 */
static int snd_usb_hw_free(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;

	subs->cur_audiofmt = NULL;
	subs->cur_rate = 0;
	subs->period_bytes = 0;
	mutex_lock(&subs->stream->chip->shutdown_mutex);
	stop_endpoints(subs, 0, 1, 1);
	mutex_unlock(&subs->stream->chip->shutdown_mutex);
	return snd_pcm_lib_free_vmalloc_buffer(substream);
}

/*
 * prepare callback
 *
 * only a few subtle things...
 */
static int snd_usb_pcm_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = runtime->private_data;

	if (! subs->cur_audiofmt) {
		snd_printk(KERN_ERR "usbaudio: no format is specified!\n");
		return -ENXIO;
	}

	if (snd_BUG_ON(!subs->data_endpoint))
		return -EIO;

	/* some unit conversions in runtime */
	subs->data_endpoint->maxframesize =
		bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->data_endpoint->maxpacksize);
	subs->data_endpoint->curframesize =
		bytes_to_frames(runtime, subs->data_endpoint->curpacksize);

	/* reset the pointer */
	subs->hwptr_done = 0;
	subs->transfer_done = 0;
	subs->last_delay = 0;
	subs->last_frame_number = 0;
	runtime->delay = 0;

	/* for playback, submit the URBs now; otherwise, the first hwptr_done
	 * updates for all URBs would happen at the same time when starting */
	if (subs->direction == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
		return start_endpoints(subs);

	return 0;
}

static struct snd_pcm_hardware snd_usb_hardware =
{
	.info =			SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP |
				SNDRV_PCM_INFO_MMAP_VALID |
				SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BATCH |
				SNDRV_PCM_INFO_INTERLEAVED |
				SNDRV_PCM_INFO_BLOCK_TRANSFER |
				SNDRV_PCM_INFO_PAUSE,
	.buffer_bytes_max =	1024 * 1024,
	.period_bytes_min =	64,
	.period_bytes_max =	512 * 1024,
	.periods_min =		2,
	.periods_max =		1024,
};

static int hw_check_valid_format(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
				 struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
				 struct audioformat *fp)
{
	struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
	struct snd_interval *ct = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
	struct snd_mask *fmts = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
	struct snd_interval *pt = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME);
	struct snd_mask check_fmts;
	unsigned int ptime;

	/* check the format */
	snd_mask_none(&check_fmts);
	check_fmts.bits[0] = (u32)fp->formats;
	check_fmts.bits[1] = (u32)(fp->formats >> 32);
	snd_mask_intersect(&check_fmts, fmts);
	if (snd_mask_empty(&check_fmts)) {
		hwc_debug("   > check: no supported format %d\n", fp->format);
		return 0;
	}
	/* check the channels */
	if (fp->channels < ct->min || fp->channels > ct->max) {
		hwc_debug("   > check: no valid channels %d (%d/%d)\n", fp->channels, ct->min, ct->max);
		return 0;
	}
	/* check the rate is within the range */
	if (fp->rate_min > it->max || (fp->rate_min == it->max && it->openmax)) {
		hwc_debug("   > check: rate_min %d > max %d\n", fp->rate_min, it->max);
		return 0;
	}
	if (fp->rate_max < it->min || (fp->rate_max == it->min && it->openmin)) {
		hwc_debug("   > check: rate_max %d < min %d\n", fp->rate_max, it->min);
		return 0;
	}
	/* check whether the period time is >= the data packet interval */
	if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) != USB_SPEED_FULL) {
		ptime = 125 * (1 << fp->datainterval);
		if (ptime > pt->max || (ptime == pt->max && pt->openmax)) {
			hwc_debug("   > check: ptime %u > max %u\n", ptime, pt->max);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	return 1;
}

static int hw_rule_rate(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
			struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
	struct list_head *p;
	struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE);
	unsigned int rmin, rmax;
	int changed;

	hwc_debug("hw_rule_rate: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
	changed = 0;
	rmin = rmax = 0;
	list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
		struct audioformat *fp;
		fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
		if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
			continue;
		if (changed++) {
			if (rmin > fp->rate_min)
				rmin = fp->rate_min;
			if (rmax < fp->rate_max)
				rmax = fp->rate_max;
		} else {
			rmin = fp->rate_min;
			rmax = fp->rate_max;
		}
	}

	if (!changed) {
		hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	changed = 0;
	if (it->min < rmin) {
		it->min = rmin;
		it->openmin = 0;
		changed = 1;
	}
	if (it->max > rmax) {
		it->max = rmax;
		it->openmax = 0;
		changed = 1;
	}
	if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
	return changed;
}


static int hw_rule_channels(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
			    struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
	struct list_head *p;
	struct snd_interval *it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS);
	unsigned int rmin, rmax;
	int changed;

	hwc_debug("hw_rule_channels: (%d,%d)\n", it->min, it->max);
	changed = 0;
	rmin = rmax = 0;
	list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
		struct audioformat *fp;
		fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
		if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
			continue;
		if (changed++) {
			if (rmin > fp->channels)
				rmin = fp->channels;
			if (rmax < fp->channels)
				rmax = fp->channels;
		} else {
			rmin = fp->channels;
			rmax = fp->channels;
		}
	}

	if (!changed) {
		hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	changed = 0;
	if (it->min < rmin) {
		it->min = rmin;
		it->openmin = 0;
		changed = 1;
	}
	if (it->max > rmax) {
		it->max = rmax;
		it->openmax = 0;
		changed = 1;
	}
	if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	hwc_debug("  --> (%d, %d) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
	return changed;
}

static int hw_rule_format(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
			  struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
	struct list_head *p;
	struct snd_mask *fmt = hw_param_mask(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT);
	u64 fbits;
	u32 oldbits[2];
	int changed;

	hwc_debug("hw_rule_format: %x:%x\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1]);
	fbits = 0;
	list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
		struct audioformat *fp;
		fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
		if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
			continue;
		fbits |= fp->formats;
	}

	oldbits[0] = fmt->bits[0];
	oldbits[1] = fmt->bits[1];
	fmt->bits[0] &= (u32)fbits;
	fmt->bits[1] &= (u32)(fbits >> 32);
	if (!fmt->bits[0] && !fmt->bits[1]) {
		hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	changed = (oldbits[0] != fmt->bits[0] || oldbits[1] != fmt->bits[1]);
	hwc_debug("  --> %x:%x (changed = %d)\n", fmt->bits[0], fmt->bits[1], changed);
	return changed;
}

static int hw_rule_period_time(struct snd_pcm_hw_params *params,
			       struct snd_pcm_hw_rule *rule)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = rule->private;
	struct audioformat *fp;
	struct snd_interval *it;
	unsigned char min_datainterval;
	unsigned int pmin;
	int changed;

	it = hw_param_interval(params, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME);
	hwc_debug("hw_rule_period_time: (%u,%u)\n", it->min, it->max);
	min_datainterval = 0xff;
	list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
		if (!hw_check_valid_format(subs, params, fp))
			continue;
		min_datainterval = min(min_datainterval, fp->datainterval);
	}
	if (min_datainterval == 0xff) {
		hwc_debug("  --> get empty\n");
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	pmin = 125 * (1 << min_datainterval);
	changed = 0;
	if (it->min < pmin) {
		it->min = pmin;
		it->openmin = 0;
		changed = 1;
	}
	if (snd_interval_checkempty(it)) {
		it->empty = 1;
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	hwc_debug("  --> (%u,%u) (changed = %d)\n", it->min, it->max, changed);
	return changed;
}

/*
 *  If the device supports unusual bit rates, does the request meet these?
 */
static int snd_usb_pcm_check_knot(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime,
				  struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
{
	struct audioformat *fp;
	int *rate_list;
	int count = 0, needs_knot = 0;
	int err;

	kfree(subs->rate_list.list);
	subs->rate_list.list = NULL;

	list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
		if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)
			return 0;
		count += fp->nr_rates;
		if (fp->rates & SNDRV_PCM_RATE_KNOT)
			needs_knot = 1;
	}
	if (!needs_knot)
		return 0;

	subs->rate_list.list = rate_list =
		kmalloc(sizeof(int) * count, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!subs->rate_list.list)
		return -ENOMEM;
	subs->rate_list.count = count;
	subs->rate_list.mask = 0;
	count = 0;
	list_for_each_entry(fp, &subs->fmt_list, list) {
		int i;
		for (i = 0; i < fp->nr_rates; i++)
			rate_list[count++] = fp->rate_table[i];
	}
	err = snd_pcm_hw_constraint_list(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
					 &subs->rate_list);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	return 0;
}


/*
 * set up the runtime hardware information.
 */

static int setup_hw_info(struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime, struct snd_usb_substream *subs)
{
	struct list_head *p;
	unsigned int pt, ptmin;
	int param_period_time_if_needed;
	int err;

	runtime->hw.formats = subs->formats;

	runtime->hw.rate_min = 0x7fffffff;
	runtime->hw.rate_max = 0;
	runtime->hw.channels_min = 256;
	runtime->hw.channels_max = 0;
	runtime->hw.rates = 0;
	ptmin = UINT_MAX;
	/* check min/max rates and channels */
	list_for_each(p, &subs->fmt_list) {
		struct audioformat *fp;
		fp = list_entry(p, struct audioformat, list);
		runtime->hw.rates |= fp->rates;
		if (runtime->hw.rate_min > fp->rate_min)
			runtime->hw.rate_min = fp->rate_min;
		if (runtime->hw.rate_max < fp->rate_max)
			runtime->hw.rate_max = fp->rate_max;
		if (runtime->hw.channels_min > fp->channels)
			runtime->hw.channels_min = fp->channels;
		if (runtime->hw.channels_max < fp->channels)
			runtime->hw.channels_max = fp->channels;
		if (fp->fmt_type == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II && fp->frame_size > 0) {
			/* FIXME: there might be more than one audio formats... */
			runtime->hw.period_bytes_min = runtime->hw.period_bytes_max =
				fp->frame_size;
		}
		pt = 125 * (1 << fp->datainterval);
		ptmin = min(ptmin, pt);
	}
	err = snd_usb_autoresume(subs->stream->chip);
	if (err < 0)
		return err;

	param_period_time_if_needed = SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME;
	if (snd_usb_get_speed(subs->dev) == USB_SPEED_FULL)
		/* full speed devices have fixed data packet interval */
		ptmin = 1000;
	if (ptmin == 1000)
		/* if period time doesn't go below 1 ms, no rules needed */
		param_period_time_if_needed = -1;
	snd_pcm_hw_constraint_minmax(runtime, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
				     ptmin, UINT_MAX);

	if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
				       hw_rule_rate, subs,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
				       param_period_time_if_needed,
				       -1)) < 0)
		goto rep_err;
	if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
				       hw_rule_channels, subs,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
				       param_period_time_if_needed,
				       -1)) < 0)
		goto rep_err;
	if ((err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0, SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
				       hw_rule_format, subs,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
				       SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
				       param_period_time_if_needed,
				       -1)) < 0)
		goto rep_err;
	if (param_period_time_if_needed >= 0) {
		err = snd_pcm_hw_rule_add(runtime, 0,
					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_PERIOD_TIME,
					  hw_rule_period_time, subs,
					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_FORMAT,
					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_CHANNELS,
					  SNDRV_PCM_HW_PARAM_RATE,
					  -1);
		if (err < 0)
			goto rep_err;
	}
	if ((err = snd_usb_pcm_check_knot(runtime, subs)) < 0)
		goto rep_err;
	return 0;

rep_err:
	snd_usb_autosuspend(subs->stream->chip);
	return err;
}

static int snd_usb_pcm_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
{
	struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];

	subs->interface = -1;
	subs->altset_idx = 0;
	runtime->hw = snd_usb_hardware;
	runtime->private_data = subs;
	subs->pcm_substream = substream;
	/* runtime PM is also done there */
	return setup_hw_info(runtime, subs);
}

static int snd_usb_pcm_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int direction)
{
	int ret;
	struct snd_usb_stream *as = snd_pcm_substream_chip(substream);
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = &as->substream[direction];

	stop_endpoints(subs, 0, 0, 0);
	ret = deactivate_endpoints(subs);
	subs->pcm_substream = NULL;
	snd_usb_autosuspend(subs->stream->chip);

	return ret;
}

/* Since a URB can handle only a single linear buffer, we must use double
 * buffering when the data to be transferred overflows the buffer boundary.
 * To avoid inconsistencies when updating hwptr_done, we use double buffering
 * for all URBs.
 */
static void retire_capture_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
			       struct urb *urb)
{
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->pcm_substream->runtime;
	unsigned int stride, frames, bytes, oldptr;
	int i, period_elapsed = 0;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned char *cp;

	stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;

	for (i = 0; i < urb->number_of_packets; i++) {
		cp = (unsigned char *)urb->transfer_buffer + urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset;
		if (urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status && printk_ratelimit()) {
			snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "frame %d active: %d\n", i, urb->iso_frame_desc[i].status);
			// continue;
		}
		bytes = urb->iso_frame_desc[i].actual_length;
		frames = bytes / stride;
		if (!subs->txfr_quirk)
			bytes = frames * stride;
		if (bytes % (runtime->sample_bits >> 3) != 0) {
#ifdef CONFIG_SND_DEBUG_VERBOSE
			int oldbytes = bytes;
#endif
			bytes = frames * stride;
			snd_printdd(KERN_ERR "Corrected urb data len. %d->%d\n",
							oldbytes, bytes);
		}
		/* update the current pointer */
		spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
		oldptr = subs->hwptr_done;
		subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
		if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size * stride)
			subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
		frames = (bytes + (oldptr % stride)) / stride;
		subs->transfer_done += frames;
		if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
			subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
			period_elapsed = 1;
		}
		spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
		/* copy a data chunk */
		if (oldptr + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
			unsigned int bytes1 =
					runtime->buffer_size * stride - oldptr;
			memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr, cp, bytes1);
			memcpy(runtime->dma_area, cp + bytes1, bytes - bytes1);
		} else {
			memcpy(runtime->dma_area + oldptr, cp, bytes);
		}
	}

	if (period_elapsed)
		snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
}

static void prepare_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
				 struct urb *urb)
{
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->pcm_substream->runtime;
	struct snd_urb_ctx *ctx = urb->context;
	unsigned int counts, frames, bytes;
	int i, stride, period_elapsed = 0;
	unsigned long flags;

	stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;

	frames = 0;
	urb->number_of_packets = 0;
	spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
	for (i = 0; i < ctx->packets; i++) {
		counts = ctx->packet_size[i];
		/* set up descriptor */
		urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset = frames * stride;
		urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = counts * stride;
		frames += counts;
		urb->number_of_packets++;
		subs->transfer_done += counts;
		if (subs->transfer_done >= runtime->period_size) {
			subs->transfer_done -= runtime->period_size;
			period_elapsed = 1;
			if (subs->fmt_type == UAC_FORMAT_TYPE_II) {
				if (subs->transfer_done > 0) {
					/* FIXME: fill-max mode is not
					 * supported yet */
					frames -= subs->transfer_done;
					counts -= subs->transfer_done;
					urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length =
						counts * stride;
					subs->transfer_done = 0;
				}
				i++;
				if (i < ctx->packets) {
					/* add a transfer delimiter */
					urb->iso_frame_desc[i].offset =
						frames * stride;
					urb->iso_frame_desc[i].length = 0;
					urb->number_of_packets++;
				}
				break;
			}
		}
		if (period_elapsed &&
		    !snd_usb_endpoint_implict_feedback_sink(subs->data_endpoint)) /* finish at the period boundary */
			break;
	}
	bytes = frames * stride;
	if (subs->hwptr_done + bytes > runtime->buffer_size * stride) {
		/* err, the transferred area goes over buffer boundary. */
		unsigned int bytes1 =
			runtime->buffer_size * stride - subs->hwptr_done;
		memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
		       runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes1);
		memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer + bytes1,
		       runtime->dma_area, bytes - bytes1);
	} else {
		memcpy(urb->transfer_buffer,
		       runtime->dma_area + subs->hwptr_done, bytes);
	}
	subs->hwptr_done += bytes;
	if (subs->hwptr_done >= runtime->buffer_size * stride)
		subs->hwptr_done -= runtime->buffer_size * stride;
	runtime->delay += frames;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
	urb->transfer_buffer_length = bytes;
	if (period_elapsed)
		snd_pcm_period_elapsed(subs->pcm_substream);
}

/*
 * process after playback data complete
 * - decrease the delay count again
 */
static void retire_playback_urb(struct snd_usb_substream *subs,
			       struct urb *urb)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = subs->pcm_substream->runtime;
	int stride = runtime->frame_bits >> 3;
	int processed = urb->transfer_buffer_length / stride;

	spin_lock_irqsave(&subs->lock, flags);
	if (processed > runtime->delay)
		runtime->delay = 0;
	else
		runtime->delay -= processed;
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&subs->lock, flags);
}

static int snd_usb_playback_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
}

static int snd_usb_playback_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK);
}

static int snd_usb_capture_open(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	return snd_usb_pcm_open(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
}

static int snd_usb_capture_close(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	return snd_usb_pcm_close(substream, SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE);
}

static int snd_usb_substream_playback_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream,
					      int cmd)
{
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;

	switch (cmd) {
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
		subs->data_endpoint->prepare_data_urb = prepare_playback_urb;
		subs->data_endpoint->retire_data_urb = retire_playback_urb;
		subs->running = 1;
		return 0;
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
		stop_endpoints(subs, 0, 0, 0);
		subs->running = 0;
		return 0;
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
		subs->data_endpoint->prepare_data_urb = NULL;
		subs->data_endpoint->retire_data_urb = NULL;
		subs->running = 0;
		return 0;
	}

	return -EINVAL;
}

int snd_usb_substream_capture_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
{
	int err;
	struct snd_usb_substream *subs = substream->runtime->private_data;

	switch (cmd) {
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
		err = start_endpoints(subs);
		if (err < 0)
			return err;

		subs->data_endpoint->retire_data_urb = retire_capture_urb;
		subs->running = 1;
		return 0;
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
		stop_endpoints(subs, 0, 0, 0);
		subs->running = 0;
		return 0;
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
		subs->data_endpoint->retire_data_urb = NULL;
		subs->running = 0;
		return 0;
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
		subs->data_endpoint->retire_data_urb = retire_capture_urb;
		subs->running = 1;
		return 0;
	}

	return -EINVAL;
}

static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_playback_ops = {
	.open =		snd_usb_playback_open,
	.close =	snd_usb_playback_close,
	.ioctl =	snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
	.hw_params =	snd_usb_hw_params,
	.hw_free =	snd_usb_hw_free,
	.prepare =	snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
	.trigger =	snd_usb_substream_playback_trigger,
	.pointer =	snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
	.page =		snd_pcm_lib_get_vmalloc_page,
	.mmap =		snd_pcm_lib_mmap_vmalloc,
};

static struct snd_pcm_ops snd_usb_capture_ops = {
	.open =		snd_usb_capture_open,
	.close =	snd_usb_capture_close,
	.ioctl =	snd_pcm_lib_ioctl,
	.hw_params =	snd_usb_hw_params,
	.hw_free =	snd_usb_hw_free,
	.prepare =	snd_usb_pcm_prepare,
	.trigger =	snd_usb_substream_capture_trigger,
	.pointer =	snd_usb_pcm_pointer,
	.page =		snd_pcm_lib_get_vmalloc_page,
	.mmap =		snd_pcm_lib_mmap_vmalloc,
};

void snd_usb_set_pcm_ops(struct snd_pcm *pcm, int stream)
{
	snd_pcm_set_ops(pcm, stream,
			stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK ?
			&snd_usb_playback_ops : &snd_usb_capture_ops);
}