aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/include/linux/mtd/cfi.h
blob: d5d2ec6494bbefc3c662352d57a7fe794955ab36 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
/*
 * Copyright © 2000-2010 David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org> et al.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
 *
 */

#ifndef __MTD_CFI_H__
#define __MTD_CFI_H__

#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/mtd/flashchip.h>
#include <linux/mtd/map.h>
#include <linux/mtd/cfi_endian.h>
#include <linux/mtd/xip.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I1
#define cfi_interleave(cfi) 1
#define cfi_interleave_is_1(cfi) (cfi_interleave(cfi) == 1)
#else
#define cfi_interleave_is_1(cfi) (0)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I2
# ifdef cfi_interleave
#  undef cfi_interleave
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) ((cfi)->interleave)
# else
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) 2
# endif
#define cfi_interleave_is_2(cfi) (cfi_interleave(cfi) == 2)
#else
#define cfi_interleave_is_2(cfi) (0)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I4
# ifdef cfi_interleave
#  undef cfi_interleave
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) ((cfi)->interleave)
# else
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) 4
# endif
#define cfi_interleave_is_4(cfi) (cfi_interleave(cfi) == 4)
#else
#define cfi_interleave_is_4(cfi) (0)
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I8
# ifdef cfi_interleave
#  undef cfi_interleave
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) ((cfi)->interleave)
# else
#  define cfi_interleave(cfi) 8
# endif
#define cfi_interleave_is_8(cfi) (cfi_interleave(cfi) == 8)
#else
#define cfi_interleave_is_8(cfi) (0)
#endif

#ifndef cfi_interleave
#warning No CONFIG_MTD_CFI_Ix selected. No NOR chip support can work.
static inline int cfi_interleave(void *cfi)
{
	BUG();
	return 0;
}
#endif

static inline int cfi_interleave_supported(int i)
{
	switch (i) {
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I1
	case 1:
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I2
	case 2:
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I4
	case 4:
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MTD_CFI_I8
	case 8:
#endif
		return 1;

	default:
		return 0;
	}
}


/* NB: these values must represents the number of bytes needed to meet the
 *     device type (x8, x16, x32).  Eg. a 32 bit device is 4 x 8 bytes.
 *     These numbers are used in calculations.
 */
#define CFI_DEVICETYPE_X8  (8 / 8)
#define CFI_DEVICETYPE_X16 (16 / 8)
#define CFI_DEVICETYPE_X32 (32 / 8)
#define CFI_DEVICETYPE_X64 (64 / 8)


/* Device Interface Code Assignments from the "Common Flash Memory Interface
 * Publication 100" dated December 1, 2001.
 */
#define CFI_INTERFACE_X8_ASYNC		0x0000
#define CFI_INTERFACE_X16_ASYNC		0x0001
#define CFI_INTERFACE_X8_BY_X16_ASYNC	0x0002
#define CFI_INTERFACE_X32_ASYNC		0x0003
#define CFI_INTERFACE_X16_BY_X32_ASYNC	0x0005
#define CFI_INTERFACE_NOT_ALLOWED	0xffff


/* NB: We keep these structures in memory in HOST byteorder, except
 * where individually noted.
 */

/* Basic Query Structure */
struct cfi_ident {
	uint8_t  qry[3];
	uint16_t P_ID;
	uint16_t P_ADR;
	uint16_t A_ID;
	uint16_t A_ADR;
	uint8_t  VccMin;
	uint8_t  VccMax;
	uint8_t  VppMin;
	uint8_t  VppMax;
	uint8_t  WordWriteTimeoutTyp;
	uint8_t  BufWriteTimeoutTyp;
	uint8_t  BlockEraseTimeoutTyp;
	uint8_t  ChipEraseTimeoutTyp;
	uint8_t  WordWriteTimeoutMax;
	uint8_t  BufWriteTimeoutMax;
	uint8_t  BlockEraseTimeoutMax;
	uint8_t  ChipEraseTimeoutMax;
	uint8_t  DevSize;
	uint16_t InterfaceDesc;
	uint16_t MaxBufWriteSize;
	uint8_t  NumEraseRegions;
	uint32_t EraseRegionInfo[0]; /* Not host ordered */
} __attribute__((packed));

/* Extended Query Structure for both PRI and ALT */

struct cfi_extquery {
	uint8_t  pri[3];
	uint8_t  MajorVersion;
	uint8_t  MinorVersion;
} __attribute__((packed));

/* Vendor-Specific PRI for Intel/Sharp Extended Command Set (0x0001) */

struct cfi_pri_intelext {
	uint8_t  pri[3];
	uint8_t  MajorVersion;
	uint8_t  MinorVersion;
	uint32_t FeatureSupport; /* if bit 31 is set then an additional uint32_t feature
				    block follows - FIXME - not currently supported */
	uint8_t  SuspendCmdSupport;
	uint16_t BlkStatusRegMask;
	uint8_t  VccOptimal;
	uint8_t  VppOptimal;
	uint8_t  NumProtectionFields;
	uint16_t ProtRegAddr;
	uint8_t  FactProtRegSize;
	uint8_t  UserProtRegSize;
	uint8_t  extra[0];
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_intelext_otpinfo {
	uint32_t ProtRegAddr;
	uint16_t FactGroups;
	uint8_t  FactProtRegSize;
	uint16_t UserGroups;
	uint8_t  UserProtRegSize;
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_intelext_blockinfo {
	uint16_t NumIdentBlocks;
	uint16_t BlockSize;
	uint16_t MinBlockEraseCycles;
	uint8_t  BitsPerCell;
	uint8_t  BlockCap;
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_intelext_regioninfo {
	uint16_t NumIdentPartitions;
	uint8_t  NumOpAllowed;
	uint8_t  NumOpAllowedSimProgMode;
	uint8_t  NumOpAllowedSimEraMode;
	uint8_t  NumBlockTypes;
	struct cfi_intelext_blockinfo BlockTypes[1];
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_intelext_programming_regioninfo {
	uint8_t  ProgRegShift;
	uint8_t  Reserved1;
	uint8_t  ControlValid;
	uint8_t  Reserved2;
	uint8_t  ControlInvalid;
	uint8_t  Reserved3;
} __attribute__((packed));

/* Vendor-Specific PRI for AMD/Fujitsu Extended Command Set (0x0002) */

struct cfi_pri_amdstd {
	uint8_t  pri[3];
	uint8_t  MajorVersion;
	uint8_t  MinorVersion;
	uint8_t  SiliconRevision; /* bits 1-0: Address Sensitive Unlock */
	uint8_t  EraseSuspend;
	uint8_t  BlkProt;
	uint8_t  TmpBlkUnprotect;
	uint8_t  BlkProtUnprot;
	uint8_t  SimultaneousOps;
	uint8_t  BurstMode;
	uint8_t  PageMode;
	uint8_t  VppMin;
	uint8_t  VppMax;
	uint8_t  TopBottom;
} __attribute__((packed));

/* Vendor-Specific PRI for Atmel chips (command set 0x0002) */

struct cfi_pri_atmel {
	uint8_t pri[3];
	uint8_t MajorVersion;
	uint8_t MinorVersion;
	uint8_t Features;
	uint8_t BottomBoot;
	uint8_t BurstMode;
	uint8_t PageMode;
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_pri_query {
	uint8_t  NumFields;
	uint32_t ProtField[1]; /* Not host ordered */
} __attribute__((packed));

struct cfi_bri_query {
	uint8_t  PageModeReadCap;
	uint8_t  NumFields;
	uint32_t ConfField[1]; /* Not host ordered */
} __attribute__((packed));

#define P_ID_NONE               0x0000
#define P_ID_INTEL_EXT          0x0001
#define P_ID_AMD_STD            0x0002
#define P_ID_INTEL_STD          0x0003
#define P_ID_AMD_EXT            0x0004
#define P_ID_WINBOND            0x0006
#define P_ID_ST_ADV             0x0020
#define P_ID_MITSUBISHI_STD     0x0100
#define P_ID_MITSUBISHI_EXT     0x0101
#define P_ID_SST_PAGE           0x0102
#define P_ID_SST_OLD            0x0701
#define P_ID_INTEL_PERFORMANCE  0x0200
#define P_ID_INTEL_DATA         0x0210
#define P_ID_RESERVED           0xffff


#define CFI_MODE_CFI	1
#define CFI_MODE_JEDEC	0

struct cfi_private {
	uint16_t cmdset;
	void *cmdset_priv;
	int interleave;
	int device_type;
	int cfi_mode;		/* Are we a JEDEC device pretending to be CFI? */
	int addr_unlock1;
	int addr_unlock2;
	struct mtd_info *(*cmdset_setup)(struct map_info *);
	struct cfi_ident *cfiq; /* For now only one. We insist that all devs
				  must be of the same type. */
	int mfr, id;
	int numchips;
	map_word sector_erase_cmd;
	unsigned long chipshift; /* Because they're of the same type */
	const char *im_name;	 /* inter_module name for cmdset_setup */
	struct flchip chips[0];  /* per-chip data structure for each chip */
};

/*
 * Returns the command address according to the given geometry.
 */
static inline uint32_t cfi_build_cmd_addr(uint32_t cmd_ofs,
				struct map_info *map, struct cfi_private *cfi)
{
	unsigned bankwidth = map_bankwidth(map);
	unsigned interleave = cfi_interleave(cfi);
	unsigned type = cfi->device_type;
	uint32_t addr;
	
	addr = (cmd_ofs * type) * interleave;

	/* Modify the unlock address if we are in compatibility mode.
	 * For 16bit devices on 8 bit busses
	 * and 32bit devices on 16 bit busses
	 * set the low bit of the alternating bit sequence of the address.
	 */
	if (((type * interleave) > bankwidth) && ((cmd_ofs & 0xff) == 0xaa))
		addr |= (type >> 1)*interleave;

	return  addr;
}

/*
 * Transforms the CFI command for the given geometry (bus width & interleave).
 * It looks too long to be inline, but in the common case it should almost all
 * get optimised away.
 */
static inline map_word cfi_build_cmd(u_long cmd, struct map_info *map, struct cfi_private *cfi)
{
	map_word val = { {0} };
	int wordwidth, words_per_bus, chip_mode, chips_per_word;
	unsigned long onecmd;
	int i;

	/* We do it this way to give the compiler a fighting chance
	   of optimising away all the crap for 'bankwidth' larger than
	   an unsigned long, in the common case where that support is
	   disabled */
	if (map_bankwidth_is_large(map)) {
		wordwidth = sizeof(unsigned long);
		words_per_bus = (map_bankwidth(map)) / wordwidth; // i.e. normally 1
	} else {
		wordwidth = map_bankwidth(map);
		words_per_bus = 1;
	}

	chip_mode = map_bankwidth(map) / cfi_interleave(cfi);
	chips_per_word = wordwidth * cfi_interleave(cfi) / map_bankwidth(map);

	/* First, determine what the bit-pattern should be for a single
	   device, according to chip mode and endianness... */
	switch (chip_mode) {
	default: BUG();
	case 1:
		onecmd = cmd;
		break;
	case 2:
		onecmd = cpu_to_cfi16(map, cmd);
		break;
	case 4:
		onecmd = cpu_to_cfi32(map, cmd);
		break;
	}

	/* Now replicate it across the size of an unsigned long, or
	   just to the bus width as appropriate */
	switch (chips_per_word) {
	default: BUG();
#if BITS_PER_LONG >= 64
	case 8:
		onecmd |= (onecmd << (chip_mode * 32));
#endif
	case 4:
		onecmd |= (onecmd << (chip_mode * 16));
	case 2:
		onecmd |= (onecmd << (chip_mode * 8));
	case 1:
		;
	}

	/* And finally, for the multi-word case, replicate it
	   in all words in the structure */
	for (i=0; i < words_per_bus; i++) {
		val.x[i] = onecmd;
	}

	return val;
}
#define CMD(x)  cfi_build_cmd((x), map, cfi)


static inline unsigned long cfi_merge_status(map_word val, struct map_info *map,
					   struct cfi_private *cfi)
{
	int wordwidth, words_per_bus, chip_mode, chips_per_word;
	unsigned long onestat, res = 0;
	int i;

	/* We do it this way to give the compiler a fighting chance
	   of optimising away all the crap for 'bankwidth' larger than
	   an unsigned long, in the common case where that support is
	   disabled */
	if (map_bankwidth_is_large(map)) {
		wordwidth = sizeof(unsigned long);
		words_per_bus = (map_bankwidth(map)) / wordwidth; // i.e. normally 1
	} else {
		wordwidth = map_bankwidth(map);
		words_per_bus = 1;
	}

	chip_mode = map_bankwidth(map) / cfi_interleave(cfi);
	chips_per_word = wordwidth * cfi_interleave(cfi) / map_bankwidth(map);

	onestat = val.x[0];
	/* Or all status words together */
	for (i=1; i < words_per_bus; i++) {
		onestat |= val.x[i];
	}

	res = onestat;
	switch(chips_per_word) {
	default: BUG();
#if BITS_PER_LONG >= 64
	case 8:
		res |= (onestat >> (chip_mode * 32));
#endif
	case 4:
		res |= (onestat >> (chip_mode * 16));
	case 2:
		res |= (onestat >> (chip_mode * 8));
	case 1:
		;
	}

	/* Last, determine what the bit-pattern should be for a single
	   device, according to chip mode and endianness... */
	switch (chip_mode) {
	case 1:
		break;
	case 2:
		res = cfi16_to_cpu(map, res);
		break;
	case 4:
		res = cfi32_to_cpu(map, res);
		break;
	default: BUG();
	}
	return res;
}

#define MERGESTATUS(x) cfi_merge_status((x), map, cfi)


/*
 * Sends a CFI command to a bank of flash for the given geometry.
 *
 * Returns the offset in flash where the command was written.
 * If prev_val is non-null, it will be set to the value at the command address,
 * before the command was written.
 */
static inline uint32_t cfi_send_gen_cmd(u_char cmd, uint32_t cmd_addr, uint32_t base,
				struct map_info *map, struct cfi_private *cfi,
				int type, map_word *prev_val)
{
	map_word val;
	uint32_t addr = base + cfi_build_cmd_addr(cmd_addr, map, cfi);
	val = cfi_build_cmd(cmd, map, cfi);

	if (prev_val)
		*prev_val = map_read(map, addr);

	map_write(map, val, addr);

	return addr - base;
}

static inline uint8_t cfi_read_query(struct map_info *map, uint32_t addr)
{
	map_word val = map_read(map, addr);

	if (map_bankwidth_is_1(map)) {
		return val.x[0];
	} else if (map_bankwidth_is_2(map)) {
		return cfi16_to_cpu(map, val.x[0]);
	} else {
		/* No point in a 64-bit byteswap since that would just be
		   swapping the responses from different chips, and we are
		   only interested in one chip (a representative sample) */
		return cfi32_to_cpu(map, val.x[0]);
	}
}

static inline uint16_t cfi_read_query16(struct map_info *map, uint32_t addr)
{
	map_word val = map_read(map, addr);

	if (map_bankwidth_is_1(map)) {
		return val.x[0] & 0xff;
	} else if (map_bankwidth_is_2(map)) {
		return cfi16_to_cpu(map, val.x[0]);
	} else {
		/* No point in a 64-bit byteswap since that would just be
		   swapping the responses from different chips, and we are
		   only interested in one chip (a representative sample) */
		return cfi32_to_cpu(map, val.x[0]);
	}
}

static inline void cfi_udelay(int us)
{
	if (us >= 1000) {
		msleep((us+999)/1000);
	} else {
		udelay(us);
		cond_resched();
	}
}

int __xipram cfi_qry_present(struct map_info *map, __u32 base,
			     struct cfi_private *cfi);
int __xipram cfi_qry_mode_on(uint32_t base, struct map_info *map,
			     struct cfi_private *cfi);
void __xipram cfi_qry_mode_off(uint32_t base, struct map_info *map,
			       struct cfi_private *cfi);

struct cfi_extquery *cfi_read_pri(struct map_info *map, uint16_t adr, uint16_t size,
			     const char* name);
struct cfi_fixup {
	uint16_t mfr;
	uint16_t id;
	void (*fixup)(struct mtd_info *mtd);
};

#define CFI_MFR_ANY		0xFFFF
#define CFI_ID_ANY		0xFFFF
#define CFI_MFR_CONTINUATION	0x007F

#define CFI_MFR_AMD		0x0001
#define CFI_MFR_AMIC		0x0037
#define CFI_MFR_ATMEL		0x001F
#define CFI_MFR_EON		0x001C
#define CFI_MFR_FUJITSU		0x0004
#define CFI_MFR_HYUNDAI		0x00AD
#define CFI_MFR_INTEL		0x0089
#define CFI_MFR_MACRONIX	0x00C2
#define CFI_MFR_NEC		0x0010
#define CFI_MFR_PMC		0x009D
#define CFI_MFR_SAMSUNG		0x00EC
#define CFI_MFR_SHARP		0x00B0
#define CFI_MFR_SST		0x00BF
#define CFI_MFR_ST		0x0020 /* STMicroelectronics */
#define CFI_MFR_TOSHIBA		0x0098
#define CFI_MFR_WINBOND		0x00DA

void cfi_fixup(struct mtd_info *mtd, struct cfi_fixup* fixups);

typedef int (*varsize_frob_t)(struct map_info *map, struct flchip *chip,
			      unsigned long adr, int len, void *thunk);

int cfi_varsize_frob(struct mtd_info *mtd, varsize_frob_t frob,
	loff_t ofs, size_t len, void *thunk);


#endif /* __MTD_CFI_H__ */