aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/fs/ext4/inline.c
blob: 65f7ffb5437f6629ef706f0d2354ae6c0a8216e5 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2012 Taobao.
 * Written by Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of version 2.1 of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 */
#include "ext4_jbd2.h"
#include "ext4.h"
#include "xattr.h"
#include "truncate.h"

#define EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA	"data"
#define EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE	((sizeof(__le32) * EXT4_N_BLOCKS))

int ext4_get_inline_size(struct inode *inode)
{
	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off)
		return EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size;

	return 0;
}

static int get_max_inline_xattr_value_size(struct inode *inode,
					   struct ext4_iloc *iloc)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;
	int free, min_offs;

	min_offs = EXT4_SB(inode->i_sb)->s_inode_size -
			EXT4_GOOD_OLD_INODE_SIZE -
			EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize -
			sizeof(struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header);

	/*
	 * We need to subtract another sizeof(__u32) since an in-inode xattr
	 * needs an empty 4 bytes to indicate the gap between the xattr entry
	 * and the name/value pair.
	 */
	if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_XATTR))
		return EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(min_offs -
			EXT4_XATTR_LEN(strlen(EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA)) -
			EXT4_XATTR_ROUND - sizeof(__u32));

	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(iloc);
	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	entry = IFIRST(header);

	/* Compute min_offs. */
	for (; !IS_LAST_ENTRY(entry); entry = EXT4_XATTR_NEXT(entry)) {
		if (!entry->e_value_block && entry->e_value_size) {
			size_t offs = le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs);
			if (offs < min_offs)
				min_offs = offs;
		}
	}
	free = min_offs -
		((void *)entry - (void *)IFIRST(header)) - sizeof(__u32);

	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off) {
		entry = (struct ext4_xattr_entry *)
			((void *)raw_inode + EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off);

		free += le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size);
		goto out;
	}

	free -= EXT4_XATTR_LEN(strlen(EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA));

	if (free > EXT4_XATTR_ROUND)
		free = EXT4_XATTR_SIZE(free - EXT4_XATTR_ROUND);
	else
		free = 0;

out:
	return free;
}

/*
 * Get the maximum size we now can store in an inode.
 * If we can't find the space for a xattr entry, don't use the space
 * of the extents since we have no space to indicate the inline data.
 */
int ext4_get_max_inline_size(struct inode *inode)
{
	int error, max_inline_size;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0)
		return 0;

	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (error) {
		ext4_error_inode(inode, __func__, __LINE__, 0,
				 "can't get inode location %lu",
				 inode->i_ino);
		return 0;
	}

	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	max_inline_size = get_max_inline_xattr_value_size(inode, &iloc);
	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	brelse(iloc.bh);

	if (!max_inline_size)
		return 0;

	return max_inline_size + EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;
}

int ext4_has_inline_data(struct inode *inode)
{
	return ext4_test_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA) &&
	       EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off;
}

/*
 * this function does not take xattr_sem, which is OK because it is
 * currently only used in a code path coming form ext4_iget, before
 * the new inode has been unlocked
 */
int ext4_find_inline_data_nolock(struct inode *inode)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = {
		.s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, },
	};
	struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
		.name_index = EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM,
		.name = EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA,
	};
	int error;

	if (EXT4_I(inode)->i_extra_isize == 0)
		return 0;

	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is.iloc);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	if (!is.s.not_found) {
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = (u16)((void *)is.s.here -
					(void *)ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc));
		EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size = EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE +
				le32_to_cpu(is.s.here->e_value_size);
		ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
	}
out:
	brelse(is.iloc.bh);
	return error;
}

static int ext4_read_inline_data(struct inode *inode, void *buffer,
				 unsigned int len,
				 struct ext4_iloc *iloc)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	int cp_len = 0;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;

	if (!len)
		return 0;

	BUG_ON(len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size);

	cp_len = len < EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE ?
			len : EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;

	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(iloc);
	memcpy(buffer, (void *)(raw_inode->i_block), cp_len);

	len -= cp_len;
	buffer += cp_len;

	if (!len)
		goto out;

	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	entry = (struct ext4_xattr_entry *)((void *)raw_inode +
					    EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off);
	len = min_t(unsigned int, len,
		    (unsigned int)le32_to_cpu(entry->e_value_size));

	memcpy(buffer,
	       (void *)IFIRST(header) + le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs), len);
	cp_len += len;

out:
	return cp_len;
}

/*
 * write the buffer to the inline inode.
 * If 'create' is set, we don't need to do the extra copy in the xattr
 * value since it is already handled by ext4_xattr_ibody_set. That saves
 * us one memcpy.
 */
void ext4_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode, struct ext4_iloc *iloc,
			    void *buffer, loff_t pos, unsigned int len)
{
	struct ext4_xattr_entry *entry;
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_header *header;
	struct ext4_inode *raw_inode;
	int cp_len = 0;

	BUG_ON(!EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off);
	BUG_ON(pos + len > EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size);

	raw_inode = ext4_raw_inode(iloc);
	buffer += pos;

	if (pos < EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE) {
		cp_len = pos + len > EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE ?
			 EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE - pos : len;
		memcpy((void *)raw_inode->i_block + pos, buffer, cp_len);

		len -= cp_len;
		buffer += cp_len;
		pos += cp_len;
	}

	if (!len)
		return;

	pos -= EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;
	header = IHDR(inode, raw_inode);
	entry = (struct ext4_xattr_entry *)((void *)raw_inode +
					    EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off);

	memcpy((void *)IFIRST(header) + le16_to_cpu(entry->e_value_offs) + pos,
	       buffer, len);
}

static int ext4_create_inline_data(handle_t *handle,
				   struct inode *inode, unsigned len)
{
	int error;
	void *value = NULL;
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = {
		.s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, },
	};
	struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
		.name_index = EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM,
		.name = EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA,
	};

	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is.iloc);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, is.iloc.bh);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	if (len > EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE) {
		value = (void *)empty_zero_page;
		len -= EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;
	} else {
		value = "";
		len = 0;
	}

	/* Insert the the xttr entry. */
	i.value = value;
	i.value_len = len;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	BUG_ON(!is.s.not_found);

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is);
	if (error) {
		if (error == -ENOSPC)
			ext4_clear_inode_state(inode,
					       EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
		goto out;
	}

	memset((void *)ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc)->i_block,
		0, EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE);

	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = (u16)((void *)is.s.here -
				      (void *)ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc));
	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size = len + EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;
	ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS);
	ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA);
	get_bh(is.iloc.bh);
	error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);

out:
	brelse(is.iloc.bh);
	return error;
}

static int ext4_update_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
				   unsigned int len)
{
	int error;
	void *value = NULL;
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = {
		.s = { .not_found = -ENODATA, },
	};
	struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
		.name_index = EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM,
		.name = EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA,
	};

	/* If the old space is ok, write the data directly. */
	if (len <= EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size)
		return 0;

	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is.iloc);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	BUG_ON(is.s.not_found);

	len -= EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE;
	value = kzalloc(len, GFP_NOFS);
	if (!value)
		goto out;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_get(inode, i.name_index, i.name,
				     value, len);
	if (error == -ENODATA)
		goto out;

	error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, is.iloc.bh);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	/* Update the xttr entry. */
	i.value = value;
	i.value_len = len;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = (u16)((void *)is.s.here -
				      (void *)ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc));
	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size = EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE +
				le32_to_cpu(is.s.here->e_value_size);
	ext4_set_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
	get_bh(is.iloc.bh);
	error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);

out:
	kfree(value);
	brelse(is.iloc.bh);
	return error;
}

int ext4_prepare_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode,
			     unsigned int len)
{
	int ret, size;
	struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);

	if (!ext4_test_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA))
		return -ENOSPC;

	size = ext4_get_max_inline_size(inode);
	if (size < len)
		return -ENOSPC;

	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	if (ei->i_inline_off)
		ret = ext4_update_inline_data(handle, inode, len);
	else
		ret = ext4_create_inline_data(handle, inode, len);

	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	return ret;
}

static int ext4_destroy_inline_data_nolock(handle_t *handle,
					   struct inode *inode)
{
	struct ext4_inode_info *ei = EXT4_I(inode);
	struct ext4_xattr_ibody_find is = {
		.s = { .not_found = 0, },
	};
	struct ext4_xattr_info i = {
		.name_index = EXT4_XATTR_INDEX_SYSTEM,
		.name = EXT4_XATTR_SYSTEM_DATA,
		.value = NULL,
		.value_len = 0,
	};
	int error;

	if (!ei->i_inline_off)
		return 0;

	error = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &is.iloc);
	if (error)
		return error;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_find(inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	error = ext4_journal_get_write_access(handle, is.iloc.bh);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	error = ext4_xattr_ibody_set(handle, inode, &i, &is);
	if (error)
		goto out;

	memset((void *)ext4_raw_inode(&is.iloc)->i_block,
		0, EXT4_MIN_INLINE_DATA_SIZE);

	if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(inode->i_sb,
				      EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_EXTENTS)) {
		if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) ||
		    S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) {
			ext4_set_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_EXTENTS);
			ext4_ext_tree_init(handle, inode);
		}
	}
	ext4_clear_inode_flag(inode, EXT4_INODE_INLINE_DATA);

	get_bh(is.iloc.bh);
	error = ext4_mark_iloc_dirty(handle, inode, &is.iloc);

	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off = 0;
	EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_size = 0;
	ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
out:
	brelse(is.iloc.bh);
	if (error == -ENODATA)
		error = 0;
	return error;
}

static int ext4_read_inline_page(struct inode *inode, struct page *page)
{
	void *kaddr;
	int ret = 0;
	size_t len;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
	BUG_ON(!ext4_has_inline_data(inode));
	BUG_ON(page->index);

	if (!EXT4_I(inode)->i_inline_off) {
		ext4_warning(inode->i_sb, "inode %lu doesn't have inline data.",
			     inode->i_ino);
		goto out;
	}

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	len = min_t(size_t, ext4_get_inline_size(inode), i_size_read(inode));
	kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
	ret = ext4_read_inline_data(inode, kaddr, len, &iloc);
	flush_dcache_page(page);
	kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
	zero_user_segment(page, len, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
	SetPageUptodate(page);
	brelse(iloc.bh);

out:
	return ret;
}

int ext4_readpage_inline(struct inode *inode, struct page *page)
{
	int ret = 0;

	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
		return -EAGAIN;
	}

	/*
	 * Current inline data can only exist in the 1st page,
	 * So for all the other pages, just set them uptodate.
	 */
	if (!page->index)
		ret = ext4_read_inline_page(inode, page);
	else if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
		zero_user_segment(page, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE);
		SetPageUptodate(page);
	}

	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	unlock_page(page);
	return ret >= 0 ? 0 : ret;
}

static int ext4_convert_inline_data_to_extent(struct address_space *mapping,
					      struct inode *inode,
					      unsigned flags)
{
	int ret, needed_blocks;
	handle_t *handle = NULL;
	int retries = 0, sem_held = 0;
	struct page *page = NULL;
	unsigned from, to;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		/*
		 * clear the flag so that no new write
		 * will trap here again.
		 */
		ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
		return 0;
	}

	needed_blocks = ext4_writepage_trans_blocks(inode);

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

retry:
	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, needed_blocks);
	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
		handle = NULL;
		goto out;
	}

	/* We cannot recurse into the filesystem as the transaction is already
	 * started */
	flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS;

	page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, 0, flags);
	if (!page) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	sem_held = 1;
	/* If some one has already done this for us, just exit. */
	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		ret = 0;
		goto out;
	}

	from = 0;
	to = ext4_get_inline_size(inode);
	if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
		ret = ext4_read_inline_page(inode, page);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out;
	}

	ret = ext4_destroy_inline_data_nolock(handle, inode);
	if (ret)
		goto out;

	if (ext4_should_dioread_nolock(inode))
		ret = __block_write_begin(page, from, to, ext4_get_block_write);
	else
		ret = __block_write_begin(page, from, to, ext4_get_block);

	if (!ret && ext4_should_journal_data(inode)) {
		ret = ext4_walk_page_buffers(handle, page_buffers(page),
					     from, to, NULL,
					     do_journal_get_write_access);
	}

	if (ret) {
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
		ext4_orphan_add(handle, inode);
		up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
		sem_held = 0;
		ext4_journal_stop(handle);
		handle = NULL;
		ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode);
		/*
		 * If truncate failed early the inode might
		 * still be on the orphan list; we need to
		 * make sure the inode is removed from the
		 * orphan list in that case.
		 */
		if (inode->i_nlink)
			ext4_orphan_del(NULL, inode);
	}

	if (ret == -ENOSPC && ext4_should_retry_alloc(inode->i_sb, &retries))
		goto retry;

	block_commit_write(page, from, to);
out:
	if (page) {
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
	}
	if (sem_held)
		up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (handle)
		ext4_journal_stop(handle);
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Try to write data in the inode.
 * If the inode has inline data, check whether the new write can be
 * in the inode also. If not, create the page the handle, move the data
 * to the page make it update and let the later codes create extent for it.
 */
int ext4_try_to_write_inline_data(struct address_space *mapping,
				  struct inode *inode,
				  loff_t pos, unsigned len,
				  unsigned flags,
				  struct page **pagep)
{
	int ret;
	handle_t *handle;
	struct page *page;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	if (pos + len > ext4_get_max_inline_size(inode))
		goto convert;

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	/*
	 * The possible write could happen in the inode,
	 * so try to reserve the space in inode first.
	 */
	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, 1);
	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
		handle = NULL;
		goto out;
	}

	ret = ext4_prepare_inline_data(handle, inode, pos + len);
	if (ret && ret != -ENOSPC)
		goto out;

	/* We don't have space in inline inode, so convert it to extent. */
	if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
		ext4_journal_stop(handle);
		brelse(iloc.bh);
		goto convert;
	}

	flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS;

	page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, 0, flags);
	if (!page) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	*pagep = page;
	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		ret = 0;
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
		goto out_up_read;
	}

	if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
		ret = ext4_read_inline_page(inode, page);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out_up_read;
	}

	ret = 1;
	handle = NULL;
out_up_read:
	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
out:
	if (handle)
		ext4_journal_stop(handle);
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return ret;
convert:
	return ext4_convert_inline_data_to_extent(mapping,
						  inode, flags);
}

int ext4_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos, unsigned len,
			       unsigned copied, struct page *page)
{
	int ret;
	void *kaddr;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	if (unlikely(copied < len)) {
		if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
			copied = 0;
			goto out;
		}
	}

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret) {
		ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret);
		copied = 0;
		goto out;
	}

	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	BUG_ON(!ext4_has_inline_data(inode));

	kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
	ext4_write_inline_data(inode, &iloc, kaddr, pos, len);
	kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
	SetPageUptodate(page);
	/* clear page dirty so that writepages wouldn't work for us. */
	ClearPageDirty(page);

	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	brelse(iloc.bh);
out:
	return copied;
}

struct buffer_head *
ext4_journalled_write_inline_data(struct inode *inode,
				  unsigned len,
				  struct page *page)
{
	int ret;
	void *kaddr;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret) {
		ext4_std_error(inode->i_sb, ret);
		return NULL;
	}

	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	kaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
	ext4_write_inline_data(inode, &iloc, kaddr, 0, len);
	kunmap_atomic(kaddr);
	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	return iloc.bh;
}

/*
 * Try to make the page cache and handle ready for the inline data case.
 * We can call this function in 2 cases:
 * 1. The inode is created and the first write exceeds inline size. We can
 *    clear the inode state safely.
 * 2. The inode has inline data, then we need to read the data, make it
 *    update and dirty so that ext4_da_writepages can handle it. We don't
 *    need to start the journal since the file's metatdata isn't changed now.
 */
static int ext4_da_convert_inline_data_to_extent(struct address_space *mapping,
						 struct inode *inode,
						 unsigned flags,
						 void **fsdata)
{
	int ret = 0, inline_size;
	struct page *page;

	page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, 0, flags);
	if (!page)
		return -ENOMEM;

	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
		goto out;
	}

	inline_size = ext4_get_inline_size(inode);

	if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
		ret = ext4_read_inline_page(inode, page);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out;
	}

	ret = __block_write_begin(page, 0, inline_size,
				  ext4_da_get_block_prep);
	if (ret) {
		ext4_truncate_failed_write(inode);
		goto out;
	}

	SetPageDirty(page);
	SetPageUptodate(page);
	ext4_clear_inode_state(inode, EXT4_STATE_MAY_INLINE_DATA);
	*fsdata = (void *)CONVERT_INLINE_DATA;

out:
	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (page) {
		unlock_page(page);
		page_cache_release(page);
	}
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Prepare the write for the inline data.
 * If the the data can be written into the inode, we just read
 * the page and make it uptodate, and start the journal.
 * Otherwise read the page, makes it dirty so that it can be
 * handle in writepages(the i_disksize update is left to the
 * normal ext4_da_write_end).
 */
int ext4_da_write_inline_data_begin(struct address_space *mapping,
				    struct inode *inode,
				    loff_t pos, unsigned len,
				    unsigned flags,
				    struct page **pagep,
				    void **fsdata)
{
	int ret, inline_size;
	handle_t *handle;
	struct page *page;
	struct ext4_iloc iloc;

	ret = ext4_get_inode_loc(inode, &iloc);
	if (ret)
		return ret;

	handle = ext4_journal_start(inode, 1);
	if (IS_ERR(handle)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(handle);
		handle = NULL;
		goto out;
	}

	inline_size = ext4_get_max_inline_size(inode);

	ret = -ENOSPC;
	if (inline_size >= pos + len) {
		ret = ext4_prepare_inline_data(handle, inode, pos + len);
		if (ret && ret != -ENOSPC)
			goto out;
	}

	if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
		ret = ext4_da_convert_inline_data_to_extent(mapping,
							    inode,
							    flags,
							    fsdata);
		goto out;
	}

	/*
	 * We cannot recurse into the filesystem as the transaction
	 * is already started.
	 */
	flags |= AOP_FLAG_NOFS;

	page = grab_cache_page_write_begin(mapping, 0, flags);
	if (!page) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto out;
	}

	down_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	if (!ext4_has_inline_data(inode)) {
		ret = 0;
		goto out_release_page;
	}

	if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
		ret = ext4_read_inline_page(inode, page);
		if (ret < 0)
			goto out_release_page;
	}

	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	*pagep = page;
	handle = NULL;
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return 1;
out_release_page:
	up_read(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	unlock_page(page);
	page_cache_release(page);
out:
	if (handle)
		ext4_journal_stop(handle);
	brelse(iloc.bh);
	return ret;
}

int ext4_da_write_inline_data_end(struct inode *inode, loff_t pos,
				  unsigned len, unsigned copied,
				  struct page *page)
{
	int i_size_changed = 0;

	copied = ext4_write_inline_data_end(inode, pos, len, copied, page);

	/*
	 * No need to use i_size_read() here, the i_size
	 * cannot change under us because we hold i_mutex.
	 *
	 * But it's important to update i_size while still holding page lock:
	 * page writeout could otherwise come in and zero beyond i_size.
	 */
	if (pos+copied > inode->i_size) {
		i_size_write(inode, pos+copied);
		i_size_changed = 1;
	}
	unlock_page(page);
	page_cache_release(page);

	/*
	 * Don't mark the inode dirty under page lock. First, it unnecessarily
	 * makes the holding time of page lock longer. Second, it forces lock
	 * ordering of page lock and transaction start for journaling
	 * filesystems.
	 */
	if (i_size_changed)
		mark_inode_dirty(inode);

	return copied;
}

int ext4_destroy_inline_data(handle_t *handle, struct inode *inode)
{
	int ret;

	down_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);
	ret = ext4_destroy_inline_data_nolock(handle, inode);
	up_write(&EXT4_I(inode)->xattr_sem);

	return ret;
}