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/*
 *  linux/arch/arm/mm/context.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2002-2003 Deep Blue Solutions Ltd, all rights reserved.
 *  Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Limited
 *
 *  Author: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 */
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>

#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/smp_plat.h>
#include <asm/thread_notify.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

/*
 * On ARMv6, we have the following structure in the Context ID:
 *
 * 31                         7          0
 * +-------------------------+-----------+
 * |      process ID         |   ASID    |
 * +-------------------------+-----------+
 * |              context ID             |
 * +-------------------------------------+
 *
 * The ASID is used to tag entries in the CPU caches and TLBs.
 * The context ID is used by debuggers and trace logic, and
 * should be unique within all running processes.
 */
#define ASID_FIRST_VERSION	(1ULL << ASID_BITS)
#define NUM_USER_ASIDS		(ASID_FIRST_VERSION - 1)

#define ASID_TO_IDX(asid)	((asid & ~ASID_MASK) - 1)
#define IDX_TO_ASID(idx)	((idx + 1) & ~ASID_MASK)

static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(cpu_asid_lock);
static atomic64_t asid_generation = ATOMIC64_INIT(ASID_FIRST_VERSION);
static DECLARE_BITMAP(asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS);

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(atomic64_t, active_asids);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, reserved_asids);
static cpumask_t tlb_flush_pending;

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_LPAE
static void cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0(void)
{
	unsigned long ttbl = __pa(swapper_pg_dir);
	unsigned long ttbh = 0;

	/*
	 * Set TTBR0 to swapper_pg_dir which contains only global entries. The
	 * ASID is set to 0.
	 */
	asm volatile(
	"	mcrr	p15, 0, %0, %1, c2		@ set TTBR0\n"
	:
	: "r" (ttbl), "r" (ttbh));
	isb();
}
#else
static void cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0(void)
{
	u32 ttb;
	/* Copy TTBR1 into TTBR0 */
	asm volatile(
	"	mrc	p15, 0, %0, c2, c0, 1		@ read TTBR1\n"
	"	mcr	p15, 0, %0, c2, c0, 0		@ set TTBR0\n"
	: "=r" (ttb));
	isb();
}
#endif

#ifdef CONFIG_PID_IN_CONTEXTIDR
static int contextidr_notifier(struct notifier_block *unused, unsigned long cmd,
			       void *t)
{
	u32 contextidr;
	pid_t pid;
	struct thread_info *thread = t;

	if (cmd != THREAD_NOTIFY_SWITCH)
		return NOTIFY_DONE;

	pid = task_pid_nr(thread->task) << ASID_BITS;
	asm volatile(
	"	mrc	p15, 0, %0, c13, c0, 1\n"
	"	and	%0, %0, %2\n"
	"	orr	%0, %0, %1\n"
	"	mcr	p15, 0, %0, c13, c0, 1\n"
	: "=r" (contextidr), "+r" (pid)
	: "I" (~ASID_MASK));
	isb();

	return NOTIFY_OK;
}

static struct notifier_block contextidr_notifier_block = {
	.notifier_call = contextidr_notifier,
};

static int __init contextidr_notifier_init(void)
{
	return thread_register_notifier(&contextidr_notifier_block);
}
arch_initcall(contextidr_notifier_init);
#endif

static void flush_context(unsigned int cpu)
{
	int i;
	u64 asid;

	/* Update the list of reserved ASIDs and the ASID bitmap. */
	bitmap_clear(asid_map, 0, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
	for_each_possible_cpu(i) {
		if (i == cpu) {
			asid = 0;
		} else {
			asid = atomic64_xchg(&per_cpu(active_asids, i), 0);
			__set_bit(ASID_TO_IDX(asid), asid_map);
		}
		per_cpu(reserved_asids, i) = asid;
	}

	/* Queue a TLB invalidate and flush the I-cache if necessary. */
	if (!tlb_ops_need_broadcast())
		cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &tlb_flush_pending);
	else
		cpumask_setall(&tlb_flush_pending);

	if (icache_is_vivt_asid_tagged())
		__flush_icache_all();
}

static int is_reserved_asid(u64 asid)
{
	int cpu;
	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
		if (per_cpu(reserved_asids, cpu) == asid)
			return 1;
	return 0;
}

static void new_context(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned int cpu)
{
	u64 asid = mm->context.id;
	u64 generation = atomic64_read(&asid_generation);

	if (asid != 0 && is_reserved_asid(asid)) {
		/*
		 * Our current ASID was active during a rollover, we can
		 * continue to use it and this was just a false alarm.
		 */
		asid = generation | (asid & ~ASID_MASK);
	} else {
		/*
		 * Allocate a free ASID. If we can't find one, take a
		 * note of the currently active ASIDs and mark the TLBs
		 * as requiring flushes.
		 */
		asid = find_first_zero_bit(asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
		if (asid == NUM_USER_ASIDS) {
			generation = atomic64_add_return(ASID_FIRST_VERSION,
							 &asid_generation);
			flush_context(cpu);
			asid = find_first_zero_bit(asid_map, NUM_USER_ASIDS);
		}
		__set_bit(asid, asid_map);
		asid = generation | IDX_TO_ASID(asid);
		cpumask_clear(mm_cpumask(mm));
	}

	mm->context.id = asid;
}

void check_and_switch_context(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();

	if (unlikely(mm->context.vmalloc_seq != init_mm.context.vmalloc_seq))
		__check_vmalloc_seq(mm);

	/*
	 * Required during context switch to avoid speculative page table
	 * walking with the wrong TTBR.
	 */
	cpu_set_reserved_ttbr0();

	if (!((mm->context.id ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> ASID_BITS)
	    && atomic64_xchg(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu), mm->context.id))
		goto switch_mm_fastpath;

	raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);
	/* Check that our ASID belongs to the current generation. */
	if ((mm->context.id ^ atomic64_read(&asid_generation)) >> ASID_BITS)
		new_context(mm, cpu);

	atomic64_set(&per_cpu(active_asids, cpu), mm->context.id);
	cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, mm_cpumask(mm));

	if (cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &tlb_flush_pending))
		local_flush_tlb_all();
	raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&cpu_asid_lock, flags);

switch_mm_fastpath:
	cpu_switch_mm(mm->pgd, mm);
}