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path: root/virt/kvm/eventfd.c
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2009-09-10KVM: correct error-handling codeJulia Lawall1-1/+1
This code is not executed before file has been initialized to the result of calling eventfd_fget. This function returns an ERR_PTR value in an error case instead of NULL. Thus the test that file is not NULL is always true. A simplified version of the semantic match that finds this problem is as follows: (http://coccinelle.lip6.fr/) // <smpl> @match exists@ expression x, E; statement S1, S2; @@ x = eventfd_fget(...) ... when != x = E ( * if (x == NULL || ...) S1 else S2 | * if (x == NULL && ...) S1 else S2 ) // </smpl> Signed-off-by: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
2009-09-10KVM: add ioeventfd supportGregory Haskins1-1/+250
ioeventfd is a mechanism to register PIO/MMIO regions to trigger an eventfd signal when written to by a guest. Host userspace can register any arbitrary IO address with a corresponding eventfd and then pass the eventfd to a specific end-point of interest for handling. Normal IO requires a blocking round-trip since the operation may cause side-effects in the emulated model or may return data to the caller. Therefore, an IO in KVM traps from the guest to the host, causes a VMX/SVM "heavy-weight" exit back to userspace, and is ultimately serviced by qemu's device model synchronously before returning control back to the vcpu. However, there is a subclass of IO which acts purely as a trigger for other IO (such as to kick off an out-of-band DMA request, etc). For these patterns, the synchronous call is particularly expensive since we really only want to simply get our notification transmitted asychronously and return as quickly as possible. All the sychronous infrastructure to ensure proper data-dependencies are met in the normal IO case are just unecessary overhead for signalling. This adds additional computational load on the system, as well as latency to the signalling path. Therefore, we provide a mechanism for registration of an in-kernel trigger point that allows the VCPU to only require a very brief, lightweight exit just long enough to signal an eventfd. This also means that any clients compatible with the eventfd interface (which includes userspace and kernelspace equally well) can now register to be notified. The end result should be a more flexible and higher performance notification API for the backend KVM hypervisor and perhipheral components. To test this theory, we built a test-harness called "doorbell". This module has a function called "doorbell_ring()" which simply increments a counter for each time the doorbell is signaled. It supports signalling from either an eventfd, or an ioctl(). We then wired up two paths to the doorbell: One via QEMU via a registered io region and through the doorbell ioctl(). The other is direct via ioeventfd. You can download this test harness here: ftp://ftp.novell.com/dev/ghaskins/doorbell.tar.bz2 The measured results are as follows: qemu-mmio: 110000 iops, 9.09us rtt ioeventfd-mmio: 200100 iops, 5.00us rtt ioeventfd-pio: 367300 iops, 2.72us rtt I didn't measure qemu-pio, because I have to figure out how to register a PIO region with qemu's device model, and I got lazy. However, for now we can extrapolate based on the data from the NULLIO runs of +2.56us for MMIO, and -350ns for HC, we get: qemu-pio: 153139 iops, 6.53us rtt ioeventfd-hc: 412585 iops, 2.37us rtt these are just for fun, for now, until I can gather more data. Here is a graph for your convenience: http://developer.novell.com/wiki/images/7/76/Iofd-chart.png The conclusion to draw is that we save about 4us by skipping the userspace hop. -------------------- Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com> Acked-by: Michael S. Tsirkin <mst@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
2009-09-10KVM: switch irq injection/acking data structures to irq_lockMarcelo Tosatti1-2/+2
Protect irq injection/acking data structures with a separate irq_lock mutex. This fixes the following deadlock: CPU A CPU B kvm_vm_ioctl_deassign_dev_irq() mutex_lock(&kvm->lock); worker_thread() -> kvm_deassign_irq() -> kvm_assigned_dev_interrupt_work_handler() -> deassign_host_irq() mutex_lock(&kvm->lock); -> cancel_work_sync() [blocked] [gleb: fix ia64 path] Reported-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
2009-09-10KVM: irqfdGregory Haskins1-0/+329
KVM provides a complete virtual system environment for guests, including support for injecting interrupts modeled after the real exception/interrupt facilities present on the native platform (such as the IDT on x86). Virtual interrupts can come from a variety of sources (emulated devices, pass-through devices, etc) but all must be injected to the guest via the KVM infrastructure. This patch adds a new mechanism to inject a specific interrupt to a guest using a decoupled eventfd mechnanism: Any legal signal on the irqfd (using eventfd semantics from either userspace or kernel) will translate into an injected interrupt in the guest at the next available interrupt window. Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>