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2007-07-14[XFS] Concurrent Multi-File Data StreamsDavid Chinner1-0/+2
In media spaces, video is often stored in a frame-per-file format. When dealing with uncompressed realtime HD video streams in this format, it is crucial that files do not get fragmented and that multiple files a placed contiguously on disk. When multiple streams are being ingested and played out at the same time, it is critical that the filesystem does not cross the streams and interleave them together as this creates seek and readahead cache miss latency and prevents both ingest and playout from meeting frame rate targets. This patch set creates a "stream of files" concept into the allocator to place all the data from a single stream contiguously on disk so that RAID array readahead can be used effectively. Each additional stream gets placed in different allocation groups within the filesystem, thereby ensuring that we don't cross any streams. When an AG fills up, we select a new AG for the stream that is not in use. The core of the functionality is the stream tracking - each inode that we create in a directory needs to be associated with the directories' stream. Hence every time we create a file, we look up the directories' stream object and associate the new file with that object. Once we have a stream object for a file, we use the AG that the stream object point to for allocations. If we can't allocate in that AG (e.g. it is full) we move the entire stream to another AG. Other inodes in the same stream are moved to the new AG on their next allocation (i.e. lazy update). Stream objects are kept in a cache and hold a reference on the inode. Hence the inode cannot be reclaimed while there is an outstanding stream reference. This means that on unlink we need to remove the stream association and we also need to flush all the associations on certain events that want to reclaim all unreferenced inodes (e.g. filesystem freeze). SGI-PV: 964469 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:29096a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Barry Naujok <bnaujok@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Donald Douwsma <donaldd@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Vlad Apostolov <vapo@sgi.com>
2007-07-14[XFS] Prevent ENOSPC from aborting transactions that need to succeedDavid Chinner1-3/+7
During delayed allocation extent conversion or unwritten extent conversion, we need to reserve some blocks for transactions reservations. We need to reserve these blocks in case a btree split occurs and we need to allocate some blocks. Unfortunately, we've only ever reserved the number of data blocks we are allocating, so in both the unwritten and delalloc case we can get ENOSPC to the transaction reservation. This is bad because in both cases we cannot report the failure to the writing application. The fix is two-fold: 1 - leverage the reserved block infrastructure XFS already has to reserve a small pool of blocks by default to allow specially marked transactions to dip into when we are at ENOSPC. Default setting is min(5%, 1024 blocks). 2 - convert critical transaction reservations to be allowed to dip into this pool. Spots changed are delalloc conversion, unwritten extent conversion and growing a filesystem at ENOSPC. This also allows growing the filesytsem to succeed at ENOSPC. SGI-PV: 964468 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28865a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2007-07-14[XFS] Log the agf_length change in xfs_growfs_data_private().Tim Shimmin1-0/+1
SGI-PV: 963528 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28856a Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2007-07-14[XFS] Lazy Superblock CountersDavid Chinner1-0/+2
When we have a couple of hundred transactions on the fly at once, they all typically modify the on disk superblock in some way. create/unclink/mkdir/rmdir modify inode counts, allocation/freeing modify free block counts. When these counts are modified in a transaction, they must eventually lock the superblock buffer and apply the mods. The buffer then remains locked until the transaction is committed into the incore log buffer. The result of this is that with enough transactions on the fly the incore superblock buffer becomes a bottleneck. The result of contention on the incore superblock buffer is that transaction rates fall - the more pressure that is put on the superblock buffer, the slower things go. The key to removing the contention is to not require the superblock fields in question to be locked. We do that by not marking the superblock dirty in the transaction. IOWs, we modify the incore superblock but do not modify the cached superblock buffer. In short, we do not log superblock modifications to critical fields in the superblock on every transaction. In fact we only do it just before we write the superblock to disk every sync period or just before unmount. This creates an interesting problem - if we don't log or write out the fields in every transaction, then how do the values get recovered after a crash? the answer is simple - we keep enough duplicate, logged information in other structures that we can reconstruct the correct count after log recovery has been performed. It is the AGF and AGI structures that contain the duplicate information; after recovery, we walk every AGI and AGF and sum their individual counters to get the correct value, and we do a transaction into the log to correct them. An optimisation of this is that if we have a clean unmount record, we know the value in the superblock is correct, so we can avoid the summation walk under normal conditions and so mount/recovery times do not change under normal operation. One wrinkle that was discovered during development was that the blocks used in the freespace btrees are never accounted for in the AGF counters. This was once a valid optimisation to make; when the filesystem is full, the free space btrees are empty and consume no space. Hence when it matters, the "accounting" is correct. But that means the when we do the AGF summations, we would not have a correct count and xfs_check would complain. Hence a new counter was added to track the number of blocks used by the free space btrees. This is an *on-disk format change*. As a result of this, lazy superblock counters are a mkfs option and at the moment on linux there is no way to convert an old filesystem. This is possible - xfs_db can be used to twiddle the right bits and then xfs_repair will do the format conversion for you. Similarly, you can convert backwards as well. At some point we'll add functionality to xfs_admin to do the bit twiddling easily.... SGI-PV: 964999 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28652a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2007-07-14[XFS] Don't grow filesystems past the size they can index.Nathan Scott1-0/+2
When growing a filesystem we don't check to see if the new size overflows the page cache index range, so we can do silly things like grow a filesystem page 16TB on a 32bit. Check new filesystem sizes against the limits the kernel can support. SGI-PV: 957886 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28563a Signed-Off-By: Nathan Scott <nscott@aconex.com> Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2007-05-08[XFS] The last argument "lsn" of xfs_trans_commit() is always called withEric Sandeen1-2/+2
NULL. Patch provided by Eric Sandeen. SGI-PV: 961693 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28199a Signed-off-by: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@sandeen.net> Signed-off-by: Lachlan McIlroy <lachlan@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2007-02-10[XFS] Remove unused arguments from the XFS_BTREE_*_ADDR macros.Eric Sandeen1-4/+2
It makes it incrementally clearer to read the code when the top of a macro spaghetti-pile only receives the 3 arguments it uses, rather than 2 extra ones which are not used. Also when you start pulling this thread out of the sweater (i.e. remove unused args from XFS_BTREE_*_ADDR), a couple other third arms etc fall off too. If they're not used in the macro, then they sometimes don't need to be passed to the function calling the macro either, etc.... Patch provided by Eric Sandeen (sandeen@sandeen.net). SGI-PV: 960197 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:28037a Signed-off-by: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@sandeen.net> Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2007-02-10[XFS] Fix block reservation mechanism.David Chinner1-5/+49
The block reservation mechanism has been broken since the per-cpu superblock counters were introduced. Make the block reservation code work with the per-cpu counters by syncing the counters, snapshotting the amount of available space and then doing a modifcation of the counter state according to the result. Continue in a loop until we either have no space available or we reserve some space. SGI-PV: 956323 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:27895a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Tim Shimmin <tes@sgi.com>
2006-09-07[XFS] Prevent free space oversubscription and xfssyncd looping.David Chinner1-6/+10
The fix for recent ENOSPC deadlocks introduced certain limitations on allocations. The fix could cause xfssyncd to loop endlessly if we did not leave some space free for the allocator to work correctly. Basically, we needed to ensure that we had at least 4 blocks free for an AG free list and a block for the inode bmap btree at all times. However, this did not take into account the fact that each AG has a free list that needs 4 blocks. Hence any filesystem with more than one AG could cause oversubscription of free space and make xfssyncd spin forever trying to allocate space needed for AG freelists that was not available in the AG. The following patch reserves space for the free lists in all AGs plus the inode bmap btree which prevents oversubscription. It also prevents those blocks from being reported as free space (as they can never be used) and makes the SMP in-core superblock accounting code and the reserved block ioctl respect this requirement. SGI-PV: 955674 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:26894a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: David Chatterton <chatz@sgi.com>
2006-06-20[XFS] Remove version 1 directory code. Never functioned on Linux, justNathan Scott1-2/+0
pure bloat. SGI-PV: 952969 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:26251a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-06-09[XFS] Fix mismerge of the fs_writable cleanup patch causing a freeze/thawNathan Scott1-5/+4
test hang. SGI-PV: 953563 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:26182a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-06-09[XFS] Resolve a namespace collision on vfs/vfsops for FreeBSD porters.Nathan Scott1-1/+1
SGI-PV: 9533338 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:26106a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-06-09[XFS] Shutdown the filesystem if all device paths have gone. MadeNathan Scott1-3/+4
shutdown vop flags consistent with sync vop flags declarations too. SGI-PV: 939911 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:26096a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-03-29[XFS] We really suck at spulling. Thanks to Chris Pascoe for fixing allNathan Scott1-1/+1
these typos. SGI-PV: 904196 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:25539a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-03-14[XFS] On machines with more than 8 cpus, when running parallel I/ODavid Chinner1-0/+1
threads, the incore superblock lock becomes the limiting factor for buffered write throughput. Make the contended fields in the incore superblock use per-cpu counters so that there is no global lock to limit scalability. SGI-PV: 946630 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:25106a Signed-off-by: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2006-01-15return statement cleanup - kill pointless parenthesesJesper Juhl1-2/+2
This patch removes pointless parentheses from return statements. Signed-off-by: Jesper Juhl <juhl-lkml@dif.dk> Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@stusta.de>
2006-01-11[XFS] Write log dummy record when freezing filesystemChristoph Hellwig1-0/+26
SGI-PV: 945483 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:202638a Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-25[XFS] handle error returns from freeze_bdevChristoph Hellwig1-1/+1
SGI-PV: 945483 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux-melb:xfs-kern:201884a Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-02[XFS] Rework fid encode/decode wrt 64 bit inums interacting with NFS.Nathan Scott1-1/+1
SGI-PV: 937127 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:24201a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-02[XFS] Endianess annotations for various allocator data structuresChristoph Hellwig1-50/+44
SGI-PV: 943272 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:201006a Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-02[XFS] Update license/copyright notices to match the prefered SGINathan Scott1-25/+11
boilerplate. SGI-PV: 913862 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:23903a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-02[XFS] Remove xfs_macros.c, xfs_macros.h, rework headers a whole lot.Nathan Scott1-13/+12
SGI-PV: 943122 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:23901a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-11-02[XFS] Ondisk format extension for extended attributes (attr2). Basically,Nathan Scott1-2/+4
the data/attr forks now grow up/down from either end of the literal area, rather than dividing the literal area into two chunks and growing both upward. Means we can now make much more efficient use of the attribute space, incl. fitting DMF attributes inline in 256 byte inodes, and large jumps in dbench3 performance numbers. It is self enabling, but can be forced on/off via the attr2/noattr2 mount options. SGI-PV: 941645 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:23835a Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-06-21[XFS] Remove dead code. Patch from Adrian BunkChristoph Hellwig1-26/+0
SGI-PV: 936255 SGI-Modid: xfs-linux:xfs-kern:192759a Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Nathan Scott <nathans@sgi.com>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds1-0/+616
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!