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2012-12-16Merge tag 'ext4_for_linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-29/+136
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4 Pull ext4 update from Ted Ts'o: "There are two major features for this merge window. The first is inline data, which allows small files or directories to be stored in the in-inode extended attribute area. (This requires that the file system use inodes which are at least 256 bytes or larger; 128 byte inodes do not have any room for in-inode xattrs.) The second new feature is SEEK_HOLE/SEEK_DATA support. This is enabled by the extent status tree patches, and this infrastructure will be used to further optimize ext4 in the future. Beyond that, we have the usual collection of code cleanups and bug fixes." * tag 'ext4_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4: (63 commits) ext4: zero out inline data using memset() instead of empty_zero_page ext4: ensure Inode flags consistency are checked at build time ext4: Remove CONFIG_EXT4_FS_XATTR ext4: remove unused variable from ext4_ext_in_cache() ext4: remove redundant initialization in ext4_fill_super() ext4: remove redundant code in ext4_alloc_inode() ext4: use sync_inode_metadata() when syncing inode metadata ext4: enable ext4 inline support ext4: let fallocate handle inline data correctly ext4: let ext4_truncate handle inline data correctly ext4: evict inline data out if we need to strore xattr in inode ext4: let fiemap work with inline data ext4: let ext4_rename handle inline dir ext4: let empty_dir handle inline dir ext4: let ext4_delete_entry() handle inline data ext4: make ext4_delete_entry generic ext4: let ext4_find_entry handle inline data ext4: create a new function search_dir ext4: let ext4_readdir handle inline data ext4: let add_dir_entry handle inline data properly ...
2012-12-10ext4: ensure Inode flags consistency are checked at build timeCarlos Maiolino1-16/+13
Flags being used by atomic operations in inode flags (e.g. ext4_test_inode_flag(), should be consistent with that actually stored in inodes, i.e.: EXT4_XXX_FL. It ensures that this consistency is checked at build-time, not at run-time. Currently, the flags consistency are being checked at run-time, but, there is no real reason to not do a build-time check instead of a run-time check. The code is comparing macro defined values with enum type variables, where both are constants, so, there is no problem in comparing constants at build-time. enum variables are treated as constants by the C compiler, according to the C99 specs (see www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg14/www/docs/n1124.pdf sec. 6.2.5, item 16), so, there is no real problem in comparing an enumeration type at build time Signed-off-by: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: Remove CONFIG_EXT4_FS_XATTRTao Ma1-2/+0
Ted has sent out a RFC about removing this feature. Eric and Jan confirmed that both RedHat and SUSE enable this feature in all their product. David also said that "As far as I know, it's enabled in all Android kernels that use ext4." So it seems OK for us. And what's more, as inline data depends its implementation on xattr, and to be frank, I don't run any test again inline data enabled while xattr disabled. So I think we should add inline data and remove this config option in the same release. [ The savings if you disable CONFIG_EXT4_FS_XATTR is only 27k, which isn't much in the grand scheme of things. Since no one seems to be testing this configuration except for some automated compile farms, on balance we are better removing this config option, and so that it is effectively always enabled. -- tytso ] Cc: David Brown <davidb@codeaurora.org> Cc: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: enable ext4 inline supportTao Ma1-1/+2
Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: make ext4_delete_entry genericTao Ma1-0/+7
Currently ext4_delete_entry() is used only for dir entry removing from a dir block. So let us create a new function ext4_generic_delete_entry and this function takes a entry_buf and a buf_size so that it can be used for inline data. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: create a new function search_dirTao Ma1-0/+7
search_dirblock is used to search a dir block, but the code is almost the same for searching an inline dir. So create a new fuction search_dir and let search_dirblock call it. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: let ext4_readdir handle inline dataTao Ma1-0/+12
For "." and "..", we just call filldir by ourselves instead of iterating the real dir entry. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: let add_dir_entry handle inline data properlyTao Ma1-0/+10
This patch let add_dir_entry handle the inline data case. So the dir is initialized as inline dir first and then we can try to add some files to it, when the inline space can't hold all the entries, a dir block will be created and the dir entry will be moved to it. Also for an inlined dir, "." and ".." are removed and we only use 4 bytes to store the parent inode number. These 2 entries will be added when we convert an inline dir to a block-based one. [ Folded in patch from Dan Carpenter to remove an unused variable. ] Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: create __ext4_insert_dentry for dir entry insertionTao Ma1-0/+15
The old add_dirent_to_buf handles all the work related to the work of adding dir entry to a dir block. Now we have inline data, so create 2 new function __ext4_find_dest_de and __ext4_insert_dentry that do the real work and let add_dirent_to_buf call them. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: refactor __ext4_check_dir_entry() to accept start and sizeTao Ma1-3/+4
The __ext4_check_dir_entry() function() is used to check whether the de is over the block boundary. Now with inline data, it could be within the block boundary while exceeds the inode size. So check this function to check the overflow more precisely. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: make ext4_init_dot_dotdot for inline dir usageTao Ma1-0/+4
Currently, the initialization of dot and dotdot are encapsulated in ext4_mkdir and also bond with dir_block. So create a new function named ext4_init_new_dir and the initialization is moved to ext4_init_dot_dotdot. Now it will called either in the normal non-inline case(rec_len of ".." will cover the whole block) or when we converting an inline dir to a block(rec len of ".." will be the real length). The start of the next entry is also returned for inline dir usage. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: add delalloc support for inline dataTao Ma1-0/+4
For delayed allocation mode, we write to inline data if the file is small enough. And in case of we write to some offset larger than the inline size, the 1st page is dirtied, so that ext4_da_writepages can handle the conversion. When the 1st page is initialized with blocks, the inline part is removed. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: add normal write support for inline dataTao Ma1-0/+11
For a normal write case (not journalled write, not delayed allocation), we write to the inline if the file is small and convert it to an extent based file when the write is larger than the max inline size. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-12-10ext4: add the basic function for inline data supportTao Ma1-1/+9
Implement inline data with xattr. Now we use "system.data" to store xattr, and the xattr will be extended if the i_size is increased while we don't release the space during truncate. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-11-28ext4: rationalize ext4_extents.h inclusionTheodore Ts'o1-2/+32
Previously, ext4_extents.h was being included at the end of ext4.h, which was bad for a number of reasons: (a) it was not being included in the expected place, and (b) it caused the header to be included multiple times. There were #ifdef's to prevent this from causing any problems, but it still was unnecessary. By moving the function declarations that were in ext4_extents.h to ext4.h, which is standard practice for where the function declarations for the rest of ext4.h can be found, we can remove ext4_extents.h from being included in ext4.h at all, and then we can only include ext4_extents.h where it is needed in ext4's source files. It should be possible to move a few more things into ext4.h, and further reduce the number of source files that need to #include ext4_extents.h, but that's a cleanup for another day. Reported-by: Sachin Kamat <sachin.kamat@linaro.org> Reported-by: Wei Yongjun <weiyj.lk@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-11-19Fix misspellings of "whether" in comments.Adam Buchbinder1-1/+1
"Whether" is misspelled in various comments across the tree; this fixes them. No code changes. Signed-off-by: Adam Buchbinder <adam.buchbinder@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2012-11-08ext4: reimplement ext4_find_delay_alloc_range on extent status treeZheng Liu1-4/+0
Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Allison Henderson <achender@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-11-08ext4: add data structures for the extent status treeZheng Liu1-0/+6
This patch adds two structures that supports extent status tree, extent_status and ext4_es_tree. Currently extent_status is used to track a delay extent for an inode, which record the start block and the length of the delay extent. ext4_es_tree is used to store all extent_status for an inode in memory. Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Allison Henderson <achender@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-10-22ext4: Checksum the block bitmap properly with bigalloc enabledTao Ma1-2/+2
In mke2fs, we only checksum the whole bitmap block and it is right. While in the kernel, we use EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP to indicate the size of the checksumed bitmap which is wrong when we enable bigalloc. The right size should be EXT4_CLUSTERS_PER_GROUP and this patch fixes it. Also as every caller of ext4_block_bitmap_csum_set and ext4_block_bitmap_csum_verify pass in EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb)/8, we'd better removes this parameter and sets it in the function itself. Signed-off-by: Tao Ma <boyu.mt@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
2012-10-10ext4: fix metadata checksum calculation for the superblockTheodore Ts'o1-2/+1
The function ext4_handle_dirty_super() was calculating the superblock on the wrong block data. As a result, when the superblock is modified while it is mounted (most commonly, when inodes are added or removed from the orphan list), the superblock checksum would be wrong. We didn't notice because the superblock *was* being correctly calculated in ext4_commit_super(), and this would get called when the file system was unmounted. So the problem only became obvious if the system crashed while the file system was mounted. Fix this by removing the poorly designed function signature for ext4_superblock_csum_set(); if it only took a single argument, the pointer to a struct superblock, the ambiguity which caused this mistake would have been impossible. Reported-by: George Spelvin <linux@horizon.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
2012-10-05ext4: fix ext4_flush_completed_IO wait semanticsDmitry Monakhov1-1/+2
BUG #1) All places where we call ext4_flush_completed_IO are broken because buffered io and DIO/AIO goes through three stages 1) submitted io, 2) completed io (in i_completed_io_list) conversion pended 3) finished io (conversion done) And by calling ext4_flush_completed_IO we will flush only requests which were in (2) stage, which is wrong because: 1) punch_hole and truncate _must_ wait for all outstanding unwritten io regardless to it's state. 2) fsync and nolock_dio_read should also wait because there is a time window between end_page_writeback() and ext4_add_complete_io() As result integrity fsync is broken in case of buffered write to fallocated region: fsync blkdev_completion ->filemap_write_and_wait_range ->ext4_end_bio ->end_page_writeback <-- filemap_write_and_wait_range return ->ext4_flush_completed_IO sees empty i_completed_io_list but pended conversion still exist ->ext4_add_complete_io BUG #2) Race window becomes wider due to the 'ext4: completed_io locking cleanup V4' patch series This patch make following changes: 1) ext4_flush_completed_io() now first try to flush completed io and when wait for any outstanding unwritten io via ext4_unwritten_wait() 2) Rename function to more appropriate name. 3) Assert that all callers of ext4_flush_unwritten_io should hold i_mutex to prevent endless wait Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2012-09-29ext4: serialize dio nonlocked reads with defrag workersDmitry Monakhov1-0/+17
Inode's block defrag and ext4_change_inode_journal_flag() may affect nonlocked DIO reads result, so proper synchronization required. - Add missed inode_dio_wait() calls where appropriate - Check inode state under extra i_dio_count reference. Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-09-29ext4: completed_io locking cleanupDmitry Monakhov1-2/+1
Current unwritten extent conversion state-machine is very fuzzy. - For unknown reason it performs conversion under i_mutex. What for? My diagnosis: We already protect extent tree with i_data_sem, truncate and punch_hole should wait for DIO, so the only data we have to protect is end_io->flags modification, but only flush_completed_IO and end_io_work modified this flags and we can serialize them via i_completed_io_lock. Currently all these games with mutex_trylock result in the following deadlock truncate: kworker: ext4_setattr ext4_end_io_work mutex_lock(i_mutex) inode_dio_wait(inode) ->BLOCK DEADLOCK<- mutex_trylock() inode_dio_done() #TEST_CASE1_BEGIN MNT=/mnt_scrach unlink $MNT/file fallocate -l $((1024*1024*1024)) $MNT/file aio-stress -I 100000 -O -s 100m -n -t 1 -c 10 -o 2 -o 3 $MNT/file sleep 2 truncate -s 0 $MNT/file #TEST_CASE1_END Or use 286's xfstests https://github.com/dmonakhov/xfstests/blob/devel/286 This patch makes state machine simple and clean: (1) xxx_end_io schedule final extent conversion simply by calling ext4_add_complete_io(), which append it to ei->i_completed_io_list NOTE1: because of (2A) work should be queued only if ->i_completed_io_list was empty, otherwise the work is scheduled already. (2) ext4_flush_completed_IO is responsible for handling all pending end_io from ei->i_completed_io_list Flushing sequence consists of following stages: A) LOCKED: Atomically drain completed_io_list to local_list B) Perform extents conversion C) LOCKED: move converted io's to to_free list for final deletion This logic depends on context which we was called from. D) Final end_io context destruction NOTE1: i_mutex is no longer required because end_io->flags modification is protected by ei->ext4_complete_io_lock Full list of changes: - Move all completion end_io related routines to page-io.c in order to improve logic locality - Move open coded logic from various xx_end_xx routines to ext4_add_complete_io() - remove EXT4_IO_END_FSYNC - Improve SMP scalability by removing useless i_mutex which does not protect io->flags anymore. - Reduce lock contention on i_completed_io_lock by optimizing list walk. - Rename ext4_end_io_nolock to end4_end_io and make it static - Check flush completion status to ext4_ext_punch_hole(). Because it is not good idea to punch blocks from corrupted inode. Changes since V3 (in request to Jan's comments): Fall back to active flush_completed_IO() approach in order to prevent performance issues with nolocked DIO reads. Changes since V2: Fix use-after-free caused by race truncate vs end_io_work Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-09-28ext4: give i_aiodio_unwritten a more appropriate nameDmitry Monakhov1-2/+2
AIO/DIO prefix is wrong because it account unwritten extents which also may be scheduled from buffered write endio Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-09-28ext4: ext4_inode_info dietDmitry Monakhov1-2/+10
Generic inode has unused i_private pointer which may be used as cur_aio_dio storage. TODO: If cur_aio_dio will be passed as an argument to get_block_t this allow to have concurent AIO_DIO requests. Reviewed-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Dmitry Monakhov <dmonakhov@openvz.org> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-09-05ext4: grow the s_group_info array as neededTheodore Ts'o1-0/+3
Previously we allocated the s_group_info array with enough space for any future possible growth of the file system via online resize. This is unfortunate because it wastes memory, and it doesn't work for the meta_bg scheme, since there is no limit based on the number of reserved gdt blocks. So add the code to grow the s_group_info array as needed. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-09-05ext4: grow the s_flex_groups array as needed when resizingTheodore Ts'o1-0/+3
Previously, we allocated the s_flex_groups array to the maximum size that the file system could be resized. There was two problems with this approach. First, it wasted memory in the common case where the file system was not resized. Secondly, once we start allowing online resizing using the meta_bg scheme, there is no maximum size that the file system can be resized. So instead, we need to grow the s_flex_groups at inline resize time. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-08-17ext4: make the zero-out chunk size tunableZheng Liu1-0/+3
Currently in ext4 the length of zero-out chunk is set to 7 file system blocks. But if an inode has uninitailized extents from using fallocate to preallocate space, and the workload issues many random writes, this can cause a fragmented extent tree that will unnecessarily grow the extent tree. So create a new sysfs tunable, extent_max_zeroout_kb, which controls the maximum size where blocks will be zeroed out instead of creating a new uninitialized extent. The default of this has been sent to 32kb. CC: Zach Brown <zab@zabbo.net> CC: Andreas Dilger <adilger@dilger.ca> Signed-off-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-08-17ext4: add max_dir_size_kb mount optionTheodore Ts'o1-0/+1
Very large directories can cause significant performance problems, or perhaps even invoke the OOM killer, if the process is running in a highly constrained memory environment (whether it is VM's with a small amount of memory or in a small memory cgroup). So it is useful, in cloud server/data center environments, to be able to set a filesystem-wide cap on the maximum size of a directory, to ensure that directories never get larger than a sane size. We do this via a new mount option, max_dir_size_kb. If there is an attempt to grow the directory larger than max_dir_size_kb, the system call will return ENOSPC instead. Google-Bug-Id: 6863013 Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-07-22ext4: convert last user of ext4_mark_super_dirty() to ext4_handle_dirty_super()Jan Kara1-9/+0
The last user of ext4_mark_super_dirty() in ext4_file_open() is so rare it can well be modifying the superblock properly by journalling the change. Change it and get rid of ext4_mark_super_dirty() as it's not needed anymore. Artem: small amendments. Artem: tested using xfstests for both journalled and non-journalled ext4. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Tested-by: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com>
2012-07-22ext4: remove dynamic array size in ext4_chksum()Theodore Ts'o1-1/+3
The ext4_checksum() inline function was using a dynamic array size, which is not legal C. (It is a gcc extension). Remove it. Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-07-22ext4: make quota as first class supported featureAditya Kali1-1/+4
This patch adds support for quotas as a first class feature in ext4; which is to say, the quota files are stored in hidden inodes as file system metadata, instead of as separate files visible in the file system directory hierarchy. It is based on the proposal at: https://ext4.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Design_For_1st_Class_Quota_in_Ext4 This patch introduces a new feature - EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_QUOTA which, when turned on, enables quota accounting at mount time iteself. Also, the quota inodes are stored in two additional superblock fields. Some changes introduced by this patch that should be pointed out are: 1) Two new ext4-superblock fields - s_usr_quota_inum and s_grp_quota_inum for storing the quota inodes in use. 2) Default quota inodes are: inode#3 for tracking userquota and inode#4 for tracking group quota. The superblock fields can be set to use other inodes as well. 3) If the QUOTA feature and corresponding quota inodes are set in superblock, the quota usage tracking is turned on at mount time. On 'quotaon' ioctl, the quota limits enforcement is turned on. 'quotaoff' ioctl turns off only the limits enforcement in this case. 4) When QUOTA feature is in use, the quota mount options 'quota', 'usrquota', 'grpquota' are ignored by the kernel. 5) mke2fs or tune2fs can be used to set the QUOTA feature and initialize quota inodes. The default reserved inodes will not be visible to user as regular files. 6) The quota-tools will need to be modified to support hidden quota files on ext4. E2fsprogs will also include support for creating and fixing quota files. 7) Support is only for the new V2 quota file format. Tested-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Johann Lombardi <johann@whamcloud.com> Signed-off-by: Aditya Kali <adityakali@google.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-07-09ext4: add a new nolock flag in ext4_map_blocksZheng Liu1-0/+2
EXT4_GET_BLOCKS_NO_LOCK flag is added to indicate that we don't need to acquire i_data_sem lock in ext4_map_blocks. Meanwhile, it changes ext4_get_block() to not start a new journal because when we do a overwrite dio, there is no any metadata that needs to be modified. We define a new function called ext4_get_block_write_nolock, which is used in dio overwrite nolock. In this function, it doesn't try to acquire i_data_sem lock and doesn't start a new journal as it does a lookup. CC: Tao Ma <tm@tao.ma> CC: Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com> CC: Robin Dong <hao.bigrat@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Zheng Liu <wenqing.lz@taobao.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-07-09ext4: fix overhead calculation used by ext4_statfs()Theodore Ts'o1-2/+2
Commit f975d6bcc7a introduced bug which caused ext4_statfs() to miscalculate the number of file system overhead blocks. This causes the f_blocks field in the statfs structure to be larger than it should be. This would in turn cause the "df" output to show the number of data blocks in the file system and the number of data blocks used to be larger than they should be. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: stable@kernel.org
2012-06-30ext4: pass a char * to ext4_count_free() instead of a buffer_head ptrTheodore Ts'o1-1/+1
Make it possible for ext4_count_free to operate on buffers and not just data in buffer_heads. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: stable@kernel.org
2012-06-01Merge tag 'ext4_for_linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-13/+117
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4 Pull Ext4 updates from Theodore Ts'o: "The major new feature added in this update is Darrick J Wong's metadata checksum feature, which adds crc32 checksums to ext4's metadata fields. There is also the usual set of cleanups and bug fixes." * tag 'ext4_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4: (44 commits) ext4: hole-punch use truncate_pagecache_range jbd2: use kmem_cache_zalloc wrapper instead of flag ext4: remove mb_groups before tearing down the buddy_cache ext4: add ext4_mb_unload_buddy in the error path ext4: don't trash state flags in EXT4_IOC_SETFLAGS ext4: let getattr report the right blocks in delalloc+bigalloc ext4: add missing save_error_info() to ext4_error() ext4: add debugging trigger for ext4_error() ext4: protect group inode free counting with group lock ext4: use consistent ssize_t type in ext4_file_write() ext4: fix format flag in ext4_ext_binsearch_idx() ext4: cleanup in ext4_discard_allocated_blocks() ext4: return ENOMEM when mounts fail due to lack of memory ext4: remove redundundant "(char *) bh->b_data" casts ext4: disallow hard-linked directory in ext4_lookup ext4: fix potential integer overflow in alloc_flex_gd() ext4: remove needs_recovery in ext4_mb_init() ext4: force ro mount if ext4_setup_super() fails ext4: fix potential NULL dereference in ext4_free_inodes_counts() ext4/jbd2: add metadata checksumming to the list of supported features ...
2012-05-30ext4: add debugging trigger for ext4_error()Theodore Ts'o1-0/+1
Make it easy to test whether or not the error handling subsystem in ext4 is working correctly. This allows us to simulate an ext4_error() by echoing a string to /sys/fs/ext4/<dev>/trigger_fs_error. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: ksumrall@google.com
2012-05-28ext4: remove needs_recovery in ext4_mb_init()Akira Fujita1-1/+1
needs_recovery in ext4_mb_init() is not used, remove it. Signed-off-by: Akira Fujita <a-fujita@rs.jp.ne.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-05-27ext4/jbd2: add metadata checksumming to the list of supported featuresDarrick J. Wong1-1/+2
Activate the metadata checksumming feature by adding it to ext4 and jbd2's lists of supported features. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-05-23Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+2
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace Pull user namespace enhancements from Eric Biederman: "This is a course correction for the user namespace, so that we can reach an inexpensive, maintainable, and reasonably complete implementation. Highlights: - Config guards make it impossible to enable the user namespace and code that has not been converted to be user namespace safe. - Use of the new kuid_t type ensures the if you somehow get past the config guards the kernel will encounter type errors if you enable user namespaces and attempt to compile in code whose permission checks have not been updated to be user namespace safe. - All uids from child user namespaces are mapped into the initial user namespace before they are processed. Removing the need to add an additional check to see if the user namespace of the compared uids remains the same. - With the user namespaces compiled out the performance is as good or better than it is today. - For most operations absolutely nothing changes performance or operationally with the user namespace enabled. - The worst case performance I could come up with was timing 1 billion cache cold stat operations with the user namespace code enabled. This went from 156s to 164s on my laptop (or 156ns to 164ns per stat operation). - (uid_t)-1 and (gid_t)-1 are reserved as an internal error value. Most uid/gid setting system calls treat these value specially anyway so attempting to use -1 as a uid would likely cause entertaining failures in userspace. - If setuid is called with a uid that can not be mapped setuid fails. I have looked at sendmail, login, ssh and every other program I could think of that would call setuid and they all check for and handle the case where setuid fails. - If stat or a similar system call is called from a context in which we can not map a uid we lie and return overflowuid. The LFS experience suggests not lying and returning an error code might be better, but the historical precedent with uids is different and I can not think of anything that would break by lying about a uid we can't map. - Capabilities are localized to the current user namespace making it safe to give the initial user in a user namespace all capabilities. My git tree covers all of the modifications needed to convert the core kernel and enough changes to make a system bootable to runlevel 1." Fix up trivial conflicts due to nearby independent changes in fs/stat.c * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ebiederm/user-namespace: (46 commits) userns: Silence silly gcc warning. cred: use correct cred accessor with regards to rcu read lock userns: Convert the move_pages, and migrate_pages permission checks to use uid_eq userns: Convert cgroup permission checks to use uid_eq userns: Convert tmpfs to use kuid and kgid where appropriate userns: Convert sysfs to use kgid/kuid where appropriate userns: Convert sysctl permission checks to use kuid and kgids. userns: Convert proc to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext4 to user kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext3 to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert ext2 to use kuid/kgid where appropriate. userns: Convert devpts to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Convert binary formats to use kuid/kgid where appropriate userns: Add negative depends on entries to avoid building code that is userns unsafe userns: signal remove unnecessary map_cred_ns userns: Teach inode_capable to understand inodes whose uids map to other namespaces. userns: Fail exec for suid and sgid binaries with ids outside our user namespace. userns: Convert stat to return values mapped from kuids and kgids userns: Convert user specfied uids and gids in chown into kuids and kgid userns: Use uid_eq gid_eq helpers when comparing kuids and kgids in the vfs ...
2012-05-15userns: Convert ext4 to user kuid/kgid where appropriateEric W. Biederman1-2/+2
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2012-04-29ext4: add checksums to the MMP blockDarrick J. Wong1-0/+3
Compute and verify a checksum for the MMP block. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: make block group checksums use metadata_csum algorithmDarrick J. Wong1-3/+3
metadata_csum supersedes uninit_bg. Convert the ROCOMPAT uninit_bg flag check to a helper function that covers both, and make the checksum calculation algorithm use either crc16 or the metadata_csum chosen algorithm depending on which flag is set. Print a warning if we try to mount a filesystem with both feature flags set. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: calculate and verify checksums of directory leaf blocksDarrick J. Wong1-0/+2
Calculate and verify the checksums for directory leaf blocks (i.e. blocks that only contain actual directory entries). The checksum lives in what looks to be an unused directory entry with a 0 name_len at the end of the block. This scheme is not used for internal htree nodes because the mechanism in place there only costs one dx_entry, whereas the "empty" directory entry would cost two dx_entries. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: calculate and verify block bitmap checksumDarrick J. Wong1-0/+10
Compute and verify the checksum of the block bitmap; this checksum is stored in the block group descriptor. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: calculate and verify checksums for inode bitmapsDarrick J. Wong1-0/+20
Compute and verify the checksum of the inode bitmap; the checkum is stored in the block group descriptor. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: calculate and verify inode checksumsDarrick J. Wong1-0/+3
This patch introduces to ext4 the ability to calculate and verify inode checksums. This requires the use of a new ro compatibility flag and some accompanying e2fsprogs patches to provide the relevant features in tune2fs and e2fsck. The inode generation changes have been integrated into this patch. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: calculate and verify superblock checksumDarrick J. Wong1-0/+10
Calculate and verify the superblock checksum. Since the UUID and block group number are embedded in each copy of the superblock, we need only checksum the entire block. Refactor some of the code to eliminate open-coding of the checksum update call. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: load the crc32c driver if necessaryDarrick J. Wong1-0/+23
Obtain a reference to the cryptoapi and crc32c if we mount a filesystem with metadata checksumming enabled. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
2012-04-29ext4: change on-disk layout to support extended metadata checksummingDarrick J. Wong1-8/+39
Define flags and change structure definitions to allow checksumming of ext4 metadata. Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>