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2012-02-08block: don't call elevator callbacks for plug mergesTejun Heo1-11/+4
Plug merge calls two elevator callbacks outside queue lock - elevator_allow_merge_fn() and elevator_bio_merged_fn(). Although attempt_plug_merge() suggests that elevator is guaranteed to be there through the existing request on the plug list, nothing prevents plug merge from calling into dying or initializing elevator. For regular merges, bypass ensures elvpriv count to reach zero, which in turn prevents merges as all !ELVPRIV requests get REQ_SOFTBARRIER from forced back insertion. Plug merge doesn't check ELVPRIV, and, as the requests haven't gone through elevator insertion yet, it doesn't have SOFTBARRIER set allowing merges on a bypassed queue. This, for example, leads to the following crash during elevator switch. BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at 0000000000000008 IP: [<ffffffff813b34e9>] cfq_allow_merge+0x49/0xa0 PGD 112cbc067 PUD 115d5c067 PMD 0 Oops: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP CPU 1 Modules linked in: deadline_iosched Pid: 819, comm: dd Not tainted 3.3.0-rc2-work+ #76 Bochs Bochs RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff813b34e9>] [<ffffffff813b34e9>] cfq_allow_merge+0x49/0xa0 RSP: 0018:ffff8801143a38f8 EFLAGS: 00010297 RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff88011817ce28 RCX: ffff880116eb6cc0 RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff880118056e20 RDI: ffff8801199512f8 RBP: ffff8801143a3908 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000 R10: 0000000000000001 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff880118195708 R13: ffff880118052aa0 R14: ffff8801143a3d50 R15: ffff880118195708 FS: 00007f19f82cb700(0000) GS:ffff88011fc80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b CR2: 0000000000000008 CR3: 0000000112c6a000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process dd (pid: 819, threadinfo ffff8801143a2000, task ffff880116eb6cc0) Stack: ffff88011817ce28 ffff880118195708 ffff8801143a3928 ffffffff81391bba ffff88011817ce28 ffff880118195708 ffff8801143a3948 ffffffff81391bf1 ffff88011817ce28 0000000000000000 ffff8801143a39a8 ffffffff81398e3e Call Trace: [<ffffffff81391bba>] elv_rq_merge_ok+0x4a/0x60 [<ffffffff81391bf1>] elv_try_merge+0x21/0x40 [<ffffffff81398e3e>] blk_queue_bio+0x8e/0x390 [<ffffffff81396a5a>] generic_make_request+0xca/0x100 [<ffffffff81396b04>] submit_bio+0x74/0x100 [<ffffffff811d45c2>] __blockdev_direct_IO+0x1ce2/0x3450 [<ffffffff811d0dc7>] blkdev_direct_IO+0x57/0x60 [<ffffffff811460b5>] generic_file_aio_read+0x6d5/0x760 [<ffffffff811986b2>] do_sync_read+0xe2/0x120 [<ffffffff81199345>] vfs_read+0xc5/0x180 [<ffffffff81199501>] sys_read+0x51/0x90 [<ffffffff81aeac12>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b There are multiple ways to fix this including making plug merge check ELVPRIV; however, * Calling into elevator outside queue lock is confusing and error-prone. * Requests on plug list aren't known to the elevator. They aren't on the elevator yet, so there's no elevator specific state to update. * Given the nature of plug merges - collecting bio's for the same purpose from the same issuer - elevator specific restrictions aren't applicable. So, simply don't call into elevator methods from plug merge by moving elv_bio_merged() from bio_attempt_*_merge() to blk_queue_bio(), and using blk_try_merge() in attempt_plug_merge(). This is based on Jens' patch to skip elevator_allow_merge_fn() from plug merge. Note that this makes per-cgroup merged stats skip plug merging. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> LKML-Reference: <4F16F3CA.90904@kernel.dk> Original-patch-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-02-07block: strip out locking optimization in put_io_context()Tejun Heo1-1/+1
put_io_context() performed a complex trylock dancing to avoid deferring ioc release to workqueue. It was also broken on UP because trylock was always assumed to succeed which resulted in unbalanced preemption count. While there are ways to fix the UP breakage, even the most pathological microbench (forced ioc allocation and tight fork/exit loop) fails to show any appreciable performance benefit of the optimization. Strip it out. If there turns out to be workloads which are affected by this change, simpler optimization from the discussion thread can be applied later. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> LKML-Reference: <1328514611.21268.66.camel@sli10-conroe> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-01-19block,cfq: change code orderShaohua Li1-3/+4
cfq_slice_expired will change saved_workload_slice. It should be called first so saved_workload_slice is correctly set to 0 after workload type is changed. This fixes the code order changed by 54b466e44b1c7. Tested-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2012-01-17cfq-iosched: fix use-after-free of cfqqJens Axboe1-4/+3
With the changes in life time management between the cfq IO contexts and the cfq queues, we now risk having cfqd->active_queue being freed when cfq_slice_expired() is being called. cfq_preempt_queue() caches this queue and uses it after calling said function, causing a use-after-free condition. This triggers the following oops, when cfqq_type() attempts to dereference it: BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8800746c4f0c IP: [<ffffffff81266d59>] cfqq_type+0xb/0x20 PGD 18d4063 PUD 1fe15067 PMD 1ffb9067 PTE 80000000746c4160 Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP DEBUG_PAGEALLOC CPU 3 Modules linked in: Pid: 1, comm: init Not tainted 3.2.0-josef+ #367 Bochs Bochs RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81266d59>] [<ffffffff81266d59>] cfqq_type+0xb/0x20 RSP: 0018:ffff880079c11778 EFLAGS: 00010046 RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: ffff880076f3df08 RCX: 0000000000000000 RDX: 0000000000000006 RSI: ffff880074271888 RDI: ffff8800746c4f08 RBP: ffff880079c11778 R08: 0000000000000078 R09: 0000000000000001 R10: 09f911029d74e35b R11: 09f911029d74e35b R12: ffff880076f337f0 R13: ffff8800746c4f08 R14: ffff8800746c4f08 R15: 0000000000000002 FS: 00007f62fd44f700(0000) GS:ffff88007cd80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033 CR2: ffff8800746c4f0c CR3: 0000000076c21000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process init (pid: 1, threadinfo ffff880079c10000, task ffff880079c0a040) Stack: ffff880079c117c8 ffffffff812683d8 ffff880079c117a8 ffffffff8125de43 ffff8800744fcf48 ffff880074b43e98 ffff8800770c8828 ffff880074b43e98 0000000000000003 0000000000000000 ffff880079c117f8 ffffffff81254149 Call Trace: [<ffffffff812683d8>] cfq_insert_request+0x3f5/0x47c [<ffffffff8125de43>] ? blk_recount_segments+0x20/0x31 [<ffffffff81254149>] __elv_add_request+0x1ca/0x200 [<ffffffff8125aa99>] blk_queue_bio+0x2ef/0x312 [<ffffffff81258f7b>] generic_make_request+0x9f/0xe0 [<ffffffff8125907b>] submit_bio+0xbf/0xca [<ffffffff81136ec7>] submit_bh+0xdf/0xfe [<ffffffff81176d04>] ext3_bread+0x50/0x99 [<ffffffff811785b3>] dx_probe+0x38/0x291 [<ffffffff81178864>] ext3_dx_find_entry+0x58/0x219 [<ffffffff81178ad5>] ext3_find_entry+0xb0/0x406 [<ffffffff8110c4d5>] ? cache_alloc_debugcheck_after.isra.46+0x14d/0x1a0 [<ffffffff8110cfbd>] ? kmem_cache_alloc+0xef/0x191 [<ffffffff8117a330>] ext3_lookup+0x39/0xe1 [<ffffffff81119461>] d_alloc_and_lookup+0x45/0x6c [<ffffffff8111ac41>] do_lookup+0x1e4/0x2f5 [<ffffffff8111aef6>] link_path_walk+0x1a4/0x6ef [<ffffffff8111b557>] path_lookupat+0x59/0x5ea [<ffffffff8127406c>] ? __strncpy_from_user+0x30/0x5a [<ffffffff8111bce0>] do_path_lookup+0x23/0x59 [<ffffffff8111cfd6>] user_path_at_empty+0x53/0x99 [<ffffffff8107b37b>] ? remove_wait_queue+0x51/0x56 [<ffffffff8111d02d>] user_path_at+0x11/0x13 [<ffffffff811141f5>] vfs_fstatat+0x3a/0x64 [<ffffffff8111425a>] vfs_stat+0x1b/0x1d [<ffffffff81114359>] sys_newstat+0x1a/0x33 [<ffffffff81060e12>] ? task_stopped_code+0x42/0x42 [<ffffffff815d6712>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b Code: 89 e6 48 89 c7 e8 fa ca fe ff 85 c0 74 06 4c 89 2b 41 b6 01 5b 44 89 f0 41 5c 41 5d 41 5e 5d c3 55 48 89 e5 66 66 66 66 90 31 c0 <8b> 57 04 f6 c6 01 74 0b 83 e2 20 83 fa 01 19 c0 83 c0 02 5d c3 RIP [<ffffffff81266d59>] cfqq_type+0xb/0x20 RSP <ffff880079c11778> CR2: ffff8800746c4f0c Get rid of the caching of cfqd->active_queue, and reorder the check so that it happens before we expire the active queue. Thanks to Tejun for pin pointing the error location. Reported-by: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Tested-by: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-16block, cfq: fix empty queue crash caused by request mergeShaohua Li1-0/+12
All requests of a queue could be merged to other requests of other queue. Such queue will not have request in it, but it's in service tree. This will cause kernel oops. I encounter a BUG_ON() in cfq_dispatch_request() with next patch, but the issue should exist without the patch. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move icq creation and rq->elv.icq association to block coreTejun Heo1-124/+11
Now block layer knows everything necessary to create and associate icq's with requests. Move ioc_create_icq() to blk-ioc.c and update get_request() such that, if elevator_type->icq_size is set, requests are automatically associated with their matching icq's before elv_set_request(). io_context reference is also managed by block core on request alloc/free. * Only ioprio/cgroup changed handling remains from cfq_get_cic(). Collapsed into cfq_set_request(). * This removes queue kicking on icq allocation failure (for now). As icq allocation failure is rare and the only effect of queue kicking achieved was possibily accelerating queue processing, this change shouldn't be noticeable. There is a larger underlying problem. Unlike request allocation, icq allocation is not guaranteed to succeed eventually after retries. The number of icq is unbound and thus mempool can't be the solution either. This effectively adds allocation dependency on memory free path and thus possibility of deadlock. This usually wouldn't happen because icq allocation is not a hot path and, even when the condition triggers, it's highly unlikely that none of the writeback workers already has icq. However, this is still possible especially if elevator is being switched under high memory pressure, so we better get it fixed. Probably the only solution is just bypassing elevator and appending to dispatch queue on any elevator allocation failure. * Comment added to explain how icq's are managed and synchronized. This completes cleanup of io_context interface. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: restructure io_cq creation path for io_context interface cleanupTejun Heo1-53/+41
Add elevator_ops->elevator_init_icq_fn() and restructure cfq_create_cic() and rename it to ioc_create_icq(). The new function expects its caller to pass in io_context, uses elevator_type->icq_cache, handles generic init, calls the new elevator operation for elevator specific initialization, and returns pointer to created or looked up icq. This leaves cfq_icq_pool variable without any user. Removed. This prepares for io_context interface cleanup and doesn't introduce any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move io_cq exit/release to blk-ioc.cTejun Heo1-45/+2
With kmem_cache managed by blk-ioc, io_cq exit/release can be moved to blk-ioc too. The odd ->io_cq->exit/release() callbacks are replaced with elevator_ops->elevator_exit_icq_fn() with unlinking from both ioc and q, and freeing automatically handled by blk-ioc. The elevator operation only need to perform exit operation specific to the elevator - in cfq's case, exiting the cfqq's. Also, clearing of io_cq's on q detach is moved to block core and automatically performed on elevator switch and q release. Because the q io_cq points to might be freed before RCU callback for the io_cq runs, blk-ioc code should remember to which cache the io_cq needs to be freed when the io_cq is released. New field io_cq->__rcu_icq_cache is added for this purpose. As both the new field and rcu_head are used only after io_cq is released and the q/ioc_node fields aren't, they are put into unions. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move icq cache management to block coreTejun Heo1-33/+15
Let elevators set ->icq_size and ->icq_align in elevator_type and elv_register() and elv_unregister() respectively create and destroy kmem_cache for icq. * elv_register() now can return failure. All callers updated. * icq caches are automatically named "ELVNAME_io_cq". * cfq_slab_setup/kill() are collapsed into cfq_init/exit(). * While at it, minor indentation change for iosched_cfq.elevator_name for consistency. This will help moving icq management to block core. This doesn't introduce any functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move io_cq lookup to blk-ioc.cTejun Heo1-40/+8
Now that all io_cq related data structures are in block core layer, io_cq lookup can be moved from cfq-iosched.c to blk-ioc.c. Lookup logic from cfq_cic_lookup() is moved to ioc_lookup_icq() with parameter return type changes (cfqd -> request_queue, cfq_io_cq -> io_cq) and cfq_cic_lookup() becomes thin wrapper around cfq_cic_lookup(). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move cfqd->icq_list to request_queue and add request->elv.icqTejun Heo1-17/+11
Most of icq management is about to be moved out of cfq into blk-ioc. This patch prepares for it. * Move cfqd->icq_list to request_queue->icq_list * Make request explicitly point to icq instead of through elevator private data. ->elevator_private[3] is replaced with sub struct elv which contains icq pointer and priv[2]. cfq is updated accordingly. * Meaningless clearing of ->elevator_private[0] removed from elv_set_request(). At that point in code, the field was guaranteed to be %NULL anyway. This patch doesn't introduce any functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: reorganize cfq_io_context into generic and cfq specific partsTejun Heo1-115/+133
Currently io_context and cfq logics are mixed without clear boundary. Most of io_context is independent from cfq but cfq_io_context handling logic is dispersed between generic ioc code and cfq. cfq_io_context represents association between an io_context and a request_queue, which is a concept useful outside of cfq, but it also contains fields which are useful only to cfq. This patch takes out generic part and put it into io_cq (io context-queue) and the rest into cfq_io_cq (cic moniker remains the same) which contains io_cq. The following changes are made together. * cfq_ttime and cfq_io_cq now live in cfq-iosched.c. * All related fields, functions and constants are renamed accordingly. * ioc->ioc_data is now "struct io_cq *" instead of "void *" and renamed to icq_hint. This prepares for io_context API cleanup. Documentation is currently sparse. It will be added later. Changes in this patch are mechanical and don't cause functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: replace current_io_context() with create_io_context()Tejun Heo1-1/+1
When called under queue_lock, current_io_context() triggers lockdep warning if it hits allocation path. This is because io_context installation is protected by task_lock which is not IRQ safe, so it triggers irq-unsafe-lock -> irq -> irq-safe-lock -> irq-unsafe-lock deadlock warning. Given the restriction, accessor + creator rolled into one doesn't work too well. Drop current_io_context() and let the users access task->io_context directly inside queue_lock combined with explicit creation using create_io_context(). Future ioc updates will further consolidate ioc access and the create interface will be unexported. While at it, relocate ioc internal interface declarations in blk.h and add section comments before and after. This patch does not introduce functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: kill cic->keyTejun Heo1-21/+5
Now that lazy paths are removed, cfqd_dead_key() is meaningless and cic->q can be used whereever cic->key is used. Kill cic->key. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: kill ioc_goneTejun Heo1-38/+5
Now that cic's are immediately unlinked under both locks, there's no need to count and drain cic's before module unload. RCU callback completion is waited with rcu_barrier(). While at it, remove residual RCU operations on cic_list. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: remove delayed unlinkTejun Heo1-82/+10
Now that all cic's are immediately unlinked from both ioc and queue, lazy dropping from lookup path and trimming on elevator unregister are unnecessary. Kill them and remove now unused elevator_ops->trim(). This also leaves call_for_each_cic() without any user. Removed. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: unlink cfq_io_context's immediatelyTejun Heo1-36/+8
cic is association between io_context and request_queue. A cic is linked from both ioc and q and should be destroyed when either one goes away. As ioc and q both have their own locks, locking becomes a bit complex - both orders work for removal from one but not from the other. Currently, cfq tries to circumvent this locking order issue with RCU. ioc->lock nests inside queue_lock but the radix tree and cic's are also protected by RCU allowing either side to walk their lists without grabbing lock. This rather unconventional use of RCU quickly devolves into extremely fragile convolution. e.g. The following is from cfqd going away too soon after ioc and q exits raced. general protection fault: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP CPU 2 Modules linked in: [ 88.503444] Pid: 599, comm: hexdump Not tainted 3.1.0-rc10-work+ #158 Bochs Bochs RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff81397628>] [<ffffffff81397628>] cfq_exit_single_io_context+0x58/0xf0 ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff81395a4a>] call_for_each_cic+0x5a/0x90 [<ffffffff81395ab5>] cfq_exit_io_context+0x15/0x20 [<ffffffff81389130>] exit_io_context+0x100/0x140 [<ffffffff81098a29>] do_exit+0x579/0x850 [<ffffffff81098d5b>] do_group_exit+0x5b/0xd0 [<ffffffff81098de7>] sys_exit_group+0x17/0x20 [<ffffffff81b02f2b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b The only real hot path here is cic lookup during request initialization and avoiding extra locking requires very confined use of RCU. This patch makes cic removal from both ioc and request_queue perform double-locking and unlink immediately. * From q side, the change is almost trivial as ioc->lock nests inside queue_lock. It just needs to grab each ioc->lock as it walks cic_list and unlink it. * From ioc side, it's a bit more difficult because of inversed lock order. ioc needs its lock to walk its cic_list but can't grab the matching queue_lock and needs to perform unlock-relock dancing. Unlinking is now wholly done from put_io_context() and fast path is optimized by using the queue_lock the caller already holds, which is by far the most common case. If the ioc accessed multiple devices, it tries with trylock. In unlikely cases of fast path failure, it falls back to full double-locking dance from workqueue. Double-locking isn't the prettiest thing in the world but it's *far* simpler and more understandable than RCU trick without adding any meaningful overhead. This still leaves a lot of now unnecessary RCU logics. Future patches will trim them. -v2: Vivek pointed out that cic->q was being dereferenced after cic->release() was called. Updated to use local variable @this_q instead. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: fix cic lookup lockingTejun Heo1-32/+35
* cfq_cic_lookup() may be called without queue_lock and multiple tasks can execute it simultaneously for the same shared ioc. Nothing prevents them racing each other and trying to drop the same dead cic entry multiple times. * smp_wmb() in cfq_exit_cic() doesn't really do anything and nothing prevents cfq_cic_lookup() seeing stale cic->key. This usually doesn't blow up because by the time cic is exited, all requests have been drained and new requests are terminated before going through elevator. However, it can still be triggered by plug merge path which doesn't grab queue_lock and thus can't check DEAD state reliably. This patch updates lookup locking such that, * Lookup is always performed under queue_lock. This doesn't add any more locking. The only issue is cfq_allow_merge() which can be called from plug merge path without holding any lock. For now, this is worked around by using cic of the request to merge into, which is guaranteed to have the same ioc. For longer term, I think it would be best to separate out plug merge method from regular one. * Spurious ioc->lock locking around cic lookup hint assignment dropped. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: fix race condition in cic creation path and tighten lockingTejun Heo1-59/+76
cfq_get_io_context() would fail if multiple tasks race to insert cic's for the same association. This patch restructures cfq_get_io_context() such that slow path insertion race is handled properly. Note that the restructuring also makes cfq_get_io_context() called under queue_lock and performs both ioc and cfqd insertions while holding both ioc and queue locks. This is part of on-going locking tightening and will be used to simplify synchronization rules. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move ioc ioprio/cgroup changed handling to cicTejun Heo1-19/+9
ioprio/cgroup change was handled by marking the changed state in ioc and, on the following access to the ioc, performing RCU-protected iteration through all cic's grabbing the matching queue_lock. This patch moves the changed state to each cic. When ioprio or cgroup changes, the respective bit is set on all cic's of the ioc and when each of those cic (not ioc) is accessed, change is applied for that specific ioc-queue pair. This also fixes the following two race conditions between setting and clearing of changed states. * Missing barrier between assign/load of ioprio and ioprio_changed allowed applying old ioprio. * Change requests could happen between application of change and clearing of changed variables. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: misc updates to cfq_io_contextTejun Heo1-26/+32
Make the following changes to prepare for ioc/cic management cleanup. * Add cic->q so that ioc can determine the associated queue without querying cfq. This will eventually replace ->key. * Factor out cfq_release_cic() from cic_free_func(). This function assumes that the caller handled locking. * Rename __cfq_exit_single_io_context() to cfq_exit_cic() and make it take only @cic. * Restructure cfq_cic_link() for future updates. This patch doesn't introduce any functional changes. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block: make ioc get/put interface more conventional and fix race on alloctionTejun Heo1-9/+9
Ignoring copy_io() during fork, io_context can be allocated from two places - current_io_context() and set_task_ioprio(). The former is always called from local task while the latter can be called from different task. The synchornization between them are peculiar and dubious. * current_io_context() doesn't grab task_lock() and assumes that if it saw %NULL ->io_context, it would stay that way until allocation and assignment is complete. It has smp_wmb() between alloc/init and assignment. * set_task_ioprio() grabs task_lock() for assignment and does smp_read_barrier_depends() between "ioc = task->io_context" and "if (ioc)". Unfortunately, this doesn't achieve anything - the latter is not a dependent load of the former. ie, if ioc itself were being dereferenced "ioc->xxx", it would mean something (not sure what tho) but as the code currently stands, the dependent read barrier is noop. As only one of the the two test-assignment sequences is task_lock() protected, the task_lock() can't do much about race between the two. Nothing prevents current_io_context() and set_task_ioprio() allocating its own ioc for the same task and overwriting the other's. Also, set_task_ioprio() can race with exiting task and create a new ioc after exit_io_context() is finished. ioc get/put doesn't have any reason to be complex. The only hot path is accessing the existing ioc of %current, which is simple to achieve given that ->io_context is never destroyed as long as the task is alive. All other paths can happily go through task_lock() like all other task sub structures without impacting anything. This patch updates ioc get/put so that it becomes more conventional. * alloc_io_context() is replaced with get_task_io_context(). This is the only interface which can acquire access to ioc of another task. On return, the caller has an explicit reference to the object which should be put using put_io_context() afterwards. * The functionality of current_io_context() remains the same but when creating a new ioc, it shares the code path with get_task_io_context() and always goes through task_lock(). * get_io_context() now means incrementing ref on an ioc which the caller already has access to (be that an explicit refcnt or implicit %current one). * PF_EXITING inhibits creation of new io_context and once exit_io_context() is finished, it's guaranteed that both ioc acquisition functions return %NULL. * All users are updated. Most are trivial but smp_read_barrier_depends() removal from cfq_get_io_context() needs a bit of explanation. I suppose the original intention was to ensure ioc->ioprio is visible when set_task_ioprio() allocates new io_context and installs it; however, this wouldn't have worked because set_task_ioprio() doesn't have wmb between init and install. There are other problems with this which will be fixed in another patch. * While at it, use NUMA_NO_NODE instead of -1 for wildcard node specification. -v2: Vivek spotted contamination from debug patch. Removed. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-12-14block, cfq: move cfqd->cic_index to q->idTejun Heo1-47/+5
cfq allocates per-queue id using ida and uses it to index cic radix tree from io_context. Move it to q->id and allocate on queue init and free on queue release. This simplifies cfq a bit and will allow for further improvements of io context life-cycle management. This patch doesn't introduce any functional difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
2011-08-23block: separate priority boosting from REQ_METAChristoph Hellwig1-10/+10
Add a new REQ_PRIO to let requests preempt others in the cfq I/O schedule, and lave REQ_META purely for marking requests as metadata in blktrace. All existing callers of REQ_META except for XFS are updated to also set REQ_PRIO for now. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Reviewed-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-08-19Revert "cfq: Remove special treatment for metadata rqs."Jens Axboe1-0/+18
We have a kernel build regression since 3.1-rc1, which is about 10% regression. The kernel source is in an ext3 filesystem. Alex Shi bisect it to commit: commit a07405b7802691d29ab3b23bdc76ee6d006aad0b Author: Justin TerAvest <teravest@google.com> Date: Sun Jul 10 22:09:19 2011 +0200 cfq: Remove special treatment for metadata rqs. Apparently this is caused by lack metadata preemption, where ext3/ext4 do use READ_META. I didn't see a way to fix the issue, so suggest reverting the patch. This reverts commit a07405b7802691d29ab3b23bdc76ee6d006aad0b. Reported-by: Alex Shi<alex.shi@intel.com> Reported-by: Shaohua Li<shaohua.li@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-08-02cfq-iosched: Reduce linked group count upon group destructionVivek Goyal1-0/+3
FQ keeps track of number of groups which are linked on blkcg->blkg_list. This is useful to avoid races between queue exit and cgroup exit code paths. So if at the request queue exit time linked group count is not zero, that means there are some group out there which is yet to be deleted under rcu read period and queue exit code should wait for on rcu period. In my previous patch I forgot to decrease the number of group count. So in current form, we nr_blkcg_linked_grps is always non-zero and we will always wait one rcu period (if BLK_CGROUP=y). The side effect of this is that it can increase boot time. I am surprised, nobody complained so far. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-12CFQ: add think time check for groupShaohua Li1-2/+17
Currently when the last queue of a group has no request, we don't expire the queue to hope request from the group comes soon, so the group doesn't miss its share. But if the think time is big, the assumption isn't correct and we just waste bandwidth. In such case, we don't do idle. [global] runtime=30 direct=1 [test1] cgroup=test1 cgroup_weight=1000 rw=randread ioengine=libaio size=500m runtime=30 directory=/mnt filename=file1 thinktime=9000 [test2] cgroup=test2 cgroup_weight=1000 rw=randread ioengine=libaio size=500m runtime=30 directory=/mnt filename=file2 patched base test1 64k 39k test2 548k 540k total 604k 578k group1 gets much better throughput because it waits less time. To check if the patch changes behavior of queue without think time. I also tried to give test1 2ms think time or no think time. The test result is stable. The thoughput doesn't change with/without the patch. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-12CFQ: add think time check for service treeShaohua Li1-4/+30
Currently when the last queue of a service tree has no request, we don't expire the queue to hope request from the service tree comes soon, so the service tree doesn't miss its share. But if the think time is big, the assumption isn't correct and we just waste bandwidth. In such case, we don't do idle. [global] runtime=10 direct=1 [test1] rw=randread ioengine=libaio size=500m directory=/mnt filename=file1 thinktime=9000 [test2] rw=read ioengine=libaio size=1G directory=/mnt filename=file2 patched base test1 41k/s 33k/s test2 15868k/s 15789k/s total 15902k/s 15817k/s A slightly better To check if the patch changes behavior of queue without think time. I also tried to give test1 2ms think time or no think time. The test has variation even without the patch, but the average throughput doesn't change with/without the patch. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-12CFQ: move think time check variables to a separate structShaohua Li1-16/+24
Move the variables to do think time check to a sepatate struct. This is to prepare adding think time check for service tree and group. No functional change. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-12fixlet: Remove fs_excl from struct task.Justin TerAvest1-27/+1
fs_excl is a poor man's priority inheritance for filesystems to hint to the block layer that an operation is important. It was never clearly specified, not widely adopted, and will not prevent starvation in many cases (like across cgroups). fs_excl was introduced with the time sliced CFQ IO scheduler, to indicate when a process held FS exclusive resources and thus needed a boost. It doesn't cover all file systems, and it was never fully complete. Lets kill it. Signed-off-by: Justin TerAvest <teravest@google.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-10cfq: Remove special treatment for metadata rqs.Justin TerAvest1-18/+0
There is no consistency among filesystems from what bios (or requests) are marked as being metadata. It's interesting to expose this in traces, but we shouldn't schedule the requests differently based on whether or not they're marked as being metadata. Signed-off-by: Justin TerAvest <teravest@google.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-07-01Merge branch 'for-linus' into for-3.1/coreJens Axboe1-9/+10
Conflicts: block/blk-throttle.c block/cfq-iosched.c Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-27cfq-iosched: make code consistentShaohua Li1-1/+2
ioc->ioc_data is rcu protectd, so uses correct API to access it. This doesn't change any behavior, but just make code consistent. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org # after ab4bd22d Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-27cfq-iosched: fix a rcu warningShaohua Li1-1/+4
I got a rcu warnning at boot. the ioc->ioc_data is rcu_deferenced, but doesn't hold rcu_read_lock. Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org # after ab4bd22d Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-13block: Add __attribute__((format(printf...) and fix falloutJoe Perches1-5/+6
Use the compiler to verify format strings and arguments. Fix fallout. Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-13block: Add __attribute__((format(printf...) and fix falloutJoe Perches1-5/+6
Use the compiler to verify format strings and arguments. Fix fallout. Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-06CFQ: make two functions staticPaul Bolle1-3/+3
Correctly suggested by sparse. Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-06cfq-iosched: fix locking around ioc->ioc_data assignmentJens Axboe1-1/+4
Since we are modifying this RCU pointer, we need to hold the lock protecting it around it. This fixes a potential reuse and double free of a cfq io_context structure. The bug has been in CFQ for a long time, it hit very few people but those it did hit seemed to see it a lot. Tracked in RH bugzilla here: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=577968 Credit goes to Paul Bolle for figuring out that the issue was around the one-hit ioc->ioc_data cache. Thanks to his hard work the issue is now fixed. Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-06cfq-iosched: fix locking around ioc->ioc_data assignmentJens Axboe1-1/+4
Since we are modifying this RCU pointer, we need to hold the lock protecting it around it. This fixes a potential reuse and double free of a cfq io_context structure. The bug has been in CFQ for a long time, it hit very few people but those it did hit seemed to see it a lot. Tracked in RH bugzilla here: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=577968 Credit goes to Paul Bolle for figuring out that the issue was around the one-hit ioc->ioc_data cache. Thanks to his hard work the issue is now fixed. Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-02iosched: prevent aliased requests from starving other I/OJeff Moyer1-7/+2
Hi, Jens, If you recall, I posted an RFC patch for this back in July of last year: http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/7/13/279 The basic problem is that a process can issue a never-ending stream of async direct I/Os to the same sector on a device, thus starving out other I/O in the system (due to the way the alias handling works in both cfq and deadline). The solution I proposed back then was to start dispatching from the fifo after a certain number of aliases had been dispatched. Vivek asked why we had to treat aliases differently at all, and I never had a good answer. So, I put together a simple patch which allows aliases to be added to the rb tree (it adds them to the right, though that doesn't matter as the order isn't guaranteed anyway). I think this is the preferred solution, as it doesn't break up time slices in CFQ or batches in deadline. I've tested it, and it does solve the starvation issue. Let me know what you think. Cheers, Jeff Signed-off-by: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-06-02cfq-iosched: Remove bogus check in queue_fail pathPaul Bolle1-3/+0
queue_fail can only be reached if cic is NULL, so its check for cic must be bogus. Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-31CFQ: Fix typo and remove unnecessary semicolonKyungmin Park1-4/+4
Fix comment typo and remove unnecessary semicolon at macro Signed-off-by: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-24cfq-iosched: free cic_index if cfqd allocation failsNamhyung Kim1-1/+5
When struct cfq_data allocation fails, cic_index need to be freed. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-24cfq-iosched: remove unused 'group_changed' in cfq_service_tree_add()Namhyung Kim1-2/+1
The 'group_changed' variable is initialized to 0 and never changed, so checking the variable is meaningless. It is a leftover from 0bbfeb832042 ("cfq-iosched: Always provide group iosolation."). Let's get rid of it. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Cc: Justin TerAvest <teravest@google.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-24cfq-iosched: reduce bit operations in cfq_choose_req()Namhyung Kim1-9/+5
Reduce the number of bit operations in cfq_choose_req() on average (and worst) cases. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-24cfq-iosched: algebraic simplification in cfq_prio_to_maxrq()Namhyung Kim1-1/+1
Simplify the calculation in cfq_prio_to_maxrq(), plus replace CFQ_PRIO_LISTS to IOPRIO_BE_NR since they are the same and IOPRIO_BE_NR looks more reasonable in this context IMHO. Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-23cfq-iosched: Fix a memory leak of per cpu stats for root groupVivek Goyal1-0/+5
We allocated per cpu stats struct for root group but did not free it. Fix it. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-20blk-throttle: Make dispatch stats per cpuVivek Goyal1-1/+17
Currently we take blkg_stat lock for even updating the stats. So even if a group has no throttling rules (common case for root group), we end up taking blkg_lock, for updating the stats. Make dispatch stats per cpu so that these can be updated without taking blkg lock. If cpu goes offline, these stats simply disappear. No protection has been provided for that yet. Do we really need anything for that? Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-20blk-cgroup: Allow sleeping while dynamically allocating a groupVivek Goyal1-33/+95
Currently, all the cfq_group or throtl_group allocations happen while we are holding ->queue_lock and sleeping is not allowed. Soon, we will move to per cpu stats and also need to allocate the per group stats. As one can not call alloc_percpu() from atomic context as it can sleep, we need to drop ->queue_lock, allocate the group, retake the lock and continue processing. In throttling code, I check the queue DEAD flag again to make sure that driver did not call blk_cleanup_queue() in the mean time. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2011-05-20cfq-iosched: Fix a possible race with cfq cgroup removal codeVivek Goyal1-12/+36
blkg->key = cfqd is an rcu protected pointer and hence we used to do call_rcu(cfqd->rcu_head) to free up cfqd after one rcu grace period. The problem here is that even though cfqd is around, there are no gurantees that associated request queue (td->queue) or q->queue_lock is still around. A driver might have called blk_cleanup_queue() and release the lock. It might happen that after freeing up the lock we call blkg->key->queue->queue_ock and crash. This is possible in following path. blkiocg_destroy() blkio_unlink_group_fn() cfq_unlink_blkio_group() Hence, wait for an rcu peirod if there are groups which have not been unlinked from blkcg->blkg_list. That way, if there are any groups which are taking cfq_unlink_blkio_group() path, can safely take queue lock. This is how we have taken care of race in throttling logic also. Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>