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-rw-r--r--Documentation/ramoops.txt37
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diff --git a/Documentation/ramoops.txt b/Documentation/ramoops.txt
index 4ba7db231cb..69b3cac4749 100644
--- a/Documentation/ramoops.txt
+++ b/Documentation/ramoops.txt
@@ -40,6 +40,12 @@ corrupt, but usually it is restorable.
Setting the ramoops parameters can be done in 2 different manners:
1. Use the module parameters (which have the names of the variables described
as before).
+ For quick debugging, you can also reserve parts of memory during boot
+ and then use the reserved memory for ramoops. For example, assuming a machine
+ with > 128 MB of memory, the following kernel command line will tell the
+ kernel to use only the first 128 MB of memory, and place ECC-protected ramoops
+ region at 128 MB boundary:
+ "mem=128M ramoops.mem_address=0x8000000 ramoops.ecc=1"
2. Use a platform device and set the platform data. The parameters can then
be set through that platform data. An example of doing that is:
@@ -70,6 +76,14 @@ if (ret) {
return ret;
}
+You can specify either RAM memory or peripheral devices' memory. However, when
+specifying RAM, be sure to reserve the memory by issuing memblock_reserve()
+very early in the architecture code, e.g.:
+
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+
+memblock_reserve(ramoops_data.mem_address, ramoops_data.mem_size);
+
3. Dump format
The data dump begins with a header, currently defined as "====" followed by a
@@ -80,3 +94,26 @@ timestamp and a new line. The dump then continues with the actual data.
The dump data can be read from the pstore filesystem. The format for these
files is "dmesg-ramoops-N", where N is the record number in memory. To delete
a stored record from RAM, simply unlink the respective pstore file.
+
+5. Persistent function tracing
+
+Persistent function tracing might be useful for debugging software or hardware
+related hangs. The functions call chain log is stored in a "ftrace-ramoops"
+file. Here is an example of usage:
+
+ # mount -t debugfs debugfs /sys/kernel/debug/
+ # echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/pstore/record_ftrace
+ # reboot -f
+ [...]
+ # mount -t pstore pstore /mnt/
+ # tail /mnt/ftrace-ramoops
+ 0 ffffffff8101ea64 ffffffff8101bcda native_apic_mem_read <- disconnect_bsp_APIC+0x6a/0xc0
+ 0 ffffffff8101ea44 ffffffff8101bcf6 native_apic_mem_write <- disconnect_bsp_APIC+0x86/0xc0
+ 0 ffffffff81020084 ffffffff8101a4b5 hpet_disable <- native_machine_shutdown+0x75/0x90
+ 0 ffffffff81005f94 ffffffff8101a4bb iommu_shutdown_noop <- native_machine_shutdown+0x7b/0x90
+ 0 ffffffff8101a6a1 ffffffff8101a437 native_machine_emergency_restart <- native_machine_restart+0x37/0x40
+ 0 ffffffff811f9876 ffffffff8101a73a acpi_reboot <- native_machine_emergency_restart+0xaa/0x1e0
+ 0 ffffffff8101a514 ffffffff8101a772 mach_reboot_fixups <- native_machine_emergency_restart+0xe2/0x1e0
+ 0 ffffffff811d9c54 ffffffff8101a7a0 __const_udelay <- native_machine_emergency_restart+0x110/0x1e0
+ 0 ffffffff811d9c34 ffffffff811d9c80 __delay <- __const_udelay+0x30/0x40
+ 0 ffffffff811d9d14 ffffffff811d9c3f delay_tsc <- __delay+0xf/0x20