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+Notifier error injection
+========================
+
+Notifier error injection provides the ability to inject artificial errors to
+specified notifier chain callbacks. It is useful to test the error handling of
+notifier call chain failures which is rarely executed. There are kernel
+modules that can be used to test the following notifiers.
+
+ * CPU notifier
+ * PM notifier
+ * Memory hotplug notifier
+ * powerpc pSeries reconfig notifier
+
+CPU notifier error injection module
+-----------------------------------
+This feature can be used to test the error handling of the CPU notifiers by
+injecting artificial errors to CPU notifier chain callbacks.
+
+If the notifier call chain should be failed with some events notified, write
+the error code to debugfs interface
+/sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/cpu/actions/<notifier event>/error
+
+Possible CPU notifier events to be failed are:
+
+ * CPU_UP_PREPARE
+ * CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN
+ * CPU_DOWN_PREPARE
+ * CPU_DOWN_PREPARE_FROZEN
+
+Example1: Inject CPU offline error (-1 == -EPERM)
+
+ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/cpu
+ # echo -1 > actions/CPU_DOWN_PREPARE/error
+ # echo 0 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online
+ bash: echo: write error: Operation not permitted
+
+Example2: inject CPU online error (-2 == -ENOENT)
+
+ # echo -2 > actions/CPU_UP_PREPARE/error
+ # echo 1 > /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online
+ bash: echo: write error: No such file or directory
+
+PM notifier error injection module
+----------------------------------
+This feature is controlled through debugfs interface
+/sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/pm/actions/<notifier event>/error
+
+Possible PM notifier events to be failed are:
+
+ * PM_HIBERNATION_PREPARE
+ * PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE
+ * PM_RESTORE_PREPARE
+
+Example: Inject PM suspend error (-12 = -ENOMEM)
+
+ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/pm/
+ # echo -12 > actions/PM_SUSPEND_PREPARE/error
+ # echo mem > /sys/power/state
+ bash: echo: write error: Cannot allocate memory
+
+Memory hotplug notifier error injection module
+----------------------------------------------
+This feature is controlled through debugfs interface
+/sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/memory/actions/<notifier event>/error
+
+Possible memory notifier events to be failed are:
+
+ * MEM_GOING_ONLINE
+ * MEM_GOING_OFFLINE
+
+Example: Inject memory hotplug offline error (-12 == -ENOMEM)
+
+ # cd /sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/memory
+ # echo -12 > actions/MEM_GOING_OFFLINE/error
+ # echo offline > /sys/devices/system/memory/memoryXXX/state
+ bash: echo: write error: Cannot allocate memory
+
+powerpc pSeries reconfig notifier error injection module
+--------------------------------------------------------
+This feature is controlled through debugfs interface
+/sys/kernel/debug/notifier-error-inject/pSeries-reconfig/actions/<notifier event>/error
+
+Possible pSeries reconfig notifier events to be failed are:
+
+ * PSERIES_RECONFIG_ADD
+ * PSERIES_RECONFIG_REMOVE
+ * PSERIES_DRCONF_MEM_ADD
+ * PSERIES_DRCONF_MEM_REMOVE
+
+For more usage examples
+-----------------------
+There are tools/testing/selftests using the notifier error injection features
+for CPU and memory notifiers.
+
+ * tools/testing/selftests/cpu-hotplug/on-off-test.sh
+ * tools/testing/selftests/memory-hotplug/on-off-test.sh
+
+These scripts first do simple online and offline tests and then do fault
+injection tests if notifier error injection module is available.