path: root/mm
diff options
authorMichal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>2013-01-04 15:35:12 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2013-01-04 16:11:46 -0800
commit53a59fc67f97374758e63a9c785891ec62324c81 (patch)
treea3c0310be75a9cbb26e8b5dd37b4e86fba48a035 /mm
parenta458431e176ddb27e8ef8b98c2a681b217337393 (diff)
mm: limit mmu_gather batching to fix soft lockups on !CONFIG_PREEMPT
Since commit e303297e6c3a ("mm: extended batches for generic mmu_gather") we are batching pages to be freed until either tlb_next_batch cannot allocate a new batch or we are done. This works just fine most of the time but we can get in troubles with non-preemptible kernel (CONFIG_PREEMPT_NONE or CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY) on large machines where too aggressive batching might lead to soft lockups during process exit path (exit_mmap) because there are no scheduling points down the free_pages_and_swap_cache path and so the freeing can take long enough to trigger the soft lockup. The lockup is harmless except when the system is setup to panic on softlockup which is not that unusual. The simplest way to work around this issue is to limit the maximum number of batches in a single mmu_gather. 10k of collected pages should be safe to prevent from soft lockups (we would have 2ms for one) even if they are all freed without an explicit scheduling point. This patch doesn't add any new explicit scheduling points because it relies on zap_pmd_range during page tables zapping which calls cond_resched per PMD. The following lockup has been reported for 3.0 kernel with a huge process (in order of hundreds gigs but I do know any more details). BUG: soft lockup - CPU#56 stuck for 22s! [kernel:31053] Modules linked in: af_packet nfs lockd fscache auth_rpcgss nfs_acl sunrpc mptctl mptbase autofs4 binfmt_misc dm_round_robin dm_multipath bonding cpufreq_conservative cpufreq_userspace cpufreq_powersave pcc_cpufreq mperf microcode fuse loop osst sg sd_mod crc_t10dif st qla2xxx scsi_transport_fc scsi_tgt netxen_nic i7core_edac iTCO_wdt joydev e1000e serio_raw pcspkr edac_core iTCO_vendor_support acpi_power_meter rtc_cmos hpwdt hpilo button container usbhid hid dm_mirror dm_region_hash dm_log linear uhci_hcd ehci_hcd usbcore usb_common scsi_dh_emc scsi_dh_alua scsi_dh_hp_sw scsi_dh_rdac scsi_dh dm_snapshot pcnet32 mii edd dm_mod raid1 ext3 mbcache jbd fan thermal processor thermal_sys hwmon cciss scsi_mod Supported: Yes CPU 56 Pid: 31053, comm: kernel Not tainted 3.0.31-0.9-default #1 HP ProLiant DL580 G7 RIP: 0010: _raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore+0x8/0x10 RSP: 0018:ffff883ec1037af0 EFLAGS: 00000206 RAX: 0000000000000e00 RBX: ffffea01a0817e28 RCX: ffff88803ffd9e80 RDX: 0000000000000200 RSI: 0000000000000206 RDI: 0000000000000206 RBP: 0000000000000002 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: ffff887ec724a400 R10: 0000000000000000 R11: dead000000200200 R12: ffffffff8144c26e R13: 0000000000000030 R14: 0000000000000297 R15: 000000000000000e FS: 00007ed834282700(0000) GS:ffff88c03f200000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 000000008005003b CR2: 000000000068b240 CR3: 0000003ec13c5000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 Process kernel (pid: 31053, threadinfo ffff883ec1036000, task ffff883ebd5d4100) Call Trace: release_pages+0xc5/0x260 free_pages_and_swap_cache+0x9d/0xc0 tlb_flush_mmu+0x5c/0x80 tlb_finish_mmu+0xe/0x50 exit_mmap+0xbd/0x120 mmput+0x49/0x120 exit_mm+0x122/0x160 do_exit+0x17a/0x430 do_group_exit+0x3d/0xb0 get_signal_to_deliver+0x247/0x480 do_signal+0x71/0x1b0 do_notify_resume+0x98/0xb0 int_signal+0x12/0x17 DWARF2 unwinder stuck at int_signal+0x12/0x17 Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.0+] Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'mm')
1 files changed, 5 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index e0a9b0ce4f1..49fb1cf0861 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -184,10 +184,14 @@ static int tlb_next_batch(struct mmu_gather *tlb)
return 1;
+ if (tlb->batch_count == MAX_GATHER_BATCH_COUNT)
+ return 0;
batch = (void *)__get_free_pages(GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN, 0);
if (!batch)
return 0;
+ tlb->batch_count++;
batch->next = NULL;
batch->nr = 0;
batch->max = MAX_GATHER_BATCH;
@@ -216,6 +220,7 @@ void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct mm_struct *mm, bool fullmm)
tlb->local.nr = 0;
tlb->local.max = ARRAY_SIZE(tlb->__pages);
tlb->active = &tlb->local;
+ tlb->batch_count = 0;
tlb->batch = NULL;