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authorMike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de>2010-11-30 14:18:03 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2010-11-30 16:03:35 +0100
commit5091faa449ee0b7d73bc296a93bca9540fc51d0a (patch)
tree55f5e96e189af65c85c769fce48627b8a5abb86b /kernel/sched_autogroup.c
parent822bc180a7f7a7bc5fcaaea195f41b487cc8cae8 (diff)
sched: Add 'autogroup' scheduling feature: automated per session task groups
A recurring complaint from CFS users is that parallel kbuild has a negative impact on desktop interactivity. This patch implements an idea from Linus, to automatically create task groups. Currently, only per session autogroups are implemented, but the patch leaves the way open for enhancement. Implementation: each task's signal struct contains an inherited pointer to a refcounted autogroup struct containing a task group pointer, the default for all tasks pointing to the init_task_group. When a task calls setsid(), a new task group is created, the process is moved into the new task group, and a reference to the preveious task group is dropped. Child processes inherit this task group thereafter, and increase it's refcount. When the last thread of a process exits, the process's reference is dropped, such that when the last process referencing an autogroup exits, the autogroup is destroyed. At runqueue selection time, IFF a task has no cgroup assignment, its current autogroup is used. Autogroup bandwidth is controllable via setting it's nice level through the proc filesystem: cat /proc/<pid>/autogroup Displays the task's group and the group's nice level. echo <nice level> > /proc/<pid>/autogroup Sets the task group's shares to the weight of nice <level> task. Setting nice level is rate limited for !admin users due to the abuse risk of task group locking. The feature is enabled from boot by default if CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP=y is selected, but can be disabled via the boot option noautogroup, and can also be turned on/off on the fly via: echo [01] > /proc/sys/kernel/sched_autogroup_enabled ... which will automatically move tasks to/from the root task group. Signed-off-by: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Markus Trippelsdorf <markus@trippelsdorf.de> Cc: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com> Cc: Paul Turner <pjt@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> [ Removed the task_group_path() debug code, and fixed !EVENTFD build failure. ] Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> LKML-Reference: <1290281700.28711.9.camel@maggy.simson.net> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/sched_autogroup.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched_autogroup.c229
1 files changed, 229 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/sched_autogroup.c b/kernel/sched_autogroup.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..57a7ac286a0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/sched_autogroup.c
@@ -0,0 +1,229 @@
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP
+
+#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
+#include <linux/utsname.h>
+
+unsigned int __read_mostly sysctl_sched_autogroup_enabled = 1;
+static struct autogroup autogroup_default;
+static atomic_t autogroup_seq_nr;
+
+static void autogroup_init(struct task_struct *init_task)
+{
+ autogroup_default.tg = &init_task_group;
+ init_task_group.autogroup = &autogroup_default;
+ kref_init(&autogroup_default.kref);
+ init_rwsem(&autogroup_default.lock);
+ init_task->signal->autogroup = &autogroup_default;
+}
+
+static inline void autogroup_free(struct task_group *tg)
+{
+ kfree(tg->autogroup);
+}
+
+static inline void autogroup_destroy(struct kref *kref)
+{
+ struct autogroup *ag = container_of(kref, struct autogroup, kref);
+
+ sched_destroy_group(ag->tg);
+}
+
+static inline void autogroup_kref_put(struct autogroup *ag)
+{
+ kref_put(&ag->kref, autogroup_destroy);
+}
+
+static inline struct autogroup *autogroup_kref_get(struct autogroup *ag)
+{
+ kref_get(&ag->kref);
+ return ag;
+}
+
+static inline struct autogroup *autogroup_create(void)
+{
+ struct autogroup *ag = kzalloc(sizeof(*ag), GFP_KERNEL);
+ struct task_group *tg;
+
+ if (!ag)
+ goto out_fail;
+
+ tg = sched_create_group(&init_task_group);
+
+ if (IS_ERR(tg))
+ goto out_free;
+
+ kref_init(&ag->kref);
+ init_rwsem(&ag->lock);
+ ag->id = atomic_inc_return(&autogroup_seq_nr);
+ ag->tg = tg;
+ tg->autogroup = ag;
+
+ return ag;
+
+out_free:
+ kfree(ag);
+out_fail:
+ if (printk_ratelimit()) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "autogroup_create: %s failure.\n",
+ ag ? "sched_create_group()" : "kmalloc()");
+ }
+
+ return autogroup_kref_get(&autogroup_default);
+}
+
+static inline bool
+task_wants_autogroup(struct task_struct *p, struct task_group *tg)
+{
+ if (tg != &root_task_group)
+ return false;
+
+ if (p->sched_class != &fair_sched_class)
+ return false;
+
+ /*
+ * We can only assume the task group can't go away on us if
+ * autogroup_move_group() can see us on ->thread_group list.
+ */
+ if (p->flags & PF_EXITING)
+ return false;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+static inline struct task_group *
+autogroup_task_group(struct task_struct *p, struct task_group *tg)
+{
+ int enabled = ACCESS_ONCE(sysctl_sched_autogroup_enabled);
+
+ if (enabled && task_wants_autogroup(p, tg))
+ return p->signal->autogroup->tg;
+
+ return tg;
+}
+
+static void
+autogroup_move_group(struct task_struct *p, struct autogroup *ag)
+{
+ struct autogroup *prev;
+ struct task_struct *t;
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ BUG_ON(!lock_task_sighand(p, &flags));
+
+ prev = p->signal->autogroup;
+ if (prev == ag) {
+ unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ p->signal->autogroup = autogroup_kref_get(ag);
+
+ t = p;
+ do {
+ sched_move_task(t);
+ } while_each_thread(p, t);
+
+ unlock_task_sighand(p, &flags);
+ autogroup_kref_put(prev);
+}
+
+/* Allocates GFP_KERNEL, cannot be called under any spinlock */
+void sched_autogroup_create_attach(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ struct autogroup *ag = autogroup_create();
+
+ autogroup_move_group(p, ag);
+ /* drop extra refrence added by autogroup_create() */
+ autogroup_kref_put(ag);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(sched_autogroup_create_attach);
+
+/* Cannot be called under siglock. Currently has no users */
+void sched_autogroup_detach(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ autogroup_move_group(p, &autogroup_default);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(sched_autogroup_detach);
+
+void sched_autogroup_fork(struct signal_struct *sig)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p = current;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
+ sig->autogroup = autogroup_kref_get(p->signal->autogroup);
+ spin_unlock_irq(&p->sighand->siglock);
+}
+
+void sched_autogroup_exit(struct signal_struct *sig)
+{
+ autogroup_kref_put(sig->autogroup);
+}
+
+static int __init setup_autogroup(char *str)
+{
+ sysctl_sched_autogroup_enabled = 0;
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+__setup("noautogroup", setup_autogroup);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS
+
+/* Called with siglock held. */
+int proc_sched_autogroup_set_nice(struct task_struct *p, int *nice)
+{
+ static unsigned long next = INITIAL_JIFFIES;
+ struct autogroup *ag;
+ int err;
+
+ if (*nice < -20 || *nice > 19)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ err = security_task_setnice(current, *nice);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (*nice < 0 && !can_nice(current, *nice))
+ return -EPERM;
+
+ /* this is a heavy operation taking global locks.. */
+ if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN) && time_before(jiffies, next))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
+ next = HZ / 10 + jiffies;
+ ag = autogroup_kref_get(p->signal->autogroup);
+
+ down_write(&ag->lock);
+ err = sched_group_set_shares(ag->tg, prio_to_weight[*nice + 20]);
+ if (!err)
+ ag->nice = *nice;
+ up_write(&ag->lock);
+
+ autogroup_kref_put(ag);
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+void proc_sched_autogroup_show_task(struct task_struct *p, struct seq_file *m)
+{
+ struct autogroup *ag = autogroup_kref_get(p->signal->autogroup);
+
+ down_read(&ag->lock);
+ seq_printf(m, "/autogroup-%ld nice %d\n", ag->id, ag->nice);
+ up_read(&ag->lock);
+
+ autogroup_kref_put(ag);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
+static inline int autogroup_path(struct task_group *tg, char *buf, int buflen)
+{
+ return snprintf(buf, buflen, "%s-%ld", "/autogroup", tg->autogroup->id);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_AUTOGROUP */