aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/fs
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorNick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>2011-01-07 17:50:11 +1100
committerNick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>2011-01-07 17:50:33 +1100
commitb3e19d924b6eaf2ca7d22cba99a517c5171007b6 (patch)
tree8c1fa4074114a883a4e2de2f7d12eb29ed91bdf1 /fs
parentc6653a838b1b2738561aff0b8c0f62a9b714bdd9 (diff)
fs: scale mntget/mntput
The problem that this patch aims to fix is vfsmount refcounting scalability. We need to take a reference on the vfsmount for every successful path lookup, which often go to the same mount point. The fundamental difficulty is that a "simple" reference count can never be made scalable, because any time a reference is dropped, we must check whether that was the last reference. To do that requires communication with all other CPUs that may have taken a reference count. We can make refcounts more scalable in a couple of ways, involving keeping distributed counters, and checking for the global-zero condition less frequently. - check the global sum once every interval (this will delay zero detection for some interval, so it's probably a showstopper for vfsmounts). - keep a local count and only taking the global sum when local reaches 0 (this is difficult for vfsmounts, because we can't hold preempt off for the life of a reference, so a counter would need to be per-thread or tied strongly to a particular CPU which requires more locking). - keep a local difference of increments and decrements, which allows us to sum the total difference and hence find the refcount when summing all CPUs. Then, keep a single integer "long" refcount for slow and long lasting references, and only take the global sum of local counters when the long refcount is 0. This last scheme is what I implemented here. Attached mounts and process root and working directory references are "long" references, and everything else is a short reference. This allows scalable vfsmount references during path walking over mounted subtrees and unattached (lazy umounted) mounts with processes still running in them. This results in one fewer atomic op in the fastpath: mntget is now just a per-CPU inc, rather than an atomic inc; and mntput just requires a spinlock and non-atomic decrement in the common case. However code is otherwise bigger and heavier, so single threaded performance is basically a wash. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@kernel.dk>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/anon_inodes.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/fs_struct.c26
-rw-r--r--fs/internal.h1
-rw-r--r--fs/namei.c24
-rw-r--r--fs/namespace.c242
-rw-r--r--fs/pipe.c2
-rw-r--r--fs/pnode.c4
-rw-r--r--fs/super.c2
8 files changed, 245 insertions, 58 deletions
diff --git a/fs/anon_inodes.c b/fs/anon_inodes.c
index 9d92b33da8a..5fd38112a6c 100644
--- a/fs/anon_inodes.c
+++ b/fs/anon_inodes.c
@@ -232,7 +232,7 @@ static int __init anon_inode_init(void)
return 0;
err_mntput:
- mntput(anon_inode_mnt);
+ mntput_long(anon_inode_mnt);
err_unregister_filesystem:
unregister_filesystem(&anon_inode_fs_type);
err_exit:
diff --git a/fs/fs_struct.c b/fs/fs_struct.c
index 60b8531f41c..68ca487bedb 100644
--- a/fs/fs_struct.c
+++ b/fs/fs_struct.c
@@ -17,11 +17,11 @@ void set_fs_root(struct fs_struct *fs, struct path *path)
write_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq);
old_root = fs->root;
fs->root = *path;
- path_get(path);
+ path_get_long(path);
write_seqcount_end(&fs->seq);
spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
if (old_root.dentry)
- path_put(&old_root);
+ path_put_long(&old_root);
}
/*
@@ -36,12 +36,12 @@ void set_fs_pwd(struct fs_struct *fs, struct path *path)
write_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq);
old_pwd = fs->pwd;
fs->pwd = *path;
- path_get(path);
+ path_get_long(path);
write_seqcount_end(&fs->seq);
spin_unlock(&fs->lock);
if (old_pwd.dentry)
- path_put(&old_pwd);
+ path_put_long(&old_pwd);
}
void chroot_fs_refs(struct path *old_root, struct path *new_root)
@@ -59,13 +59,13 @@ void chroot_fs_refs(struct path *old_root, struct path *new_root)
write_seqcount_begin(&fs->seq);
if (fs->root.dentry == old_root->dentry
&& fs->root.mnt == old_root->mnt) {
- path_get(new_root);
+ path_get_long(new_root);
fs->root = *new_root;
count++;
}
if (fs->pwd.dentry == old_root->dentry
&& fs->pwd.mnt == old_root->mnt) {
- path_get(new_root);
+ path_get_long(new_root);
fs->pwd = *new_root;
count++;
}
@@ -76,13 +76,13 @@ void chroot_fs_refs(struct path *old_root, struct path *new_root)
} while_each_thread(g, p);
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
while (count--)
- path_put(old_root);
+ path_put_long(old_root);
}
void free_fs_struct(struct fs_struct *fs)
{
- path_put(&fs->root);
- path_put(&fs->pwd);
+ path_put_long(&fs->root);
+ path_put_long(&fs->pwd);
kmem_cache_free(fs_cachep, fs);
}
@@ -115,7 +115,13 @@ struct fs_struct *copy_fs_struct(struct fs_struct *old)
spin_lock_init(&fs->lock);
seqcount_init(&fs->seq);
fs->umask = old->umask;
- get_fs_root_and_pwd(old, &fs->root, &fs->pwd);
+
+ spin_lock(&old->lock);
+ fs->root = old->root;
+ path_get_long(&fs->root);
+ fs->pwd = old->pwd;
+ path_get_long(&fs->pwd);
+ spin_unlock(&old->lock);
}
return fs;
}
diff --git a/fs/internal.h b/fs/internal.h
index e43b9a4dbf4..9687c2ee273 100644
--- a/fs/internal.h
+++ b/fs/internal.h
@@ -63,6 +63,7 @@ extern int copy_mount_string(const void __user *, char **);
extern void free_vfsmnt(struct vfsmount *);
extern struct vfsmount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *);
+extern unsigned int mnt_get_count(struct vfsmount *mnt);
extern struct vfsmount *__lookup_mnt(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *, int);
extern void mnt_set_mountpoint(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *,
struct vfsmount *);
diff --git a/fs/namei.c b/fs/namei.c
index 4e957bf744a..19433cdba01 100644
--- a/fs/namei.c
+++ b/fs/namei.c
@@ -368,6 +368,18 @@ void path_get(struct path *path)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_get);
/**
+ * path_get_long - get a long reference to a path
+ * @path: path to get the reference to
+ *
+ * Given a path increment the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount.
+ */
+void path_get_long(struct path *path)
+{
+ mntget_long(path->mnt);
+ dget(path->dentry);
+}
+
+/**
* path_put - put a reference to a path
* @path: path to put the reference to
*
@@ -381,6 +393,18 @@ void path_put(struct path *path)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(path_put);
/**
+ * path_put_long - put a long reference to a path
+ * @path: path to put the reference to
+ *
+ * Given a path decrement the reference count to the dentry and the vfsmount.
+ */
+void path_put_long(struct path *path)
+{
+ dput(path->dentry);
+ mntput_long(path->mnt);
+}
+
+/**
* nameidata_drop_rcu - drop this nameidata out of rcu-walk
* @nd: nameidata pathwalk data to drop
* @Returns: 0 on success, -ECHLID on failure
diff --git a/fs/namespace.c b/fs/namespace.c
index 03b82350f02..3ddfd9046c4 100644
--- a/fs/namespace.c
+++ b/fs/namespace.c
@@ -138,6 +138,64 @@ void mnt_release_group_id(struct vfsmount *mnt)
mnt->mnt_group_id = 0;
}
+/*
+ * vfsmount lock must be held for read
+ */
+static inline void mnt_add_count(struct vfsmount *mnt, int n)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ this_cpu_add(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n);
+#else
+ preempt_disable();
+ mnt->mnt_count += n;
+ preempt_enable();
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline void mnt_set_count(struct vfsmount *mnt, int n)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ this_cpu_write(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_count, n);
+#else
+ mnt->mnt_count = n;
+#endif
+}
+
+/*
+ * vfsmount lock must be held for read
+ */
+static inline void mnt_inc_count(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ mnt_add_count(mnt, 1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * vfsmount lock must be held for read
+ */
+static inline void mnt_dec_count(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ mnt_add_count(mnt, -1);
+}
+
+/*
+ * vfsmount lock must be held for write
+ */
+unsigned int mnt_get_count(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ unsigned int count = atomic_read(&mnt->mnt_longrefs);
+ int cpu;
+
+ for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
+ count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_count;
+ }
+
+ return count;
+#else
+ return mnt->mnt_count;
+#endif
+}
+
struct vfsmount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name)
{
struct vfsmount *mnt = kmem_cache_zalloc(mnt_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
@@ -154,7 +212,17 @@ struct vfsmount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name)
goto out_free_id;
}
- atomic_set(&mnt->mnt_count, 1);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ mnt->mnt_pcp = alloc_percpu(struct mnt_pcp);
+ if (!mnt->mnt_pcp)
+ goto out_free_devname;
+
+ atomic_set(&mnt->mnt_longrefs, 1);
+#else
+ mnt->mnt_count = 1;
+ mnt->mnt_writers = 0;
+#endif
+
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_hash);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_child);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_mounts);
@@ -166,13 +234,6 @@ struct vfsmount *alloc_vfsmnt(const char *name)
#ifdef CONFIG_FSNOTIFY
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&mnt->mnt_fsnotify_marks);
#endif
-#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- mnt->mnt_writers = alloc_percpu(int);
- if (!mnt->mnt_writers)
- goto out_free_devname;
-#else
- mnt->mnt_writers = 0;
-#endif
}
return mnt;
@@ -219,7 +280,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__mnt_is_readonly);
static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- (*per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_writers, smp_processor_id()))++;
+ this_cpu_inc(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers);
#else
mnt->mnt_writers++;
#endif
@@ -228,7 +289,7 @@ static inline void mnt_inc_writers(struct vfsmount *mnt)
static inline void mnt_dec_writers(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- (*per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_writers, smp_processor_id()))--;
+ this_cpu_dec(mnt->mnt_pcp->mnt_writers);
#else
mnt->mnt_writers--;
#endif
@@ -241,7 +302,7 @@ static unsigned int mnt_get_writers(struct vfsmount *mnt)
int cpu;
for_each_possible_cpu(cpu) {
- count += *per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_writers, cpu);
+ count += per_cpu_ptr(mnt->mnt_pcp, cpu)->mnt_writers;
}
return count;
@@ -418,7 +479,7 @@ void free_vfsmnt(struct vfsmount *mnt)
kfree(mnt->mnt_devname);
mnt_free_id(mnt);
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- free_percpu(mnt->mnt_writers);
+ free_percpu(mnt->mnt_pcp);
#endif
kmem_cache_free(mnt_cache, mnt);
}
@@ -652,9 +713,10 @@ static struct vfsmount *clone_mnt(struct vfsmount *old, struct dentry *root,
return NULL;
}
-static inline void __mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+static inline void mntfree(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
struct super_block *sb = mnt->mnt_sb;
+
/*
* This probably indicates that somebody messed
* up a mnt_want/drop_write() pair. If this
@@ -662,8 +724,8 @@ static inline void __mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
* to make r/w->r/o transitions.
*/
/*
- * atomic_dec_and_lock() used to deal with ->mnt_count decrements
- * provides barriers, so mnt_get_writers() below is safe. AV
+ * The locking used to deal with mnt_count decrement provides barriers,
+ * so mnt_get_writers() below is safe.
*/
WARN_ON(mnt_get_writers(mnt));
fsnotify_vfsmount_delete(mnt);
@@ -672,28 +734,113 @@ static inline void __mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
deactivate_super(sb);
}
-void mntput_no_expire(struct vfsmount *mnt)
-{
-repeat:
- if (atomic_add_unless(&mnt->mnt_count, -1, 1))
- return;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static inline void __mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt, int longrefs)
+{
+ if (!longrefs) {
+put_again:
+ br_read_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ if (likely(atomic_read(&mnt->mnt_longrefs))) {
+ mnt_dec_count(mnt);
+ br_read_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ return;
+ }
+ br_read_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ } else {
+ BUG_ON(!atomic_read(&mnt->mnt_longrefs));
+ if (atomic_add_unless(&mnt->mnt_longrefs, -1, 1))
+ return;
+ }
+
br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
- if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&mnt->mnt_count)) {
+ if (!longrefs)
+ mnt_dec_count(mnt);
+ else
+ atomic_dec(&mnt->mnt_longrefs);
+ if (mnt_get_count(mnt)) {
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
return;
}
- if (likely(!mnt->mnt_pinned)) {
+ if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pinned)) {
+ mnt_add_count(mnt, mnt->mnt_pinned + 1);
+ mnt->mnt_pinned = 0;
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
- __mntput(mnt);
+ acct_auto_close_mnt(mnt);
+ goto put_again;
+ }
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ mntfree(mnt);
+}
+#else
+static inline void __mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt, int longrefs)
+{
+put_again:
+ mnt_dec_count(mnt);
+ if (likely(mnt_get_count(mnt)))
return;
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_pinned)) {
+ mnt_add_count(mnt, mnt->mnt_pinned + 1);
+ mnt->mnt_pinned = 0;
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ acct_auto_close_mnt(mnt);
+ goto put_again;
}
- atomic_add(mnt->mnt_pinned + 1, &mnt->mnt_count);
- mnt->mnt_pinned = 0;
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
- acct_auto_close_mnt(mnt);
- goto repeat;
+ mntfree(mnt);
+}
+#endif
+
+static void mntput_no_expire(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ __mntput(mnt, 0);
+}
+
+void mntput(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ if (mnt) {
+ /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */
+ if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_expiry_mark))
+ mnt->mnt_expiry_mark = 0;
+ __mntput(mnt, 0);
+ }
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput);
+
+struct vfsmount *mntget(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+ if (mnt)
+ mnt_inc_count(mnt);
+ return mnt;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget);
+
+void mntput_long(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ if (mnt) {
+ /* avoid cacheline pingpong, hope gcc doesn't get "smart" */
+ if (unlikely(mnt->mnt_expiry_mark))
+ mnt->mnt_expiry_mark = 0;
+ __mntput(mnt, 1);
+ }
+#else
+ mntput(mnt);
+#endif
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput_no_expire);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntput_long);
+
+struct vfsmount *mntget_long(struct vfsmount *mnt)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ if (mnt)
+ atomic_inc(&mnt->mnt_longrefs);
+ return mnt;
+#else
+ return mntget(mnt);
+#endif
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(mntget_long);
void mnt_pin(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
@@ -701,19 +848,17 @@ void mnt_pin(struct vfsmount *mnt)
mnt->mnt_pinned++;
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_pin);
void mnt_unpin(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
if (mnt->mnt_pinned) {
- atomic_inc(&mnt->mnt_count);
+ mnt_inc_count(mnt);
mnt->mnt_pinned--;
}
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
}
-
EXPORT_SYMBOL(mnt_unpin);
static inline void mangle(struct seq_file *m, const char *s)
@@ -1008,12 +1153,13 @@ int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *mnt)
int minimum_refs = 0;
struct vfsmount *p;
- br_read_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ /* write lock needed for mnt_get_count */
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
for (p = mnt; p; p = next_mnt(p, mnt)) {
- actual_refs += atomic_read(&p->mnt_count);
+ actual_refs += mnt_get_count(p);
minimum_refs += 2;
}
- br_read_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
if (actual_refs > minimum_refs)
return 0;
@@ -1040,10 +1186,10 @@ int may_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt)
{
int ret = 1;
down_read(&namespace_sem);
- br_read_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
if (propagate_mount_busy(mnt, 2))
ret = 0;
- br_read_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
up_read(&namespace_sem);
return ret;
}
@@ -1070,7 +1216,7 @@ void release_mounts(struct list_head *head)
dput(dentry);
mntput(m);
}
- mntput(mnt);
+ mntput_long(mnt);
}
}
@@ -1125,8 +1271,16 @@ static int do_umount(struct vfsmount *mnt, int flags)
flags & (MNT_FORCE | MNT_DETACH))
return -EINVAL;
- if (atomic_read(&mnt->mnt_count) != 2)
+ /*
+ * probably don't strictly need the lock here if we examined
+ * all race cases, but it's a slowpath.
+ */
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
+ if (mnt_get_count(mnt) != 2) {
+ br_write_lock(vfsmount_lock);
return -EBUSY;
+ }
+ br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
if (!xchg(&mnt->mnt_expiry_mark, 1))
return -EAGAIN;
@@ -1815,7 +1969,7 @@ int do_add_mount(struct vfsmount *newmnt, struct path *path,
unlock:
up_write(&namespace_sem);
- mntput(newmnt);
+ mntput_long(newmnt);
return err;
}
@@ -2148,11 +2302,11 @@ static struct mnt_namespace *dup_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns,
if (fs) {
if (p == fs->root.mnt) {
rootmnt = p;
- fs->root.mnt = mntget(q);
+ fs->root.mnt = mntget_long(q);
}
if (p == fs->pwd.mnt) {
pwdmnt = p;
- fs->pwd.mnt = mntget(q);
+ fs->pwd.mnt = mntget_long(q);
}
}
p = next_mnt(p, mnt_ns->root);
@@ -2161,9 +2315,9 @@ static struct mnt_namespace *dup_mnt_ns(struct mnt_namespace *mnt_ns,
up_write(&namespace_sem);
if (rootmnt)
- mntput(rootmnt);
+ mntput_long(rootmnt);
if (pwdmnt)
- mntput(pwdmnt);
+ mntput_long(pwdmnt);
return new_ns;
}
@@ -2350,6 +2504,7 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE2(pivot_root, const char __user *, new_root,
touch_mnt_namespace(current->nsproxy->mnt_ns);
br_write_unlock(vfsmount_lock);
chroot_fs_refs(&root, &new);
+
error = 0;
path_put(&root_parent);
path_put(&parent_path);
@@ -2376,6 +2531,7 @@ static void __init init_mount_tree(void)
mnt = do_kern_mount("rootfs", 0, "rootfs", NULL);
if (IS_ERR(mnt))
panic("Can't create rootfs");
+
ns = create_mnt_ns(mnt);
if (IS_ERR(ns))
panic("Can't allocate initial namespace");
diff --git a/fs/pipe.c b/fs/pipe.c
index cfe3a7f2ee2..68f1f8e4e23 100644
--- a/fs/pipe.c
+++ b/fs/pipe.c
@@ -1292,7 +1292,7 @@ static int __init init_pipe_fs(void)
static void __exit exit_pipe_fs(void)
{
unregister_filesystem(&pipe_fs_type);
- mntput(pipe_mnt);
+ mntput_long(pipe_mnt);
}
fs_initcall(init_pipe_fs);
diff --git a/fs/pnode.c b/fs/pnode.c
index 8066b8dd748..d42514e3238 100644
--- a/fs/pnode.c
+++ b/fs/pnode.c
@@ -288,7 +288,7 @@ out:
*/
static inline int do_refcount_check(struct vfsmount *mnt, int count)
{
- int mycount = atomic_read(&mnt->mnt_count) - mnt->mnt_ghosts;
+ int mycount = mnt_get_count(mnt) - mnt->mnt_ghosts;
return (mycount > count);
}
@@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ static inline int do_refcount_check(struct vfsmount *mnt, int count)
* Check if any of these mounts that **do not have submounts**
* have more references than 'refcnt'. If so return busy.
*
- * vfsmount lock must be held for read or write
+ * vfsmount lock must be held for write
*/
int propagate_mount_busy(struct vfsmount *mnt, int refcnt)
{
diff --git a/fs/super.c b/fs/super.c
index 968ba013011..823e061faa8 100644
--- a/fs/super.c
+++ b/fs/super.c
@@ -1140,7 +1140,7 @@ static struct vfsmount *fs_set_subtype(struct vfsmount *mnt, const char *fstype)
return mnt;
err:
- mntput(mnt);
+ mntput_long(mnt);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}