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authorChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>2012-11-12 22:54:24 +1100
committerBen Myers <bpm@sgi.com>2012-11-19 20:18:41 -0600
commit0e446be44806240c779666591bb9e8cb0e86a50d (patch)
treebc88570369c1707e3adb5e32a655bfa28503ef57 /fs/xfs
parentbc02e8693d875c2a9b0037cfd37fe0b726d26403 (diff)
xfs: add CRC checks to the log
Implement CRCs for the log buffers. We re-use a field in struct xlog_rec_header that was used for a weak checksum of the log buffer payload in debug builds before. The new checksumming uses the crc32c checksum we will use elsewhere in XFS, and also protects the record header and addition cycle data. Due to this there are some interesting changes in xlog_sync, as we need to do the cycle wrapping for the split buffer case much earlier, as we would touch the buffer after generating the checksum otherwise. The CRC calculation is always enabled, even for non-CRC filesystems, as adding this CRC does not change the log format. On non-CRC filesystems, only issue an alert if a CRC mismatch is found and allow recovery to continue - this will act as an indicator that log recovery problems are a result of log corruption. On CRC enabled filesystems, however, log recovery will fail. Note that existing debug kernels will write a simple checksum value to the log, so the first time this is run on a filesystem taht was last used on a debug kernel it will through CRC mismatch warning errors. These can be ignored. Initially based on a patch from Dave Chinner, then modified significantly by Christoph Hellwig. Modified again by Dave Chinner to get to this version. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Mark Tinguely <tinguely@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Ben Myers <bpm@sgi.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/xfs')
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_log.c132
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h11
-rw-r--r--fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c132
3 files changed, 176 insertions, 99 deletions
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
index 1d6d2ee0849..c6d6e136ba7 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log.c
@@ -35,6 +35,7 @@
#include "xfs_inode.h"
#include "xfs_trace.h"
#include "xfs_fsops.h"
+#include "xfs_cksum.h"
kmem_zone_t *xfs_log_ticket_zone;
@@ -1490,6 +1491,84 @@ xlog_grant_push_ail(
}
/*
+ * Stamp cycle number in every block
+ */
+STATIC void
+xlog_pack_data(
+ struct xlog *log,
+ struct xlog_in_core *iclog,
+ int roundoff)
+{
+ int i, j, k;
+ int size = iclog->ic_offset + roundoff;
+ __be32 cycle_lsn;
+ xfs_caddr_t dp;
+
+ cycle_lsn = CYCLE_LSN_DISK(iclog->ic_header.h_lsn);
+
+ dp = iclog->ic_datap;
+ for (i = 0; i < BTOBB(size); i++) {
+ if (i >= (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE))
+ break;
+ iclog->ic_header.h_cycle_data[i] = *(__be32 *)dp;
+ *(__be32 *)dp = cycle_lsn;
+ dp += BBSIZE;
+ }
+
+ if (xfs_sb_version_haslogv2(&log->l_mp->m_sb)) {
+ xlog_in_core_2_t *xhdr = iclog->ic_data;
+
+ for ( ; i < BTOBB(size); i++) {
+ j = i / (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE);
+ k = i % (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE);
+ xhdr[j].hic_xheader.xh_cycle_data[k] = *(__be32 *)dp;
+ *(__be32 *)dp = cycle_lsn;
+ dp += BBSIZE;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 1; i < log->l_iclog_heads; i++)
+ xhdr[i].hic_xheader.xh_cycle = cycle_lsn;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Calculate the checksum for a log buffer.
+ *
+ * This is a little more complicated than it should be because the various
+ * headers and the actual data are non-contiguous.
+ */
+__be32
+xlog_cksum(
+ struct xlog *log,
+ struct xlog_rec_header *rhead,
+ char *dp,
+ int size)
+{
+ __uint32_t crc;
+
+ /* first generate the crc for the record header ... */
+ crc = xfs_start_cksum((char *)rhead,
+ sizeof(struct xlog_rec_header),
+ offsetof(struct xlog_rec_header, h_crc));
+
+ /* ... then for additional cycle data for v2 logs ... */
+ if (xfs_sb_version_haslogv2(&log->l_mp->m_sb)) {
+ union xlog_in_core2 *xhdr = (union xlog_in_core2 *)rhead;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 1; i < log->l_iclog_heads; i++) {
+ crc = crc32c(crc, &xhdr[i].hic_xheader,
+ sizeof(struct xlog_rec_ext_header));
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* ... and finally for the payload */
+ crc = crc32c(crc, dp, size);
+
+ return xfs_end_cksum(crc);
+}
+
+/*
* The bdstrat callback function for log bufs. This gives us a central
* place to trap bufs in case we get hit by a log I/O error and need to
* shutdown. Actually, in practice, even when we didn't get a log error,
@@ -1549,7 +1628,6 @@ xlog_sync(
struct xlog *log,
struct xlog_in_core *iclog)
{
- xfs_caddr_t dptr; /* pointer to byte sized element */
xfs_buf_t *bp;
int i;
uint count; /* byte count of bwrite */
@@ -1558,6 +1636,7 @@ xlog_sync(
int split = 0; /* split write into two regions */
int error;
int v2 = xfs_sb_version_haslogv2(&log->l_mp->m_sb);
+ int size;
XFS_STATS_INC(xs_log_writes);
ASSERT(atomic_read(&iclog->ic_refcnt) == 0);
@@ -1588,13 +1667,10 @@ xlog_sync(
xlog_pack_data(log, iclog, roundoff);
/* real byte length */
- if (v2) {
- iclog->ic_header.h_len =
- cpu_to_be32(iclog->ic_offset + roundoff);
- } else {
- iclog->ic_header.h_len =
- cpu_to_be32(iclog->ic_offset);
- }
+ size = iclog->ic_offset;
+ if (v2)
+ size += roundoff;
+ iclog->ic_header.h_len = cpu_to_be32(size);
bp = iclog->ic_bp;
XFS_BUF_SET_ADDR(bp, BLOCK_LSN(be64_to_cpu(iclog->ic_header.h_lsn)));
@@ -1603,12 +1679,36 @@ xlog_sync(
/* Do we need to split this write into 2 parts? */
if (XFS_BUF_ADDR(bp) + BTOBB(count) > log->l_logBBsize) {
+ char *dptr;
+
split = count - (BBTOB(log->l_logBBsize - XFS_BUF_ADDR(bp)));
count = BBTOB(log->l_logBBsize - XFS_BUF_ADDR(bp));
- iclog->ic_bwritecnt = 2; /* split into 2 writes */
+ iclog->ic_bwritecnt = 2;
+
+ /*
+ * Bump the cycle numbers at the start of each block in the
+ * part of the iclog that ends up in the buffer that gets
+ * written to the start of the log.
+ *
+ * Watch out for the header magic number case, though.
+ */
+ dptr = (char *)&iclog->ic_header + count;
+ for (i = 0; i < split; i += BBSIZE) {
+ __uint32_t cycle = be32_to_cpu(*(__be32 *)dptr);
+ if (++cycle == XLOG_HEADER_MAGIC_NUM)
+ cycle++;
+ *(__be32 *)dptr = cpu_to_be32(cycle);
+
+ dptr += BBSIZE;
+ }
} else {
iclog->ic_bwritecnt = 1;
}
+
+ /* calculcate the checksum */
+ iclog->ic_header.h_crc = xlog_cksum(log, &iclog->ic_header,
+ iclog->ic_datap, size);
+
bp->b_io_length = BTOBB(count);
bp->b_fspriv = iclog;
XFS_BUF_ZEROFLAGS(bp);
@@ -1662,19 +1762,6 @@ xlog_sync(
bp->b_flags |= XBF_SYNCIO;
if (log->l_mp->m_flags & XFS_MOUNT_BARRIER)
bp->b_flags |= XBF_FUA;
- dptr = bp->b_addr;
- /*
- * Bump the cycle numbers at the start of each block
- * since this part of the buffer is at the start of
- * a new cycle. Watch out for the header magic number
- * case, though.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < split; i += BBSIZE) {
- be32_add_cpu((__be32 *)dptr, 1);
- if (be32_to_cpu(*(__be32 *)dptr) == XLOG_HEADER_MAGIC_NUM)
- be32_add_cpu((__be32 *)dptr, 1);
- dptr += BBSIZE;
- }
ASSERT(XFS_BUF_ADDR(bp) <= log->l_logBBsize-1);
ASSERT(XFS_BUF_ADDR(bp) + BTOBB(count) <= log->l_logBBsize);
@@ -1691,7 +1778,6 @@ xlog_sync(
return 0;
} /* xlog_sync */
-
/*
* Deallocate a log structure
*/
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
index 9a4e0e5ec32..dc3498bf17c 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_priv.h
@@ -139,7 +139,6 @@ static inline uint xlog_get_client_id(__be32 i)
/*
* Flags for log structure
*/
-#define XLOG_CHKSUM_MISMATCH 0x1 /* used only during recovery */
#define XLOG_ACTIVE_RECOVERY 0x2 /* in the middle of recovery */
#define XLOG_RECOVERY_NEEDED 0x4 /* log was recovered */
#define XLOG_IO_ERROR 0x8 /* log hit an I/O error, and being
@@ -291,7 +290,7 @@ typedef struct xlog_rec_header {
__be32 h_len; /* len in bytes; should be 64-bit aligned: 4 */
__be64 h_lsn; /* lsn of this LR : 8 */
__be64 h_tail_lsn; /* lsn of 1st LR w/ buffers not committed: 8 */
- __be32 h_chksum; /* may not be used; non-zero if used : 4 */
+ __le32 h_crc; /* crc of log record : 4 */
__be32 h_prev_block; /* block number to previous LR : 4 */
__be32 h_num_logops; /* number of log operations in this LR : 4 */
__be32 h_cycle_data[XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE];
@@ -555,11 +554,9 @@ xlog_recover(
extern int
xlog_recover_finish(
struct xlog *log);
-extern void
-xlog_pack_data(
- struct xlog *log,
- struct xlog_in_core *iclog,
- int);
+
+extern __be32 xlog_cksum(struct xlog *log, struct xlog_rec_header *rhead,
+ char *dp, int size);
extern kmem_zone_t *xfs_log_ticket_zone;
struct xlog_ticket *
diff --git a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c
index 931e8e23f19..9c3651c9e75 100644
--- a/fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c
+++ b/fs/xfs/xfs_log_recover.c
@@ -41,6 +41,7 @@
#include "xfs_trans_priv.h"
#include "xfs_quota.h"
#include "xfs_utils.h"
+#include "xfs_cksum.h"
#include "xfs_trace.h"
#include "xfs_icache.h"
@@ -3216,80 +3217,58 @@ xlog_recover_process_iunlinks(
mp->m_dmevmask = mp_dmevmask;
}
-
-#ifdef DEBUG
-STATIC void
-xlog_pack_data_checksum(
- struct xlog *log,
- struct xlog_in_core *iclog,
- int size)
-{
- int i;
- __be32 *up;
- uint chksum = 0;
-
- up = (__be32 *)iclog->ic_datap;
- /* divide length by 4 to get # words */
- for (i = 0; i < (size >> 2); i++) {
- chksum ^= be32_to_cpu(*up);
- up++;
- }
- iclog->ic_header.h_chksum = cpu_to_be32(chksum);
-}
-#else
-#define xlog_pack_data_checksum(log, iclog, size)
-#endif
-
/*
- * Stamp cycle number in every block
+ * Upack the log buffer data and crc check it. If the check fails, issue a
+ * warning if and only if the CRC in the header is non-zero. This makes the
+ * check an advisory warning, and the zero CRC check will prevent failure
+ * warnings from being emitted when upgrading the kernel from one that does not
+ * add CRCs by default.
+ *
+ * When filesystems are CRC enabled, this CRC mismatch becomes a fatal log
+ * corruption failure
*/
-void
-xlog_pack_data(
- struct xlog *log,
- struct xlog_in_core *iclog,
- int roundoff)
+STATIC int
+xlog_unpack_data_crc(
+ struct xlog_rec_header *rhead,
+ xfs_caddr_t dp,
+ struct xlog *log)
{
- int i, j, k;
- int size = iclog->ic_offset + roundoff;
- __be32 cycle_lsn;
- xfs_caddr_t dp;
-
- xlog_pack_data_checksum(log, iclog, size);
-
- cycle_lsn = CYCLE_LSN_DISK(iclog->ic_header.h_lsn);
-
- dp = iclog->ic_datap;
- for (i = 0; i < BTOBB(size) &&
- i < (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE); i++) {
- iclog->ic_header.h_cycle_data[i] = *(__be32 *)dp;
- *(__be32 *)dp = cycle_lsn;
- dp += BBSIZE;
- }
-
- if (xfs_sb_version_haslogv2(&log->l_mp->m_sb)) {
- xlog_in_core_2_t *xhdr = iclog->ic_data;
-
- for ( ; i < BTOBB(size); i++) {
- j = i / (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE);
- k = i % (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE);
- xhdr[j].hic_xheader.xh_cycle_data[k] = *(__be32 *)dp;
- *(__be32 *)dp = cycle_lsn;
- dp += BBSIZE;
+ __be32 crc;
+
+ crc = xlog_cksum(log, rhead, dp, be32_to_cpu(rhead->h_len));
+ if (crc != rhead->h_crc) {
+ if (rhead->h_crc || xfs_sb_version_hascrc(&log->l_mp->m_sb)) {
+ xfs_alert(log->l_mp,
+ "log record CRC mismatch: found 0x%x, expected 0x%x.\n",
+ be32_to_cpu(rhead->h_crc),
+ be32_to_cpu(crc));
+ xfs_hex_dump(dp, 32);
}
- for (i = 1; i < log->l_iclog_heads; i++) {
- xhdr[i].hic_xheader.xh_cycle = cycle_lsn;
- }
+ /*
+ * If we've detected a log record corruption, then we can't
+ * recover past this point. Abort recovery if we are enforcing
+ * CRC protection by punting an error back up the stack.
+ */
+ if (xfs_sb_version_hascrc(&log->l_mp->m_sb))
+ return EFSCORRUPTED;
}
+
+ return 0;
}
-STATIC void
+STATIC int
xlog_unpack_data(
struct xlog_rec_header *rhead,
xfs_caddr_t dp,
struct xlog *log)
{
int i, j, k;
+ int error;
+
+ error = xlog_unpack_data_crc(rhead, dp, log);
+ if (error)
+ return error;
for (i = 0; i < BTOBB(be32_to_cpu(rhead->h_len)) &&
i < (XLOG_HEADER_CYCLE_SIZE / BBSIZE); i++) {
@@ -3306,6 +3285,8 @@ xlog_unpack_data(
dp += BBSIZE;
}
}
+
+ return 0;
}
STATIC int
@@ -3437,9 +3418,13 @@ xlog_do_recovery_pass(
if (error)
goto bread_err2;
- xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
- if ((error = xlog_recover_process_data(log,
- rhash, rhead, offset, pass)))
+ error = xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
+ if (error)
+ goto bread_err2;
+
+ error = xlog_recover_process_data(log,
+ rhash, rhead, offset, pass);
+ if (error)
goto bread_err2;
blk_no += bblks + hblks;
}
@@ -3549,9 +3534,14 @@ xlog_do_recovery_pass(
if (error)
goto bread_err2;
}
- xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
- if ((error = xlog_recover_process_data(log, rhash,
- rhead, offset, pass)))
+
+ error = xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
+ if (error)
+ goto bread_err2;
+
+ error = xlog_recover_process_data(log, rhash,
+ rhead, offset, pass);
+ if (error)
goto bread_err2;
blk_no += bblks;
}
@@ -3576,9 +3566,13 @@ xlog_do_recovery_pass(
if (error)
goto bread_err2;
- xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
- if ((error = xlog_recover_process_data(log, rhash,
- rhead, offset, pass)))
+ error = xlog_unpack_data(rhead, offset, log);
+ if (error)
+ goto bread_err2;
+
+ error = xlog_recover_process_data(log, rhash,
+ rhead, offset, pass);
+ if (error)
goto bread_err2;
blk_no += bblks + hblks;
}