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authorTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2009-05-01 08:50:38 -0400
committerTheodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu>2009-05-01 08:50:38 -0400
commit8df9675f8b498d0bfa1f0b5b06f56bf1ff366dd5 (patch)
tree38fd56a82049f50b4d774af47b9d39f116071755 /fs/ext4/balloc.c
parent9ca92389c5312a51e819c15c762f0abdc7f3129b (diff)
ext4: Avoid races caused by on-line resizing and SMP memory reordering
Ext4's on-line resizing adds a new block group and then, only at the last step adjusts s_groups_count. However, it's possible on SMP systems that another CPU could see the updated the s_group_count and not see the newly initialized data structures for the just-added block group. For this reason, it's important to insert a SMP read barrier after reading s_groups_count and before reading any (for example) the new block group descriptors allowed by the increased value of s_groups_count. Unfortunately, we rather blatently violate this locking protocol documented in fs/ext4/resize.c. Fortunately, (1) on-line resizes happen relatively rarely, and (2) it seems rare that the filesystem code will immediately try to use just-added block group before any memory ordering issues resolve themselves. So apparently problems here are relatively hard to hit, since ext3 has been vulnerable to the same issue for years with no one apparently complaining. Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/ext4/balloc.c')
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/balloc.c15
1 files changed, 7 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/fs/ext4/balloc.c b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
index 53c72ad8587..a5ba039850c 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/balloc.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/balloc.c
@@ -88,6 +88,7 @@ unsigned ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh,
ext4_group_t block_group, struct ext4_group_desc *gdp)
{
int bit, bit_max;
+ ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
unsigned free_blocks, group_blocks;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
@@ -123,7 +124,7 @@ unsigned ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh,
bit_max += ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, block_group);
}
- if (block_group == sbi->s_groups_count - 1) {
+ if (block_group == ngroups - 1) {
/*
* Even though mke2fs always initialize first and last group
* if some other tool enabled the EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT we need
@@ -131,7 +132,7 @@ unsigned ext4_init_block_bitmap(struct super_block *sb, struct buffer_head *bh,
*/
group_blocks = ext4_blocks_count(sbi->s_es) -
le32_to_cpu(sbi->s_es->s_first_data_block) -
- (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) * (sbi->s_groups_count - 1));
+ (EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) * (ngroups - 1));
} else {
group_blocks = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
}
@@ -205,18 +206,18 @@ struct ext4_group_desc * ext4_get_group_desc(struct super_block *sb,
{
unsigned int group_desc;
unsigned int offset;
+ ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
struct ext4_group_desc *desc;
struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
- if (block_group >= sbi->s_groups_count) {
+ if (block_group >= ngroups) {
ext4_error(sb, "ext4_get_group_desc",
"block_group >= groups_count - "
"block_group = %u, groups_count = %u",
- block_group, sbi->s_groups_count);
+ block_group, ngroups);
return NULL;
}
- smp_rmb();
group_desc = block_group >> EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK_BITS(sb);
offset = block_group & (EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1);
@@ -665,7 +666,7 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_blocks(struct super_block *sb)
ext4_fsblk_t desc_count;
struct ext4_group_desc *gdp;
ext4_group_t i;
- ext4_group_t ngroups = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_groups_count;
+ ext4_group_t ngroups = ext4_get_groups_count(sb);
#ifdef EXT4FS_DEBUG
struct ext4_super_block *es;
ext4_fsblk_t bitmap_count;
@@ -677,7 +678,6 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_blocks(struct super_block *sb)
bitmap_count = 0;
gdp = NULL;
- smp_rmb();
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
if (!gdp)
@@ -700,7 +700,6 @@ ext4_fsblk_t ext4_count_free_blocks(struct super_block *sb)
return bitmap_count;
#else
desc_count = 0;
- smp_rmb();
for (i = 0; i < ngroups; i++) {
gdp = ext4_get_group_desc(sb, i, NULL);
if (!gdp)