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authorLouis Rilling <louis.rilling@kerlabs.com>2009-01-28 19:18:32 +0100
committerJoel Becker <joel.becker@oracle.com>2009-04-30 10:48:23 -0700
commite74cc06df3b05e2b2c1611a043f6e6dcadaab1eb (patch)
treec514c5f5149ce26ef9b44473bed18a7836540a38 /fs/configfs
parent3c48f23adada870db612a0dd3488605c4af5c0a5 (diff)
configfs: Silence lockdep on mkdir() and rmdir()
When attaching default groups (subdirs) of a new group (in mkdir() or in configfs_register()), configfs recursively takes inode's mutexes along the path from the parent of the new group to the default subdirs. This is needed to ensure that the VFS will not race with operations on these sub-dirs. This is safe for the following reasons: - the VFS allows one to lock first an inode and second one of its children (The lock subclasses for this pattern are respectively I_MUTEX_PARENT and I_MUTEX_CHILD); - from this rule any inode path can be recursively locked in descending order as long as it stays under a single mountpoint and does not follow symlinks. Unfortunately lockdep does not know (yet?) how to handle such recursion. I've tried to use Peter Zijlstra's lock_set_subclass() helper to upgrade i_mutexes from I_MUTEX_CHILD to I_MUTEX_PARENT when we know that we might recursively lock some of their descendant, but this usage does not seem to fit the purpose of lock_set_subclass() because it leads to several i_mutex locked with subclass I_MUTEX_PARENT by the same task. >From inside configfs it is not possible to serialize those recursive locking with a top-level one, because mkdir() and rmdir() are already called with inodes locked by the VFS. So using some mutex_lock_nest_lock() is not an option. I am proposing two solutions: 1) one that wraps recursive mutex_lock()s with lockdep_off()/lockdep_on(). 2) (as suggested earlier by Peter Zijlstra) one that puts the i_mutexes recursively locked in different classes based on their depth from the top-level config_group created. This induces an arbitrary limit (MAX_LOCK_DEPTH - 2 == 46) on the nesting of configfs default groups whenever lockdep is activated but this limit looks reasonably high. Unfortunately, this also isolates VFS operations on configfs default groups from the others and thus lowers the chances to detect locking issues. Nobody likes solution 1), which I can understand. This patch implements solution 2). However lockdep is still not happy with configfs_depend_item(). Next patch reworks the locking of configfs_depend_item() and finally makes lockdep happy. [ Note: This hides a few locking interactions with the VFS from lockdep. That was my big concern, because we like lockdep's protection. However, the current state always dumps a spurious warning. The locking is correct, so I tell people to ignore the warning and that we'll keep our eyes on the locking to make sure it stays correct. With this patch, we eliminate the warning. We do lose some of the lockdep protections, but this only means that we still have to keep our eyes on the locking. We're going to do that anyway. -- Joel ] Signed-off-by: Louis Rilling <louis.rilling@kerlabs.com> Signed-off-by: Joel Becker <joel.becker@oracle.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs/configfs')
-rw-r--r--fs/configfs/configfs_internal.h3
-rw-r--r--fs/configfs/dir.c90
-rw-r--r--fs/configfs/inode.c38
3 files changed, 131 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/fs/configfs/configfs_internal.h b/fs/configfs/configfs_internal.h
index 762d287123c..da6061a6df4 100644
--- a/fs/configfs/configfs_internal.h
+++ b/fs/configfs/configfs_internal.h
@@ -39,6 +39,9 @@ struct configfs_dirent {
umode_t s_mode;
struct dentry * s_dentry;
struct iattr * s_iattr;
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
+ int s_depth;
+#endif
};
#define CONFIGFS_ROOT 0x0001
diff --git a/fs/configfs/dir.c b/fs/configfs/dir.c
index 05373db21a4..d4d871fba21 100644
--- a/fs/configfs/dir.c
+++ b/fs/configfs/dir.c
@@ -78,6 +78,92 @@ static const struct dentry_operations configfs_dentry_ops = {
.d_delete = configfs_d_delete,
};
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
+
+/*
+ * Helpers to make lockdep happy with our recursive locking of default groups'
+ * inodes (see configfs_attach_group() and configfs_detach_group()).
+ * We put default groups i_mutexes in separate classes according to their depth
+ * from the youngest non-default group ancestor.
+ *
+ * For a non-default group A having default groups A/B, A/C, and A/C/D, default
+ * groups A/B and A/C will have their inode's mutex in class
+ * default_group_class[0], and default group A/C/D will be in
+ * default_group_class[1].
+ *
+ * The lock classes are declared and assigned in inode.c, according to the
+ * s_depth value.
+ * The s_depth value is initialized to -1, adjusted to >= 0 when attaching
+ * default groups, and reset to -1 when all default groups are attached. During
+ * attachment, if configfs_create() sees s_depth > 0, the lock class of the new
+ * inode's mutex is set to default_group_class[s_depth - 1].
+ */
+
+static void configfs_init_dirent_depth(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+ sd->s_depth = -1;
+}
+
+static void configfs_set_dir_dirent_depth(struct configfs_dirent *parent_sd,
+ struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+ int parent_depth = parent_sd->s_depth;
+
+ if (parent_depth >= 0)
+ sd->s_depth = parent_depth + 1;
+}
+
+static void
+configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_before_populate(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+ /*
+ * item's i_mutex class is already setup, so s_depth is now only
+ * used to set new sub-directories s_depth, which is always done
+ * with item's i_mutex locked.
+ */
+ /*
+ * sd->s_depth == -1 iff we are a non default group.
+ * else (we are a default group) sd->s_depth > 0 (see
+ * create_dir()).
+ */
+ if (sd->s_depth == -1)
+ /*
+ * We are a non default group and we are going to create
+ * default groups.
+ */
+ sd->s_depth = 0;
+}
+
+static void
+configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_after_populate(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+ /* We will not create default groups anymore. */
+ sd->s_depth = -1;
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_LOCKDEP */
+
+static void configfs_init_dirent_depth(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+}
+
+static void configfs_set_dir_dirent_depth(struct configfs_dirent *parent_sd,
+ struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+}
+
+static void
+configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_before_populate(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+}
+
+static void
+configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_after_populate(struct configfs_dirent *sd)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LOCKDEP */
+
/*
* Allocates a new configfs_dirent and links it to the parent configfs_dirent
*/
@@ -94,6 +180,7 @@ static struct configfs_dirent *configfs_new_dirent(struct configfs_dirent * pare
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sd->s_links);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sd->s_children);
sd->s_element = element;
+ configfs_init_dirent_depth(sd);
spin_lock(&configfs_dirent_lock);
if (parent_sd->s_type & CONFIGFS_USET_DROPPING) {
spin_unlock(&configfs_dirent_lock);
@@ -187,6 +274,7 @@ static int create_dir(struct config_item * k, struct dentry * p,
error = configfs_make_dirent(p->d_fsdata, d, k, mode,
CONFIGFS_DIR | CONFIGFS_USET_CREATING);
if (!error) {
+ configfs_set_dir_dirent_depth(p->d_fsdata, d->d_fsdata);
error = configfs_create(d, mode, init_dir);
if (!error) {
inc_nlink(p->d_inode);
@@ -789,11 +877,13 @@ static int configfs_attach_group(struct config_item *parent_item,
* error, as rmdir() would.
*/
mutex_lock_nested(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex, I_MUTEX_CHILD);
+ configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_before_populate(sd);
ret = populate_groups(to_config_group(item));
if (ret) {
configfs_detach_item(item);
dentry->d_inode->i_flags |= S_DEAD;
}
+ configfs_adjust_dir_dirent_depth_after_populate(sd);
mutex_unlock(&dentry->d_inode->i_mutex);
if (ret)
d_delete(dentry);
diff --git a/fs/configfs/inode.c b/fs/configfs/inode.c
index 5d349d38e05..4921e7426d9 100644
--- a/fs/configfs/inode.c
+++ b/fs/configfs/inode.c
@@ -33,10 +33,15 @@
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/configfs.h>
#include "configfs_internal.h"
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
+static struct lock_class_key default_group_class[MAX_LOCK_DEPTH];
+#endif
+
extern struct super_block * configfs_sb;
static const struct address_space_operations configfs_aops = {
@@ -150,6 +155,38 @@ struct inode * configfs_new_inode(mode_t mode, struct configfs_dirent * sd)
return inode;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_LOCKDEP
+
+static void configfs_set_inode_lock_class(struct configfs_dirent *sd,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+ int depth = sd->s_depth;
+
+ if (depth > 0) {
+ if (depth <= ARRAY_SIZE(default_group_class)) {
+ lockdep_set_class(&inode->i_mutex,
+ &default_group_class[depth - 1]);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * In practice the maximum level of locking depth is
+ * already reached. Just inform about possible reasons.
+ */
+ printk(KERN_INFO "configfs: Too many levels of inodes"
+ " for the locking correctness validator.\n");
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Spurious warnings may appear.\n");
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+#else /* CONFIG_LOCKDEP */
+
+static void configfs_set_inode_lock_class(struct configfs_dirent *sd,
+ struct inode *inode)
+{
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_LOCKDEP */
+
int configfs_create(struct dentry * dentry, int mode, int (*init)(struct inode *))
{
int error = 0;
@@ -162,6 +199,7 @@ int configfs_create(struct dentry * dentry, int mode, int (*init)(struct inode *
struct inode *p_inode = dentry->d_parent->d_inode;
p_inode->i_mtime = p_inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME;
}
+ configfs_set_inode_lock_class(sd, inode);
goto Proceed;
}
else