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authorNeilBrown <neilb@suse.de>2006-03-27 01:18:10 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-03-27 08:45:01 -0800
commit292695531ae4019bb15deedc121b218d1908b648 (patch)
treefb205eae13c3f3410f6ea44557b1c96b075a4d44 /drivers
parentccfcc3c10b2a5cb8fd3c918199a4ff904fc6fb3e (diff)
[PATCH] md: Final stages of raid5 expand code
This patch adds raid5_reshape and end_reshape which will start and finish the reshape processes. raid5_reshape is only enabled in CONFIG_MD_RAID5_RESHAPE is set, to discourage accidental use. Read the 'help' for the CONFIG_MD_RAID5_RESHAPE entry. and Make sure that you have backups, just in case. Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers')
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/Kconfig26
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/md.c6
-rw-r--r--drivers/md/raid5.c123
3 files changed, 152 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/md/Kconfig b/drivers/md/Kconfig
index ac43f98062f..fd2aae150cc 100644
--- a/drivers/md/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/md/Kconfig
@@ -127,6 +127,32 @@ config MD_RAID5
If unsure, say Y.
+config MD_RAID5_RESHAPE
+ bool "Support adding drives to a raid-5 array (experimental)"
+ depends on MD_RAID5 && EXPERIMENTAL
+ ---help---
+ A RAID-5 set can be expanded by adding extra drives. This
+ requires "restriping" the array which means (almost) every
+ block must be written to a different place.
+
+ This option allows such restriping to be done while the array
+ is online. However it is still EXPERIMENTAL code. It should
+ work, but please be sure that you have backups.
+
+ You will need a version of mdadm newer than 2.3.1. During the
+ early stage of reshape there is a critical section where live data
+ is being over-written. A crash during this time needs extra care
+ for recovery. The newer mdadm takes a copy of the data in the
+ critical section and will restore it, if necessary, after a crash.
+
+ The mdadm usage is e.g.
+ mdadm --grow /dev/md1 --raid-disks=6
+ to grow '/dev/md1' to having 6 disks.
+
+ Note: The array can only be expanded, not contracted.
+ There should be enough spares already present to make the new
+ array workable.
+
config MD_RAID6
tristate "RAID-6 mode"
depends on BLK_DEV_MD
diff --git a/drivers/md/md.c b/drivers/md/md.c
index 8e65986bc63..d169bc96467 100644
--- a/drivers/md/md.c
+++ b/drivers/md/md.c
@@ -158,11 +158,12 @@ static int start_readonly;
*/
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(md_event_waiters);
static atomic_t md_event_count;
-static void md_new_event(mddev_t *mddev)
+void md_new_event(mddev_t *mddev)
{
atomic_inc(&md_event_count);
wake_up(&md_event_waiters);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(md_new_event);
/*
* Enables to iterate over all existing md arrays
@@ -4467,7 +4468,7 @@ static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(resync_wait);
#define SYNC_MARKS 10
#define SYNC_MARK_STEP (3*HZ)
-static void md_do_sync(mddev_t *mddev)
+void md_do_sync(mddev_t *mddev)
{
mddev_t *mddev2;
unsigned int currspeed = 0,
@@ -4704,6 +4705,7 @@ static void md_do_sync(mddev_t *mddev)
set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_DONE, &mddev->recovery);
md_wakeup_thread(mddev->thread);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(md_do_sync);
/*
diff --git a/drivers/md/raid5.c b/drivers/md/raid5.c
index 56cba8d3e39..b29135acb1d 100644
--- a/drivers/md/raid5.c
+++ b/drivers/md/raid5.c
@@ -331,6 +331,8 @@ static int grow_stripes(raid5_conf_t *conf, int num)
}
return 0;
}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_MD_RAID5_RESHAPE
static int resize_stripes(raid5_conf_t *conf, int newsize)
{
/* Make all the stripes able to hold 'newsize' devices.
@@ -451,7 +453,7 @@ static int resize_stripes(raid5_conf_t *conf, int newsize)
conf->pool_size = newsize;
return err;
}
-
+#endif
static int drop_one_stripe(raid5_conf_t *conf)
{
@@ -1034,6 +1036,8 @@ static int add_stripe_bio(struct stripe_head *sh, struct bio *bi, int dd_idx, in
return 0;
}
+static void end_reshape(raid5_conf_t *conf);
+
static int stripe_to_pdidx(sector_t stripe, raid5_conf_t *conf, int disks)
{
int sectors_per_chunk = conf->chunk_size >> 9;
@@ -1844,6 +1848,10 @@ static sector_t sync_request(mddev_t *mddev, sector_t sector_nr, int *skipped, i
if (sector_nr >= max_sector) {
/* just being told to finish up .. nothing much to do */
unplug_slaves(mddev);
+ if (test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, &mddev->recovery)) {
+ end_reshape(conf);
+ return 0;
+ }
if (mddev->curr_resync < max_sector) /* aborted */
bitmap_end_sync(mddev->bitmap, mddev->curr_resync,
@@ -2464,6 +2472,116 @@ static int raid5_resize(mddev_t *mddev, sector_t sectors)
return 0;
}
+#ifdef CONFIG_MD_RAID5_RESHAPE
+static int raid5_reshape(mddev_t *mddev, int raid_disks)
+{
+ raid5_conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
+ int err;
+ mdk_rdev_t *rdev;
+ struct list_head *rtmp;
+ int spares = 0;
+ int added_devices = 0;
+
+ if (mddev->degraded ||
+ test_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, &mddev->recovery))
+ return -EBUSY;
+ if (conf->raid_disks > raid_disks)
+ return -EINVAL; /* Cannot shrink array yet */
+ if (conf->raid_disks == raid_disks)
+ return 0; /* nothing to do */
+
+ /* Can only proceed if there are plenty of stripe_heads.
+ * We need a minimum of one full stripe,, and for sensible progress
+ * it is best to have about 4 times that.
+ * If we require 4 times, then the default 256 4K stripe_heads will
+ * allow for chunk sizes up to 256K, which is probably OK.
+ * If the chunk size is greater, user-space should request more
+ * stripe_heads first.
+ */
+ if ((mddev->chunk_size / STRIPE_SIZE) * 4 > conf->max_nr_stripes) {
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "raid5: reshape: not enough stripes. Needed %lu\n",
+ (mddev->chunk_size / STRIPE_SIZE)*4);
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+
+ ITERATE_RDEV(mddev, rdev, rtmp)
+ if (rdev->raid_disk < 0 &&
+ !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags))
+ spares++;
+ if (conf->raid_disks + spares < raid_disks-1)
+ /* Not enough devices even to make a degraded array
+ * of that size
+ */
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ err = resize_stripes(conf, raid_disks);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ spin_lock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+ conf->previous_raid_disks = conf->raid_disks;
+ mddev->raid_disks = conf->raid_disks = raid_disks;
+ conf->expand_progress = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+
+ /* Add some new drives, as many as will fit.
+ * We know there are enough to make the newly sized array work.
+ */
+ ITERATE_RDEV(mddev, rdev, rtmp)
+ if (rdev->raid_disk < 0 &&
+ !test_bit(Faulty, &rdev->flags)) {
+ if (raid5_add_disk(mddev, rdev)) {
+ char nm[20];
+ set_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags);
+ conf->working_disks++;
+ added_devices++;
+ sprintf(nm, "rd%d", rdev->raid_disk);
+ sysfs_create_link(&mddev->kobj, &rdev->kobj, nm);
+ } else
+ break;
+ }
+
+ mddev->degraded = (raid_disks - conf->previous_raid_disks) - added_devices;
+ clear_bit(MD_RECOVERY_SYNC, &mddev->recovery);
+ clear_bit(MD_RECOVERY_CHECK, &mddev->recovery);
+ set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RESHAPE, &mddev->recovery);
+ set_bit(MD_RECOVERY_RUNNING, &mddev->recovery);
+ mddev->sync_thread = md_register_thread(md_do_sync, mddev,
+ "%s_reshape");
+ if (!mddev->sync_thread) {
+ mddev->recovery = 0;
+ spin_lock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+ mddev->raid_disks = conf->raid_disks = conf->previous_raid_disks;
+ conf->expand_progress = MaxSector;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+ return -EAGAIN;
+ }
+ md_wakeup_thread(mddev->sync_thread);
+ md_new_event(mddev);
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif
+
+static void end_reshape(raid5_conf_t *conf)
+{
+ struct block_device *bdev;
+
+ conf->mddev->array_size = conf->mddev->size * (conf->mddev->raid_disks-1);
+ set_capacity(conf->mddev->gendisk, conf->mddev->array_size << 1);
+ conf->mddev->changed = 1;
+
+ bdev = bdget_disk(conf->mddev->gendisk, 0);
+ if (bdev) {
+ mutex_lock(&bdev->bd_inode->i_mutex);
+ i_size_write(bdev->bd_inode, conf->mddev->array_size << 10);
+ mutex_unlock(&bdev->bd_inode->i_mutex);
+ bdput(bdev);
+ }
+ spin_lock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+ conf->expand_progress = MaxSector;
+ spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
+}
+
static void raid5_quiesce(mddev_t *mddev, int state)
{
raid5_conf_t *conf = mddev_to_conf(mddev);
@@ -2502,6 +2620,9 @@ static struct mdk_personality raid5_personality =
.spare_active = raid5_spare_active,
.sync_request = sync_request,
.resize = raid5_resize,
+#ifdef CONFIG_MD_RAID5_RESHAPE
+ .reshape = raid5_reshape,
+#endif
.quiesce = raid5_quiesce,
};