aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/arch/mips/lib
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorRalf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>2007-02-19 16:59:24 +0000
committerRalf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>2007-02-20 01:26:42 +0000
commite03b526932a9ae1ff20b47459c040f3c6407f625 (patch)
tree6c1753fc5a0497621b05c7dae9d3d686503bc5d7 /arch/mips/lib
parent269dd2b2526d046d8b43554ff27b486e2ddb3f08 (diff)
[MIPS] Fixup copy_from_user_inatomic
From the 01408c4939479ec46c15aa7ef6e2406be50eeeca log message: The problem is that when we write to a file, the copy from userspace to pagecache is first done with preemption disabled, so if the source address is not immediately available the copy fails *and* *zeros* *the* *destination*. This is a problem because a concurrent read (which admittedly is an odd thing to do) might see zeros rather that was there before the write, or what was there after, or some mixture of the two (any of these being a reasonable thing to see). If the copy did fail, it will immediately be retried with preemption re-enabled so any transient problem with accessing the source won't cause an error. The first copying does not need to zero any uncopied bytes, and doing so causes the problem. It uses copy_from_user_atomic rather than copy_from_user so the simple expedient is to change copy_from_user_atomic to *not* zero out bytes on failure. < --- end cite --- > This patch finally implements at least a not so pretty solution by duplicating the relevant part of __copy_user. Signed-off-by: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/mips/lib')
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--arch/mips/lib/memcpy-inatomic.S436
2 files changed, 437 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/arch/mips/lib/Makefile b/arch/mips/lib/Makefile
index 9e5d985936b..2453ea244cb 100644
--- a/arch/mips/lib/Makefile
+++ b/arch/mips/lib/Makefile
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for MIPS-specific library files..
#
-lib-y += csum_partial.o memcpy.o memset.o promlib.o \
+lib-y += csum_partial.o memcpy.o memcpy-inatomic.o memset.o promlib.o \
strlen_user.o strncpy_user.o strnlen_user.o uncached.o
obj-y += iomap.o
diff --git a/arch/mips/lib/memcpy-inatomic.S b/arch/mips/lib/memcpy-inatomic.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..3a534b2baa0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/mips/lib/memcpy-inatomic.S
@@ -0,0 +1,436 @@
+/*
+ * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
+ * License. See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
+ * for more details.
+ *
+ * Unified implementation of memcpy, memmove and the __copy_user backend.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 1998, 99, 2000, 01, 2002 Ralf Baechle (ralf@gnu.org)
+ * Copyright (C) 1999, 2000, 01, 2002 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
+ * Copyright (C) 2002 Broadcom, Inc.
+ * memcpy/copy_user author: Mark Vandevoorde
+ *
+ * Mnemonic names for arguments to memcpy/__copy_user
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Hack to resolve longstanding prefetch issue
+ *
+ * Prefetching may be fatal on some systems if we're prefetching beyond the
+ * end of memory on some systems. It's also a seriously bad idea on non
+ * dma-coherent systems.
+ */
+#if !defined(CONFIG_DMA_COHERENT) || !defined(CONFIG_DMA_IP27)
+#undef CONFIG_CPU_HAS_PREFETCH
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_MIPS_MALTA
+#undef CONFIG_CPU_HAS_PREFETCH
+#endif
+
+#include <asm/asm.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+#include <asm/regdef.h>
+
+#define dst a0
+#define src a1
+#define len a2
+
+/*
+ * Spec
+ *
+ * memcpy copies len bytes from src to dst and sets v0 to dst.
+ * It assumes that
+ * - src and dst don't overlap
+ * - src is readable
+ * - dst is writable
+ * memcpy uses the standard calling convention
+ *
+ * __copy_user copies up to len bytes from src to dst and sets a2 (len) to
+ * the number of uncopied bytes due to an exception caused by a read or write.
+ * __copy_user assumes that src and dst don't overlap, and that the call is
+ * implementing one of the following:
+ * copy_to_user
+ * - src is readable (no exceptions when reading src)
+ * copy_from_user
+ * - dst is writable (no exceptions when writing dst)
+ * __copy_user uses a non-standard calling convention; see
+ * include/asm-mips/uaccess.h
+ *
+ * When an exception happens on a load, the handler must
+ # ensure that all of the destination buffer is overwritten to prevent
+ * leaking information to user mode programs.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Implementation
+ */
+
+/*
+ * The exception handler for loads requires that:
+ * 1- AT contain the address of the byte just past the end of the source
+ * of the copy,
+ * 2- src_entry <= src < AT, and
+ * 3- (dst - src) == (dst_entry - src_entry),
+ * The _entry suffix denotes values when __copy_user was called.
+ *
+ * (1) is set up up by uaccess.h and maintained by not writing AT in copy_user
+ * (2) is met by incrementing src by the number of bytes copied
+ * (3) is met by not doing loads between a pair of increments of dst and src
+ *
+ * The exception handlers for stores adjust len (if necessary) and return.
+ * These handlers do not need to overwrite any data.
+ *
+ * For __rmemcpy and memmove an exception is always a kernel bug, therefore
+ * they're not protected.
+ */
+
+#define EXC(inst_reg,addr,handler) \
+9: inst_reg, addr; \
+ .section __ex_table,"a"; \
+ PTR 9b, handler; \
+ .previous
+
+/*
+ * Only on the 64-bit kernel we can made use of 64-bit registers.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+#define USE_DOUBLE
+#endif
+
+#ifdef USE_DOUBLE
+
+#define LOAD ld
+#define LOADL ldl
+#define LOADR ldr
+#define STOREL sdl
+#define STORER sdr
+#define STORE sd
+#define ADD daddu
+#define SUB dsubu
+#define SRL dsrl
+#define SRA dsra
+#define SLL dsll
+#define SLLV dsllv
+#define SRLV dsrlv
+#define NBYTES 8
+#define LOG_NBYTES 3
+
+/*
+ * As we are sharing code base with the mips32 tree (which use the o32 ABI
+ * register definitions). We need to redefine the register definitions from
+ * the n64 ABI register naming to the o32 ABI register naming.
+ */
+#undef t0
+#undef t1
+#undef t2
+#undef t3
+#define t0 $8
+#define t1 $9
+#define t2 $10
+#define t3 $11
+#define t4 $12
+#define t5 $13
+#define t6 $14
+#define t7 $15
+
+#else
+
+#define LOAD lw
+#define LOADL lwl
+#define LOADR lwr
+#define STOREL swl
+#define STORER swr
+#define STORE sw
+#define ADD addu
+#define SUB subu
+#define SRL srl
+#define SLL sll
+#define SRA sra
+#define SLLV sllv
+#define SRLV srlv
+#define NBYTES 4
+#define LOG_NBYTES 2
+
+#endif /* USE_DOUBLE */
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_LITTLE_ENDIAN
+#define LDFIRST LOADR
+#define LDREST LOADL
+#define STFIRST STORER
+#define STREST STOREL
+#define SHIFT_DISCARD SLLV
+#else
+#define LDFIRST LOADL
+#define LDREST LOADR
+#define STFIRST STOREL
+#define STREST STORER
+#define SHIFT_DISCARD SRLV
+#endif
+
+#define FIRST(unit) ((unit)*NBYTES)
+#define REST(unit) (FIRST(unit)+NBYTES-1)
+#define UNIT(unit) FIRST(unit)
+
+#define ADDRMASK (NBYTES-1)
+
+ .text
+ .set noreorder
+ .set noat
+
+/*
+ * A combined memcpy/__copy_user
+ * __copy_user sets len to 0 for success; else to an upper bound of
+ * the number of uncopied bytes.
+ * memcpy sets v0 to dst.
+ */
+ .align 5
+LEAF(__copy_user_inatomic)
+ /*
+ * Note: dst & src may be unaligned, len may be 0
+ * Temps
+ */
+#define rem t8
+
+ /*
+ * The "issue break"s below are very approximate.
+ * Issue delays for dcache fills will perturb the schedule, as will
+ * load queue full replay traps, etc.
+ *
+ * If len < NBYTES use byte operations.
+ */
+ PREF( 0, 0(src) )
+ PREF( 1, 0(dst) )
+ sltu t2, len, NBYTES
+ and t1, dst, ADDRMASK
+ PREF( 0, 1*32(src) )
+ PREF( 1, 1*32(dst) )
+ bnez t2, copy_bytes_checklen
+ and t0, src, ADDRMASK
+ PREF( 0, 2*32(src) )
+ PREF( 1, 2*32(dst) )
+ bnez t1, dst_unaligned
+ nop
+ bnez t0, src_unaligned_dst_aligned
+ /*
+ * use delay slot for fall-through
+ * src and dst are aligned; need to compute rem
+ */
+both_aligned:
+ SRL t0, len, LOG_NBYTES+3 # +3 for 8 units/iter
+ beqz t0, cleanup_both_aligned # len < 8*NBYTES
+ and rem, len, (8*NBYTES-1) # rem = len % (8*NBYTES)
+ PREF( 0, 3*32(src) )
+ PREF( 1, 3*32(dst) )
+ .align 4
+1:
+EXC( LOAD t0, UNIT(0)(src), l_exc)
+EXC( LOAD t1, UNIT(1)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t2, UNIT(2)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t3, UNIT(3)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ SUB len, len, 8*NBYTES
+EXC( LOAD t4, UNIT(4)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t7, UNIT(5)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ STORE t0, UNIT(0)(dst)
+ STORE t1, UNIT(1)(dst)
+EXC( LOAD t0, UNIT(6)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t1, UNIT(7)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ ADD src, src, 8*NBYTES
+ ADD dst, dst, 8*NBYTES
+ STORE t2, UNIT(-6)(dst)
+ STORE t3, UNIT(-5)(dst)
+ STORE t4, UNIT(-4)(dst)
+ STORE t7, UNIT(-3)(dst)
+ STORE t0, UNIT(-2)(dst)
+ STORE t1, UNIT(-1)(dst)
+ PREF( 0, 8*32(src) )
+ PREF( 1, 8*32(dst) )
+ bne len, rem, 1b
+ nop
+
+ /*
+ * len == rem == the number of bytes left to copy < 8*NBYTES
+ */
+cleanup_both_aligned:
+ beqz len, done
+ sltu t0, len, 4*NBYTES
+ bnez t0, less_than_4units
+ and rem, len, (NBYTES-1) # rem = len % NBYTES
+ /*
+ * len >= 4*NBYTES
+ */
+EXC( LOAD t0, UNIT(0)(src), l_exc)
+EXC( LOAD t1, UNIT(1)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t2, UNIT(2)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LOAD t3, UNIT(3)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ SUB len, len, 4*NBYTES
+ ADD src, src, 4*NBYTES
+ STORE t0, UNIT(0)(dst)
+ STORE t1, UNIT(1)(dst)
+ STORE t2, UNIT(2)(dst)
+ STORE t3, UNIT(3)(dst)
+ beqz len, done
+ ADD dst, dst, 4*NBYTES
+less_than_4units:
+ /*
+ * rem = len % NBYTES
+ */
+ beq rem, len, copy_bytes
+ nop
+1:
+EXC( LOAD t0, 0(src), l_exc)
+ ADD src, src, NBYTES
+ SUB len, len, NBYTES
+ STORE t0, 0(dst)
+ bne rem, len, 1b
+ ADD dst, dst, NBYTES
+
+ /*
+ * src and dst are aligned, need to copy rem bytes (rem < NBYTES)
+ * A loop would do only a byte at a time with possible branch
+ * mispredicts. Can't do an explicit LOAD dst,mask,or,STORE
+ * because can't assume read-access to dst. Instead, use
+ * STREST dst, which doesn't require read access to dst.
+ *
+ * This code should perform better than a simple loop on modern,
+ * wide-issue mips processors because the code has fewer branches and
+ * more instruction-level parallelism.
+ */
+#define bits t2
+ beqz len, done
+ ADD t1, dst, len # t1 is just past last byte of dst
+ li bits, 8*NBYTES
+ SLL rem, len, 3 # rem = number of bits to keep
+EXC( LOAD t0, 0(src), l_exc)
+ SUB bits, bits, rem # bits = number of bits to discard
+ SHIFT_DISCARD t0, t0, bits
+ STREST t0, -1(t1)
+ jr ra
+ move len, zero
+dst_unaligned:
+ /*
+ * dst is unaligned
+ * t0 = src & ADDRMASK
+ * t1 = dst & ADDRMASK; T1 > 0
+ * len >= NBYTES
+ *
+ * Copy enough bytes to align dst
+ * Set match = (src and dst have same alignment)
+ */
+#define match rem
+EXC( LDFIRST t3, FIRST(0)(src), l_exc)
+ ADD t2, zero, NBYTES
+EXC( LDREST t3, REST(0)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ SUB t2, t2, t1 # t2 = number of bytes copied
+ xor match, t0, t1
+ STFIRST t3, FIRST(0)(dst)
+ beq len, t2, done
+ SUB len, len, t2
+ ADD dst, dst, t2
+ beqz match, both_aligned
+ ADD src, src, t2
+
+src_unaligned_dst_aligned:
+ SRL t0, len, LOG_NBYTES+2 # +2 for 4 units/iter
+ PREF( 0, 3*32(src) )
+ beqz t0, cleanup_src_unaligned
+ and rem, len, (4*NBYTES-1) # rem = len % 4*NBYTES
+ PREF( 1, 3*32(dst) )
+1:
+/*
+ * Avoid consecutive LD*'s to the same register since some mips
+ * implementations can't issue them in the same cycle.
+ * It's OK to load FIRST(N+1) before REST(N) because the two addresses
+ * are to the same unit (unless src is aligned, but it's not).
+ */
+EXC( LDFIRST t0, FIRST(0)(src), l_exc)
+EXC( LDFIRST t1, FIRST(1)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ SUB len, len, 4*NBYTES
+EXC( LDREST t0, REST(0)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LDREST t1, REST(1)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LDFIRST t2, FIRST(2)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LDFIRST t3, FIRST(3)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LDREST t2, REST(2)(src), l_exc_copy)
+EXC( LDREST t3, REST(3)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ PREF( 0, 9*32(src) ) # 0 is PREF_LOAD (not streamed)
+ ADD src, src, 4*NBYTES
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_SB1
+ nop # improves slotting
+#endif
+ STORE t0, UNIT(0)(dst)
+ STORE t1, UNIT(1)(dst)
+ STORE t2, UNIT(2)(dst)
+ STORE t3, UNIT(3)(dst)
+ PREF( 1, 9*32(dst) ) # 1 is PREF_STORE (not streamed)
+ bne len, rem, 1b
+ ADD dst, dst, 4*NBYTES
+
+cleanup_src_unaligned:
+ beqz len, done
+ and rem, len, NBYTES-1 # rem = len % NBYTES
+ beq rem, len, copy_bytes
+ nop
+1:
+EXC( LDFIRST t0, FIRST(0)(src), l_exc)
+EXC( LDREST t0, REST(0)(src), l_exc_copy)
+ ADD src, src, NBYTES
+ SUB len, len, NBYTES
+ STORE t0, 0(dst)
+ bne len, rem, 1b
+ ADD dst, dst, NBYTES
+
+copy_bytes_checklen:
+ beqz len, done
+ nop
+copy_bytes:
+ /* 0 < len < NBYTES */
+#define COPY_BYTE(N) \
+EXC( lb t0, N(src), l_exc); \
+ SUB len, len, 1; \
+ beqz len, done; \
+ sb t0, N(dst)
+
+ COPY_BYTE(0)
+ COPY_BYTE(1)
+#ifdef USE_DOUBLE
+ COPY_BYTE(2)
+ COPY_BYTE(3)
+ COPY_BYTE(4)
+ COPY_BYTE(5)
+#endif
+EXC( lb t0, NBYTES-2(src), l_exc)
+ SUB len, len, 1
+ jr ra
+ sb t0, NBYTES-2(dst)
+done:
+ jr ra
+ nop
+ END(__copy_user_inatomic)
+
+l_exc_copy:
+ /*
+ * Copy bytes from src until faulting load address (or until a
+ * lb faults)
+ *
+ * When reached by a faulting LDFIRST/LDREST, THREAD_BUADDR($28)
+ * may be more than a byte beyond the last address.
+ * Hence, the lb below may get an exception.
+ *
+ * Assumes src < THREAD_BUADDR($28)
+ */
+ LOAD t0, TI_TASK($28)
+ nop
+ LOAD t0, THREAD_BUADDR(t0)
+1:
+EXC( lb t1, 0(src), l_exc)
+ ADD src, src, 1
+ sb t1, 0(dst) # can't fault -- we're copy_from_user
+ bne src, t0, 1b
+ ADD dst, dst, 1
+l_exc:
+ LOAD t0, TI_TASK($28)
+ nop
+ LOAD t0, THREAD_BUADDR(t0) # t0 is just past last good address
+ nop
+ SUB len, AT, t0 # len number of uncopied bytes
+ jr ra
+ nop