path: root/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
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authorPatrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>2013-03-31 18:10:34 +0200
committerPatrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net>2013-03-31 18:10:34 +0200
commit70711d223510ba1773cfe1d7770a56141c815ff8 (patch)
tree4a71f38a3a554ddecaa31b7d8c6bc49b7d1705b4 /Documentation/x86/boot.txt
parentd53b4ed072d9779cdf53582c46436dec06d0961f (diff)
parent19f949f52599ba7c3f67a5897ac6be14bfcb1200 (diff)
Merge tag 'v3.8' of /home/kaber/src/repos/linux
Linux 3.8 Signed-off-by: Patrick McHardy <kaber@trash.net> Conflicts: include/linux/Kbuild include/linux/netlink.h
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/x86/boot.txt')
1 files changed, 76 insertions, 5 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
index 7c3a8801b7c..b443f1de0e5 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/boot.txt
@@ -54,6 +54,13 @@ Protocol 2.10: (Kernel 2.6.31) Added a protocol for relaxed alignment
beyond the kernel_alignment added, new init_size and
pref_address fields. Added extended boot loader IDs.
+Protocol 2.11: (Kernel 3.6) Added a field for offset of EFI handover
+ protocol entry point.
+Protocol 2.12: (Kernel 3.8) Added the xloadflags field and extension fields
+ to struct boot_params for for loading bzImage and ramdisk
+ above 4G in 64bit.
The traditional memory map for the kernel loader, used for Image or
@@ -179,7 +186,7 @@ Offset Proto Name Meaning
0230/4 2.05+ kernel_alignment Physical addr alignment required for kernel
0234/1 2.05+ relocatable_kernel Whether kernel is relocatable or not
0235/1 2.10+ min_alignment Minimum alignment, as a power of two
-0236/2 N/A pad3 Unused
+0236/2 2.12+ xloadflags Boot protocol option flags
0238/4 2.06+ cmdline_size Maximum size of the kernel command line
023C/4 2.07+ hardware_subarch Hardware subarchitecture
0240/8 2.07+ hardware_subarch_data Subarchitecture-specific data
@@ -189,6 +196,7 @@ Offset Proto Name Meaning
of struct setup_data
0258/8 2.10+ pref_address Preferred loading address
0260/4 2.10+ init_size Linear memory required during initialization
+0264/4 2.11+ handover_offset Offset of handover entry point
(1) For backwards compatibility, if the setup_sects field contains 0, the
real value is 4.
@@ -363,12 +371,13 @@ Protocol: 2.00+
ext_loader_type <- 0x05
ext_loader_ver <- 0x23
- Assigned boot loader ids:
+ Assigned boot loader ids (hexadecimal):
0 LILO (0x00 reserved for pre-2.00 bootloader)
1 Loadlin
2 bootsect-loader (0x20, all other values reserved)
3 Syslinux
- 4 Etherboot/gPXE
+ 4 Etherboot/gPXE/iPXE
8 U-Boot
@@ -376,8 +385,12 @@ Protocol: 2.00+
A Gujin
B Qemu
C Arcturus Networks uCbootloader
+ D kexec-tools
E Extended (see ext_loader_type)
F Special (0xFF = undefined)
+ 10 Reserved
+ 11 Minimal Linux Bootloader <http://sebastian-plotz.blogspot.de>
+ 12 OVMF UEFI virtualization stack
Please contact <hpa@zytor.com> if you need a bootloader ID
value assigned.
@@ -574,6 +587,27 @@ Protocol: 2.10+
misaligned kernel. Therefore, a loader should typically try each
power-of-two alignment from kernel_alignment down to this alignment.
+Field name: xloadflags
+Type: read
+Offset/size: 0x236/2
+Protocol: 2.12+
+ This field is a bitmask.
+ Bit 0 (read): XLF_KERNEL_64
+ - If 1, this kernel has the legacy 64-bit entry point at 0x200.
+ Bit 1 (read): XLF_CAN_BE_LOADED_ABOVE_4G
+ - If 1, kernel/boot_params/cmdline/ramdisk can be above 4G.
+ Bit 2 (read): XLF_EFI_HANDOVER_32
+ - If 1, the kernel supports the 32-bit EFI handoff entry point
+ given at handover_offset.
+ Bit 3 (read): XLF_EFI_HANDOVER_64
+ - If 1, the kernel supports the 64-bit EFI handoff entry point
+ given at handover_offset + 0x200.
Field name: cmdline_size
Type: read
Offset/size: 0x238/4
@@ -690,6 +724,16 @@ Offset/size: 0x260/4
runtime_start = pref_address
+Field name: handover_offset
+Type: read
+Offset/size: 0x264/4
+ This field is the offset from the beginning of the kernel image to
+ the EFI handover protocol entry point. Boot loaders using the EFI
+ handover protocol to boot the kernel should jump to this offset.
+ See EFI HANDOVER PROTOCOL below for more details.
@@ -996,7 +1040,7 @@ boot_params as that of 16-bit boot protocol, the boot loader should
also fill the additional fields of the struct boot_params as that
described in zero-page.txt.
-After setupping the struct boot_params, the boot loader can load the
+After setting up the struct boot_params, the boot loader can load the
32/64-bit kernel in the same way as that of 16-bit boot protocol.
In 32-bit boot protocol, the kernel is started by jumping to the
@@ -1006,7 +1050,34 @@ In 32-bit boot protocol, the kernel is started by jumping to the
At entry, the CPU must be in 32-bit protected mode with paging
disabled; a GDT must be loaded with the descriptors for selectors
__BOOT_CS(0x10) and __BOOT_DS(0x18); both descriptors must be 4G flat
-segment; __BOOS_CS must have execute/read permission, and __BOOT_DS
+segment; __BOOT_CS must have execute/read permission, and __BOOT_DS
must have read/write permission; CS must be __BOOT_CS and DS, ES, SS
must be __BOOT_DS; interrupt must be disabled; %esi must hold the base
address of the struct boot_params; %ebp, %edi and %ebx must be zero.
+This protocol allows boot loaders to defer initialisation to the EFI
+boot stub. The boot loader is required to load the kernel/initrd(s)
+from the boot media and jump to the EFI handover protocol entry point
+which is hdr->handover_offset bytes from the beginning of
+The function prototype for the handover entry point looks like this,
+ efi_main(void *handle, efi_system_table_t *table, struct boot_params *bp)
+'handle' is the EFI image handle passed to the boot loader by the EFI
+firmware, 'table' is the EFI system table - these are the first two
+arguments of the "handoff state" as described in section 2.3 of the
+UEFI specification. 'bp' is the boot loader-allocated boot params.
+The boot loader *must* fill out the following fields in bp,
+ o hdr.code32_start
+ o hdr.cmd_line_ptr
+ o hdr.cmdline_size
+ o hdr.ramdisk_image (if applicable)
+ o hdr.ramdisk_size (if applicable)
+All other fields should be zero.