path: root/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
diff options
authorDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>2011-01-14 18:45:26 +0000
committerAl Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>2011-01-15 20:07:31 -0500
commitcc53ce53c86924bfe98a12ea20b7465038a08792 (patch)
tree3c9a4923dd9f413c46bfa83a20cb579446df6deb /Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
parent9875cf806403fae66b2410a3c2cc820d97731e04 (diff)
Add a dentry op to allow processes to be held during pathwalk transit
Add a dentry op (d_manage) to permit a filesystem to hold a process and make it sleep when it tries to transit away from one of that filesystem's directories during a pathwalk. The operation is keyed off a new dentry flag (DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT). The filesystem is allowed to be selective about which processes it holds and which it permits to continue on or prohibits from transiting from each flagged directory. This will allow autofs to hold up client processes whilst letting its userspace daemon through to maintain the directory or the stuff behind it or mounted upon it. The ->d_manage() dentry operation: int (*d_manage)(struct path *path, bool mounting_here); takes a pointer to the directory about to be transited away from and a flag indicating whether the transit is undertaken by do_add_mount() or do_move_mount() skipping through a pile of filesystems mounted on a mountpoint. It should return 0 if successful and to let the process continue on its way; -EISDIR to prohibit the caller from skipping to overmounted filesystems or automounting, and to use this directory; or some other error code to return to the user. ->d_manage() is called with namespace_sem writelocked if mounting_here is true and no other locks held, so it may sleep. However, if mounting_here is true, it may not initiate or wait for a mount or unmount upon the parameter directory, even if the act is actually performed by userspace. Within fs/namei.c, follow_managed() is extended to check with d_manage() first on each managed directory, before transiting away from it or attempting to automount upon it. follow_down() is renamed follow_down_one() and should only be used where the filesystem deliberately intends to avoid management steps (e.g. autofs). A new follow_down() is added that incorporates the loop done by all other callers of follow_down() (do_add/move_mount(), autofs and NFSD; whilst AFS, NFS and CIFS do use it, their use is removed by converting them to use d_automount()). The new follow_down() calls d_manage() as appropriate. It also takes an extra parameter to indicate if it is being called from mount code (with namespace_sem writelocked) which it passes to d_manage(). follow_down() ignores automount points so that it can be used to mount on them. __follow_mount_rcu() is made to abort rcu-walk mode if it hits a directory with DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT set on the basis that we're probably going to have to sleep. It would be possible to enter d_manage() in rcu-walk mode too, and have that determine whether to abort or not itself. That would allow the autofs daemon to continue on in rcu-walk mode. Note that DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT on a directory should be cleared when it isn't required as every tranist from that directory will cause d_manage() to be invoked. It can always be set again when necessary. ========================== WHAT THIS MEANS FOR AUTOFS ========================== Autofs currently uses the lookup() inode op and the d_revalidate() dentry op to trigger the automounting of indirect mounts, and both of these can be called with i_mutex held. autofs knows that the i_mutex will be held by the caller in lookup(), and so can drop it before invoking the daemon - but this isn't so for d_revalidate(), since the lock is only held on _some_ of the code paths that call it. This means that autofs can't risk dropping i_mutex from its d_revalidate() function before it calls the daemon. The bug could manifest itself as, for example, a process that's trying to validate an automount dentry that gets made to wait because that dentry is expired and needs cleaning up: mkdir S ffffffff8014e05a 0 32580 24956 Call Trace: [<ffffffff885371fd>] :autofs4:autofs4_wait+0x674/0x897 [<ffffffff80127f7d>] avc_has_perm+0x46/0x58 [<ffffffff8009fdcf>] autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x2e [<ffffffff88537be6>] :autofs4:autofs4_expire_wait+0x41/0x6b [<ffffffff88535cfc>] :autofs4:autofs4_revalidate+0x91/0x149 [<ffffffff80036d96>] __lookup_hash+0xa0/0x12f [<ffffffff80057a2f>] lookup_create+0x46/0x80 [<ffffffff800e6e31>] sys_mkdirat+0x56/0xe4 versus the automount daemon which wants to remove that dentry, but can't because the normal process is holding the i_mutex lock: automount D ffffffff8014e05a 0 32581 1 32561 Call Trace: [<ffffffff80063c3f>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x60/0x9b [<ffffffff8000ccf1>] do_path_lookup+0x2ca/0x2f1 [<ffffffff80063c89>] .text.lock.mutex+0xf/0x14 [<ffffffff800e6d55>] do_rmdir+0x77/0xde [<ffffffff8005d229>] tracesys+0x71/0xe0 [<ffffffff8005d28d>] tracesys+0xd5/0xe0 which means that the system is deadlocked. This patch allows autofs to hold up normal processes whilst the daemon goes ahead and does things to the dentry tree behind the automouter point without risking a deadlock as almost no locks are held in d_manage() and none in d_automount(). Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Was-Acked-by: Ian Kent <raven@themaw.net> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt')
1 files changed, 20 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
index 726a4f6fa3c..4682586b147 100644
--- a/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
+++ b/Documentation/filesystems/vfs.txt
@@ -865,6 +865,7 @@ struct dentry_operations {
void (*d_iput)(struct dentry *, struct inode *);
char *(*d_dname)(struct dentry *, char *, int);
struct vfsmount *(*d_automount)(struct path *);
+ int (*d_manage)(struct dentry *, bool);
d_revalidate: called when the VFS needs to revalidate a dentry. This
@@ -938,12 +939,30 @@ struct dentry_operations {
target and the parent VFS mount record to provide inheritable mount
parameters. NULL should be returned if someone else managed to make
the automount first. If the automount failed, then an error code
- should be returned.
+ should be returned. If -EISDIR is returned, then the directory will
+ be treated as an ordinary directory and returned to pathwalk to
+ continue walking.
This function is only used if DCACHE_NEED_AUTOMOUNT is set on the
dentry. This is set by __d_instantiate() if S_AUTOMOUNT is set on the
inode being added.
+ d_manage: called to allow the filesystem to manage the transition from a
+ dentry (optional). This allows autofs, for example, to hold up clients
+ waiting to explore behind a 'mountpoint' whilst letting the daemon go
+ past and construct the subtree there. 0 should be returned to let the
+ calling process continue. -EISDIR can be returned to tell pathwalk to
+ use this directory as an ordinary directory and to ignore anything
+ mounted on it and not to check the automount flag. Any other error
+ code will abort pathwalk completely.
+ If the 'mounting_here' parameter is true, then namespace_sem is being
+ held by the caller and the function should not initiate any mounts or
+ unmounts that it will then wait for.
+ This function is only used if DCACHE_MANAGE_TRANSIT is set on the
+ dentry being transited from.
Example :
static char *pipefs_dname(struct dentry *dent, char *buffer, int buflen)