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authorPeter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>2012-10-25 14:16:43 +0200
committerMel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>2012-12-11 14:42:45 +0000
commitcbee9f88ec1b8dd6b58f25f54e4f52c82ed77690 (patch)
treed4cfbcfa3e89742216cd792d4aa914356406b532
parenta720094ded8cbb303111035be91858011d2eac71 (diff)
mm: numa: Add fault driven placement and migration
NOTE: This patch is based on "sched, numa, mm: Add fault driven placement and migration policy" but as it throws away all the policy to just leave a basic foundation I had to drop the signed-offs-by. This patch creates a bare-bones method for setting PTEs pte_numa in the context of the scheduler that when faulted later will be faulted onto the node the CPU is running on. In itself this does nothing useful but any placement policy will fundamentally depend on receiving hints on placement from fault context and doing something intelligent about it. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
-rw-r--r--arch/sh/mm/Kconfig1
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/mm_types.h11
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h20
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/core.c13
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/fair.c125
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/features.h7
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/sched.h6
-rw-r--r--kernel/sysctl.c24
-rw-r--r--mm/huge_memory.c5
-rw-r--r--mm/memory.c14
11 files changed, 224 insertions, 4 deletions
diff --git a/arch/sh/mm/Kconfig b/arch/sh/mm/Kconfig
index cb8f9920f4d..0f7c852f355 100644
--- a/arch/sh/mm/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/sh/mm/Kconfig
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ config VSYSCALL
config NUMA
bool "Non Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) Support"
depends on MMU && SYS_SUPPORTS_NUMA && EXPERIMENTAL
+ select ARCH_WANT_NUMA_VARIABLE_LOCALITY
default n
help
Some SH systems have many various memories scattered around
diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index 46c3bff3ced..1137028fc6d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -22,6 +22,8 @@ config X86
def_bool y
select HAVE_AOUT if X86_32
select HAVE_UNSTABLE_SCHED_CLOCK
+ select ARCH_SUPPORTS_NUMA_BALANCING
+ select ARCH_WANTS_PROT_NUMA_PROT_NONE
select HAVE_IDE
select HAVE_OPROFILE
select HAVE_PCSPKR_PLATFORM
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 31f8a3af7d9..ed8638c29b3 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -398,6 +398,17 @@ struct mm_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK
struct cpumask cpumask_allocation;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+ /*
+ * numa_next_scan is the next time when the PTEs will me marked
+ * pte_numa to gather statistics and migrate pages to new nodes
+ * if necessary
+ */
+ unsigned long numa_next_scan;
+
+ /* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */
+ int numa_scan_seq;
+#endif
struct uprobes_state uprobes_state;
};
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 0dd42a02df2..844af5b12cb 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1479,6 +1479,14 @@ struct task_struct {
short il_next;
short pref_node_fork;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+ int numa_scan_seq;
+ int numa_migrate_seq;
+ unsigned int numa_scan_period;
+ u64 node_stamp; /* migration stamp */
+ struct callback_head numa_work;
+#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
+
struct rcu_head rcu;
/*
@@ -1553,6 +1561,14 @@ struct task_struct {
/* Future-safe accessor for struct task_struct's cpus_allowed. */
#define tsk_cpus_allowed(tsk) (&(tsk)->cpus_allowed)
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+extern void task_numa_fault(int node, int pages);
+#else
+static inline void task_numa_fault(int node, int pages)
+{
+}
+#endif
+
/*
* Priority of a process goes from 0..MAX_PRIO-1, valid RT
* priority is 0..MAX_RT_PRIO-1, and SCHED_NORMAL/SCHED_BATCH
@@ -1990,6 +2006,10 @@ enum sched_tunable_scaling {
};
extern enum sched_tunable_scaling sysctl_sched_tunable_scaling;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_min;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max;
+extern unsigned int sysctl_numa_balancing_settle_count;
+
#ifdef CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
extern unsigned int sysctl_sched_nr_migrate;
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 2d8927fda71..cad0d092ce3 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1533,6 +1533,19 @@ static void __sched_fork(struct task_struct *p)
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_NOTIFIERS
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&p->preempt_notifiers);
#endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+ if (p->mm && atomic_read(&p->mm->mm_users) == 1) {
+ p->mm->numa_next_scan = jiffies;
+ p->mm->numa_scan_seq = 0;
+ }
+
+ p->node_stamp = 0ULL;
+ p->numa_scan_seq = p->mm ? p->mm->numa_scan_seq : 0;
+ p->numa_migrate_seq = p->mm ? p->mm->numa_scan_seq - 1 : 0;
+ p->numa_scan_period = sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_min;
+ p->numa_work.next = &p->numa_work;
+#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
}
/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 6b800a14b99..6831abb5dbe 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -26,6 +26,8 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
+#include <linux/task_work.h>
#include <trace/events/sched.h>
@@ -776,6 +778,126 @@ update_stats_curr_start(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
* Scheduling class queueing methods:
*/
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+/*
+ * numa task sample period in ms: 5s
+ */
+unsigned int sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_min = 5000;
+unsigned int sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max = 5000*16;
+
+static void task_numa_placement(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ int seq = ACCESS_ONCE(p->mm->numa_scan_seq);
+
+ if (p->numa_scan_seq == seq)
+ return;
+ p->numa_scan_seq = seq;
+
+ /* FIXME: Scheduling placement policy hints go here */
+}
+
+/*
+ * Got a PROT_NONE fault for a page on @node.
+ */
+void task_numa_fault(int node, int pages)
+{
+ struct task_struct *p = current;
+
+ /* FIXME: Allocate task-specific structure for placement policy here */
+
+ task_numa_placement(p);
+}
+
+/*
+ * The expensive part of numa migration is done from task_work context.
+ * Triggered from task_tick_numa().
+ */
+void task_numa_work(struct callback_head *work)
+{
+ unsigned long migrate, next_scan, now = jiffies;
+ struct task_struct *p = current;
+ struct mm_struct *mm = p->mm;
+
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(p != container_of(work, struct task_struct, numa_work));
+
+ work->next = work; /* protect against double add */
+ /*
+ * Who cares about NUMA placement when they're dying.
+ *
+ * NOTE: make sure not to dereference p->mm before this check,
+ * exit_task_work() happens _after_ exit_mm() so we could be called
+ * without p->mm even though we still had it when we enqueued this
+ * work.
+ */
+ if (p->flags & PF_EXITING)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Enforce maximal scan/migration frequency..
+ */
+ migrate = mm->numa_next_scan;
+ if (time_before(now, migrate))
+ return;
+
+ if (p->numa_scan_period == 0)
+ p->numa_scan_period = sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_min;
+
+ next_scan = now + 2*msecs_to_jiffies(p->numa_scan_period);
+ if (cmpxchg(&mm->numa_next_scan, migrate, next_scan) != migrate)
+ return;
+
+ ACCESS_ONCE(mm->numa_scan_seq)++;
+ {
+ struct vm_area_struct *vma;
+
+ down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ for (vma = mm->mmap; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
+ if (!vma_migratable(vma))
+ continue;
+ change_prot_numa(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
+ }
+ up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Drive the periodic memory faults..
+ */
+void task_tick_numa(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr)
+{
+ struct callback_head *work = &curr->numa_work;
+ u64 period, now;
+
+ /*
+ * We don't care about NUMA placement if we don't have memory.
+ */
+ if (!curr->mm || (curr->flags & PF_EXITING) || work->next != work)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Using runtime rather than walltime has the dual advantage that
+ * we (mostly) drive the selection from busy threads and that the
+ * task needs to have done some actual work before we bother with
+ * NUMA placement.
+ */
+ now = curr->se.sum_exec_runtime;
+ period = (u64)curr->numa_scan_period * NSEC_PER_MSEC;
+
+ if (now - curr->node_stamp > period) {
+ curr->node_stamp = now;
+
+ if (!time_before(jiffies, curr->mm->numa_next_scan)) {
+ init_task_work(work, task_numa_work); /* TODO: move this into sched_fork() */
+ task_work_add(curr, work, true);
+ }
+ }
+}
+#else
+static void task_tick_numa(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr)
+{
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
+
static void
account_entity_enqueue(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
@@ -4954,6 +5076,9 @@ static void task_tick_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr, int queued)
cfs_rq = cfs_rq_of(se);
entity_tick(cfs_rq, se, queued);
}
+
+ if (sched_feat_numa(NUMA))
+ task_tick_numa(rq, curr);
}
/*
diff --git a/kernel/sched/features.h b/kernel/sched/features.h
index eebefcad702..5fb7aefbec8 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/features.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/features.h
@@ -61,3 +61,10 @@ SCHED_FEAT(TTWU_QUEUE, true)
SCHED_FEAT(FORCE_SD_OVERLAP, false)
SCHED_FEAT(RT_RUNTIME_SHARE, true)
SCHED_FEAT(LB_MIN, false)
+
+/*
+ * Apply the automatic NUMA scheduling policy
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+SCHED_FEAT(NUMA, true)
+#endif
diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index 7a7db09cfab..ae31c051ff2 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -648,6 +648,12 @@ extern struct static_key sched_feat_keys[__SCHED_FEAT_NR];
#define sched_feat(x) (sysctl_sched_features & (1UL << __SCHED_FEAT_##x))
#endif /* SCHED_DEBUG && HAVE_JUMP_LABEL */
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+#define sched_feat_numa(x) sched_feat(x)
+#else
+#define sched_feat_numa(x) (0)
+#endif
+
static inline u64 global_rt_period(void)
{
return (u64)sysctl_sched_rt_period * NSEC_PER_USEC;
diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index 26f65eaa01f..025e1ae50ef 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -256,9 +256,11 @@ static int min_sched_granularity_ns = 100000; /* 100 usecs */
static int max_sched_granularity_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC; /* 1 second */
static int min_wakeup_granularity_ns; /* 0 usecs */
static int max_wakeup_granularity_ns = NSEC_PER_SEC; /* 1 second */
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int min_sched_tunable_scaling = SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_NONE;
static int max_sched_tunable_scaling = SCHED_TUNABLESCALING_END-1;
-#endif
+#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
+#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
static int min_extfrag_threshold;
@@ -301,6 +303,7 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
.extra1 = &min_wakeup_granularity_ns,
.extra2 = &max_wakeup_granularity_ns,
},
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
{
.procname = "sched_tunable_scaling",
.data = &sysctl_sched_tunable_scaling,
@@ -347,7 +350,24 @@ static struct ctl_table kern_table[] = {
.extra1 = &zero,
.extra2 = &one,
},
-#endif
+#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
+#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
+ {
+ .procname = "numa_balancing_scan_period_min_ms",
+ .data = &sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_min,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
+ },
+ {
+ .procname = "numa_balancing_scan_period_max_ms",
+ .data = &sysctl_numa_balancing_scan_period_max,
+ .maxlen = sizeof(unsigned int),
+ .mode = 0644,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
+ },
+#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING */
+#endif /* CONFIG_SCHED_DEBUG */
{
.procname = "sched_rt_period_us",
.data = &sysctl_sched_rt_period,
diff --git a/mm/huge_memory.c b/mm/huge_memory.c
index d79f7a55bf6..ee8133794a5 100644
--- a/mm/huge_memory.c
+++ b/mm/huge_memory.c
@@ -1046,6 +1046,7 @@ int do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
*/
split_huge_page(page);
put_page(page);
+
return 0;
clear_pmdnuma:
@@ -1060,8 +1061,10 @@ clear_pmdnuma:
out_unlock:
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
- if (page)
+ if (page) {
put_page(page);
+ task_numa_fault(numa_node_id(), HPAGE_PMD_NR);
+ }
return 0;
}
diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
index d52542680e1..8012c190789 100644
--- a/mm/memory.c
+++ b/mm/memory.c
@@ -3454,7 +3454,8 @@ int do_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
{
struct page *page = NULL;
spinlock_t *ptl;
- int current_nid, target_nid;
+ int current_nid = -1;
+ int target_nid;
/*
* The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without
@@ -3501,6 +3502,7 @@ int do_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
current_nid = target_nid;
out:
+ task_numa_fault(current_nid, 1);
return 0;
}
@@ -3537,6 +3539,7 @@ static int do_pmd_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
for (addr = _addr + offset; addr < _addr + PMD_SIZE; pte++, addr += PAGE_SIZE) {
pte_t pteval = *pte;
struct page *page;
+ int curr_nid;
if (!pte_present(pteval))
continue;
if (!pte_numa(pteval))
@@ -3554,6 +3557,15 @@ static int do_pmd_numa_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
page = vm_normal_page(vma, addr, pteval);
if (unlikely(!page))
continue;
+ /* only check non-shared pages */
+ if (unlikely(page_mapcount(page) != 1))
+ continue;
+ pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
+
+ curr_nid = page_to_nid(page);
+ task_numa_fault(curr_nid, 1);
+
+ pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmdp, addr, &ptl);
}
pte_unmap_unlock(orig_pte, ptl);