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authorHisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@oss.ntt.co.jp>2008-07-28 15:46:36 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-07-28 16:30:21 -0700
commit8ab22b9abb5c55413802e4adc9aa6223324547c3 (patch)
treecff3319e1275e8a7c083d492889ec6bd0c7712d3
parentd84a52f62f6a396ed77aa0052da74ca9e760b28a (diff)
vfs: pagecache usage optimization for pagesize!=blocksize
When we read some part of a file through pagecache, if there is a pagecache of corresponding index but this page is not uptodate, read IO is issued and this page will be uptodate. I think this is good for pagesize == blocksize environment but there is room for improvement on pagesize != blocksize environment. Because in this case a page can have multiple buffers and even if a page is not uptodate, some buffers can be uptodate. So I suggest that when all buffers which correspond to a part of a file that we want to read are uptodate, use this pagecache and copy data from this pagecache to user buffer even if a page is not uptodate. This can reduce read IO and improve system throughput. I wrote a benchmark program and got result number with this program. This benchmark do: 1: mount and open a test file. 2: create a 512MB file. 3: close a file and umount. 4: mount and again open a test file. 5: pwrite randomly 300000 times on a test file. offset is aligned by IO size(1024bytes). 6: measure time of preading randomly 100000 times on a test file. The result was: 2.6.26 330 sec 2.6.26-patched 226 sec Arch:i386 Filesystem:ext3 Blocksize:1024 bytes Memory: 1GB On ext3/4, a file is written through buffer/block. So random read/write mixed workloads or random read after random write workloads are optimized with this patch under pagesize != blocksize environment. This test result showed this. The benchmark program is as follows: #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/stat.h> #include <fcntl.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <time.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/mount.h> #define LEN 1024 #define LOOP 1024*512 /* 512MB */ main(void) { unsigned long i, offset, filesize; int fd; char buf[LEN]; time_t t1, t2; if (mount("/dev/sda1", "/root/test1/", "ext3", 0, 0) < 0) { perror("cannot mount\n"); exit(1); } memset(buf, 0, LEN); fd = open("/root/test1/testfile", O_CREAT|O_RDWR|O_TRUNC); if (fd < 0) { perror("cannot open file\n"); exit(1); } for (i = 0; i < LOOP; i++) write(fd, buf, LEN); close(fd); if (umount("/root/test1/") < 0) { perror("cannot umount\n"); exit(1); } if (mount("/dev/sda1", "/root/test1/", "ext3", 0, 0) < 0) { perror("cannot mount\n"); exit(1); } fd = open("/root/test1/testfile", O_RDWR); if (fd < 0) { perror("cannot open file\n"); exit(1); } filesize = LEN * LOOP; for (i = 0; i < 300000; i++){ offset = (random() % filesize) & (~(LEN - 1)); pwrite(fd, buf, LEN, offset); } printf("start test\n"); time(&t1); for (i = 0; i < 100000; i++){ offset = (random() % filesize) & (~(LEN - 1)); pread(fd, buf, LEN, offset); } time(&t2); printf("%ld sec\n", t2-t1); close(fd); if (umount("/root/test1/") < 0) { perror("cannot umount\n"); exit(1); } } Signed-off-by: Hisashi Hifumi <hifumi.hisashi@oss.ntt.co.jp> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@ucw.cz> Cc: <linux-ext4@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--fs/buffer.c46
-rw-r--r--fs/ext2/inode.c1
-rw-r--r--fs/ext3/inode.c67
-rw-r--r--fs/ext4/inode.c92
-rw-r--r--include/linux/buffer_head.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fs.h44
-rw-r--r--mm/filemap.c14
7 files changed, 167 insertions, 99 deletions
diff --git a/fs/buffer.c b/fs/buffer.c
index f9580501963..ca12a6bb82b 100644
--- a/fs/buffer.c
+++ b/fs/buffer.c
@@ -2096,6 +2096,52 @@ int generic_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_write_end);
/*
+ * block_is_partially_uptodate checks whether buffers within a page are
+ * uptodate or not.
+ *
+ * Returns true if all buffers which correspond to a file portion
+ * we want to read are uptodate.
+ */
+int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, read_descriptor_t *desc,
+ unsigned long from)
+{
+ struct inode *inode = page->mapping->host;
+ unsigned block_start, block_end, blocksize;
+ unsigned to;
+ struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
+ int ret = 1;
+
+ if (!page_has_buffers(page))
+ return 0;
+
+ blocksize = 1 << inode->i_blkbits;
+ to = min_t(unsigned, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - from, desc->count);
+ to = from + to;
+ if (from < blocksize && to > PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - blocksize)
+ return 0;
+
+ head = page_buffers(page);
+ bh = head;
+ block_start = 0;
+ do {
+ block_end = block_start + blocksize;
+ if (block_end > from && block_start < to) {
+ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh)) {
+ ret = 0;
+ break;
+ }
+ if (block_end >= to)
+ break;
+ }
+ block_start = block_end;
+ bh = bh->b_this_page;
+ } while (bh != head);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(block_is_partially_uptodate);
+
+/*
* Generic "read page" function for block devices that have the normal
* get_block functionality. This is most of the block device filesystems.
* Reads the page asynchronously --- the unlock_buffer() and
diff --git a/fs/ext2/inode.c b/fs/ext2/inode.c
index 384fc0d1dd7..991d6dfeb51 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/inode.c
@@ -791,6 +791,7 @@ const struct address_space_operations ext2_aops = {
.direct_IO = ext2_direct_IO,
.writepages = ext2_writepages,
.migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
const struct address_space_operations ext2_aops_xip = {
diff --git a/fs/ext3/inode.c b/fs/ext3/inode.c
index 3bf07d70b91..507d8689b11 100644
--- a/fs/ext3/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext3/inode.c
@@ -1767,44 +1767,47 @@ static int ext3_journalled_set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
}
static const struct address_space_operations ext3_ordered_aops = {
- .readpage = ext3_readpage,
- .readpages = ext3_readpages,
- .writepage = ext3_ordered_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext3_ordered_write_end,
- .bmap = ext3_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
- .direct_IO = ext3_direct_IO,
- .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .readpage = ext3_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext3_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext3_ordered_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext3_ordered_write_end,
+ .bmap = ext3_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
+ .direct_IO = ext3_direct_IO,
+ .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
static const struct address_space_operations ext3_writeback_aops = {
- .readpage = ext3_readpage,
- .readpages = ext3_readpages,
- .writepage = ext3_writeback_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext3_writeback_write_end,
- .bmap = ext3_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
- .direct_IO = ext3_direct_IO,
- .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .readpage = ext3_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext3_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext3_writeback_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext3_writeback_write_end,
+ .bmap = ext3_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
+ .direct_IO = ext3_direct_IO,
+ .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
static const struct address_space_operations ext3_journalled_aops = {
- .readpage = ext3_readpage,
- .readpages = ext3_readpages,
- .writepage = ext3_journalled_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext3_journalled_write_end,
- .set_page_dirty = ext3_journalled_set_page_dirty,
- .bmap = ext3_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
+ .readpage = ext3_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext3_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext3_journalled_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext3_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext3_journalled_write_end,
+ .set_page_dirty = ext3_journalled_set_page_dirty,
+ .bmap = ext3_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext3_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext3_releasepage,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
void ext3_set_aops(struct inode *inode)
diff --git a/fs/ext4/inode.c b/fs/ext4/inode.c
index 8ca2763df09..9843b046c23 100644
--- a/fs/ext4/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext4/inode.c
@@ -2806,59 +2806,63 @@ static int ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty(struct page *page)
}
static const struct address_space_operations ext4_ordered_aops = {
- .readpage = ext4_readpage,
- .readpages = ext4_readpages,
- .writepage = ext4_normal_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext4_ordered_write_end,
- .bmap = ext4_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
- .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
- .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .readpage = ext4_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext4_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext4_normal_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext4_ordered_write_end,
+ .bmap = ext4_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
+ .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
+ .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
static const struct address_space_operations ext4_writeback_aops = {
- .readpage = ext4_readpage,
- .readpages = ext4_readpages,
- .writepage = ext4_normal_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext4_writeback_write_end,
- .bmap = ext4_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
- .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
- .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .readpage = ext4_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext4_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext4_normal_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext4_writeback_write_end,
+ .bmap = ext4_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
+ .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
+ .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
static const struct address_space_operations ext4_journalled_aops = {
- .readpage = ext4_readpage,
- .readpages = ext4_readpages,
- .writepage = ext4_journalled_writepage,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext4_journalled_write_end,
- .set_page_dirty = ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty,
- .bmap = ext4_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
+ .readpage = ext4_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext4_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext4_journalled_writepage,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext4_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext4_journalled_write_end,
+ .set_page_dirty = ext4_journalled_set_page_dirty,
+ .bmap = ext4_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext4_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
static const struct address_space_operations ext4_da_aops = {
- .readpage = ext4_readpage,
- .readpages = ext4_readpages,
- .writepage = ext4_da_writepage,
- .writepages = ext4_da_writepages,
- .sync_page = block_sync_page,
- .write_begin = ext4_da_write_begin,
- .write_end = ext4_da_write_end,
- .bmap = ext4_bmap,
- .invalidatepage = ext4_da_invalidatepage,
- .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
- .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
- .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .readpage = ext4_readpage,
+ .readpages = ext4_readpages,
+ .writepage = ext4_da_writepage,
+ .writepages = ext4_da_writepages,
+ .sync_page = block_sync_page,
+ .write_begin = ext4_da_write_begin,
+ .write_end = ext4_da_write_end,
+ .bmap = ext4_bmap,
+ .invalidatepage = ext4_da_invalidatepage,
+ .releasepage = ext4_releasepage,
+ .direct_IO = ext4_direct_IO,
+ .migratepage = buffer_migrate_page,
+ .is_partially_uptodate = block_is_partially_uptodate,
};
void ext4_set_aops(struct inode *inode)
diff --git a/include/linux/buffer_head.h b/include/linux/buffer_head.h
index 82aa36c53ea..50cfe8ceb47 100644
--- a/include/linux/buffer_head.h
+++ b/include/linux/buffer_head.h
@@ -205,6 +205,8 @@ void block_invalidatepage(struct page *page, unsigned long offset);
int block_write_full_page(struct page *page, get_block_t *get_block,
struct writeback_control *wbc);
int block_read_full_page(struct page*, get_block_t*);
+int block_is_partially_uptodate(struct page *page, read_descriptor_t *desc,
+ unsigned long from);
int block_write_begin(struct file *, struct address_space *,
loff_t, unsigned, unsigned,
struct page **, void **, get_block_t*);
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 8252b045e62..580b513668f 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -443,6 +443,27 @@ static inline size_t iov_iter_count(struct iov_iter *i)
return i->count;
}
+/*
+ * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read.
+ * This allows us to use the same read code yet
+ * have multiple different users of the data that
+ * we read from a file.
+ *
+ * The simplest case just copies the data to user
+ * mode.
+ */
+typedef struct {
+ size_t written;
+ size_t count;
+ union {
+ char __user *buf;
+ void *data;
+ } arg;
+ int error;
+} read_descriptor_t;
+
+typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *,
+ unsigned long, unsigned long);
struct address_space_operations {
int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc);
@@ -484,6 +505,8 @@ struct address_space_operations {
int (*migratepage) (struct address_space *,
struct page *, struct page *);
int (*launder_page) (struct page *);
+ int (*is_partially_uptodate) (struct page *, read_descriptor_t *,
+ unsigned long);
};
/*
@@ -1198,27 +1221,6 @@ struct block_device_operations {
struct module *owner;
};
-/*
- * "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read.
- * This allows us to use the same read code yet
- * have multiple different users of the data that
- * we read from a file.
- *
- * The simplest case just copies the data to user
- * mode.
- */
-typedef struct {
- size_t written;
- size_t count;
- union {
- char __user * buf;
- void *data;
- } arg;
- int error;
-} read_descriptor_t;
-
-typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long);
-
/* These macros are for out of kernel modules to test that
* the kernel supports the unlocked_ioctl and compat_ioctl
* fields in struct file_operations. */
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 5de7633e1db..42bbc6909ba 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -1023,8 +1023,17 @@ find_page:
ra, filp, page,
index, last_index - index);
}
- if (!PageUptodate(page))
- goto page_not_up_to_date;
+ if (!PageUptodate(page)) {
+ if (inode->i_blkbits == PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT ||
+ !mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate)
+ goto page_not_up_to_date;
+ if (TestSetPageLocked(page))
+ goto page_not_up_to_date;
+ if (!mapping->a_ops->is_partially_uptodate(page,
+ desc, offset))
+ goto page_not_up_to_date_locked;
+ unlock_page(page);
+ }
page_ok:
/*
* i_size must be checked after we know the page is Uptodate.
@@ -1094,6 +1103,7 @@ page_not_up_to_date:
if (lock_page_killable(page))
goto readpage_eio;
+page_not_up_to_date_locked:
/* Did it get truncated before we got the lock? */
if (!page->mapping) {
unlock_page(page);