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authorRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>2012-01-12 15:44:42 +1030
committerRusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>2012-01-12 15:44:42 +1030
commit7b21e34fd1c272e3a8c3846168f2f6287a4cd72b (patch)
tree0f94c9f834f5b7cd8ba87168df892ed17b09cb8f
parente343a895a9f342f239c5e3c5ffc6c0b1707e6244 (diff)
virtio: harsher barriers for rpmsg.
We were cheating with our barriers; using the smp ones rather than the real device ones. That was fine, until rpmsg came along, which is used to talk to a real device (a non-SMP CPU). Unfortunately, just putting back the real barriers (reverting d57ed95d) causes a performance regression on virtio-pci. In particular, Amos reports netbench's TCP_RR over virtio_net CPU utilization increased up to 35% while throughput went down by up to 14%. By comparison, this branch is in the noise. Reference: https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/12/11/22 Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
-rw-r--r--drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c8
-rw-r--r--drivers/s390/kvm/kvm_virtio.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/virtio/virtio_mmio.c4
-rw-r--r--drivers/virtio/virtio_pci.c4
-rw-r--r--drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c34
-rw-r--r--include/linux/virtio_ring.h1
-rw-r--r--tools/virtio/linux/virtio.h1
-rw-r--r--tools/virtio/virtio_test.c3
8 files changed, 35 insertions, 22 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c b/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
index 595d7319701..6a1d6447b86 100644
--- a/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
+++ b/drivers/lguest/lguest_device.c
@@ -292,10 +292,12 @@ static struct virtqueue *lg_find_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev,
/*
* OK, tell virtio_ring.c to set up a virtqueue now we know its size
- * and we've got a pointer to its pages.
+ * and we've got a pointer to its pages. Note that we set weak_barriers
+ * to 'true': the host just a(nother) SMP CPU, so we only need inter-cpu
+ * barriers.
*/
- vq = vring_new_virtqueue(lvq->config.num, LGUEST_VRING_ALIGN,
- vdev, lvq->pages, lg_notify, callback, name);
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(lvq->config.num, LGUEST_VRING_ALIGN, vdev,
+ true, lvq->pages, lg_notify, callback, name);
if (!vq) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto unmap;
diff --git a/drivers/s390/kvm/kvm_virtio.c b/drivers/s390/kvm/kvm_virtio.c
index 8af868bab20..7bc1955337e 100644
--- a/drivers/s390/kvm/kvm_virtio.c
+++ b/drivers/s390/kvm/kvm_virtio.c
@@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ static struct virtqueue *kvm_find_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev,
goto out;
vq = vring_new_virtqueue(config->num, KVM_S390_VIRTIO_RING_ALIGN,
- vdev, (void *) config->address,
+ vdev, true, (void *) config->address,
kvm_notify, callback, name);
if (!vq) {
err = -ENOMEM;
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mmio.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mmio.c
index 0269717436a..01d6dc250d5 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_mmio.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_mmio.c
@@ -310,8 +310,8 @@ static struct virtqueue *vm_setup_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned index,
vm_dev->base + VIRTIO_MMIO_QUEUE_PFN);
/* Create the vring */
- vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->num, VIRTIO_MMIO_VRING_ALIGN,
- vdev, info->queue, vm_notify, callback, name);
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->num, VIRTIO_MMIO_VRING_ALIGN, vdev,
+ true, info->queue, vm_notify, callback, name);
if (!vq) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto error_new_virtqueue;
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_pci.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pci.c
index baabb7937ec..688b42d28da 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_pci.c
@@ -414,8 +414,8 @@ static struct virtqueue *setup_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned index,
vp_dev->ioaddr + VIRTIO_PCI_QUEUE_PFN);
/* create the vring */
- vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->num, VIRTIO_PCI_VRING_ALIGN,
- vdev, info->queue, vp_notify, callback, name);
+ vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->num, VIRTIO_PCI_VRING_ALIGN, vdev,
+ true, info->queue, vp_notify, callback, name);
if (!vq) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto out_activate_queue;
diff --git a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
index c7a2c208f6e..50da9204609 100644
--- a/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
+++ b/drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c
@@ -28,17 +28,20 @@
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/* Where possible, use SMP barriers which are more lightweight than mandatory
* barriers, because mandatory barriers control MMIO effects on accesses
- * through relaxed memory I/O windows (which virtio does not use). */
-#define virtio_mb() smp_mb()
-#define virtio_rmb() smp_rmb()
-#define virtio_wmb() smp_wmb()
+ * through relaxed memory I/O windows (which virtio-pci does not use). */
+#define virtio_mb(vq) \
+ do { if ((vq)->weak_barriers) smp_mb(); else mb(); } while(0)
+#define virtio_rmb(vq) \
+ do { if ((vq)->weak_barriers) smp_rmb(); else rmb(); } while(0)
+#define virtio_wmb(vq) \
+ do { if ((vq)->weak_barriers) smp_rmb(); else rmb(); } while(0)
#else
/* We must force memory ordering even if guest is UP since host could be
* running on another CPU, but SMP barriers are defined to barrier() in that
* configuration. So fall back to mandatory barriers instead. */
-#define virtio_mb() mb()
-#define virtio_rmb() rmb()
-#define virtio_wmb() wmb()
+#define virtio_mb(vq) mb()
+#define virtio_rmb(vq) rmb()
+#define virtio_wmb(vq) wmb()
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG
@@ -77,6 +80,9 @@ struct vring_virtqueue
/* Actual memory layout for this queue */
struct vring vring;
+ /* Can we use weak barriers? */
+ bool weak_barriers;
+
/* Other side has made a mess, don't try any more. */
bool broken;
@@ -245,14 +251,14 @@ void virtqueue_kick(struct virtqueue *_vq)
START_USE(vq);
/* Descriptors and available array need to be set before we expose the
* new available array entries. */
- virtio_wmb();
+ virtio_wmb(vq);
old = vq->vring.avail->idx;
new = vq->vring.avail->idx = old + vq->num_added;
vq->num_added = 0;
/* Need to update avail index before checking if we should notify */
- virtio_mb();
+ virtio_mb(vq);
if (vq->event ?
vring_need_event(vring_avail_event(&vq->vring), new, old) :
@@ -314,7 +320,7 @@ void *virtqueue_get_buf(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned int *len)
}
/* Only get used array entries after they have been exposed by host. */
- virtio_rmb();
+ virtio_rmb(vq);
i = vq->vring.used->ring[vq->last_used_idx%vq->vring.num].id;
*len = vq->vring.used->ring[vq->last_used_idx%vq->vring.num].len;
@@ -337,7 +343,7 @@ void *virtqueue_get_buf(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned int *len)
* the read in the next get_buf call. */
if (!(vq->vring.avail->flags & VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT)) {
vring_used_event(&vq->vring) = vq->last_used_idx;
- virtio_mb();
+ virtio_mb(vq);
}
END_USE(vq);
@@ -366,7 +372,7 @@ bool virtqueue_enable_cb(struct virtqueue *_vq)
* entry. Always do both to keep code simple. */
vq->vring.avail->flags &= ~VRING_AVAIL_F_NO_INTERRUPT;
vring_used_event(&vq->vring) = vq->last_used_idx;
- virtio_mb();
+ virtio_mb(vq);
if (unlikely(more_used(vq))) {
END_USE(vq);
return false;
@@ -393,7 +399,7 @@ bool virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
/* TODO: tune this threshold */
bufs = (u16)(vq->vring.avail->idx - vq->last_used_idx) * 3 / 4;
vring_used_event(&vq->vring) = vq->last_used_idx + bufs;
- virtio_mb();
+ virtio_mb(vq);
if (unlikely((u16)(vq->vring.used->idx - vq->last_used_idx) > bufs)) {
END_USE(vq);
return false;
@@ -453,6 +459,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vring_interrupt);
struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int num,
unsigned int vring_align,
struct virtio_device *vdev,
+ bool weak_barriers,
void *pages,
void (*notify)(struct virtqueue *),
void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *),
@@ -476,6 +483,7 @@ struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int num,
vq->vq.vdev = vdev;
vq->vq.name = name;
vq->notify = notify;
+ vq->weak_barriers = weak_barriers;
vq->broken = false;
vq->last_used_idx = 0;
vq->num_added = 0;
diff --git a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
index 36be0f6e18a..e338730c266 100644
--- a/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
+++ b/include/linux/virtio_ring.h
@@ -168,6 +168,7 @@ struct virtqueue;
struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int num,
unsigned int vring_align,
struct virtio_device *vdev,
+ bool weak_barriers,
void *pages,
void (*notify)(struct virtqueue *vq),
void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
diff --git a/tools/virtio/linux/virtio.h b/tools/virtio/linux/virtio.h
index 669bcdd4580..953db2abf6b 100644
--- a/tools/virtio/linux/virtio.h
+++ b/tools/virtio/linux/virtio.h
@@ -214,6 +214,7 @@ void *virtqueue_detach_unused_buf(struct virtqueue *vq);
struct virtqueue *vring_new_virtqueue(unsigned int num,
unsigned int vring_align,
struct virtio_device *vdev,
+ bool weak_barriers,
void *pages,
void (*notify)(struct virtqueue *vq),
void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
diff --git a/tools/virtio/virtio_test.c b/tools/virtio/virtio_test.c
index 74d3331bdaf..0740284396c 100644
--- a/tools/virtio/virtio_test.c
+++ b/tools/virtio/virtio_test.c
@@ -92,7 +92,8 @@ static void vq_info_add(struct vdev_info *dev, int num)
assert(r >= 0);
memset(info->ring, 0, vring_size(num, 4096));
vring_init(&info->vring, num, info->ring, 4096);
- info->vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->vring.num, 4096, &dev->vdev, info->ring,
+ info->vq = vring_new_virtqueue(info->vring.num, 4096, &dev->vdev,
+ true, info->ring,
vq_notify, vq_callback, "test");
assert(info->vq);
info->vq->priv = info;