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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that: (1) source code distributions
 * retain the above copyright notice and this paragraph in its entirety, (2)
 * distributions including binary code include the above copyright notice and
 * this paragraph in its entirety in the documentation or other materials
 * provided with the distribution, and (3) all advertising materials mentioning
 * features or use of this software display the following acknowledgement:
 * ``This product includes software developed by the University of California,
 * Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory and its contributors.'' Neither the name of
 * the University nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse
 * or promote products derived from this software without specific prior
 * written permission.
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
 * WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
 * MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 *
 * savefile.c - supports offline use of tcpdump
 *	Extraction/creation by Jeffrey Mogul, DECWRL
 *	Modified by Steve McCanne, LBL.
 *
 * Used to save the received packet headers, after filtering, to
 * a file, and then read them later.
 * The first record in the file contains saved values for the machine
 * dependent values so we can print the dump file on any architecture.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] _U_ =
    "@(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/libpcap/savefile.c,v 1.183 2008-12-23 20:13:29 guy Exp $ (LBL)";
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
#include <pcap-stdinc.h>
#else /* WIN32 */
#if HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#elif HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_BITYPES_H
#include <sys/bitypes.h>
#endif
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* WIN32 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <memory.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "pcap-int.h"
#include "pcap/usb.h"

#ifdef HAVE_OS_PROTO_H
#include "os-proto.h"
#endif

/*
 * Standard libpcap format.
 */
#define TCPDUMP_MAGIC		0xa1b2c3d4

/*
 * Alexey Kuznetzov's modified libpcap format.
 */
#define KUZNETZOV_TCPDUMP_MAGIC	0xa1b2cd34

/*
 * Reserved for Francisco Mesquita <francisco.mesquita@radiomovel.pt>
 * for another modified format.
 */
#define FMESQUITA_TCPDUMP_MAGIC	0xa1b234cd

/*
 * Navtel Communcations' format, with nanosecond timestamps,
 * as per a request from Dumas Hwang <dumas.hwang@navtelcom.com>.
 */
#define NAVTEL_TCPDUMP_MAGIC	0xa12b3c4d

/*
 * Normal libpcap format, except for seconds/nanoseconds timestamps,
 * as per a request by Ulf Lamping <ulf.lamping@web.de>
 */
#define NSEC_TCPDUMP_MAGIC	0xa1b23c4d

/*
 * We use the "receiver-makes-right" approach to byte order,
 * because time is at a premium when we are writing the file.
 * In other words, the pcap_file_header and pcap_pkthdr,
 * records are written in host byte order.
 * Note that the bytes of packet data are written out in the order in
 * which they were received, so multi-byte fields in packets are not
 * written in host byte order, they're written in whatever order the
 * sending machine put them in.
 *
 * ntoh[ls] aren't sufficient because we might need to swap on a big-endian
 * machine (if the file was written in little-end order).
 */
#define	SWAPLONG(y) \
((((y)&0xff)<<24) | (((y)&0xff00)<<8) | (((y)&0xff0000)>>8) | (((y)>>24)&0xff))
#define	SWAPSHORT(y) \
	( (((y)&0xff)<<8) | ((u_short)((y)&0xff00)>>8) )

#define SFERR_TRUNC		1
#define SFERR_BADVERSION	2
#define SFERR_BADF		3
#define SFERR_EOF		4 /* not really an error, just a status */

/*
 * Setting O_BINARY on DOS/Windows is a bit tricky
 */
#if defined(WIN32)
  #define SET_BINMODE(f)  _setmode(_fileno(f), _O_BINARY)
#elif defined(MSDOS)
  #if defined(__HIGHC__)
  #define SET_BINMODE(f)  setmode(f, O_BINARY)
  #else
  #define SET_BINMODE(f)  setmode(fileno(f), O_BINARY)
  #endif
#endif

/*
 * We don't write DLT_* values to the capture file header, because
 * they're not the same on all platforms.
 *
 * Unfortunately, the various flavors of BSD have not always used the same
 * numerical values for the same data types, and various patches to
 * libpcap for non-BSD OSes have added their own DLT_* codes for link
 * layer encapsulation types seen on those OSes, and those codes have had,
 * in some cases, values that were also used, on other platforms, for other
 * link layer encapsulation types.
 *
 * This means that capture files of a type whose numerical DLT_* code
 * means different things on different BSDs, or with different versions
 * of libpcap, can't always be read on systems other than those like
 * the one running on the machine on which the capture was made.
 *
 * Instead, we define here a set of LINKTYPE_* codes, and map DLT_* codes
 * to LINKTYPE_* codes when writing a savefile header, and map LINKTYPE_*
 * codes to DLT_* codes when reading a savefile header.
 *
 * For those DLT_* codes that have, as far as we know, the same values on
 * all platforms (DLT_NULL through DLT_FDDI), we define LINKTYPE_xxx as
 * DLT_xxx; that way, captures of those types can still be read by
 * versions of libpcap that map LINKTYPE_* values to DLT_* values, and
 * captures of those types written by versions of libpcap that map DLT_
 * values to LINKTYPE_ values can still be read by older versions
 * of libpcap.
 *
 * The other LINKTYPE_* codes are given values starting at 100, in the
 * hopes that no DLT_* code will be given one of those values.
 *
 * In order to ensure that a given LINKTYPE_* code's value will refer to
 * the same encapsulation type on all platforms, you should not allocate
 * a new LINKTYPE_* value without consulting
 * "tcpdump-workers@lists.tcpdump.org".  The tcpdump developers will
 * allocate a value for you, and will not subsequently allocate it to
 * anybody else; that value will be added to the "pcap.h" in the
 * tcpdump.org CVS repository, so that a future libpcap release will
 * include it.
 *
 * You should, if possible, also contribute patches to libpcap and tcpdump
 * to handle the new encapsulation type, so that they can also be checked
 * into the tcpdump.org CVS repository and so that they will appear in
 * future libpcap and tcpdump releases.
 *
 * Do *NOT* assume that any values after the largest value in this file
 * are available; you might not have the most up-to-date version of this
 * file, and new values after that one might have been assigned.  Also,
 * do *NOT* use any values below 100 - those might already have been
 * taken by one (or more!) organizations.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_NULL		DLT_NULL
#define LINKTYPE_ETHERNET	DLT_EN10MB	/* also for 100Mb and up */
#define LINKTYPE_EXP_ETHERNET	DLT_EN3MB	/* 3Mb experimental Ethernet */
#define LINKTYPE_AX25		DLT_AX25
#define LINKTYPE_PRONET		DLT_PRONET
#define LINKTYPE_CHAOS		DLT_CHAOS
#define LINKTYPE_TOKEN_RING	DLT_IEEE802	/* DLT_IEEE802 is used for Token Ring */
#define LINKTYPE_ARCNET		DLT_ARCNET	/* BSD-style headers */
#define LINKTYPE_SLIP		DLT_SLIP
#define LINKTYPE_PPP		DLT_PPP
#define LINKTYPE_FDDI		DLT_FDDI

/*
 * LINKTYPE_PPP is for use when there might, or might not, be an RFC 1662
 * PPP in HDLC-like framing header (with 0xff 0x03 before the PPP protocol
 * field) at the beginning of the packet.
 *
 * This is for use when there is always such a header; the address field
 * might be 0xff, for regular PPP, or it might be an address field for Cisco
 * point-to-point with HDLC framing as per section 4.3.1 of RFC 1547 ("Cisco
 * HDLC").  This is, for example, what you get with NetBSD's DLT_PPP_SERIAL.
 *
 * We give it the same value as NetBSD's DLT_PPP_SERIAL, in the hopes that
 * nobody else will choose a DLT_ value of 50, and so that DLT_PPP_SERIAL
 * captures will be written out with a link type that NetBSD's tcpdump
 * can read.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_HDLC	50		/* PPP in HDLC-like framing */

#define LINKTYPE_PPP_ETHER	51		/* NetBSD PPP-over-Ethernet */

#define LINKTYPE_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL 99		/* Symantec Enterprise Firewall */

#define LINKTYPE_ATM_RFC1483	100		/* LLC/SNAP-encapsulated ATM */
#define LINKTYPE_RAW		101		/* raw IP */
#define LINKTYPE_SLIP_BSDOS	102		/* BSD/OS SLIP BPF header */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_BSDOS	103		/* BSD/OS PPP BPF header */
#define LINKTYPE_C_HDLC		104		/* Cisco HDLC */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11	105		/* IEEE 802.11 (wireless) */
#define LINKTYPE_ATM_CLIP	106		/* Linux Classical IP over ATM */
#define LINKTYPE_FRELAY		107		/* Frame Relay */
#define LINKTYPE_LOOP		108		/* OpenBSD loopback */
#define LINKTYPE_ENC		109		/* OpenBSD IPSEC enc */

/*
 * These three types are reserved for future use.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_LANE8023	110		/* ATM LANE + 802.3 */
#define LINKTYPE_HIPPI		111		/* NetBSD HIPPI */
#define LINKTYPE_HDLC		112		/* NetBSD HDLC framing */

#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_SLL	113		/* Linux cooked socket capture */
#define LINKTYPE_LTALK		114		/* Apple LocalTalk hardware */
#define LINKTYPE_ECONET		115		/* Acorn Econet */

/*
 * Reserved for use with OpenBSD ipfilter.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IPFILTER	116

#define LINKTYPE_PFLOG		117		/* OpenBSD DLT_PFLOG */
#define LINKTYPE_CISCO_IOS	118		/* For Cisco-internal use */
#define LINKTYPE_PRISM_HEADER	119		/* 802.11+Prism II monitor mode */
#define LINKTYPE_AIRONET_HEADER	120		/* FreeBSD Aironet driver stuff */

/*
 * Reserved for Siemens HiPath HDLC.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_HHDLC		121

#define LINKTYPE_IP_OVER_FC	122		/* RFC 2625 IP-over-Fibre Channel */
#define LINKTYPE_SUNATM		123		/* Solaris+SunATM */

/*
 * Reserved as per request from Kent Dahlgren <kent@praesum.com>
 * for private use.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_RIO		124		/* RapidIO */
#define LINKTYPE_PCI_EXP	125		/* PCI Express */
#define LINKTYPE_AURORA		126		/* Xilinx Aurora link layer */

#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_RADIO 127		/* 802.11 plus BSD radio header */

/*
 * Reserved for the TZSP encapsulation, as per request from
 * Chris Waters <chris.waters@networkchemistry.com>
 * TZSP is a generic encapsulation for any other link type,
 * which includes a means to include meta-information
 * with the packet, e.g. signal strength and channel
 * for 802.11 packets.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_TZSP		128		/* Tazmen Sniffer Protocol */

#define LINKTYPE_ARCNET_LINUX	129		/* Linux-style headers */

/*
 * Juniper-private data link types, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.  The corresponding
 * DLT_s are used for passing on chassis-internal
 * metainformation such as QOS profiles, etc..
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLPPP  130
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLFR   131
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ES     132
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_GGSN   133
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MFR    134
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM2   135
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_SERVICES 136
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM1   137

#define LINKTYPE_APPLE_IP_OVER_IEEE1394 138	/* Apple IP-over-IEEE 1394 cooked header */

#define LINKTYPE_MTP2_WITH_PHDR	139
#define LINKTYPE_MTP2		140
#define LINKTYPE_MTP3		141
#define LINKTYPE_SCCP		142

#define LINKTYPE_DOCSIS		143		/* DOCSIS MAC frames */

#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_IRDA	144		/* Linux-IrDA */

/*
 * Reserved for IBM SP switch and IBM Next Federation switch.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IBM_SP		145
#define LINKTYPE_IBM_SN		146

/*
 * Reserved for private use.  If you have some link-layer header type
 * that you want to use within your organization, with the capture files
 * using that link-layer header type not ever be sent outside your
 * organization, you can use these values.
 *
 * No libpcap release will use these for any purpose, nor will any
 * tcpdump release use them, either.
 *
 * Do *NOT* use these in capture files that you expect anybody not using
 * your private versions of capture-file-reading tools to read; in
 * particular, do *NOT* use them in products, otherwise you may find that
 * people won't be able to use tcpdump, or snort, or Ethereal, or... to
 * read capture files from your firewall/intrusion detection/traffic
 * monitoring/etc. appliance, or whatever product uses that LINKTYPE_ value,
 * and you may also find that the developers of those applications will
 * not accept patches to let them read those files.
 *
 * Also, do not use them if somebody might send you a capture using them
 * for *their* private type and tools using them for *your* private type
 * would have to read them.
 *
 * Instead, in those cases, ask "tcpdump-workers@lists.tcpdump.org" for a
 * new DLT_ and LINKTYPE_ value, as per the comment in pcap/bpf.h, and use
 * the type you're given.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_USER0		147
#define LINKTYPE_USER1		148
#define LINKTYPE_USER2		149
#define LINKTYPE_USER3		150
#define LINKTYPE_USER4		151
#define LINKTYPE_USER5		152
#define LINKTYPE_USER6		153
#define LINKTYPE_USER7		154
#define LINKTYPE_USER8		155
#define LINKTYPE_USER9		156
#define LINKTYPE_USER10		157
#define LINKTYPE_USER11		158
#define LINKTYPE_USER12		159
#define LINKTYPE_USER13		160
#define LINKTYPE_USER14		161
#define LINKTYPE_USER15		162

/*
 * For future use with 802.11 captures - defined by AbsoluteValue
 * Systems to store a number of bits of link-layer information
 * including radio information:
 *
 *	http://www.shaftnet.org/~pizza/software/capturefrm.txt
 *
 * but could and arguably should also be used by non-AVS Linux
 * 802.11 drivers; that may happen in the future.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS 163	/* 802.11 plus AVS radio header */

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.  The corresponding
 * DLT_s are used for passing on chassis-internal
 * metainformation such as QOS profiles, etc..
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MONITOR 164

/*
 * Reserved for BACnet MS/TP.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_BACNET_MS_TP	165

/*
 * Another PPP variant as per request from Karsten Keil <kkeil@suse.de>.
 *
 * This is used in some OSes to allow a kernel socket filter to distinguish
 * between incoming and outgoing packets, on a socket intended to
 * supply pppd with outgoing packets so it can do dial-on-demand and
 * hangup-on-lack-of-demand; incoming packets are filtered out so they
 * don't cause pppd to hold the connection up (you don't want random
 * input packets such as port scans, packets from old lost connections,
 * etc. to force the connection to stay up).
 *
 * The first byte of the PPP header (0xff03) is modified to accomodate
 * the direction - 0x00 = IN, 0x01 = OUT.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_PPPD	166

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.  The DLT_s are used
 * for passing on chassis-internal metainformation such as
 * QOS profiles, cookies, etc..
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE     167
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE_ATM 168

#define LINKTYPE_GPRS_LLC	169		/* GPRS LLC */
#define LINKTYPE_GPF_T		170		/* GPF-T (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */
#define LINKTYPE_GPF_F		171		/* GPF-T (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */

/*
 * Requested by Oolan Zimmer <oz@gcom.com> for use in Gcom's T1/E1 line
 * monitoring equipment.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_GCOM_T1E1	172
#define LINKTYPE_GCOM_SERIAL	173

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>.  The DLT_ is used
 * for internal communication to Physical Interface Cards (PIC)
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PIC_PEER    174

/*
 * Link types requested by Gregor Maier <gregor@endace.com> of Endace
 * Measurement Systems.  They add an ERF header (see
 * http://www.endace.com/support/EndaceRecordFormat.pdf) in front of
 * the link-layer header.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_ERF_ETH	175	/* Ethernet */
#define LINKTYPE_ERF_POS	176	/* Packet-over-SONET */

/*
 * Requested by Daniele Orlandi <daniele@orlandi.com> for raw LAPD
 * for vISDN (http://www.orlandi.com/visdn/).  Its link-layer header
 * includes additional information before the LAPD header, so it's
 * not necessarily a generic LAPD header.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_LAPD	177

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. 
 * The Link Types are used for prepending meta-information
 * like interface index, interface name
 * before standard Ethernet, PPP, Frelay & C-HDLC Frames
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ETHER  178
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPP    179
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_FRELAY 180
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_CHDLC  181

/*
 * Multi Link Frame Relay (FRF.16)
 */
#define LINKTYPE_MFR            182

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. 
 * The DLT_ is used for internal communication with a
 * voice Adapter Card (PIC)
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_VP     183

/*
 * Arinc 429 frames.
 * DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
 * Every frame contains a 32bit A429 label.
 * More documentation on Arinc 429 can be found at
 * http://www.condoreng.com/support/downloads/tutorials/ARINCTutorial.pdf
 */
#define LINKTYPE_A429           184

/*
 * Arinc 653 Interpartition Communication messages.
 * DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
 * Please refer to the A653-1 standard for more information.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_A653_ICM       185

/*
 * USB packets, beginning with a USB setup header; requested by
 * Paolo Abeni <paolo.abeni@email.it>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_USB		186

/*
 * Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer (part H:4); requested by
 * Paolo Abeni.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4	187

/*
 * IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer; requested by Maria Cruz
 * <cruz_petagay@bah.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS	188

/*
 * USB packets, beginning with a Linux USB header; requested by
 * Paolo Abeni <paolo.abeni@email.it>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX		189

/*
 * Controller Area Network (CAN) v. 2.0B packets.
 * DLT_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
 * Used to dump CAN packets coming from a CAN Vector board.
 * More documentation on the CAN v2.0B frames can be found at
 * http://www.can-cia.org/downloads/?269
 */
#define LINKTYPE_CAN20B         190

/*
 * IEEE 802.15.4, with address fields padded, as is done by Linux
 * drivers; requested by Juergen Schimmer.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_LINUX	191

/*
 * Per Packet Information encapsulated packets.
 * LINKTYPE_ requested by Gianluca Varenni <gianluca.varenni@cacetech.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_PPI			192

/*
 * Header for 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer plus a radiotap radio header;
 * requested by Charles Clancy.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS_RADIO	193

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. 
 * The DLT_ is used for internal communication with a
 * integrated service module (ISM).
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ISM    194

/*
 * IEEE 802.15.4, exactly as it appears in the spec (no padding, no
 * nothing); requested by Mikko Saarnivala <mikko.saarnivala@sensinode.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4	195

/*
 * Various link-layer types, with a pseudo-header, for SITA
 * (http://www.sita.aero/); requested by Fulko Hew (fulko.hew@gmail.com).
 */
#define LINKTYPE_SITA		196

/*
 * Various link-layer types, with a pseudo-header, for Endace DAG cards;
 * encapsulates Endace ERF records.  Requested by Stephen Donnelly
 * <stephen@endace.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_ERF		197

/*
 * Special header prepended to Ethernet packets when capturing from a
 * u10 Networks board.  Requested by Phil Mulholland
 * <phil@u10networks.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_RAIF1		198

/*
 * IPMB packet for IPMI, beginning with the I2C slave address, followed
 * by the netFn and LUN, etc..  Requested by Chanthy Toeung
 * <chanthy.toeung@ca.kontron.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IPMB		199

/*
 * Juniper-private data link type, as per request from
 * Hannes Gredler <hannes@juniper.net>. 
 * The DLT_ is used for capturing data on a secure tunnel interface.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ST     200

/*
 * Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer (part H:4), with pseudo-header
 * that includes direction information; requested by Paolo Abeni.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4_WITH_PHDR	201

/*
 * AX.25 packet with a 1-byte KISS header; see
 *
 *	http://www.ax25.net/kiss.htm
 *
 * as per Richard Stearn <richard@rns-stearn.demon.co.uk>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_AX25_KISS	202

/*
 * LAPD packets from an ISDN channel, starting with the address field,
 * with no pseudo-header.
 * Requested by Varuna De Silva <varunax@gmail.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_LAPD		203

/*
 * Variants of various link-layer headers, with a one-byte direction
 * pseudo-header prepended - zero means "received by this host",
 * non-zero (any non-zero value) means "sent by this host" - as per
 * Will Barker <w.barker@zen.co.uk>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_PPP_WITH_DIR	204	/* PPP */
#define LINKTYPE_C_HDLC_WITH_DIR 205	/* Cisco HDLC */
#define LINKTYPE_FRELAY_WITH_DIR 206	/* Frame Relay */
#define LINKTYPE_LAPB_WITH_DIR	207	/* LAPB */

/*
 * 208 is reserved for an as-yet-unspecified proprietary link-layer
 * type, as requested by Will Barker.
 */

/*
 * IPMB with a Linux-specific pseudo-header; as requested by Alexey Neyman
 * <avn@pigeonpoint.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IPMB_LINUX		209

/*
 * FlexRay automotive bus - http://www.flexray.com/ - as requested
 * by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_FLEXRAY		210

/*
 * Media Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) bus for multimedia
 * transport - http://www.mostcooperation.com/ - as requested
 * by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_MOST			211

/*
 * Local Interconnect Network (LIN) bus for vehicle networks -
 * http://www.lin-subbus.org/ - as requested by Hannes Kaelber
 * <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_LIN			212

/*
 * X2E-private data link type used for serial line capture,
 * as requested by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_X2E_SERIAL		213

/*
 * X2E-private data link type used for the Xoraya data logger
 * family, as requested by Hannes Kaelber <hannes.kaelber@x2e.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_X2E_XORAYA		214

/*
 * IEEE 802.15.4, exactly as it appears in the spec (no padding, no
 * nothing), but with the PHY-level data for non-ASK PHYs (4 octets
 * of 0 as preamble, one octet of SFD, one octet of frame length+
 * reserved bit, and then the MAC-layer data, starting with the
 * frame control field).
 *
 * Requested by Max Filippov <jcmvbkbc@gmail.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_NONASK_PHY	215

/* 
 * David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au> requested this for
 * captures from the Linux kernel /dev/input/eventN devices. This
 * is used to communicate keystrokes and mouse movements from the
 * Linux kernel to display systems, such as Xorg. 
 */
#define LINKTYPE_LINUX_EVDEV			216

/*
 * GSM Um and Abis interfaces, preceded by a "gsmtap" header.
 *
 * Requested by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_UM			217
#define LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_ABIS			218

/*
 * MPLS, with an MPLS label as the link-layer header.
 * Requested by Michele Marchetto <michele@openbsd.org> on behalf
 * of OpenBSD.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_MPLS				219

/*
 * USB packets, beginning with a Linux USB header, with the USB header
 * padded to 64 bytes; required for memory-mapped access.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED		220

/*
 * DECT packets, with a pseudo-header; requested by
 * Matthias Wenzel <tcpdump@mazzoo.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_DECT				221

/*
 * From: "Lidwa, Eric (GSFC-582.0)[SGT INC]" <eric.lidwa-1@nasa.gov>
 * Date: Mon, 11 May 2009 11:18:30 -0500
 *
 * DLT_AOS. We need it for AOS Space Data Link Protocol.
 *   I have already written dissectors for but need an OK from
 *   legal before I can submit a patch.
 *
 */
#define LINKTYPE_AOS				222

/*
 * Wireless HART (Highway Addressable Remote Transducer)
 * From the HART Communication Foundation
 * IES/PAS 62591
 *
 * Requested by Sam Roberts <vieuxtech@gmail.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_WIHART				223

/*
 * Fibre Channel FC-2 frames, beginning with a Frame_Header.
 * Requested by Kahou Lei <kahou82@gmail.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_FC_2				224

/*
 * Fibre Channel FC-2 frames, beginning with an encoding of the
 * SOF, and ending with an encoding of the EOF.
 *
 * The encodings represent the frame delimiters as 4-byte sequences
 * representing the corresponding ordered sets, with K28.5
 * represented as 0xBC, and the D symbols as the corresponding
 * byte values; for example, SOFi2, which is K28.5 - D21.5 - D1.2 - D21.2,
 * is represented as 0xBC 0xB5 0x55 0x55.
 *
 * Requested by Kahou Lei <kahou82@gmail.com>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_FC_2_WITH_FRAME_DELIMS		225

/*
 * Solaris ipnet pseudo-header; requested by Darren Reed <Darren.Reed@Sun.COM>.
 *
 * The pseudo-header starts with a one-byte version number; for version 2,
 * the pseudo-header is:
 *
 * struct dl_ipnetinfo {
 *     u_int8_t   dli_version;
 *     u_int8_t   dli_family;
 *     u_int16_t  dli_htype;
 *     u_int32_t  dli_pktlen;
 *     u_int32_t  dli_ifindex;
 *     u_int32_t  dli_grifindex;
 *     u_int32_t  dli_zsrc;
 *     u_int32_t  dli_zdst;
 * };
 *
 * dli_version is 2 for the current version of the pseudo-header.
 *
 * dli_family is a Solaris address family value, so it's 2 for IPv4
 * and 26 for IPv6.
 *
 * dli_htype is a "hook type" - 0 for incoming packets, 1 for outgoing
 * packets, and 2 for packets arriving from another zone on the same
 * machine.
 *
 * dli_pktlen is the length of the packet data following the pseudo-header
 * (so the captured length minus dli_pktlen is the length of the
 * pseudo-header, assuming the entire pseudo-header was captured).
 *
 * dli_ifindex is the interface index of the interface on which the
 * packet arrived.
 *
 * dli_grifindex is the group interface index number (for IPMP interfaces).
 *
 * dli_zsrc is the zone identifier for the source of the packet.
 *
 * dli_zdst is the zone identifier for the destination of the packet.
 *
 * A zone number of 0 is the global zone; a zone number of 0xffffffff
 * means that the packet arrived from another host on the network, not
 * from another zone on the same machine.
 *
 * An IPv4 or IPv6 datagram follows the pseudo-header; dli_family indicates
 * which of those it is.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_IPNET				226

/*
 * CAN (Controller Area Network) frames, with a pseudo-header as supplied
 * by Linux SocketCAN.  See Documentation/networking/can.txt in the Linux
 * source.
 *
 * Requested by Felix Obenhuber <felix@obenhuber.de>.
 */
#define LINKTYPE_CAN_SOCKETCAN			227


static struct linktype_map {
	int	dlt;
	int	linktype;
} map[] = {
	/*
	 * These DLT_* codes have LINKTYPE_* codes with values identical
	 * to the values of the corresponding DLT_* code.
	 */
	{ DLT_NULL,		LINKTYPE_NULL },
	{ DLT_EN10MB,		LINKTYPE_ETHERNET },
	{ DLT_EN3MB,		LINKTYPE_EXP_ETHERNET },
	{ DLT_AX25,		LINKTYPE_AX25 },
	{ DLT_PRONET,		LINKTYPE_PRONET },
	{ DLT_CHAOS,		LINKTYPE_CHAOS },
	{ DLT_IEEE802,		LINKTYPE_TOKEN_RING },
	{ DLT_ARCNET,		LINKTYPE_ARCNET },
	{ DLT_SLIP,		LINKTYPE_SLIP },
	{ DLT_PPP,		LINKTYPE_PPP },
	{ DLT_FDDI,	 	LINKTYPE_FDDI },

	/*
	 * These DLT_* codes have different values on different
	 * platforms; we map them to LINKTYPE_* codes that
	 * have values that should never be equal to any DLT_*
	 * code.
	 */
#ifdef DLT_FR
	/* BSD/OS Frame Relay */
	{ DLT_FR,		LINKTYPE_FRELAY },
#endif

	{ DLT_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL, LINKTYPE_SYMANTEC_FIREWALL },
	{ DLT_ATM_RFC1483, 	LINKTYPE_ATM_RFC1483 },
	{ DLT_RAW,		LINKTYPE_RAW },
	{ DLT_SLIP_BSDOS,	LINKTYPE_SLIP_BSDOS },
	{ DLT_PPP_BSDOS,	LINKTYPE_PPP_BSDOS },

	/* BSD/OS Cisco HDLC */
	{ DLT_C_HDLC,		LINKTYPE_C_HDLC },

	/*
	 * These DLT_* codes are not on all platforms, but, so far,
	 * there don't appear to be any platforms that define
	 * other codes with those values; we map them to
	 * different LINKTYPE_* values anyway, just in case.
	 */

	/* Linux ATM Classical IP */
	{ DLT_ATM_CLIP,		LINKTYPE_ATM_CLIP },

	/* NetBSD sync/async serial PPP (or Cisco HDLC) */
	{ DLT_PPP_SERIAL,	LINKTYPE_PPP_HDLC },

	/* NetBSD PPP over Ethernet */
	{ DLT_PPP_ETHER,	LINKTYPE_PPP_ETHER },

	/* IEEE 802.11 wireless */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_11,	LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11 },

	/* Frame Relay */
	{ DLT_FRELAY,		LINKTYPE_FRELAY },

	/* OpenBSD loopback */
	{ DLT_LOOP,		LINKTYPE_LOOP },

	/* OpenBSD IPSEC enc */
	{ DLT_ENC,		LINKTYPE_ENC },

	/* Linux cooked socket capture */
	{ DLT_LINUX_SLL,	LINKTYPE_LINUX_SLL },

	/* Apple LocalTalk hardware */
	{ DLT_LTALK,		LINKTYPE_LTALK },

	/* Acorn Econet */
	{ DLT_ECONET,		LINKTYPE_ECONET },

	/* OpenBSD DLT_PFLOG */
	{ DLT_PFLOG,		LINKTYPE_PFLOG },

	/* For Cisco-internal use */
	{ DLT_CISCO_IOS,	LINKTYPE_CISCO_IOS },

	/* Prism II monitor-mode header plus 802.11 header */
	{ DLT_PRISM_HEADER,	LINKTYPE_PRISM_HEADER },

	/* FreeBSD Aironet driver stuff */
	{ DLT_AIRONET_HEADER,	LINKTYPE_AIRONET_HEADER },

	/* Siemens HiPath HDLC */
	{ DLT_HHDLC,		LINKTYPE_HHDLC },

	/* RFC 2625 IP-over-Fibre Channel */
	{ DLT_IP_OVER_FC,	LINKTYPE_IP_OVER_FC },

	/* Solaris+SunATM */
	{ DLT_SUNATM,		LINKTYPE_SUNATM },

	/* RapidIO */
	{ DLT_RIO,		LINKTYPE_RIO },

	/* PCI Express */
	{ DLT_PCI_EXP,		LINKTYPE_PCI_EXP },

	/* Xilinx Aurora link layer */
	{ DLT_AURORA,		LINKTYPE_AURORA },

	/* 802.11 plus BSD radio header */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO,	LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_RADIO },

	/* Tazmen Sniffer Protocol */
	{ DLT_TZSP,		LINKTYPE_TZSP },

	/* Arcnet with Linux-style link-layer headers */
	{ DLT_ARCNET_LINUX,	LINKTYPE_ARCNET_LINUX },

        /* Juniper-internal chassis encapsulation */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_MLPPP,    LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLPPP },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_MLFR,     LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MLFR },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ES,       LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ES },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_GGSN,     LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_GGSN },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_MFR,      LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MFR },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ATM2,     LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM2 },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_SERVICES, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_SERVICES },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ATM1,     LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ATM1 },

	/* Apple IP-over-IEEE 1394 cooked header */
	{ DLT_APPLE_IP_OVER_IEEE1394, LINKTYPE_APPLE_IP_OVER_IEEE1394 },

	/* SS7 */
	{ DLT_MTP2_WITH_PHDR,	LINKTYPE_MTP2_WITH_PHDR },
	{ DLT_MTP2,		LINKTYPE_MTP2 },
	{ DLT_MTP3,		LINKTYPE_MTP3 },
	{ DLT_SCCP,		LINKTYPE_SCCP },

	/* DOCSIS MAC frames */
	{ DLT_DOCSIS,		LINKTYPE_DOCSIS },

	/* IrDA IrLAP packets + Linux-cooked header */
	{ DLT_LINUX_IRDA,	LINKTYPE_LINUX_IRDA },

	/* IBM SP and Next Federation switches */
	{ DLT_IBM_SP,		LINKTYPE_IBM_SP },
	{ DLT_IBM_SN,		LINKTYPE_IBM_SN },

	/* 802.11 plus AVS radio header */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS, LINKTYPE_IEEE802_11_RADIO_AVS },

	/*
	 * Any platform that defines additional DLT_* codes should:
	 *
	 *	request a LINKTYPE_* code and value from tcpdump.org,
	 *	as per the above;
	 *
	 *	add, in their version of libpcap, an entry to map
	 *	those DLT_* codes to the corresponding LINKTYPE_*
	 *	code;
	 *
	 *	redefine, in their "net/bpf.h", any DLT_* values
	 *	that collide with the values used by their additional
	 *	DLT_* codes, to remove those collisions (but without
	 *	making them collide with any of the LINKTYPE_*
	 *	values equal to 50 or above; they should also avoid
	 *	defining DLT_* values that collide with those
	 *	LINKTYPE_* values, either).
	 */

	/* Juniper-internal chassis encapsulation */
	{ DLT_JUNIPER_MONITOR,	LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_MONITOR },

	/* BACnet MS/TP */
	{ DLT_BACNET_MS_TP,	LINKTYPE_BACNET_MS_TP },

	/* PPP for pppd, with direction flag in the PPP header */
	{ DLT_PPP_PPPD,		LINKTYPE_PPP_PPPD},

	/* Juniper-internal chassis encapsulation */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_PPPOE,    LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_PPPOE_ATM,LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPPOE_ATM },

	/* GPRS LLC */
	{ DLT_GPRS_LLC,		LINKTYPE_GPRS_LLC },

	/* Transparent Generic Framing Procedure (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */
	{ DLT_GPF_T,		LINKTYPE_GPF_T },

	/* Framed Generic Framing Procedure (ITU-T G.7041/Y.1303) */
	{ DLT_GPF_F,		LINKTYPE_GPF_F },

	{ DLT_GCOM_T1E1,	LINKTYPE_GCOM_T1E1 },
	{ DLT_GCOM_SERIAL,	LINKTYPE_GCOM_SERIAL },

        /* Juniper-internal chassis encapsulation */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_PIC_PEER, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PIC_PEER },

	/* Endace types */
	{ DLT_ERF_ETH,		LINKTYPE_ERF_ETH },
	{ DLT_ERF_POS,		LINKTYPE_ERF_POS },

	/* viSDN LAPD */
	{ DLT_LINUX_LAPD,	LINKTYPE_LINUX_LAPD },

        /* Juniper meta-information before Ether, PPP, Frame Relay, C-HDLC Frames */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ETHER, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ETHER },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_PPP, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_PPP },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_FRELAY, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_FRELAY },
        { DLT_JUNIPER_CHDLC, LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_CHDLC },

        /* Multi Link Frame Relay (FRF.16) */
        { DLT_MFR,              LINKTYPE_MFR },

        /* Juniper Voice PIC */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_VP,       LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_VP },

	/* Controller Area Network (CAN) v2.0B */
	{ DLT_A429,		LINKTYPE_A429 },

	/* Arinc 653 Interpartition Communication messages */
	{ DLT_A653_ICM,         LINKTYPE_A653_ICM },

	/* USB */
	{ DLT_USB,		LINKTYPE_USB },

	/* Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer */
	{ DLT_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4,	LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4 },

	/* IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS,	LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS },

	/* USB with Linux header */
	{ DLT_USB_LINUX,	LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX },

	/* Controller Area Network (CAN) v2.0B */
	{ DLT_CAN20B,		LINKTYPE_CAN20B },

	/* IEEE 802.15.4 with address fields padded */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_15_4_LINUX,	LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_LINUX },

	/* Per Packet Information encapsulated packets */
	{ DLT_PPI,			LINKTYPE_PPI },

	/* IEEE 802.16 MAC Common Part Sublayer plus radiotap header */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS_RADIO, LINKTYPE_IEEE802_16_MAC_CPS_RADIO },

        /* Juniper Voice ISM */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ISM,      LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ISM },

	/* IEEE 802.15.4 exactly as it appears in the spec */
        { DLT_IEEE802_15_4,	LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4 },

	/* Various link-layer types for SITA */
	{ DLT_SITA,		LINKTYPE_SITA },

	/* Various link-layer types for Endace */
	{ DLT_ERF,		LINKTYPE_ERF },

	/* Special header for u10 Networks boards */
	{ DLT_RAIF1,		LINKTYPE_RAIF1 },

	/* IPMB */
	{ DLT_IPMB,		LINKTYPE_IPMB },

        /* Juniper Secure Tunnel */
        { DLT_JUNIPER_ST,       LINKTYPE_JUNIPER_ST },

	/* Bluetooth HCI UART transport layer, with pseudo-header */
	{ DLT_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4_WITH_PHDR, LINKTYPE_BLUETOOTH_HCI_H4_WITH_PHDR },

	/* AX.25 with KISS header */
	{ DLT_AX25_KISS,	LINKTYPE_AX25_KISS },

	/* Raw LAPD, with no pseudo-header */
	{ DLT_LAPD,		LINKTYPE_LAPD },

	/* PPP with one-byte pseudo-header giving direction */
	{ DLT_PPP_WITH_DIR,	LINKTYPE_PPP_WITH_DIR },

	/* Cisco HDLC with one-byte pseudo-header giving direction */
	{ DLT_C_HDLC_WITH_DIR,	LINKTYPE_C_HDLC_WITH_DIR },

	/* Frame Relay with one-byte pseudo-header giving direction */
	{ DLT_FRELAY_WITH_DIR,	LINKTYPE_FRELAY_WITH_DIR },

	/* LAPB with one-byte pseudo-header giving direction */
	{ DLT_LAPB_WITH_DIR,	LINKTYPE_LAPB_WITH_DIR },

	/* IPMB with Linux pseudo-header */
	{ DLT_IPMB_LINUX,	LINKTYPE_IPMB_LINUX },

	/* FlexRay */
	{ DLT_FLEXRAY,		LINKTYPE_FLEXRAY },

	/* MOST */
	{ DLT_MOST,		LINKTYPE_MOST },

	/* LIN */
	{ DLT_LIN,		LINKTYPE_LIN },

	/* X2E-private serial line capture */
	{ DLT_X2E_SERIAL,	LINKTYPE_X2E_SERIAL },

	/* X2E-private for Xoraya data logger family */
	{ DLT_X2E_XORAYA,	LINKTYPE_X2E_XORAYA },

	/* IEEE 802.15.4 with PHY data for non-ASK PHYs */
	{ DLT_IEEE802_15_4_NONASK_PHY, LINKTYPE_IEEE802_15_4_NONASK_PHY },

	/* Input device events from Linux /dev/input/eventN devices */
	{ DLT_LINUX_EVDEV,	LINKTYPE_LINUX_EVDEV },

	/* GSM types */
	{ DLT_GSMTAP_UM,	LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_UM },
	{ DLT_GSMTAP_ABIS,	LINKTYPE_GSMTAP_ABIS },

	/* MPLS, with an MPLS label as the link-layer header */
	{ DLT_MPLS,		LINKTYPE_MPLS },

	/* USB with padded Linux header */
	{ DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED, LINKTYPE_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED },

	/* DECT packets with a pseudo-header */
	{ DLT_DECT,		LINKTYPE_DECT },

	/* AOS Space Data Link Protocol */
	{ DLT_AOS,		LINKTYPE_AOS },

	/* Wireless HART */
	{ DLT_WIHART,		LINKTYPE_WIHART },

	/* Fibre Channel FC-2 frames without SOF or EOF */
	{ DLT_FC_2,		LINKTYPE_FC_2 },

	/* Fibre Channel FC-2 frames with SOF and EOF */
	{ DLT_FC_2_WITH_FRAME_DELIMS, LINKTYPE_FC_2_WITH_FRAME_DELIMS },

	/* Solaris IPNET */
	{ DLT_IPNET,		LINKTYPE_IPNET },

	/* CAN frames with SocketCAN headers */
	{ DLT_CAN_SOCKETCAN,	LINKTYPE_CAN_SOCKETCAN },

	{ -1,			-1 }
};

/*
 * Mechanism for storing information about a capture in the upper
 * 6 bits of a linktype value in a capture file.
 *
 * LT_LINKTYPE_EXT(x) extracts the additional information.
 *
 * The rest of the bits are for a value describing the link-layer
 * value.  LT_LINKTYPE(x) extracts that value.
 */
#define LT_LINKTYPE(x)		((x) & 0x03FFFFFF)
#define LT_LINKTYPE_EXT(x)	((x) & 0xFC000000)

static int
dlt_to_linktype(int dlt)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; map[i].dlt != -1; i++) {
		if (map[i].dlt == dlt)
			return (map[i].linktype);
	}

	/*
	 * If we don't have a mapping for this DLT_ code, return an
	 * error; that means that the table above needs to have an
	 * entry added.
	 */
	return (-1);
}

static int
linktype_to_dlt(int linktype)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; map[i].linktype != -1; i++) {
		if (map[i].linktype == linktype)
			return (map[i].dlt);
	}

	/*
	 * If we don't have an entry for this link type, return
	 * the link type value; it may be a DLT_ value from an
	 * older version of libpcap.
	 */
	return linktype;
}

static int
sf_write_header(FILE *fp, int linktype, int thiszone, int snaplen)
{
	struct pcap_file_header hdr;

	hdr.magic = TCPDUMP_MAGIC;
	hdr.version_major = PCAP_VERSION_MAJOR;
	hdr.version_minor = PCAP_VERSION_MINOR;

	hdr.thiszone = thiszone;
	hdr.snaplen = snaplen;
	hdr.sigfigs = 0;
	hdr.linktype = linktype;

	if (fwrite((char *)&hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, fp) != 1)
		return (-1);

	return (0);
}

static void
swap_hdr(struct pcap_file_header *hp)
{
	hp->version_major = SWAPSHORT(hp->version_major);
	hp->version_minor = SWAPSHORT(hp->version_minor);
	hp->thiszone = SWAPLONG(hp->thiszone);
	hp->sigfigs = SWAPLONG(hp->sigfigs);
	hp->snaplen = SWAPLONG(hp->snaplen);
	hp->linktype = SWAPLONG(hp->linktype);
}

static int
sf_getnonblock(pcap_t *p, char *errbuf)
{
	/*
	 * This is a savefile, not a live capture file, so never say
	 * it's in non-blocking mode.
	 */
	return (0);
}

static int
sf_setnonblock(pcap_t *p, int nonblock, char *errbuf)
{
	/*
	 * This is a savefile, not a live capture file, so ignore
	 * requests to put it in non-blocking mode.
	 */
	return (0);
}

static int
sf_stats(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_stat *ps)
{
	snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
	    "Statistics aren't available from savefiles");
	return (-1);
}

#ifdef WIN32
static int
sf_setbuff(pcap_t *p, int dim)
{
	snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
	    "The kernel buffer size cannot be set while reading from a file");
	return (-1);
}

static int
sf_setmode(pcap_t *p, int mode)
{
	snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
	    "impossible to set mode while reading from a file");
	return (-1);
}

static int
sf_setmintocopy(pcap_t *p, int size)
{
	snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
	    "The mintocopy parameter cannot be set while reading from a file");
	return (-1);
}
#endif

static int
sf_inject(pcap_t *p, const void *buf _U_, size_t size _U_)
{
	strlcpy(p->errbuf, "Sending packets isn't supported on savefiles",
	    PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE);
	return (-1);
}

/*
 * Set direction flag: Which packets do we accept on a forwarding
 * single device? IN, OUT or both?
 */
static int
sf_setdirection(pcap_t *p, pcap_direction_t d)
{
	snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
	    "Setting direction is not supported on savefiles");
	return (-1);
}

static void
sf_cleanup(pcap_t *p)
{
	if (p->sf.rfile != stdin)
		(void)fclose(p->sf.rfile);
	if (p->sf.base != NULL)
		free(p->sf.base);
}

pcap_t *
pcap_open_offline(const char *fname, char *errbuf)
{
	FILE *fp;
	pcap_t *p;

	if (fname[0] == '-' && fname[1] == '\0')
	{
		fp = stdin;
#if defined(WIN32) || defined(MSDOS)
		/*
		 * We're reading from the standard input, so put it in binary
		 * mode, as savefiles are binary files.
		 */
		SET_BINMODE(fp);
#endif
	}
	else {
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
		fp = fopen(fname, "r");
#else
		fp = fopen(fname, "rb");
#endif
		if (fp == NULL) {
			snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "%s: %s", fname,
			    pcap_strerror(errno));
			return (NULL);
		}
	}
	p = pcap_fopen_offline(fp, errbuf);
	if (p == NULL) {
		if (fp != stdin)
			fclose(fp);
	}
	return (p);
}

#ifdef WIN32
pcap_t* pcap_hopen_offline(intptr_t osfd, char *errbuf)
{
	int fd;
	FILE *file;

	fd = _open_osfhandle(osfd, _O_RDONLY);
	if ( fd < 0 ) 
	{
		snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, pcap_strerror(errno));
		return NULL;
	}

	file = _fdopen(fd, "rb");
	if ( file == NULL ) 
	{
		snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, pcap_strerror(errno));
		return NULL;
	}

	return pcap_fopen_offline(file, errbuf);
}
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
static
#endif
pcap_t *
pcap_fopen_offline(FILE *fp, char *errbuf)
{
	register pcap_t *p;
	struct pcap_file_header hdr;
	size_t amt_read;
	bpf_u_int32 magic;
	int linklen;

	p = pcap_create_common("(savefile)", errbuf);
	if (p == NULL)
		return (NULL);

	amt_read = fread((char *)&hdr, 1, sizeof(hdr), fp);
	if (amt_read != sizeof(hdr)) {
		if (ferror(fp)) {
			snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
			    "error reading dump file: %s",
			    pcap_strerror(errno));
		} else {
			snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
			    "truncated dump file; tried to read %lu file header bytes, only got %lu",
			    (unsigned long)sizeof(hdr),
			    (unsigned long)amt_read);
		}
		goto bad;
	}
	magic = hdr.magic;
	if (magic != TCPDUMP_MAGIC && magic != KUZNETZOV_TCPDUMP_MAGIC) {
		magic = SWAPLONG(magic);
		if (magic != TCPDUMP_MAGIC && magic != KUZNETZOV_TCPDUMP_MAGIC) {
			snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
			    "bad dump file format");
			goto bad;
		}
		p->sf.swapped = 1;
		swap_hdr(&hdr);
	}
	if (magic == KUZNETZOV_TCPDUMP_MAGIC) {
		/*
		 * XXX - the patch that's in some versions of libpcap
		 * changes the packet header but not the magic number,
		 * and some other versions with this magic number have
		 * some extra debugging information in the packet header;
		 * we'd have to use some hacks^H^H^H^H^Hheuristics to
		 * detect those variants.
		 *
		 * Ethereal does that, but it does so by trying to read
		 * the first two packets of the file with each of the
		 * record header formats.  That currently means it seeks
		 * backwards and retries the reads, which doesn't work
		 * on pipes.  We want to be able to read from a pipe, so
		 * that strategy won't work; we'd have to buffer some
		 * data ourselves and read from that buffer in order to
		 * make that work.
		 */
		p->sf.hdrsize = sizeof(struct pcap_sf_patched_pkthdr);
	} else
		p->sf.hdrsize = sizeof(struct pcap_sf_pkthdr);
	if (hdr.version_major < PCAP_VERSION_MAJOR) {
		snprintf(errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "archaic file format");
		goto bad;
	}
	p->tzoff = hdr.thiszone;
	p->snapshot = hdr.snaplen;
	p->linktype = linktype_to_dlt(LT_LINKTYPE(hdr.linktype));
	p->linktype_ext = LT_LINKTYPE_EXT(hdr.linktype);
	if (magic == KUZNETZOV_TCPDUMP_MAGIC && p->linktype == DLT_EN10MB) {
		/*
		 * This capture might have been done in raw mode or cooked
		 * mode.
		 *
		 * If it was done in cooked mode, p->snapshot was passed
		 * to recvfrom() as the buffer size, meaning that the
		 * most packet data that would be copied would be
		 * p->snapshot.  However, a faked Ethernet header would
		 * then have been added to it, so the most data that would
		 * be in a packet in the file would be p->snapshot + 14.
		 *
		 * We can't easily tell whether the capture was done in
		 * raw mode or cooked mode, so we'll assume it was
		 * cooked mode, and add 14 to the snapshot length.  That
		 * means that, for a raw capture, the snapshot length will
		 * be misleading if you use it to figure out why a capture
		 * doesn't have all the packet data, but there's not much
		 * we can do to avoid that.
		 */
		p->snapshot += 14;
	}
	p->sf.rfile = fp;
#ifndef WIN32
	p->bufsize = hdr.snaplen;
#else
	/* Allocate the space for pcap_pkthdr as well. It will be used by pcap_read_ex */
	p->bufsize = hdr.snaplen+sizeof(struct pcap_pkthdr);
#endif

	/* Align link header as required for proper data alignment */
	/* XXX should handle all types */
	switch (p->linktype) {

	case DLT_EN10MB:
		linklen = 14;
		break;

	case DLT_FDDI:
		linklen = 13 + 8;	/* fddi_header + llc */
		break;

	case DLT_NULL:
	default:
		linklen = 0;
		break;
	}

	if (p->bufsize < 0)
		p->bufsize = BPF_MAXBUFSIZE;
	p->sf.base = (u_char *)malloc(p->bufsize + BPF_ALIGNMENT);
	if (p->sf.base == NULL) {
		strlcpy(errbuf, "out of swap", PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE);
		goto bad;
	}
	p->buffer = p->sf.base + BPF_ALIGNMENT - (linklen % BPF_ALIGNMENT);
	p->sf.version_major = hdr.version_major;
	p->sf.version_minor = hdr.version_minor;
#ifdef PCAP_FDDIPAD
	/* Padding only needed for live capture fcode */
	p->fddipad = 0;
#endif

	/*
	 * We interchanged the caplen and len fields at version 2.3,
	 * in order to match the bpf header layout.  But unfortunately
	 * some files were written with version 2.3 in their headers
	 * but without the interchanged fields.
	 *
	 * In addition, DG/UX tcpdump writes out files with a version
	 * number of 543.0, and with the caplen and len fields in the
	 * pre-2.3 order.
	 */
	switch (hdr.version_major) {

	case 2:
		if (hdr.version_minor < 3)
			p->sf.lengths_swapped = SWAPPED;
		else if (hdr.version_minor == 3)
			p->sf.lengths_swapped = MAYBE_SWAPPED;
		else
			p->sf.lengths_swapped = NOT_SWAPPED;
		break;

	case 543:
		p->sf.lengths_swapped = SWAPPED;
		break;

	default:
		p->sf.lengths_swapped = NOT_SWAPPED;
		break;
	}

#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
	/*
	 * You can do "select()" and "poll()" on plain files on most
	 * platforms, and should be able to do so on pipes.
	 *
	 * You can't do "select()" on anything other than sockets in
	 * Windows, so, on Win32 systems, we don't have "selectable_fd".
	 */
	p->selectable_fd = fileno(fp);
#endif

	p->read_op = pcap_offline_read;
	p->inject_op = sf_inject;
	p->setfilter_op = install_bpf_program;
	p->setdirection_op = sf_setdirection;
	p->set_datalink_op = NULL;	/* we don't support munging link-layer headers */
	p->getnonblock_op = sf_getnonblock;
	p->setnonblock_op = sf_setnonblock;
	p->stats_op = sf_stats;
#ifdef WIN32
	p->setbuff_op = sf_setbuff;
	p->setmode_op = sf_setmode;
	p->setmintocopy_op = sf_setmintocopy;
#endif
	p->cleanup_op = sf_cleanup;
	p->activated = 1;

	return (p);
 bad:
	free(p);
	return (NULL);
}

/*
 * Read sf_readfile and return the next packet.  Return the header in hdr
 * and the contents in buf.  Return 0 on success, SFERR_EOF if there were
 * no more packets, and SFERR_TRUNC if a partial packet was encountered.
 */
static int
sf_next_packet(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr, u_char *buf, u_int buflen)
{
	struct pcap_sf_patched_pkthdr sf_hdr;
	FILE *fp = p->sf.rfile;
	size_t amt_read;
	bpf_u_int32 t;

	/*
	 * Read the packet header; the structure we use as a buffer
	 * is the longer structure for files generated by the patched
	 * libpcap, but if the file has the magic number for an
	 * unpatched libpcap we only read as many bytes as the regular
	 * header has.
	 */
	amt_read = fread(&sf_hdr, 1, p->sf.hdrsize, fp);
	if (amt_read != p->sf.hdrsize) {
		if (ferror(fp)) {
			snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
			    "error reading dump file: %s",
			    pcap_strerror(errno));
			return (-1);
		} else {
			if (amt_read != 0) {
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "truncated dump file; tried to read %lu header bytes, only got %lu",
				    (unsigned long)p->sf.hdrsize,
				    (unsigned long)amt_read);
				return (-1);
			}
			/* EOF */
			return (1);
		}
	}

	if (p->sf.swapped) {
		/* these were written in opposite byte order */
		hdr->caplen = SWAPLONG(sf_hdr.caplen);
		hdr->len = SWAPLONG(sf_hdr.len);
		hdr->ts.tv_sec = SWAPLONG(sf_hdr.ts.tv_sec);
		hdr->ts.tv_usec = SWAPLONG(sf_hdr.ts.tv_usec);
	} else {
		hdr->caplen = sf_hdr.caplen;
		hdr->len = sf_hdr.len;
		hdr->ts.tv_sec = sf_hdr.ts.tv_sec;
		hdr->ts.tv_usec = sf_hdr.ts.tv_usec;
	}
	/* Swap the caplen and len fields, if necessary. */
	switch (p->sf.lengths_swapped) {

	case NOT_SWAPPED:
		break;

	case MAYBE_SWAPPED:
		if (hdr->caplen <= hdr->len) {
			/*
			 * The captured length is <= the actual length,
			 * so presumably they weren't swapped.
			 */
			break;
		}
		/* FALLTHROUGH */

	case SWAPPED:
		t = hdr->caplen;
		hdr->caplen = hdr->len;
		hdr->len = t;
		break;
	}

	if (hdr->caplen > buflen) {
		/*
		 * This can happen due to Solaris 2.3 systems tripping
		 * over the BUFMOD problem and not setting the snapshot
		 * correctly in the savefile header.  If the caplen isn't
		 * grossly wrong, try to salvage.
		 */
		static u_char *tp = NULL;
		static size_t tsize = 0;

		if (hdr->caplen > 65535) {
			snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
			    "bogus savefile header");
			return (-1);
		}

		if (tsize < hdr->caplen) {
			tsize = ((hdr->caplen + 1023) / 1024) * 1024;
			if (tp != NULL)
				free((u_char *)tp);
			tp = (u_char *)malloc(tsize);
			if (tp == NULL) {
				tsize = 0;
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "BUFMOD hack malloc");
				return (-1);
			}
		}
		amt_read = fread((char *)tp, 1, hdr->caplen, fp);
		if (amt_read != hdr->caplen) {
			if (ferror(fp)) {
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "error reading dump file: %s",
				    pcap_strerror(errno));
			} else {
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "truncated dump file; tried to read %u captured bytes, only got %lu",
				    hdr->caplen, (unsigned long)amt_read);
			}
			return (-1);
		}
		/*
		 * We can only keep up to buflen bytes.  Since caplen > buflen
		 * is exactly how we got here, we know we can only keep the
		 * first buflen bytes and must drop the remainder.  Adjust
		 * caplen accordingly, so we don't get confused later as
		 * to how many bytes we have to play with.
		 */
		hdr->caplen = buflen;
		memcpy((char *)buf, (char *)tp, buflen);

	} else {
		/* read the packet itself */
		amt_read = fread((char *)buf, 1, hdr->caplen, fp);
		if (amt_read != hdr->caplen) {
			if (ferror(fp)) {
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "error reading dump file: %s",
				    pcap_strerror(errno));
			} else {
				snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
				    "truncated dump file; tried to read %u captured bytes, only got %lu",
				    hdr->caplen, (unsigned long)amt_read);
			}
			return (-1);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * The DLT_USB_LINUX and DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED headers are in host
	 * byte order when capturing (it's supplied directly from a
	 * memory-mapped buffer shared by the kernel).
	 *
	 * When reading a DLT_USB_LINUX or DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED capture file,
	 * we need to convert it from the capturing host's byte order to
	 * the reading host's byte order.
	 */
	if (p->sf.swapped &&
	    (p->linktype == DLT_USB_LINUX || p->linktype == DLT_USB_LINUX_MMAPPED)) {
		pcap_usb_header* uhdr = (pcap_usb_header*) buf;
		/*
		 * The URB id is a totally opaque value; do we really need to 
		 * convert it to the reading host's byte order???
		 */
		if (hdr->caplen < 8)
			return 0;
		uhdr->id = SWAPLL(uhdr->id);
		if (hdr->caplen < 14)
			return 0;
		uhdr->bus_id = SWAPSHORT(uhdr->bus_id);
		if (hdr->caplen < 24)
			return 0;
		uhdr->ts_sec = SWAPLL(uhdr->ts_sec);
		if (hdr->caplen < 28)
			return 0;
		uhdr->ts_usec = SWAPLONG(uhdr->ts_usec);
		if (hdr->caplen < 32)
			return 0;
		uhdr->status = SWAPLONG(uhdr->status);
		if (hdr->caplen < 36)
			return 0;
		uhdr->urb_len = SWAPLONG(uhdr->urb_len);
		if (hdr->caplen < 40)
			return 0;
		uhdr->data_len = SWAPLONG(uhdr->data_len);
	}
	return (0);
}

/*
 * Print out packets stored in the file initialized by sf_read_init().
 * If cnt > 0, return after 'cnt' packets, otherwise continue until eof.
 */
int
pcap_offline_read(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
	struct bpf_insn *fcode;
	int status = 0;
	int n = 0;

	while (status == 0) {
		struct pcap_pkthdr h;

		/*
		 * Has "pcap_breakloop()" been called?
		 * If so, return immediately - if we haven't read any
		 * packets, clear the flag and return -2 to indicate
		 * that we were told to break out of the loop, otherwise
		 * leave the flag set, so that the *next* call will break
		 * out of the loop without having read any packets, and
		 * return the number of packets we've processed so far.
		 */
		if (p->break_loop) {
			if (n == 0) {
				p->break_loop = 0;
				return (-2);
			} else
				return (n);
		}

		status = sf_next_packet(p, &h, p->buffer, p->bufsize);
		if (status) {
			if (status == 1)
				return (0);
			return (status);
		}

		if ((fcode = p->fcode.bf_insns) == NULL ||
		    bpf_filter(fcode, p->buffer, h.len, h.caplen)) {
			(*callback)(user, &h, p->buffer);
			if (++n >= cnt && cnt > 0)
				break;
		}
	}
	/*XXX this breaks semantics tcpslice expects */
	return (n);
}

/*
 * Output a packet to the initialized dump file.
 */
void
pcap_dump(u_char *user, const struct pcap_pkthdr *h, const u_char *sp)
{
	register FILE *f;
	struct pcap_sf_pkthdr sf_hdr;

	f = (FILE *)user;
	sf_hdr.ts.tv_sec  = h->ts.tv_sec;
	sf_hdr.ts.tv_usec = h->ts.tv_usec;
	sf_hdr.caplen     = h->caplen;
	sf_hdr.len        = h->len;
	/* XXX we should check the return status */
	(void)fwrite(&sf_hdr, sizeof(sf_hdr), 1, f);
	(void)fwrite(sp, h->caplen, 1, f);
}

static pcap_dumper_t *
pcap_setup_dump(pcap_t *p, int linktype, FILE *f, const char *fname)
{

#if defined(WIN32) || defined(MSDOS)
	/*
	 * If we're writing to the standard output, put it in binary
	 * mode, as savefiles are binary files.
	 *
	 * Otherwise, we turn off buffering.
	 * XXX - why?  And why not on the standard output?
	 */
	if (f == stdout)
		SET_BINMODE(f);
	else
		setbuf(f, NULL);
#endif
	if (sf_write_header(f, linktype, p->tzoff, p->snapshot) == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "Can't write to %s: %s",
		    fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
		if (f != stdout)
			(void)fclose(f);
		return (NULL);
	}
	return ((pcap_dumper_t *)f);
}

/*
 * Initialize so that sf_write() will output to the file named 'fname'.
 */
pcap_dumper_t *
pcap_dump_open(pcap_t *p, const char *fname)
{
	FILE *f;
	int linktype;

	/*
	 * If this pcap_t hasn't been activated, it doesn't have a
	 * link-layer type, so we can't use it.
	 */
	if (!p->activated) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
		    "%s: not-yet-activated pcap_t passed to pcap_dump_open",
		    fname);
		return (NULL);
	}
	linktype = dlt_to_linktype(p->linktype);
	if (linktype == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
		    "%s: link-layer type %d isn't supported in savefiles",
		    fname, p->linktype);
		return (NULL);
	}
	linktype |= p->linktype_ext;

	if (fname[0] == '-' && fname[1] == '\0') {
		f = stdout;
		fname = "standard output";
	} else {
#if !defined(WIN32) && !defined(MSDOS)
		f = fopen(fname, "w");
#else
		f = fopen(fname, "wb");
#endif
		if (f == NULL) {
			snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "%s: %s",
			    fname, pcap_strerror(errno));
			return (NULL);
		}
	}
	return (pcap_setup_dump(p, linktype, f, fname));
}

/*
 * Initialize so that sf_write() will output to the given stream.
 */
pcap_dumper_t *
pcap_dump_fopen(pcap_t *p, FILE *f)
{	
	int linktype;

	linktype = dlt_to_linktype(p->linktype);
	if (linktype == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
		    "stream: link-layer type %d isn't supported in savefiles",
		    p->linktype);
		return (NULL);
	}
	linktype |= p->linktype_ext;

	return (pcap_setup_dump(p, linktype, f, "stream"));
}

FILE *
pcap_dump_file(pcap_dumper_t *p)
{
	return ((FILE *)p);
}

long
pcap_dump_ftell(pcap_dumper_t *p)
{
	return (ftell((FILE *)p));
}

int
pcap_dump_flush(pcap_dumper_t *p)
{

	if (fflush((FILE *)p) == EOF)
		return (-1);
	else
		return (0);
}

void
pcap_dump_close(pcap_dumper_t *p)
{

#ifdef notyet
	if (ferror((FILE *)p))
		return-an-error;
	/* XXX should check return from fclose() too */
#endif
	(void)fclose((FILE *)p);
}