aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/pcap.c
blob: 41e2c1b98723c904e7f2d06055aa7604379ea0ba (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the Computer Systems
 *	Engineering Group at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor of the Laboratory may be used
 *    to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static const char rcsid[] =
    "@(#) $Header: /tcpdump/master/libpcap/pcap.c,v 1.42 2002-12-19 09:05:48 guy Exp $ (LBL)";
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

#ifdef WIN32
#include <pcap-stdinc.h>
#else /* WIN32 */
#include <sys/types.h>
#endif /* WIN32 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifndef WIN32
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>

#ifdef HAVE_OS_PROTO_H
#include "os-proto.h"
#endif

#include "pcap-int.h"

int
pcap_dispatch(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{

	if (p->sf.rfile != NULL)
		return (pcap_offline_read(p, cnt, callback, user));
	return (pcap_read(p, cnt, callback, user));
}

int
pcap_loop(pcap_t *p, int cnt, pcap_handler callback, u_char *user)
{
	register int n;

	for (;;) {
		if (p->sf.rfile != NULL)
			n = pcap_offline_read(p, cnt, callback, user);
		else {
			/*
			 * XXX keep reading until we get something
			 * (or an error occurs)
			 */
			do {
				n = pcap_read(p, cnt, callback, user);
			} while (n == 0);
		}
		if (n <= 0)
			return (n);
		if (cnt > 0) {
			cnt -= n;
			if (cnt <= 0)
				return (0);
		}
	}
}

struct singleton {
	struct pcap_pkthdr *hdr;
	const u_char *pkt;
};


static void
pcap_oneshot(u_char *userData, const struct pcap_pkthdr *h, const u_char *pkt)
{
	struct singleton *sp = (struct singleton *)userData;
	*sp->hdr = *h;
	sp->pkt = pkt;
}

const u_char *
pcap_next(pcap_t *p, struct pcap_pkthdr *h)
{
	struct singleton s;

	s.hdr = h;
	if (pcap_dispatch(p, 1, pcap_oneshot, (u_char*)&s) <= 0)
		return (0);
	return (s.pkt);
}

int
pcap_datalink(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->linktype);
}

int
pcap_list_datalinks(pcap_t *p, int **dlt_buffer)
{
	if (p->dlt_count == 0) {
		/*
		 * We couldn't fetch the list of DLTs, which means
		 * this platform doesn't support changing the
		 * DLT for an interface.  Return a list of DLTs
		 * containing only the DLT this device supports.
		 */
		*dlt_buffer = (int*)malloc(sizeof(**dlt_buffer));
		if (*dlt_buffer == NULL) {
			(void)snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
			    "malloc: %s", pcap_strerror(errno));
			return (-1);
		}
		**dlt_buffer = p->linktype;
		return (1);
	} else {
		*dlt_buffer = (int*)malloc(sizeof(**dlt_buffer) * p->dlt_count);
		if (*dlt_buffer == NULL) {
			(void)snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
			    "malloc: %s", pcap_strerror(errno));
			return (-1);
		}
		(void)memcpy(*dlt_buffer, p->dlt_list,
		    sizeof(**dlt_buffer) * p->dlt_count);
		return (p->dlt_count);
	}
}

int
pcap_set_datalink(pcap_t *p, int dlt)
{
	int i;
	const char *dlt_name;

	if (p->dlt_count == 0) {
		/*
		 * We couldn't fetch the list of DLTs, which means
		 * this platform doesn't support changing the
		 * DLT for an interface.  Check whether the new
		 * DLT is the one this interface supports.
		 */
		if (p->linktype != dlt)
			goto unsupported;

		/*
		 * It is, so there's nothing we need to do here.
		 */
		return (0);
	}
	for (i = 0; i < p->dlt_count; i++)
		if (p->dlt_list[i] == dlt)
			break;
	if (i >= p->dlt_count)
		goto unsupported;
	if (pcap_set_datalink_platform(p, dlt) == -1)
		return (-1);
	p->linktype = dlt;
	return (0);

unsupported:
	dlt_name = pcap_datalink_val_to_name(dlt);
	if (dlt_name != NULL) {
		(void) snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
		    "%s is not one of the DLTs supported by this device",
		    dlt_name);
	} else {
		(void) snprintf(p->errbuf, sizeof(p->errbuf),
		    "DLT %d is not one of the DLTs supported by this device",
		    dlt);
	}
	return (-1);
}

struct dlt_choice {
	const char *name;
	int	dlt;
};

#define DLT_CHOICE(code) { #code, code }
#define DLT_CHOICE_SENTINEL { NULL, 0 }

static struct dlt_choice dlt_choices[] = {
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ARCNET),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_EN10MB),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SLIP),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SLIP_BSDOS),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_NULL),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LOOP),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_C_HDLC),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_SERIAL),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_ETHER),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PPP_BSDOS),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_FDDI),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_11),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_PRISM_HEADER),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IEEE802_11_RADIO),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ATM_RFC1483),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_ATM_CLIP),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_SUNATM),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_RAW),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LINUX_SLL),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_LTALK),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_IP_OVER_FC),
	DLT_CHOICE(DLT_FRELAY),
	DLT_CHOICE_SENTINEL
};

/*
 * This array is designed for mapping upper and lower case letter
 * together for a case independent comparison.  The mappings are
 * based upon ascii character sequences.
 */
static const u_char charmap[] = {
	'\000', '\001', '\002', '\003', '\004', '\005', '\006', '\007',
	'\010', '\011', '\012', '\013', '\014', '\015', '\016', '\017',
	'\020', '\021', '\022', '\023', '\024', '\025', '\026', '\027',
	'\030', '\031', '\032', '\033', '\034', '\035', '\036', '\037',
	'\040', '\041', '\042', '\043', '\044', '\045', '\046', '\047',
	'\050', '\051', '\052', '\053', '\054', '\055', '\056', '\057',
	'\060', '\061', '\062', '\063', '\064', '\065', '\066', '\067',
	'\070', '\071', '\072', '\073', '\074', '\075', '\076', '\077',
	'\100', '\141', '\142', '\143', '\144', '\145', '\146', '\147',
	'\150', '\151', '\152', '\153', '\154', '\155', '\156', '\157',
	'\160', '\161', '\162', '\163', '\164', '\165', '\166', '\167',
	'\170', '\171', '\172', '\133', '\134', '\135', '\136', '\137',
	'\140', '\141', '\142', '\143', '\144', '\145', '\146', '\147',
	'\150', '\151', '\152', '\153', '\154', '\155', '\156', '\157',
	'\160', '\161', '\162', '\163', '\164', '\165', '\166', '\167',
	'\170', '\171', '\172', '\173', '\174', '\175', '\176', '\177',
	'\200', '\201', '\202', '\203', '\204', '\205', '\206', '\207',
	'\210', '\211', '\212', '\213', '\214', '\215', '\216', '\217',
	'\220', '\221', '\222', '\223', '\224', '\225', '\226', '\227',
	'\230', '\231', '\232', '\233', '\234', '\235', '\236', '\237',
	'\240', '\241', '\242', '\243', '\244', '\245', '\246', '\247',
	'\250', '\251', '\252', '\253', '\254', '\255', '\256', '\257',
	'\260', '\261', '\262', '\263', '\264', '\265', '\266', '\267',
	'\270', '\271', '\272', '\273', '\274', '\275', '\276', '\277',
	'\300', '\341', '\342', '\343', '\344', '\345', '\346', '\347',
	'\350', '\351', '\352', '\353', '\354', '\355', '\356', '\357',
	'\360', '\361', '\362', '\363', '\364', '\365', '\366', '\367',
	'\370', '\371', '\372', '\333', '\334', '\335', '\336', '\337',
	'\340', '\341', '\342', '\343', '\344', '\345', '\346', '\347',
	'\350', '\351', '\352', '\353', '\354', '\355', '\356', '\357',
	'\360', '\361', '\362', '\363', '\364', '\365', '\366', '\367',
	'\370', '\371', '\372', '\373', '\374', '\375', '\376', '\377',
};

static int
pcap_strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2)
{
	register const u_char	*cm = charmap,
				*us1 = (u_char *)s1,
				*us2 = (u_char *)s2;

	while (cm[*us1] == cm[*us2++])
		if (*us1++ == '\0')
			return(0);
	return (cm[*us1] - cm[*--us2]);
}

int
pcap_datalink_name_to_val(const char *name)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; dlt_choices[i].name != NULL; i++) {
		if (pcap_strcasecmp(dlt_choices[i].name + sizeof("DLT_") - 1,
		    name) == 0)
			return (dlt_choices[i].dlt);
	}
	return (-1);
}

const char *
pcap_datalink_val_to_name(int dlt)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; dlt_choices[i].name != NULL; i++) {
		if (dlt_choices[i].dlt == dlt)
			return (dlt_choices[i].name + sizeof("DLT_") - 1);
	}
	return (NULL);
}

int
pcap_snapshot(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->snapshot);
}

int
pcap_is_swapped(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->sf.swapped);
}

int
pcap_major_version(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->sf.version_major);
}

int
pcap_minor_version(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->sf.version_minor);
}

FILE *
pcap_file(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->sf.rfile);
}

int
pcap_fileno(pcap_t *p)
{
#ifndef WIN32
	return (p->fd);
#else
	if (p->adapter != NULL)
		return ((int)(DWORD)p->adapter->hFile);
	else
		return (-1);
#endif
}

void
pcap_perror(pcap_t *p, char *prefix)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", prefix, p->errbuf);
}

char *
pcap_geterr(pcap_t *p)
{
	return (p->errbuf);
}

/*
 * NOTE: in the future, these may need to call platform-dependent routines,
 * e.g. on platforms with memory-mapped packet-capture mechanisms where
 * "pcap_read()" uses "select()" or "poll()" to wait for packets to arrive.
 */
int
pcap_getnonblock(pcap_t *p, char *errbuf)
{
#ifndef WIN32
	int fdflags;
#endif

	if (p->sf.rfile != NULL) {
		/*
		 * This is a savefile, not a live capture file, so
		 * never say it's in non-blocking mode.
		 */
		return (0);
	}
#ifndef WIN32
	fdflags = fcntl(p->fd, F_GETFL, 0);
	if (fdflags == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_GETFL: %s",
		    pcap_strerror(errno));
		return (-1);
	}
	if (fdflags & O_NONBLOCK)
		return (1);
	else
		return (0);
#else
	return (p->nonblock);
#endif
}

int
pcap_setnonblock(pcap_t *p, int nonblock, char *errbuf)
{
#ifndef WIN32
	int fdflags;
#else
	int newtimeout;
#endif
	if (p->dlt_list != NULL)
		free(p->dlt_list);

	if (p->sf.rfile != NULL) {
		/*
		 * This is a savefile, not a live capture file, so
		 * ignore requests to put it in non-blocking mode.
		 */
		return (0);
	}
#ifndef WIN32
	fdflags = fcntl(p->fd, F_GETFL, 0);
	if (fdflags == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_GETFL: %s",
		    pcap_strerror(errno));
		return (-1);
	}
	if (nonblock)
		fdflags |= O_NONBLOCK;
	else
		fdflags &= ~O_NONBLOCK;
	if (fcntl(p->fd, F_SETFL, fdflags) == -1) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, "F_SETFL: %s",
		    pcap_strerror(errno));
		return (-1);
	}
#else
	if (nonblock) {
		/*
		 * Set the read timeout to -1 for non-blocking mode.
		 */
		newtimeout = -1;
	} else {
		/*
		 * Restore the timeout set when the device was opened.
		 * (Note that this may be -1, in which case we're not
		 * really leaving non-blocking mode.)
		 */
		newtimeout = p->timeout;
	}
	if (!PacketSetReadTimeout(p->adapter, newtimeout)) {
		snprintf(p->errbuf, PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE,
		    "PacketSetReadTimeout: %s", pcap_win32strerror());
		return (-1);
	}
	p->nonblock = (newtimeout == -1);
#endif
	return (0);
}

#ifdef WIN32
/*
 * Generate a string for the last Win32-specific error (i.e. an error generated when 
 * calling a Win32 API).
 * For errors occurred during standard C calls, we still use pcap_strerror()
 */
char *
pcap_win32strerror(void)
{
	DWORD error;
	static char errbuf[PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE+1];
	int errlen;

	error = GetLastError();
	FormatMessage(FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM, NULL, error, 0, errbuf,
	    PCAP_ERRBUF_SIZE, NULL);

	/*
	 * "FormatMessage()" "helpfully" sticks CR/LF at the end of the
	 * message.  Get rid of it.
	 */
	errlen = strlen(errbuf);
	if (errlen >= 2) {
		errbuf[errlen - 1] = '\0';
		errbuf[errlen - 2] = '\0';
	}
	return (errbuf);
}
#endif

/*
 * Not all systems have strerror().
 */
char *
pcap_strerror(int errnum)
{
#ifdef HAVE_STRERROR
	return (strerror(errnum));
#else
	extern int sys_nerr;
	extern const char *const sys_errlist[];
	static char ebuf[20];

	if ((unsigned int)errnum < sys_nerr)
		return ((char *)sys_errlist[errnum]);
	(void)snprintf(ebuf, sizeof ebuf, "Unknown error: %d", errnum);
	return(ebuf);
#endif
}

pcap_t *
pcap_open_dead(int linktype, int snaplen)
{
	pcap_t *p;

	p = malloc(sizeof(*p));
	if (p == NULL)
		return NULL;
	memset (p, 0, sizeof(*p));
#ifndef WIN32
	p->fd = -1;
#else
	p->adapter = NULL;
#endif /* WIN32 */
	p->snapshot = snaplen;
	p->linktype = linktype;
	return p;
}

void
pcap_close(pcap_t *p)
{
	/*XXX*/
#ifndef WIN32
	if (p->fd >= 0) {
#ifdef linux
		pcap_close_linux(p);
#endif
		close(p->fd);
	}
#else /* WIN32 */
	if (p->adapter != NULL) {
		PacketCloseAdapter(p->adapter);
		p->adapter = NULL;
	}
#endif /* WIN32 */
	if (p->sf.rfile != NULL) {
		if (p->sf.rfile != stdin)
			(void)fclose(p->sf.rfile);
		if (p->sf.base != NULL)
			free(p->sf.base);
	} else if (p->buffer != NULL)
		free(p->buffer);

	pcap_freecode(&p->fcode);
	free(p);
}