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path: root/sgsn/SGSN_Tests.ttcn
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module SGSN_Tests {

import from General_Types all;
import from Osmocom_Types all;
import from Native_Functions all;
import from NS_Types all;
import from NS_Emulation all;
import from BSSGP_Types all;
import from BSSGP_Emulation all;
import from Osmocom_Gb_Types all;

import from MobileL3_CommonIE_Types all;
import from MobileL3_GMM_SM_Types all;
import from MobileL3_Types all;
import from L3_Templates all;
import from L3_Common all;

import from GSUP_Emulation all;
import from GSUP_Types all;
import from IPA_Emulation all;

import from GTP_Emulation all;
import from GTP_Templates all;
import from GTP_CodecPort all;
import from GTPC_Types all;
import from GTPU_Types all;

import from LLC_Types all;
import from LLC_Templates all;

import from SNDCP_Types all;

import from TELNETasp_PortType all;
import from Osmocom_VTY_Functions all;

import from GSM_RR_Types all;

import from MobileL3_MM_Types all;


modulepar {
	/* IP/port on which we run our internal GSUP/HLR emulation */
	charstring mp_hlr_ip := "127.0.0.1";
	integer mp_hlr_port := 4222;
	charstring mp_ggsn_ip := "127.0.0.2";
};

type record GbInstance {
	NS_CT vc_NS,
	BSSGP_CT vc_BSSGP,
	BssgpConfig cfg
};

type component test_CT {
	var GbInstance g_gb[3];

	var GSUP_Emulation_CT vc_GSUP;
	var IPA_Emulation_CT vc_GSUP_IPA;
	/* only to get events from IPA underneath GSUP */
	port IPA_CTRL_PT GSUP_IPA_EVENT;

	var GTP_Emulation_CT vc_GTP;

	port TELNETasp_PT SGSNVTY;

	var boolean g_initialized := false;
};

type component BSSGP_ConnHdlr extends BSSGP_Client_CT, GSUP_ConnHdlr, GTP_ConnHdlr {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlrPars g_pars;
	timer g_Tguard;
}

type record SGSN_ConnHdlrNetworkPars {
	boolean expect_ptmsi,
	boolean expect_auth,
	boolean expect_ciph
};

type record BSSGP_ConnHdlrPars {
	/* IMEI of the simulated ME */
	hexstring imei,
	/* IMSI of the simulated MS */
	hexstring imsi,
	/* MSISDN of the simulated MS (probably unused) */
	hexstring msisdn,
	/* P-TMSI allocated to the simulated MS */
	OCT4 p_tmsi optional,
	OCT3 p_tmsi_sig optional,
	/* TLLI of the simulated MS */
	OCT4 tlli,
	OCT4 tlli_old optional,
	RoutingAreaIdentificationV ra optional,
	BssgpCellId bssgp_cell_id,
	AuthVector vec optional,
	SGSN_ConnHdlrNetworkPars net,
	float t_guard
};

private function f_init_gb(inout GbInstance gb, charstring id) runs on test_CT {
	gb.vc_NS := NS_CT.create(id & "-NS");
	gb.vc_BSSGP := BSSGP_CT.create(id & "-BSSGP");
	/* connect lower end of BSSGP emulation with NS upper port */
	connect(gb.vc_BSSGP:BSCP, gb.vc_NS:NS_SP);
	/* connect lower end of NS emulation to NS codec port (on top of IPL4) */
	map(gb.vc_NS:NSCP, system:NS_CODEC_PORT);

	gb.vc_NS.start(NSStart());
	gb.vc_BSSGP.start(BssgpStart(gb.cfg));
}

private function f_init_gsup(charstring id) runs on test_CT {
	id := id & "-GSUP";
	var GsupOps ops := {
		create_cb := refers(GSUP_Emulation.ExpectedCreateCallback)
	};

	vc_GSUP_IPA := IPA_Emulation_CT.create(id & "-IPA");
	vc_GSUP := GSUP_Emulation_CT.create(id);

	map(vc_GSUP_IPA:IPA_PORT, system:IPA_CODEC_PT);
	connect(vc_GSUP:GSUP, vc_GSUP_IPA:IPA_GSUP_PORT);
	/* we use this hack to get events like ASP_IPA_EVENT_UP */
	connect(vc_GSUP_IPA:IPA_CTRL_PORT, self:GSUP_IPA_EVENT);

	vc_GSUP.start(GSUP_Emulation.main(ops, id));
	vc_GSUP_IPA.start(IPA_Emulation.main_server(mp_hlr_ip, mp_hlr_port));

	/* wait for incoming connection to GSUP port before proceeding */
	timer T := 10.0;
	T.start;
	alt {
		[] GSUP_IPA_EVENT.receive(t_ASP_IPA_EVT_UD(ASP_IPA_EVENT_UP)) { }
		[] T.timeout {
			setverdict(fail, "No connection to GSUP Port");
			self.stop;
		}
	}
}

private function f_init_gtp(charstring id) runs on test_CT {
	id := id & "-GTP";

	var GtpEmulationCfg gtp_cfg := {
		gtpc_bind_ip := mp_ggsn_ip,
		gtpc_bind_port := GTP1C_PORT,
		gtpu_bind_ip := mp_ggsn_ip,
		gtpu_bind_port := GTP1U_PORT,
		sgsn_role := false
	};

	vc_GTP := GTP_Emulation_CT.create(id);
	vc_GTP.start(GTP_Emulation.main(gtp_cfg));
}

private function f_init_vty() runs on test_CT {
	map(self:SGSNVTY, system:SGSNVTY);
	f_vty_set_prompts(SGSNVTY);
	f_vty_transceive(SGSNVTY, "enable");
	f_vty_config(SGSNVTY, "sgsn", "auth-policy remote");
}


function f_init(BcdMccMnc mcc_mnc := '26242F'H) runs on test_CT {
	if (g_initialized == true) {
		return;
	}
	g_initialized := true;
	g_gb[0].cfg := {
		nsei := 96,
		bvci := 196,
		cell_id := {
			ra_id := {
				lai := {
					mcc_mnc := mcc_mnc, lac := 13135},
					rac := 0
				},
			cell_id := 20960
		},
		sgsn_role := false
	};

	f_init_gb(g_gb[0], "SGSN_Test-Gb0");
	f_init_gsup("SGSN_Test");
	f_init_gtp("SGSN_Test");
	f_init_vty();
}

type function void_fn(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr;

/* helper function to create, connect and start a BSSGP_ConnHdlr component */
function f_start_handler(void_fn fn, charstring id, GbInstance gb, integer imsi_suffix,
			 float t_guard := 30.0)
runs on test_CT return BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	var SGSN_ConnHdlrNetworkPars net_pars := {
		expect_ptmsi := true,
		expect_auth := true,
		expect_ciph := false
	};
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlrPars pars := {
		imei := f_gen_imei(imsi_suffix),
		imsi := f_gen_imsi(imsi_suffix),
		msisdn := f_gen_msisdn(imsi_suffix),
		p_tmsi := omit,
		p_tmsi_sig := omit,
		tlli := f_gprs_tlli_random(),
		tlli_old := omit,
		ra := omit,
		bssgp_cell_id := gb.cfg.cell_id,
		vec := omit,
		net := net_pars,
		t_guard := t_guard
	};

	vc_conn := BSSGP_ConnHdlr.create(id);
	connect(vc_conn:BSSGP, gb.vc_BSSGP:BSSGP_SP);
	connect(vc_conn:BSSGP_PROC, gb.vc_BSSGP:BSSGP_PROC);

	connect(vc_conn:GSUP, vc_GSUP:GSUP_CLIENT);
	connect(vc_conn:GSUP_PROC, vc_GSUP:GSUP_PROC);

	connect(vc_conn:GTP, vc_GTP:CLIENT);
	connect(vc_conn:GTP_PROC, vc_GTP:CLIENT_PROC);

	vc_conn.start(f_handler_init(fn, id, pars));
	return vc_conn;
}

private altstep as_Tguard() runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	[] g_Tguard.timeout {
		setverdict(fail, "Tguard timeout");
		self.stop;
	}
}

/* first function called in every ConnHdlr */
private function f_handler_init(void_fn fn, charstring id, BSSGP_ConnHdlrPars pars)
runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* do some common stuff like setting up g_pars */
	g_pars := pars;

	/* register with BSSGP core */
	f_bssgp_client_register(g_pars.imsi, g_pars.tlli, g_pars.bssgp_cell_id);
	/* tell GSUP dispatcher to send this IMSI to us */
	f_create_gsup_expect(hex2str(g_pars.imsi));
	/* tell GTP dispatcher to send this IMSI to us */
	f_gtp_register_imsi(g_pars.imsi);

	g_Tguard.start(pars.t_guard);
	activate(as_Tguard());

	/* call the user-supplied test case function */
	fn.apply(id);
	f_bssgp_client_unregister(g_pars.imsi);
}

/* TODO:
   * Detach without Attach
   * SM procedures without attach / RAU
   * ATTACH / RAU
   ** with / without authentication
   ** with / without P-TMSI allocation
   * re-transmissions of LLC frames
   * PDP Context activation
   ** with different GGSN config in SGSN VTY
   ** with different PDP context type (v4/v6/v46)
   ** timeout from GGSN
   ** multiple / secondary PDP context
 */

testcase TC_wait_ns_up() runs on test_CT {
	f_init();
	f_sleep(20.0);
}

altstep as_mm_identity() runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var MobileL3_CommonIE_Types.MobileIdentityLV mi;
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ID_REQ('001'B))) {
		mi := valueof(ts_MI_IMSI_LV(g_pars.imsi));
		BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ID_RESP(mi));
		repeat;
	}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ID_REQ('010'B))) {
		mi := valueof(ts_MI_IMEI_LV(g_pars.imei));
		BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ID_RESP(mi));
		repeat;
	}
}

/* perform GMM authentication (if expected).
 * Note, for umts_aka_challenge to work, the revisionLevelIndicatior needs to
 * be 1 to mark R99 capability, in the GMM Attach Request, see f_gmm_attach(). */
function f_gmm_auth (boolean umts_aka_challenge := false, boolean force_gsm_sres := false) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var PDU_L3_MS_SGSN l3_mo;
	var PDU_L3_SGSN_MS l3_mt;
	var default di := activate(as_mm_identity());
	if (g_pars.net.expect_auth) {
		var GSUP_IE auth_tuple;
		var template AuthenticationParameterAUTNTLV autn;

		if (umts_aka_challenge) {
			g_pars.vec := f_gen_auth_vec_3g();
			autn := {
				elementIdentifier := '28'O,
				lengthIndicator := lengthof(g_pars.vec.autn),
				autnValue := g_pars.vec.autn
				};

			auth_tuple := valueof(ts_GSUP_IE_AuthTuple2G3G(g_pars.vec.rand,
								       g_pars.vec.sres,
								       g_pars.vec.kc,
								       g_pars.vec.ik,
								       g_pars.vec.ck,
								       g_pars.vec.autn,
								       g_pars.vec.res));
			log("GSUP sends 2G and 3G auth tuples", auth_tuple);
		} else {
			g_pars.vec := f_gen_auth_vec_2g();
			autn := omit;
			auth_tuple := valueof(ts_GSUP_IE_AuthTuple2G(g_pars.vec.rand,
								     g_pars.vec.sres,
								     g_pars.vec.kc));
			log("GSUP sends only 2G auth tuple", auth_tuple);
		}
		GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_SAI_REQ(g_pars.imsi));
		GSUP.send(ts_GSUP_SAI_RES(g_pars.imsi, auth_tuple));

		var template PDU_L3_SGSN_MS auth_ciph_req := tr_GMM_AUTH_REQ(g_pars.vec.rand);
		auth_ciph_req.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringRequest.authenticationParameterAUTN := autn;
		BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(auth_ciph_req)) -> value bd;
		l3_mt := bd.l3_mt;
		var BIT4 ac_ref := l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringRequest.acReferenceNumber.valueField;
		var template PDU_L3_MS_SGSN auth_ciph_resp := ts_GMM_AUTH_RESP_2G(ac_ref, g_pars.vec.sres);

		if (umts_aka_challenge and not force_gsm_sres) {
			/* set UMTS response instead */
			auth_ciph_resp.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringResponse.authenticationParResp := {
				valueField := substr(g_pars.vec.res, 0, 4)
			};
			auth_ciph_resp.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringResponse.authenticationRespParExt := {
				elementIdentifier := '21'O,
				lengthIndicator := lengthof(g_pars.vec.res) - 4,
				valueField := substr(g_pars.vec.res, 4, lengthof(g_pars.vec.res) - 4)
			};
		}

		l3_mo := valueof(auth_ciph_resp);
		if (ispresent(l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringRequest.imeisvRequest) and
		    l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringRequest.imeisvRequest.valueField == '001'B) {
			l3_mo.msgs.gprs_mm.authenticationAndCipheringResponse.imeisv :=
						valueof(ts_MI_IMEISV_TLV(g_pars.imei & '0'H));
		}
		BSSGP.send(l3_mo);
	} else {
		/* wait for identity procedure */
		f_sleep(1.0);
	}

	deactivate(di);
}

function f_upd_ptmsi_and_tlli(OCT4 p_tmsi) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	g_pars.p_tmsi := p_tmsi;
	/* update TLLI */
	g_pars.tlli_old := g_pars.tlli;
	g_pars.tlli := g_pars.p_tmsi or4b 'c0000000'O;
	f_bssgp_client_llgmm_assign(g_pars.tlli_old, g_pars.tlli);
}

function f_process_attach_accept(PDU_GMM_AttachAccept aa) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* mandatory IE */
	var hexstring aa_plmn := f_RAI_to_plmn_hexstr(aa.routingAreaIdentification);
	if (not (g_pars.bssgp_cell_id.ra_id.lai.mcc_mnc == aa_plmn)) {
		  setverdict(fail, "mismatching PLMN in Attach Accept: " & hex2str(aa_plmn)
				   & "; expected " & hex2str(g_pars.bssgp_cell_id.ra_id.lai.mcc_mnc));
		  self.stop;
	}
	g_pars.ra := aa.routingAreaIdentification;
	if (ispresent(aa.allocatedPTMSI)) {
		if (not g_pars.net.expect_ptmsi) {
			setverdict(fail, "unexpected P-TMSI allocation");
			self.stop;
		}
		f_upd_ptmsi_and_tlli(aa.allocatedPTMSI.mobileIdentityLV.mobileIdentityV.oddEvenInd_identity.tmsi_ptmsi.octets);
	}
	if (ispresent(aa.msIdentity)) {
		setverdict(fail, "unexpected TMSI allocation in non-combined attach");
		self.stop;
	}
	/* P-TMSI.sig */
	if (ispresent(aa.ptmsiSignature)) {
		g_pars.p_tmsi_sig := aa.ptmsiSignature.valueField;
	}
	/* updateTimer */
	// aa.readyTimer
	/* T3302, T3319, T3323, T3312_ext, T3324 */
}

function f_process_rau_accept(PDU_GMM_RoutingAreaUpdateAccept ra) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* mandatory IE */
	g_pars.ra := ra.routingAreaId;
	if (ispresent(ra.allocatedPTMSI)) {
		if (not g_pars.net.expect_ptmsi) {
			setverdict(fail, "unexpected P-TMSI allocation");
			self.stop;
		}
		f_upd_ptmsi_and_tlli(ra.allocatedPTMSI.mobileIdentityLV.mobileIdentityV.oddEvenInd_identity.tmsi_ptmsi.octets);
	}
	if (ispresent(ra.msIdentity)) {
		setverdict(fail, "unexpected TMSI allocation in non-combined attach");
		self.stop;
	}
	/* P-TMSI.sig */
	if (ispresent(ra.ptmsiSignature)) {
		g_pars.p_tmsi_sig := ra.ptmsiSignature.valueField;
	}
	/* updateTimer */
	// aa.readyTimer
	/* T3302, T3319, T3323, T3312_ext, T3324 */
}


function f_random_RAI(HEX0_3n mcc := '262'H, HEX0_3n mnc := '42'H) return RoutingAreaIdentificationV {
	return f_RAI(mcc, mnc, f_rnd_octstring(2), f_rnd_octstring(1));
}

/* return a MobileIdentityLV: P-TMSI if we have one, IMSI otherwise */
private function f_mi_get_lv() runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr return MobileL3_CommonIE_Types.MobileIdentityLV {
	if (ispresent(g_pars.p_tmsi)) {
		return valueof(ts_MI_TMSI_LV(g_pars.p_tmsi));
	} else {
		return valueof(ts_MI_IMSI_LV(g_pars.imsi));
	}
}

private function f_gmm_gsup_lu_isd() runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var GSUP_PDU gsup;
	/* Expect MSC to perform LU with HLR */
	GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_UL_REQ(g_pars.imsi));
	gsup := valueof(ts_GSUP_ISD_REQ(g_pars.imsi, g_pars.msisdn));
	gsup.ies := gsup.ies & { valueof(ts_GSUP_IE_PdpInfo(char2oct("*"), '0121'O, ''O)) };
	GSUP.send(gsup);
	GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_ISD_RES(g_pars.imsi));
	GSUP.send(ts_GSUP_UL_RES(g_pars.imsi));
}

private function f_gmm_attach(boolean umts_aka_challenge, boolean force_gsm_sres) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();
	var template PDU_L3_MS_SGSN attach_req := ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit);

	/* indicate R99 capability of the MS to enable UMTS AKA in presence of
	 * 3G auth vectors */
	attach_req.msgs.gprs_mm.attachRequest.msNetworkCapability.msNetworkCapabilityV.revisionLevelIndicatior := '1'B;
	/* The thing is, if the solSACapability is 'omit', then the
	 * revisionLevelIndicatior is at the wrong place! */
	attach_req.msgs.gprs_mm.attachRequest.msNetworkCapability.msNetworkCapabilityV.solSACapability := '0'B;

	BSSGP.send(attach_req);
	f_gmm_auth(umts_aka_challenge, force_gsm_sres);
	/* Expect MSC to perform LU with HLR */
	f_gmm_gsup_lu_isd();

	BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_ACCEPT('001'B, ?, ?))) -> value bd {
		f_process_attach_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.attachAccept);
	}
	/* FIXME: Extract P-TMSI, if any. Only send Complete if necessary */
	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_COMPL);
}

private function f_TC_attach(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	f_gmm_attach(false, false);
	setverdict(pass);
}

testcase TC_attach() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 1);
	vc_conn.done;
}

testcase TC_attach_mnc3() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init('023042'H);
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 1001);
	vc_conn.done;
}

private function f_TC_attach_umts_aka_umts_res(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	f_gmm_attach(true, false);
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_umts_aka_umts_res() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_umts_aka_umts_res), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 1002);
	vc_conn.done;
}

private function f_TC_attach_umts_aka_gsm_sres(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	f_gmm_attach(true, true);
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_umts_aka_gsm_sres() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_umts_aka_gsm_sres), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 1003);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* MS never responds to ID REQ, expect ATTACH REJECT */
private function f_TC_attach_auth_id_timeout(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ID_REQ(?))) {
		/* don't send ID Response */
		repeat;
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT('09'O))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?))) {
		setverdict(fail, "Wrong Attach Reject Cause");
		}
	}
}
testcase TC_attach_auth_id_timeout() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_auth_id_timeout), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 2, 40.0);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* HLR never responds to SAI REQ, expect ATTACH REJECT */
private function f_TC_attach_auth_sai_timeout(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] as_mm_identity();
	[] GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_SAI_REQ(g_pars.imsi)); { }
	}
	/* don't send SAI-response from HLR */
	BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?)));
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_auth_sai_timeout() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_auth_sai_timeout), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 3);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* HLR rejects SAI, expect ATTACH REJECT */
private function f_TC_attach_auth_sai_reject(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] as_mm_identity();
	[] GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_SAI_REQ(g_pars.imsi)); {
		GSUP.send(ts_GSUP_SAI_ERR(g_pars.imsi, 23));
		}
	}
	BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?)));
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_auth_sai_reject() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_auth_sai_reject), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 4);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* HLR never responds to UL REQ, expect ATTACH REJECT */
private function f_TC_attach_gsup_lu_timeout(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	f_gmm_auth();
	/* Expect MSC to perform LU with HLR */
	GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_UL_REQ(g_pars.imsi));
	/* Never follow-up with ISD_REQ or UL_RES */
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_ACCEPT('001'B, ?, ?))) -> value bd {
		f_process_attach_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.attachAccept);
		setverdict(fail);
		}
	}
}
testcase TC_attach_gsup_lu_timeout() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_gsup_lu_timeout), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 5);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* HLR rejects UL REQ, expect ATTACH REJECT */
private function f_TC_attach_gsup_lu_reject(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	f_gmm_auth();
	/* Expect MSC to perform LU with HLR */
	GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_UL_REQ(g_pars.imsi)) {
		GSUP.send(ts_GSUP_UL_ERR(g_pars.imsi, 0));
	}
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_ACCEPT('001'B, ?, ?))) -> value bd {
		f_process_attach_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.attachAccept);
		setverdict(fail);
		}
	}
}
testcase TC_attach_gsup_lu_reject() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_gsup_lu_reject), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 6);
	vc_conn.done;
}


/* Attempt of combined GPRS + IMSI attach: network should ACK only GPRS attach  */
private function f_TC_attach_combined(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, true, false, omit, omit));
	f_gmm_auth();
	/* Expect MSC to perform LU with HLR */
	f_gmm_gsup_lu_isd();

	BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_ACCEPT('001'B, ?, ?))) -> value bd {
		f_process_attach_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.attachAccept);
	}
	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_COMPL);
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_combined() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_combined), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 7);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* Attempt of GPRS ATTACH in 'accept all' mode */
private function f_TC_attach_accept_all(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	g_pars.net.expect_auth := false;

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	f_gmm_auth();
	BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_ACCEPT('001'B, ?, ?))) -> value bd {
		f_process_attach_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.attachAccept);
	}
	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_COMPL);
	setverdict(pass);
}
testcase TC_attach_accept_all() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	f_vty_config(SGSNVTY, "sgsn", "auth-policy accept-all");
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_accept_all), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 8);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* Attempt of GPRS ATTACH in 'accept all' mode */
private function f_TC_attach_closed_foreign(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	/* Simulate a foreign IMSI */
	g_pars.imsi := '001010123456789'H;
	f_bssgp_client_register(g_pars.imsi, g_pars.tlli, g_pars.bssgp_cell_id);

	g_pars.net.expect_auth := false;

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_ATTACH_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), old_ra, false, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] as_mm_identity();
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT('07'O))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_ATTACH_REJECT(?))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	}
}
testcase TC_attach_closed() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	f_vty_config(SGSNVTY, "sgsn", "auth-policy closed");
	/* test with foreign IMSI: Must Reject */
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_closed_foreign), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 9);
	vc_conn.done;
	/* test with home IMSI: Must Accept */
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_accept_all), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 10);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* Routing Area Update from Unknown TLLI -> REJECT */
private function f_TC_rau_unknown(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var RoutingAreaIdentificationV old_ra := f_random_RAI();

	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_RAU_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), GPRS_UPD_T_RA, old_ra, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_RAU_REJECT('0a'O))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	/* FIXME: Expect XID RESET? */
	[] BSSGP.receive { repeat; }
	}
}
testcase TC_rau_unknown() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_rau_unknown), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 11);
	vc_conn.done;
}

private function f_TC_attach_rau(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);

	/* then send RAU */
	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_RAU_REQ(f_mi_get_lv(), GPRS_UPD_T_RA, g_pars.ra, false, omit, omit));
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_RAU_ACCEPT)) -> value bd {
		f_process_rau_accept(bd.l3_mt.msgs.gprs_mm.routingAreaUpdateAccept);
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_RAU_REJECT)) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected RAU Reject");
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive { repeat; }
	}
}
testcase TC_attach_rau() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_rau), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 12);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* general GPRS DETACH helper */
function f_detach_mo(BIT3 detach_type, boolean power_off, boolean expect_purge) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var BssgpDecoded bd;
	timer T := 5.0;
	BSSGP.send(ts_GMM_DET_REQ_MO(detach_type, power_off));
	if (expect_purge) {
		GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_PURGE_MS_REQ(g_pars.imsi, OSMO_GSUP_CN_DOMAIN_PS));
		GSUP.send(ts_GSUP_PURGE_MS_RES(g_pars.imsi));
	}
	T.start;
	alt {
	[not expect_purge] GSUP.receive(tr_GSUP_PURGE_MS_REQ(?)) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected GSUP PURGE MS for unregistered TLLI");
		}
	[power_off] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_DET_ACCEPT_MT)) -> value bd {
		g_pars.ra := omit;
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected ATTACH ACCEPT in no-power-off DETACH");
		/* TODO: check if any PDP contexts are deactivated on network side? */
		}
	[power_off] T.timeout {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[not power_off] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_DET_ACCEPT_MT)) -> value bd {
		g_pars.ra := omit;
		setverdict(pass);
		/* TODO: check if any PDP contexts are deactivated on network side? */
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive { repeat; }
	}
}

/* IMSI DETACH (non-power-off) for unknown TLLI */
private function f_TC_detach_unknown_nopoweroff(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	f_detach_mo(c_GMM_DTT_MO_GPRS, false, false);
}
testcase TC_detach_unknown_nopoweroff() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_detach_unknown_nopoweroff), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 13);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* IMSI DETACH (power-off) for unknown TLLI */
private function f_TC_detach_unknown_poweroff(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	f_detach_mo(c_GMM_DTT_MO_GPRS,  true, false);
}
testcase TC_detach_unknown_poweroff() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_detach_unknown_poweroff), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 14);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* IMSI DETACH (non-power-off) for known TLLI */
private function f_TC_detach_nopoweroff(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);

	f_detach_mo(c_GMM_DTT_MO_GPRS, false, true);
}
testcase TC_detach_nopoweroff() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_detach_nopoweroff), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 15);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* IMSI DETACH (power-off) for known TLLI */
private function f_TC_detach_poweroff(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);

	f_detach_mo(c_GMM_DTT_MO_GPRS, true, true);
}
testcase TC_detach_poweroff() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	f_sleep(1.0);
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_detach_poweroff), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 16);
	vc_conn.done;
}

type record PdpActPars {
	BIT3			tid,				/* L3 Transaction ID */
	BIT4			nsapi,				/* SNDCP NSAPI */
	BIT4			sapi,				/* LLC SAPI */
	QoSV			qos,				/* QoS parameters */
	PDPAddressV		addr,				/* IP address */
	octetstring		apn optional,			/* APN name */
	ProtocolConfigOptionsV	pco optional,			/* protoco config opts */
	OCT1			exp_rej_cause optional,		/* expected SM reject cause */
	OCT1			gtp_resp_cause,			/* GTP response cause */
	OCT4			chg_id,				/* GTP Charging Identifier */

	OCT4			ggsn_tei_c,			/* GGSN TEI Control*/
	OCT4			ggsn_tei_u,			/* GGSN TEI User */
	octetstring		ggsn_ip_c,			/* GGSN IP Control */
	octetstring		ggsn_ip_u,			/* GGSN IP User */

	OCT4			sgsn_tei_c optional,		/* SGSN TEI Control */
	OCT4			sgsn_tei_u optional,		/* SGSN TEI User */
	octetstring		sgsn_ip_c optional,		/* SGSN IP Control */
	octetstring		sgsn_ip_u optional		/* SGSN IP USer */
};


private function f_process_gtp_ctx_act_req(inout PdpActPars apars, PDU_GTPC gtpc) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var GTPC_PDUs gtpc_rx := gtpc.gtpc_pdu;
	apars.sgsn_tei_c := gtpc_rx.createPDPContextRequest.teidControlPlane.teidControlPlane;
	apars.sgsn_tei_u := gtpc_rx.createPDPContextRequest.teidDataI.teidDataI;
	apars.sgsn_ip_c := gtpc_rx.createPDPContextRequest.sgsn_addr_signalling.addressf;
	apars.sgsn_ip_u := gtpc_rx.createPDPContextRequest.sgsn_addr_traffic.addressf;
	f_gtp_register_teid(apars.ggsn_tei_c);
	f_gtp_register_teid(apars.ggsn_tei_u);
}

function f_pdp_ctx_act(inout PdpActPars apars) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var boolean exp_rej := ispresent(apars.exp_rej_cause);
	var Gtp1cUnitdata g_ud;

	BSSGP.send(ts_SM_ACT_PDP_REQ(apars.tid, apars.nsapi, apars.sapi, apars.qos, apars.addr,
				     apars.apn, apars.pco));
	GTP.receive(tr_GTPC_MsgType(?, createPDPContextRequest, ?)) -> value g_ud {
		f_process_gtp_ctx_act_req(apars, g_ud.gtpc);
		var integer seq_nr := oct2int(g_ud.gtpc.opt_part.sequenceNumber);
		GTP.send(ts_GTPC_CreatePdpResp(g_ud.peer, seq_nr,
						apars.sgsn_tei_c, apars.gtp_resp_cause,
						apars.ggsn_tei_c, apars.ggsn_tei_u,
						apars.nsapi,
						apars.ggsn_ip_c, apars.ggsn_ip_u, apars.chg_id));
	}
	alt {
	[exp_rej] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_ACT_PDP_REJ(apars.tid, apars.exp_rej_cause))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[exp_rej] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_ACT_PDP_ACCEPT)) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected PDP CTX ACT ACC");
		}
	[not exp_rej] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_ACT_PDP_REJ(apars.tid, ?))) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected PDP CTX ACT FAIL");
		}
	[not exp_rej] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_ACT_PDP_ACCEPT(apars.tid, apars.sapi))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] as_xid(apars);
	}
}

function f_pdp_ctx_deact_mo(inout PdpActPars apars, OCT1 cause) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var boolean exp_rej := ispresent(apars.exp_rej_cause);
	var Gtp1cUnitdata g_ud;

	BSSGP.send(ts_SM_DEACT_PDP_REQ_MO(apars.tid, cause, false, omit));
	GTP.receive(tr_GTPC_MsgType(?, deletePDPContextRequest, apars.ggsn_tei_c)) -> value g_ud {
		var integer seq_nr := oct2int(g_ud.gtpc.opt_part.sequenceNumber);
		BSSGP.clear;
		GTP.send(ts_GTPC_DeletePdpResp(g_ud.peer, seq_nr, apars.sgsn_tei_c, '7F'O));
	}
	alt {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_DEACT_PDP_ACCEPT_MT(apars.tid))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] as_xid(apars);
	}
}

function f_pdp_ctx_deact_mt(inout PdpActPars apars, OCT1 cause) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var Gtp1cUnitdata g_ud;
	var integer seq_nr := 23;
	var GtpPeer peer := valueof(ts_GtpPeerC(apars.sgsn_ip_c));

	BSSGP.clear;
	GTP.send(ts_GTPC_DeletePDP(peer, seq_nr, apars.sgsn_tei_c, apars.nsapi, omit));

	interleave {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_DEACT_PDP_REQ_MT(apars.tid, ?))) {
		BSSGP.send(ts_SM_DEACT_PDP_ACCEPT_MO(apars.tid));
		}
	[] GTP.receive(tr_GTPC_MsgType(?, deletePDPContextResponse, apars.ggsn_tei_c)) { }
	}
}


/* Table 10.5.156/3GPP TS 24.008 */
template (value) QoSV t_QosDefault := {
	reliabilityClass := '011'B, /* unacknowledged GTP+LLC, acknowledged RLC */
	delayClass := '100'B,	/* best effort */
	spare1 := '00'B,
	precedenceClass := '010'B, /* normal */
	spare2 := '0'B,
	peakThroughput := '0000'B, /* subscribed */
	meanThroughput := '00000'B, /* subscribed */
	spare3 := '000'B,
	deliverErroneusSDU := omit,
	deliveryOrder := omit,
	trafficClass := omit,
	maxSDUSize := omit,
	maxBitrateUplink := omit,
	maxBitrateDownlink := omit,
	sduErrorRatio := omit,
	residualBER := omit,
	trafficHandlingPriority := omit,
	transferDelay := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateUplink := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateDownlink := omit,
	sourceStatisticsDescriptor := omit,
	signallingIndication := omit,
	spare4 := omit,
	maxBitrateDownlinkExt := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateDownlinkExt := omit,
	maxBitrateUplinkExt := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateUplinkExt := omit,
	maxBitrateDownlinkExt2 := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateDownlinkExt2 := omit,
	maxBitrateUplinkExt2 := omit,
	guaranteedBitRateUplinkExt2 := omit
}

/* 10.5.6.4 / 3GPP TS 24.008 */
template (value) PDPAddressV t_AddrIPv4dyn := {
	pdpTypeOrg := '0001'B, /* IETF */
	spare := '0000'B,
	pdpTypeNum := '21'O, /* IPv4 */
	addressInfo := omit
}
template (value) PDPAddressV t_AddrIPv6dyn := {
	pdpTypeOrg := '0001'B, /* IETF */
	spare := '0000'B,
	pdpTypeNum := '53'O, /* IPv6 */
	addressInfo := omit
}

template (value) PdpActPars t_PdpActPars(charstring ggsn_ip) := {
	tid := '000'B,
	nsapi := '0101'B, /* < 5 are reserved */
	sapi := '0011'B, /* 3/5/9/11 */
	qos := t_QosDefault,
	addr := t_AddrIPv4dyn,
	apn := omit,
	pco := omit,
	exp_rej_cause := omit,
	gtp_resp_cause := int2oct(128, 1),
	chg_id := f_rnd_octstring(4),

	/* FIXME: make below dynamic !! */
	ggsn_tei_c := f_rnd_octstring(4),
	ggsn_tei_u := f_rnd_octstring(4),
	ggsn_ip_c := f_inet_addr(ggsn_ip),
	ggsn_ip_u := f_inet_addr(ggsn_ip),

	sgsn_tei_c := omit,
	sgsn_tei_u := omit,
	sgsn_ip_c := omit,
	sgsn_ip_u := omit
}

template (value) GtpPeer ts_GtpPeerU(octetstring ip) := {
	connId := 1,
	remName := f_inet_ntoa(ip),
	remPort := GTP1U_PORT
}

template (value) GtpPeer ts_GtpPeerC(octetstring ip) := {
	connId := 1,
	remName := f_inet_ntoa(ip),
	remPort := GTP1C_PORT
}

private function f_gtpu_send(inout PdpActPars apars, octetstring payload) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var GtpPeer peer := valueof(ts_GtpPeerU(apars.sgsn_ip_u));
	GTP.send(ts_GTP1U_GPDU(peer, 0 /*seq*/, apars.sgsn_tei_u, payload));
}

private altstep as_xid(PdpActPars apars) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_LLC(tr_LLC_XID(?, apars.sapi))) {
		repeat;
	}
}

template PDU_SN tr_SN_UD(template BIT4 nsapi, template octetstring payload) := {
	pDU_SN_UNITDATA := {
		nsapi := nsapi,
		moreBit := ?,
		snPduType := '1'B,
		firstSegmentIndicator := ?,
		spareBit := ?,
		pcomp := ?,
		dcomp := ?,
		npduNumber := ?,
		segmentNumber := ?,
		npduNumberContinued := ?,
		dataSegmentSnUnitdataPdu := payload
	}
}

/* simple case: single segment, no compression */
template (value) PDU_SN ts_SN_UD(BIT4 nsapi, octetstring payload) := {
	pDU_SN_UNITDATA := {
		nsapi := nsapi,
		moreBit := '0'B,
		snPduType := '1'B,
		firstSegmentIndicator := '1'B,
		spareBit := '0'B,
		pcomp := '0000'B,
		dcomp := '0000'B,
		npduNumber := '0000'B,
		segmentNumber := '0000'B,
		npduNumberContinued := '00'O,
		dataSegmentSnUnitdataPdu := payload
	}
}

/* Transceive given 'payload' as MT message from GTP -> OsmoSGSN -> Gb */
private function f_gtpu_xceive_mt(inout PdpActPars apars, octetstring payload) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* Send PDU via GTP from our simulated GGSN to the SGSN */
	f_gtpu_send(apars, payload);
	/* Expect PDU via BSSGP/LLC on simulated PCU from SGSN */
	alt {
	[] as_xid(apars);
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_SNDCP(apars.sapi, tr_SN_UD(apars.nsapi, payload)));
	}
}

private function f_gtpu_xceive_mo(inout PdpActPars apars, octetstring payload) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	/* Send PDU via SNDCP/LLC/BSSGP/NS via simulated MS/PCU to the SGSN */
	var GtpPeer peer := valueof(ts_GtpPeerU(apars.sgsn_ip_u));
	var PDU_SN sndcp := valueof(ts_SN_UD(apars.nsapi, payload));
	BSSGP.send(ts_LLC_UI(enc_PDU_SN(sndcp), apars.sapi, '0'B, 0));
	f_gtpu_send(apars, payload);
	/* Expect PDU via GTP from SGSN on simulated GGSN */
	alt {
	[] GTP.receive(tr_GTPU_GPDU(peer, apars.ggsn_tei_u, payload));
	}
}

private function f_TC_attach_pdp_act(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);

	f_pdp_ctx_act(apars);
}
testcase TC_attach_pdp_act() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_pdp_act), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 17);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* PDP Context activation for not-attached subscriber; expect fail */
private function f_TC_pdp_act_unattached(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));
	BSSGP.send(ts_SM_ACT_PDP_REQ(apars.tid, apars.nsapi, apars.sapi, apars.qos, apars.addr,
				     apars.apn, apars.pco));
	alt {
	/* We might want toalso actually expect a PDPC CTX ACT REJ? */
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_GMM_DET_REQ_MT(?, ?))) {
		setverdict(pass);
		}
	[] GTP.receive(tr_GTPC_MsgType(?, createPDPContextRequest, ?)) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected GTP PDP CTX ACT");
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive(tr_BD_L3_MT(tr_SM_ACT_PDP_ACCEPT(?, ?))) {
		setverdict(fail, "Unexpected SM PDP CTX ACT ACK");
		}
	[] BSSGP.receive { repeat; }
	}
}
testcase TC_pdp_act_unattached() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_pdp_act_unattached), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 18);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* ATTACH + PDP CTX ACT + user plane traffic */
private function f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);
	/* then activate PDP context */
	f_pdp_ctx_act(apars);
	/* then transceive a downlink PDU */
	f_gtpu_xceive_mt(apars, f_rnd_octstring(100));
	f_gtpu_xceive_mo(apars, f_rnd_octstring(200));
}
testcase TC_attach_pdp_act_user() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 19);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* ATTACH + PDP CTX ACT; reject from GGSN */
private function f_TC_attach_pdp_act_ggsn_reject(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));

	apars.gtp_resp_cause := int2oct(199, 1);	/* no resources available */
	apars.exp_rej_cause := '1a'O;			/* insufficient resources */

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);
	/* then activate PDP context */
	f_pdp_ctx_act(apars);
}
testcase TC_attach_pdp_act_ggsn_reject() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_pdp_act_ggsn_reject), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 20);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* ATTACH + PDP CTX ACT + user plane traffic + PDP CTX DEACT in MO direction */
private function f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mo(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);
	/* then activate PDP context */
	f_pdp_ctx_act(apars);
	/* then transceive a downlink PDU */
	f_gtpu_xceive_mt(apars, f_rnd_octstring(100));
	f_gtpu_xceive_mo(apars, f_rnd_octstring(200));

	f_pdp_ctx_deact_mo(apars, '00'O);
}
testcase TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mo() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mo), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 21);
	vc_conn.done;
}

/* ATTACH + PDP CTX ACT + user plane traffic + PDP CTX DEACT in MT direction */
private function f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mt(charstring id) runs on BSSGP_ConnHdlr {
	var PdpActPars apars := valueof(t_PdpActPars(mp_ggsn_ip));

	/* first perform regular attach */
	f_TC_attach(id);
	/* then activate PDP context */
	f_pdp_ctx_act(apars);
	/* then transceive a downlink PDU */
	f_gtpu_xceive_mt(apars, f_rnd_octstring(100));
	f_gtpu_xceive_mo(apars, f_rnd_octstring(200));

	f_pdp_ctx_deact_mt(apars, '00'O);
}
testcase TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mt() runs on test_CT {
	var BSSGP_ConnHdlr vc_conn;
	f_init();
	vc_conn := f_start_handler(refers(f_TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mt), testcasename(), g_gb[0], 22);
	vc_conn.done;
}



control {
	execute( TC_attach() );
	execute( TC_attach_mnc3() );
	execute( TC_attach_umts_aka_umts_res() );
	execute( TC_attach_umts_aka_gsm_sres() );
	execute( TC_attach_auth_id_timeout() );
	execute( TC_attach_auth_sai_timeout() );
	execute( TC_attach_auth_sai_reject() );
	execute( TC_attach_gsup_lu_timeout() );
	execute( TC_attach_gsup_lu_reject() );
	execute( TC_attach_combined() );
	execute( TC_attach_accept_all() );
	execute( TC_attach_closed() );
	execute( TC_rau_unknown() );
	execute( TC_attach_rau() );
	execute( TC_detach_unknown_nopoweroff() );
	execute( TC_detach_unknown_poweroff() );
	execute( TC_detach_nopoweroff() );
	execute( TC_detach_poweroff() );
	execute( TC_attach_pdp_act() );
	execute( TC_pdp_act_unattached() );
	execute( TC_attach_pdp_act_user() );
	execute( TC_attach_pdp_act_ggsn_reject() );
	execute( TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mo() );
	execute( TC_attach_pdp_act_user_deact_mt() );
}



}