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Osmocom TTCN-3 Test Suites
==========================
:author:	Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
:copyright:	2018 by Harald Welte (License: CC-BY-SA)
:backend:	slidy
:max-width:	45em


== Osmocom TTCN-3 Test Suites

* developed in 2017+2018
* compiled using Eclipse TITAN
** uses just a command-line compiler + Makefiles
** no IDE needed at all, don't let _Eclipse_ fool you
* containerized in Docker
* executed by Jenkins CI

== Terminology

ATS:: Abstract Test Suite
MTC:: Main Test Component
PTC:: Parallel Test Component
IUT:: Implementation Under Test

== Test Suite Philosophy

* test one network element (our IUT)
* test external behavior (3GPP and non-3GPP)
* emulate entire environment from TTCN-3
* don't reuse Osmocom C-code protocol implementations in the tests
* test against independent TTCN-3 implementations!

== What to test?

* successful cases
* erroneous cases (no answer, NACK, ...)
** many difficult to reproduce with real phones/devices
* load / resource exhaustion
* spec compliance
* focus on functionality actually relevant to IUT

== Why TTCN-3 + TITAN

* TTCN-3 specifically designed for telecom protocol testing
* TITAN team released many telecom protocols in TTCN-3, such as
** BSSAP, L3 (RR/MM/CC), SMS (CP/RP/TP), SS, M3UA, SCCP, GTP, NS, BSSGP, ...
** shortens our test development cycle
** permits us to test against known working industry implementations

== Test suites for Osmocom CNI components

* `osmo-bts`
* `osmo-bsc`
* `osmo-msc`
* `osmo-mgw`
* `osmo-hlr`
* `osmo-sip-connector`
* `osmo-sgsn`
* `osmo-ggsn`

== Test suites in progress

* `osmo-pcu`
* `osmo-bsc_nat`




== BTS_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** A-bis side: RSL (emulates BSC-side server)
** Um side: L1CTL to control MS
** PCU side: pcu_socket

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  { rank=same; BTS, BSC};
  BTS [label="IUT\nosmo-bts-trx",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nBTS_Tests.ttcn"];
  BSC [label="osmo-bsc\nOML only"];
  BTS -> fake_trx [label="bursts"];
  fake_trx -> trxcon [label="bursts"];
  trxcon -> ATS [label="bursts"];

  BTS -> BSC [label="A-bis OML"];
  BTS -> ATS [label="A-bis RSL"];

  ATS -> BTS [label="pcu_sock"];
  ATS -> BSC [label="VTY"];
  ATS -> BTS [label="CTRL"];
}
----



== BSC_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** A-bis side: RSL (emulates BTS-side client)
** A-side: BSSAP/SCCP/M3UA (emulates MSC-side)
** MGW side: MGCP (emulates MGW side)

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  { rank=same; BTS; STP; };
  BSC [label="IUT\nosmo-bsc",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nBSC_Tests.ttcn"];
  BTS [label="osmo-bts-omldummy\nOML only"];

  BTS -> BSC [label="A-bis OML"];
  ATS -> BSC [label="A-bis RSL"];
  ATS -> BSC [label="CTRL"];
  ATS -> BSC [label="VTY"];
  ATS -> STP [label="A BSSAP\nSCCP/M3UA"];
  BSC -> STP [label="A BSSAP\nSCCP/M3UA"];
}
----

== MSC_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** A: BSSAP/SCCP/M3UA (emulates BSC-side)
** MNCC: MNCC/unix-domain (emulates ext. MNCC side)
** MGW: MGCP (emulates MGW side)
** GSUP (emulates HLR side)

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  MSC [label="IUT\nosmo-msc",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nMSC_Tests.ttcn"];

  ATS -> MSC [label="MNCC"];
  ATS -> MSC [label="SMPP",style="dashed"];
  ATS -> MSC [label="CTRL"];
  ATS -> MSC [label="VTY"];
  MSC -> ATS [label="GSUP"];
  ATS -> STP [label="A BSSAP\nSCCP/M3UA"];
  MSC -> STP [label="A BSSAP\nSCCP/M3UA"];
}
----


== MGCP_Test.ttcn

* external interfaces
** MGCP (emulates call agent)
** RTP (stream source/sink)

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  MGW [label="IUT\nosmo-mgw",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nMGCP_Test.ttcn"];

  ATS -> MGW [label="RTP"];
  ATS -> MGW [label="MGCP"];
  MGW -> ATS [label="RTP"];
}
----

== HLR_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** GSUP (emulates VLR/SGSN side)
** VTY

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  HLR [label="IUT\nosmo-hlr",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nHLR_Tests.ttcn"];

  ATS -> HLR [label="GSUP"];
  ATS -> HLR [label="VTY"];
}
----


== SIP_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** MNCC (emulates MSC side)
** SIP (emulates SIP switch)
** VTY

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  SIP [label="SIP\nosmo-sip-connector",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nSIP_Tests.ttcn"];

  ATS -> SIP [label="MNCC"];
  ATS -> SIP [label="SIP"];
  ATS -> SIP [label="VTY"];
}
----


== SGSN_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** Gb (emulates PCU side NS/BSSGP + MS)
** GSUP (emulates HLR)
** VTY

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  SGSN [label="SGSN\nosmo-sgsn",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nSGSN_Tests.ttcn"];

  ATS -> SGSN [label="Gb"];
  SGSN-> ATS [label="Gp (GTP)"];
  ATS -> SGSN [label="VTY"];
}
----


== GGSN_Tests.ttcn

* external interfaces
** Gp: GTP (emulates SGSN)
** Gi: IP (emulates Internet)

[graphviz]
----
digraph G {
  rankdir=LR;
  GGSN [label="GGSN\nosmo-ggsn",shape="box"];
  ATS [label="ATS\nGGSN_Tests.ttcn"];

  ATS -> GGSN [label="Gp (GTP)"];
  GGSN -> ATS [label="Gi (IP)"];
  ATS -> GGSN [label="VTY"];
}
----



== Dockerized Setup

* one process per container
* packages either
** IUT (e.g. `osmo-bsc`)
** ATS (compiled docker test suite)
** other utility (e.g. `trxcon` or `osmo-bts-omldummy`)
* why?
** no need for local ip/network configuration
** standardized / packaged setup on every machine
** run older/newer versions of ATS against older/newer IUT

== Jenkins CI Execution

. update `docker-playground.git`
.. contains `Dockerfile` for ATS + IUT
. rebuild IUT container[s] (e.g. `osmo-bts-master`)
.. git magic ensures re-build only if `osmo-bts.git` master changed
. rebuild ATS container (e.g. `ttcn3-bts-test`)
.. git magic ensures re-build only if `osmo-ttcn3-hacks.git` master changed
. run `docker-playground/ttcn3-bts-test/jenkins.sh`
.. creates docker network
.. starts IUT + ATS docker containers
.. collects test results


== Jenkins CI Reporting

* junit-xml generation
* store artefacts
** pcap file of every test case
** ATS log file (TTCN-3 testsuite)
** IUT log file[s] (`osmo-*.log`)
** IUT config file[s] (`osmo-*.cfg`)
* see https://jenkins.osmocom.org/jenkins/view/TTCN3/


== Further Reading

* http://git.osmocom.org/osmo-ttcn3-hacks/
* http://git.osmocom.org/docker-playground/
* http://osmocom.org/projects/cellular-infrastructure/wiki/Titan_TTCN3_Notes

== EOF

End of File