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path: root/libasn1compiler/asn1c_misc.c
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#include "asn1c_internal.h"
#include "asn1c_misc.h"

#include <asn1fix_crange.h>	/* constraint groker from libasn1fix */
#include <asn1fix_export.h>	/* other exportable stuff from libasn1fix */

/*
 * Checks that the given string is not a reserved C/C++ keyword.
 * ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (C99), A.1.2
 */
static char *res_kwd[] = {
	"auto", "break", "case", "char", "const", "continue", "default",
	"do", "double", "else", "enum", "extern", "float", "for", "goto",
	"if", "inline", "int", "long", "register", "restrict", "return",
	"short", "signed", "sizeof", "static", "struct", "switch", "typedef",
	"union", "unsigned", "void", "volatile", "while",
	"_Bool", "_Complex", "_Imaginary",
	/* C++ */
	"class", "explicit", "bool", "mutable", 
	"template", "typeid", "typename", "and", "and_eq", 
	"or", "or_eq", "xor", "xor_eq", "not", "not_eq",
	"bitor", "compl", "bitand",
	"const_cast", "dynamic_cast", "reinterpret_cast",
	"static_cast", "true", "false", "namespace", "using",
	"throw", "try", "catch"
};
static int
reserved_keyword(const char *str) {
	size_t i;
	for(i = 0 ; i < sizeof(res_kwd)/sizeof(res_kwd[0]); i++) {
		if(strcmp(str, res_kwd[i]) == 0)
			return 1;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Construct identifier from multiple parts.
 * Convert unsafe characters to underscores.
 */
char *
asn1c_make_identifier(enum ami_flags_e flags, asn1p_expr_t *expr, ...) {
	static char *storage;
	static int storage_size;
	int nodelimiter = 0;
	va_list ap;
	char *str;
	char *nextstr;
	char *first = 0;
	char *second = 0;
	ssize_t size;
	char *p;

	if(expr) {
		/*
		 * Estimate the necessary storage size
		 */
		if(expr->Identifier == NULL)
			return "Member";
		size = strlen(expr->Identifier);
		if(expr->spec_index != -1) {
			static char buf[32];
			second = buf;
			size += 1 + snprintf(buf, sizeof buf, "%dP%d",
				expr->_lineno, expr->spec_index);
		}
	} else {
		size = -1;
	}

	va_start(ap, expr);
	while((str = va_arg(ap, char *)))
		size += 1 + strlen(str);
	va_end(ap);
	if(size == -1) return NULL;

	/*
	 * Make sure we have this amount of storage.
	 */
	if(storage_size <= size) {
		if(storage) free(storage);
		storage = malloc(size + 1);
		if(storage) {
			storage_size = size;
		} else {
			storage_size = 0;
			return NULL;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Fill-in the storage.
	 */
	va_start(ap, expr);
	p = storage;
	nextstr = "";
	for(p = storage, str = 0; str || nextstr; str = nextstr) {
		int subst_made = 0;
		nextstr = second ? second : va_arg(ap, char *);

		if(str == 0) {
			if(expr) {
				str = expr->Identifier;
				first = str;
				second = 0;
			} else {
				first = nextstr;
				continue;
			}
		}

		if(str[0] == ' ' && str[1] == '\0') {
			*p++ = ' ';
			nodelimiter = 1;	/* No delimiter */
			continue;
		}

		if(str != first && !nodelimiter && !(flags & AMI_NODELIMITER))
			*p++ = '_';	/* Delimiter between tokens */
		nodelimiter = 0;

		/*
		 * If it is a single argument, check that it does not clash
		 * with C/C++ language keywords.
		 */
		if((flags & AMI_CHECK_RESERVED)
		&& str == first && !nextstr && reserved_keyword(str)) {
			*p++ = toupper(*str++);
			/* Fall through */
		}

		for(; *str; str++) {
			if(isalnum(*str)) {
				*p++ = *str;
				subst_made = 0;
			} else if(!subst_made++) {
				if((flags & AMI_MASK_ONLY_SPACES)
						&& !isspace(*str)) {
					*p ++ = *str;
				} else {
					*p++ = '_';
				}
			}
		}
	}
	va_end(ap);
	*p = '\0';

	assert((p - storage) <= storage_size);

	return storage;
}

char *
asn1c_type_name(arg_t *arg, asn1p_expr_t *expr, enum tnfmt _format) {
	asn1p_expr_t *exprid = 0;
	asn1p_expr_t *top_parent;
	asn1p_expr_t *terminal;
	int stdname = 0;
	char *typename;

	/* Rewind to the topmost parent expression */
	if((top_parent = expr->parent_expr))
		while(top_parent->parent_expr)
			top_parent = top_parent->parent_expr;

	if(0) DEBUG("asn1c_type_name(%s: 0x%x)",
		expr->Identifier, expr->expr_type);

	switch(expr->expr_type) {
	case A1TC_REFERENCE:
		typename = expr->reference->components[
			expr->reference->comp_count-1].name;
		if(typename[0] == '&') {
			arg_t tmp = *arg;

			/*
			 * This is a reference to a type defined in a class.
			 * Resolve it and use instead.
			 */
			tmp.expr = asn1f_class_access_ex(arg->asn,
				arg->expr->module, arg->expr, expr->rhs_pspecs, expr->reference);
			if(!tmp.expr) return NULL;

			return asn1c_type_name(&tmp, tmp.expr, _format);
		}

		terminal = asn1f_find_terminal_type_ex(arg->asn, expr);

		if(_format == TNF_RSAFE) {
			if(terminal && terminal->expr_type & ASN_CONSTR_MASK) {
				typename = terminal->Identifier;
			}
		}

		if(_format == TNF_CTYPE) {
			/*
			 * If the component references the type itself,
			 * switch to a recursion-safe type naming
			 * ("struct foo" instead of "foo_t").
			 */
			if(terminal && terminal == top_parent) {
				_format = TNF_RSAFE;
			}
		}

		if(terminal && terminal->spec_index != -1) {
			exprid = terminal;
			typename = 0;
		}

		break;
	case ASN_BASIC_INTEGER:
	case ASN_BASIC_ENUMERATED:
	case ASN_BASIC_REAL:
		if((expr->expr_type == ASN_BASIC_REAL
			&& !(arg->flags & A1C_USE_WIDE_TYPES))
		|| asn1c_type_fits_long(arg, expr)) {
			switch(_format) {
			case TNF_CTYPE:
			case TNF_RSAFE:
				if(expr->expr_type == ASN_BASIC_REAL)
					return "double";
				else if(asn1c_type_fits_long(arg, expr) == FL_FITS_UNSIGN)
					return "unsigned long";
				else
					return "long";
			default:
				typename = 0;
				switch(expr->expr_type) {
				case ASN_BASIC_INTEGER:
					typename = "NativeInteger"; break;
				case ASN_BASIC_ENUMERATED:
					typename = "NativeEnumerated"; break;
				case ASN_BASIC_REAL:
					typename = "NativeReal"; break;
				default:
					break;
				}
				break;
			}
			if(typename) {
				if(_format != TNF_INCLUDE)
					return typename;
				stdname = 1;
				break;
			}
		}
		/* Fall through */
	default:
		if(expr->expr_type
		& (ASN_CONSTR_MASK | ASN_BASIC_MASK | ASN_STRING_MASK)) {
			if(_format == TNF_RSAFE)
				_format = TNF_CTYPE;
			stdname = 1;
			typename = ASN_EXPR_TYPE2STR(expr->expr_type);
		} else {
			_format = TNF_RSAFE;
			typename = expr->Identifier;
		}
	}

	switch(_format) {
	case TNF_UNMODIFIED:
		return asn1c_make_identifier(AMI_MASK_ONLY_SPACES,
			0, exprid ? exprid->Identifier : typename, 0);
	case TNF_INCLUDE:
		return asn1c_make_identifier(
			AMI_MASK_ONLY_SPACES | AMI_NODELIMITER,
			0, ((!stdname || (arg->flags & A1C_INCLUDES_QUOTED))
				? "\"" : "<"),
			exprid ? exprid->Identifier : typename,
			((!stdname || (arg->flags & A1C_INCLUDES_QUOTED))
				? ".h\"" : ".h>"), 0);
	case TNF_SAFE:
		return asn1c_make_identifier(0, exprid, typename, 0);
	case TNF_CTYPE:	/* C type */
		return asn1c_make_identifier(0, exprid,
				exprid?"t":typename, exprid?0:"t", 0);
	case TNF_RSAFE:	/* Recursion-safe type */
		return asn1c_make_identifier(AMI_CHECK_RESERVED, 0,
			"struct", " ", typename, 0);
	}

	assert(!"unreachable");
	return typename;
}

/*
 * Check whether the specified INTEGER or ENUMERATED type can be represented
 * using the generic 'long' or 'unsigned long' type.
 */
enum asn1c_fitslong_e
asn1c_type_fits_long(arg_t *arg, asn1p_expr_t *expr) {
	asn1cnst_range_t *range = 0;
	asn1cnst_edge_t left;
	asn1cnst_edge_t right;
	asn1p_expr_t *v;

/*
 * Since we don't know the sizeof(long) on the possible target platform
 * which will be compiling the code generated by asn1c, let's play it
 * simple: long's range is equal to or greater than int32_t.
 * NOTE: the most negative integer cannot be written in C, as the C99
 * standard will give it an unsigned type.
 * It is defined here as a constant expression.
 */
#define	RIGHTMAX	2147483647	/* of 32-bit integer type */
#define	LEFTMIN		(-RIGHTMAX-1)	/* of 32-bit integer type */

	/* Descend to the terminal type */
	expr = asn1f_find_terminal_type_ex(arg->asn, expr);
	if(expr == 0) return FL_NOTFIT;

	/* The "fits into long" operation is relevant only for integer types */
	switch(expr->expr_type) {
	case ASN_BASIC_INTEGER:
	case ASN_BASIC_ENUMERATED:
		break;
	default:
		return FL_NOTFIT;
	}

	/*
	 * First, evaluate the range of explicitly given identifiers.
	 */
	TQ_FOR(v, &(expr->members), next) {
		if(v->expr_type != A1TC_UNIVERVAL)
			continue;
		if(v->value->value.v_integer < LEFTMIN
		|| v->value->value.v_integer > RIGHTMAX)
			return FL_NOTFIT;
	}

	if(!expr->combined_constraints) 
		return (arg->flags & A1C_USE_WIDE_TYPES)
			? FL_NOTFIT : FL_PRESUMED;

	/*
	 * Second, if -fbless-SIZE is given, the (SIZE()) constraint may be
	 * applied (non-standard! but we can deal with this) to the type.
	 * Check the range.
	 */
	range = asn1constraint_compute_PER_range(expr->expr_type,
		expr->combined_constraints, ACT_CT_SIZE, 0, 0,
		CPR_simulate_fbless_SIZE);
	if(range) {
		if(!range->incompatible) {
			right = range->right;
			/* Use 4 instead of sizeof(long) is justified! */
			if(right.type == ARE_VALUE && right.value <= 4)
				return FL_FITS_SIGNED;
		}
		asn1constraint_range_free(range);
	}

	/*
	 * Third, pull up the PER visible range of the INTEGER.
	 */
	range = asn1constraint_compute_PER_range(expr->expr_type,
		expr->combined_constraints, ACT_EL_RANGE, 0, 0, 0);

	if(!range
	/* Commenting out
    || range->extensible
     * because this may or may not indicate wide type.
     */
    || (range->extensible && (arg->flags & A1C_USE_WIDE_TYPES))
	|| range->empty_constraint
	|| range->incompatible
	|| range->not_PER_visible
	) {
		asn1constraint_range_free(range);
		return (arg->flags & A1C_USE_WIDE_TYPES)
			? FL_NOTFIT : FL_PRESUMED;
	}

	left = range->left;
	right = range->right;
	asn1constraint_range_free(range);

	/* Special case for unsigned */
	if(left.type == ARE_VALUE
		&& left.value >= 0
	&& right.type == ARE_VALUE
		&& right.value > 2147483647L
		&& right.value <= 4294967295UL)
		return FL_FITS_UNSIGN;
		

	/* If some fixed value is outside of target range, not fit */
	if(left.type == ARE_VALUE
			&& (left.value < LEFTMIN || left.value > RIGHTMAX))
		return FL_NOTFIT;
	if(right.type == ARE_VALUE
			&& (right.value > RIGHTMAX || right.value < LEFTMIN))
		return FL_NOTFIT;

	/* If the range is open, fits only unless -fwide-types is given */
	if(left.type != ARE_VALUE || right.type != ARE_VALUE) {
		return (arg->flags & A1C_USE_WIDE_TYPES)
			? FL_NOTFIT : FL_PRESUMED;
	}

	return FL_FITS_SIGNED;
}